Vol 49, No 1 (1968)

Cover Page

Full Issue

Metabolic and Toxemic Aspects in the Formation of the Irreversibility of Clinical Death

Negovskiy V.A.


Revitalization of an organism in a state of agony or clinical death has become widely practiced in medical institutions. In a relatively short period of time, a path has been passed from empirical attempts to restore vital activity to the formation of resuscitation medicine as an independent science.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):1-8
pages 1-8 views

Pulmonary angiitis and hypertension of the pulmonary circulation

Valdman V.A.


The activity of the heart depends on the clarity and uninterrupted action of the peripheral mechanisms, primarily on the functional state of the vascular network. The pulmonary circulation is the most important link in the vascular apparatus, which includes about a quarter of the body's blood.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):8-12
pages 8-12 views

Ways of prevention and treatment of pleural empyema after operations on the lung and esophagus

Ratner U.A.


Purulent pleurisy after operations on the intrathoracic organs, mainly on the lung and esophagus, is still the most frequent and formidable complication in our time. Microbial flora is often resistant to antibiotics.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):13-14
pages 13-14 views

Some features of lung echinococcectomy in the light of immediate and long-term results

Goldfarb M.G., Chernishev N.V., Shtern S.V.


В настоящее время общепризнано, что единственно надежный способ лечения при эхинококковой болезни легких — хирургический. Большинство хирургов предпочитает производить одномоментную закрытую эхинококкэктомию как операцию достаточно радикальную и наименее травматичную. Разногласия существуют лишь в дета­лях операции.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):15-16
pages 15-16 views

Postoperative atelectasis of the remaining lung

Bezman Y.D.


Thanks to the success of anesthesiology and the improvement of surgical techniques, such a formidable complication as postoperative lung atelectasis is becoming less common.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):17-18
pages 17-18 views

Experience of bronchoscopy under general anesthesia

Sigal I.Z., Rutvinskiy S.S., Bobkova R.N.


The bronchoscopy technique has been developed in sufficient detail. However, the question of the choice of pain relief for bronchoscopy performed for various reasons is still being discussed.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):18-20
pages 18-20 views

The content of potassium and sodium in the blood in patients with chronic nonspecific lung diseases

Latfullin I.A.


The study of protein and fat metabolism disorders in patients with chronic nonspecific lung diseases is of theoretical and practical importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):20-21
pages 20-21 views

Chronic pneumonia as a factor contributing to the development of posture defects in children

Tulkin E.P.


Observing children with chronic nonspecific lung diseases, we drew attention to the frequent violation of posture in this category of patients. We were interested in the relationship between changes in posture and the degree of lung damage.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):21-22
pages 21-22 views

Topical issues of chemotherapy for patients with tuberculosis

Smirnov G.A.


From the very first years of its introduction into clinical practice, chemotherapy took the leading place in the treatment of patients with tuberculosis. Thanks to extensive and comprehensive research carried out simultaneously in many countries, the basic principles of it were soon formulated - the combined duration and continuity until complete cure.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):23-26
pages 23-26 views

Corticosteroid-electrolyte changes due to gastrectomy

Kravchenko P.V.


There is a close relationship between the cortical part of the adrenal glands and the stomach in both normal and pathological conditions [7, 9, 10]. With insufficient function of the adrenal cortex (Addison's disease), atrophic changes in the gastric glands are often observed with a sharp decrease in the secretion of hydrochloric acid and pepsin.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):27-28
pages 27-28 views

Function of the adrenal cortex in chronic pancreatitis

Tujilin S.A.


In most cases, the pathogenesis of pancreatitis is based on a violation of the relationship between pancreatic enzymes (in particular, proteolytic enzymes - trypsin, chymotrypsin, elastase, etc.) and antienzymes (inhibitors) in the pancreatic tissue itself.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):28-30
pages 28-30 views

The nature of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract in cancerous lesions of the digestive system

Sorokin N.M., Lastochkina F.A.


The only radical treatment for patients with cancer of the digestive system is surgery. The most frequent and dangerous complication of such operations is peritonitis. According to A. V. Melnikov, peritonitis was 30% of the cause of death in this group of patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):30-32
pages 30-32 views

Early diagnosis of icteric viral hepatitis

Evdakimova M.E.


For the successful fight against viral hepatitis, early hospitalization of patients is of great importance, since the first period of the disease, before the development of jaundice, is accompanied by the greatest viremia, which creates an epidemiological danger to others. Early diagnosis of viral hepatitis is difficult to date.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):32-34
pages 32-34 views

Leukoconcentration method for osteomyelosclerosis

Maksimova N.I.


The question of the diagnosis of diseases of the blood system up to the present time cannot be considered finally solved. If in leukemic leukemia an important aid in diagnosis is the study of the picture of peripheral blood, then in case of aleukemic leukemia, which includes osteomyelosclerosis, the picture of peripheral blood often does not allow us to judge the connection of the disease with the myeloproliferative process.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):34-35
pages 34-35 views

On the pathogenesis of early anemia in premature babies

Sultanova G.F.


Anemia of premature babies, which develops in the first 3-4 months of their life (in connection with which it is called early), was first described by Gundobin in 1893.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):35-38
pages 35-38 views

Clinical characteristics of alcoholism in women

Mendelevich D.M., Avdonina N.A.


The currently observed increased interest in the study of alcoholism, its medical and social aspects is not accidental. Alcohol abuse every year more and more looks like a dissonance in our society.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):38-39
pages 38-39 views

Long-term results of ligation of uterine vessels

Demin N.A.


At present, a number of surgeons with atonic bleeding, instead of amputation of the uterus, successfully ligate the main vessels feeding it. However, the effect of this operation on menstrual and fertile function has not been studied enough.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):39-40
pages 39-40 views

Active management of the postpartum period

Volova N.N., Grinberg B.I.


In the literature available to us, we did not find studies devoted to the effect on the postpartum period of a complex of measures such as getting up early, gymnastics and water procedures.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):40-41
pages 40-41 views

Serum proteinogram in obstetric sepsis

Zak I.R., VEltishev U.E.


Over the past few years, there has been another increase in mortality in obstetric sepsis, despite the constant influx of antibiotics into the clinic.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):41-42
pages 41-42 views

Effect of 17-hydroxyprogesterone-capronate on the excretion of steroid hormones in patients with anovulatory bleeding

Koreneva G.P., Stepanova L.A., Shikaeva F.V.


The study of steroidogenesis in patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding is of great practical and theoretical interest.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):43-44
pages 43-44 views

The content of catecholamines in late toxicosis of pregnancy

Sotnikova L.G.


The study of the functional state of the sympatho-adrenal system is important for a correct understanding of the features of those complex neuro-humoral processes that occur in the body of pregnant women, especially patients with late toxicosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):44-45
pages 44-45 views

Combined treatment for malignant neoplasms of external localizations

Volodina G.I.


In recent years, free skin grafting has acquired a certain importance in the treatment of patients with certain malignant neoplasms. In terms of combined treatment for skin cancer, malignant melanomas, breast cancer, there is a need for surgical intervention with free skin grafting and radiation.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):45-48
pages 45-48 views

Tracheostomy as a treatment for a severe attack of bronchial asthma

Klyachkin L.M., Alekaeva L.D.


The threat of death in bronchial asthma is most often associated with the development of a severe, long-term unresolved asthmatic condition (statusasthmaticus). B. B. Kogan in 1950 analyzed according to the literature and his own 60 deaths in bronchial asthma, of which 40 occurred during an asthmatic attack.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):48-49
pages 48-49 views

Spontaneous pneumothorax simulating a perforated gastric ulcer

Rozengarten M.U., Golubev V.V., Galeev A.G., Malinger R.A.


In the periodical literature, there are relatively few reports concerning spontaneous pneumothorax of non-tuberculous etiology. Diagnosis of spontaneous pneumothorax, especially in apparently healthy people, is sometimes very difficult. Cases are described when a perforated gastric ulcer was mistakenly diagnosed with spontaneous pneumothorax, for which an urgent laparotomy was performed.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):49-50
pages 49-50 views

Sarcoidosis of the lungs

Kireev I.K.


In recent years, review articles and isolated reports on respiratory sarcoidosis have begun to appear in the Soviet Union.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):50-51
pages 50-51 views

Acute toxic hemolytic anemia of the lederer type in a patient with pneumonia

Galeeva M.G.


In 1925, Lederer described acute hemolytic jaundice of unknown etiology, possibly of an infectious nature (intoxication). According to the literature, acute hemolytic anemias of various etiologies are not so common.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):51-52
pages 51-52 views

Splenectomy in the acute stage of verlhof's disease

Kluev I.I., Zaicev V.M., Saulev V.N., Pakshina O.K.


Removal of the spleen in Werlhof disease at the suggestion of Katsnelson was performed by Schlofer in 1916. In the Soviet Union, splenectomy in Werlhof disease was first performed by P.A.Herzen in 1924 and V.A.Schaak in 1927.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):52-53
pages 52-53 views

About direct blood transfusion for certain blood diseases

Kurdibailo F.B., Andreeva M.S.


Conserved blood, especially during long-term storage, is devoid of leukocytes, platelets and other very important components. With a number of hematological diseases, with radiation sickness, it becomes necessary to replenish not only erythrocytes, but also leukocytes and platelets. This can be achieved by direct blood transfusion.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):53-54
pages 53-54 views

Bartholin's rectal fistula in a girl

Urazaev A.Z.


Bartholin's glands usually end their development and begin to function only at the age of puberty, so their suppuration in the pre-pubertal period is an extremely rare disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):54-55
pages 54-55 views

To the method of bronchography in children

Cheremuhin L.F., Roitburg M.V.


Bronchography is a valuable method for diagnosing suppurative diseases of the lungs and especially bronchiectasis, in which no other method of investigation provides an elucidation of the exact location and extent of the pathological process.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):55-55
pages 55-55 views

Features of the course of myocardial infarction in persons with lung diseases

Prikazchikov A.I.


The combination of myocardial infarction with various diseases of internal organs significantly changes the course of this suffering and worsens the prognosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):55-56
pages 55-56 views

The course of myocardial infarction according to hospital materials for 5 years

Apreleva T.E.


During 1961-1965. in the 2nd city clinical hospital were. 173 women and 230 men with myocardial infarction, of whom 119 (29.5%) died. The greatest lethality is in patients over 70 years old.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):56-57
pages 56-57 views

The secretory function of the stomach in patients with ozena

Bibkaeva A.I.


The study of gastric secretion in 50 ozena patients was carried out using the method of a thick probe after a test breakfast Boas - Ewald, consisting of 35 g of white bread without a crust and 400 ml of water at room temperature. After 60 min. received the contents of the stomach at the same time.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):57-57
pages 57-57 views

On the effectiveness of some methods of treating patients with chronic gastritis

Pevchih V.V., Trusov V.V., Belosludcev I.A., Shinkarev I.A.


In 1958-1965. we observed 2287 patients with chronic gastritis (787 in the hospital and 1500 in the dispensary).

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):57-58
pages 57-58 views

Duodenal ulcers complicated by perforation and bleeding

Dobrov D.D.


T., 60 years old, was taken to the local hospital with complaints of sharp diffuse pains in the right side of the abdomen, radiating to the shoulder and scapula. An hour before admission, during dinner, acute pain in the right hypochondrium suddenly occurred. For the last 35 years, the patient has been suffering from duodenal ulcer. He was treated conservatively.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):58-58
pages 58-58 views

The relationship between acidity and residual nitrogen of gastric contents in patients with cholecystitis

Sibirkin N.V.


Currently, there is a large number of works on the interoceptive effect on the stomach from various organs, however, insufficient attention is still paid to the question of the effects from the gallbladder on various functions of the stomach.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):58-59
pages 58-59 views

To the clinic of giardiasis cholecystitis

Poverenny I.L.


We studied the case histories of 62 patients who were admitted to the therapeutic department of the Zlatoust city hospital in 1961-1962. There were 33 men, 29 women. There were 18 people between the ages of 14 and 24, 32 from 25 to 44, and 12 from 45 to 64.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):59-59
pages 59-59 views

Penetration of fish bone from the intestine into the anterior abdominal wall

Polyakov V.M.


Sharp bones of fish, as they move through the small intestine, often perforate the intestinal wall. In the literature available to us, we found 72 reports of perforation of the intestinal wall with fish bones, and only in 2 cases the bone penetrated into the anterior abdominal wall.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):59-60
pages 59-60 views

About liver function in isoprene rubber workers

Pigalev S.A.


We studied the health status and biochemical changes of workers in the production of isoprene rubber. Workers are chronically exposed to isoprene, dimethyldiox and formaldehyde. It causes headache, sleep disturbance, sweating, irritability.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):60-60
pages 60-60 views

Eosinophilic granuloma of the lower jaw

Abdroshitova L.S., Yamashev I.G.


Eosinophilic granuloma is one of the rare tumors of the jaw bone tissue. Here is our observation.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):60-61
pages 60-61 views

Protein fractions of blood serum in osteomyelitis

Vaismen L.A.


We studied protein fractions of blood serum by paper electrophoresis in 42 patients with osteomyelitis. Total protein was determined with an RLU refractometer.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):61-61
pages 61-61 views

Hydrothermal destruction of the sensitive root of the trigeminal nerve with its neuralgia

Kurochkin G.I.


Since 1961 L. Ya. Livshits (Saratov) has developed and successfully applied hydrothermal destruction of the sensitive root of the trigeminal nerve. This operation, puncture of the foramen ovale with the introduction of hot water into the subarachnoid space of the Meckel cavity, was carried out in the operating room under intravenous thiopental anesthesia under X-ray control.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):61-62
pages 61-62 views

Complications of penicillin treatment

Ananieva G., Ananiev U.


Despite the rarity of complications of penicillin therapy, each new case alarms doctors, forcing them to take a more careful approach to penicillin injections.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):62-62
pages 62-62 views

Sealing postoperative wounds with BF-6 glue

Cerencyan D.M.


Since 1965, we have been using BF-6 glue for sealing postoperative wounds. The glue has a pleasant odor, its consistency is close to glycerin, it quickly thickens in air, forming a yellow transparent elastic film. He's sterile. Our studies of washings from the skin after removing the film from the adhesive after 3-5 days turned out to be sterile.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):62-62
pages 62-62 views

The state of the coagulation and anticoagulation systems of the blood during a normal menstrual cycle

Stolyarova L.S.


The menstrual cycle is a complex biological process that consists of periodic fluctuations in the functional state of many systems of the female body, in particular the blood coagulation system.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):63-63
pages 63-63 views

Application of smallpox detritus in patients with milking nodules

Zorin P.M.


Milker's nodules are a viral disease caused by vaccinia. They are mainly affected by persons engaged in servicing animals of dairy farms. Apparently, there is no persistent immunity to the cowpox virus in both humans and animals (I.I.Potocki). It is the lack of immunity to the virus that can explain the cases of re-development of the disease in humans and cows who previously had a vaccine.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):63-63
pages 63-63 views

Changes in the functional state of the visual analyzer in healthy people and alcoholics under the influence of various doses of alcohol

Stefanovskaya F.G.


We studied the effect of various doses of alcohol on the excitability and functional mobility of the visual analyzer using the optical adequacy technique developed by P.O. Makarov.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):63-64
pages 63-64 views

Frontitis reproduction technique

Faizullin M.H., Mihailov M.H.


A method has been developed for the experimental obtaining of frontal sinusitis in dogs. The experiments were performed on dogs weighing 8 to 22 kg. The operations were performed under ether or hexenal anesthesia.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):64-65
pages 64-65 views

Charcot's syndrome

Danilyak I.G.


Cough-fainting syndrome (loss of consciousness at the height of a coughing attack) was first described by clinicians of the last century by Charcot and Gauvers and, under the name betolepsy (cough epilepsy), by M.I.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):65-65
pages 65-65 views

The incidence of workers in felting and felt production

Krasnoshekov N.N.


The morbidity of workers in felting and felt production enterprises is higher than in many industries and throughout the entire light industry.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):65-68
pages 65-68 views

Skin temperature of people working in the dark and in the light

Kamchatnov V.P.


As a result of long-term experimental studies, it has been established that light irritation is a powerful factor under the influence of which changes occur in almost all functions of the body: the state of the central nervous system, metabolism, the activity of the endocrine glands, blood composition, growth and development of the body, etc., change ( I. V. Danilov).

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):68-69
pages 68-69 views

Some data on the health status of women working in the dark with methanol vapors in the air

Samoilova A.I.


Study of working conditions and morbidity of workers of the chemical plant named after VV Kuibyshev for 1957-1958. gave us reason to assume that working in the dark with methanol vapors in the air, to a lesser extent phenol, formaldehyde, etc. alcohols in a concentration of 0.02 to 0.72 mg / l negatively affects the health of workers (see Kazan honey. Zh., 1960, 3).

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):69-71
pages 69-71 views

Some Occupational Health Issues in Dimethyldioxane Production

Levina R.G., Pashkova G.A., Smirnova E.V.


In recent years, the production of synthetic rubbers has been expanding in the country. In order to assess working conditions in the production of isoprene rubber, the main intermediate product of which is dimethyldioxane, and to develop health-improving measures, we investigated the hygienic factors of the working environment in summer and winter.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):71-72
pages 71-72 views

To the clinic of chronic intoxication with trinitrotoluene

Aizenshtadt V.S.


Until now, trinitrotoluene (TNT) continues to be considered as a "blood" and "hepatotropic" poison, and in everyday clinical practice, the diagnosis of chronic intoxication with this substance is established only when characteristic changes in the blood and liver are detected.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):72-73
pages 72-73 views

Excretion of phenols in the urine of workers employed in the process of semicoking of coal and in the production of tetraethyl lead

Manyashin U.A.


It is known that phenols only to a small extent (on average about 20%) are oxidized in the body to CO2 and H2O. Most of them, according to Deichman, 72% of the sublethal dose, are excreted in the urine on the first day in a free and bound guide [18].

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):73-75
pages 73-75 views

About dysfunction of the hematopoietic system in workers in the production of norsulfazole

Ushkevich L.B.


We could not find materials on the topic of the article either in the domestic or foreign press. Literary data concern only side effects in the therapeutic use of norsulfazole.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):75--76
pages 75--76 views

Vascular and neurological changes in people working with a coolant containing sodium nitrite and triethanolamine

Madorskyi V.A., Voronin A.K.


When processing metal products on machine tools, special cooling liquids are used to cool and create a protective anti-corrosion film on the surface of parts.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):77-78
pages 77-78 views

The incidence of pustular skin diseases among workers of industrial enterprises in Kazan

Mustaev R.K., Yasinskaya V.D.


The incidence of pyoderma among workers in many industrial enterprises is decreasing from year to year, but the rate of decline is insufficient. Among the diseases that cause temporary disability of workers, pyoderma still occupy a significant place.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):78-79
pages 78-79 views

Helminthological situation in Kazan from 1951 to 1965.

Matt C.D.


The most intensive fight against helminthiases in Kazan began in 1960, when the decision was first made to eliminate ankylostomiasis, theriarhynchiasis and a sharp decrease in other helminthiases. During this period, a huge amount of work has been done to improve the foci of helminthiasis.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):80-81
pages 80-81 views

Opisthorchiasis in the villages of the Kuibyshev and Alekseevsky districts of the TASSR

Hamidullin R.I., Lubina V.S., Lavrentieva D.A.


In recent years, patients with opisthorchiasis have been found in the rural areas of the TASSR adjacent to the Kama and Volga (R.I. Khamidullin, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1965).

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):81-83
pages 81-83 views

Losses of ultraviolet radiation from the sun at various points in Sverdlovsk

Amirhanova R.G.


We carried out observations of the intensity of ultraviolet radiation using the oxalic acid method (according to Z. P. Kulichkova and Boyko). Since the windows of apartments, the surfaces of the human body when moving along the streets represent a system of differently oriented vertical surfaces, we measured the total (direct and scattered) ultraviolet radiation on the vertical surface.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):83-84
pages 83-84 views

To the technique of determining blood pressure

Talantova I.V.


In the overwhelming majority of manuals on internal medicine, it is recommended that when determining blood pressure using the Riva-Rocci apparatus and a membrane tonometer, install the apparatus at the shoulder or heart level of the patient.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):84-85
pages 84-85 views

Mental, physical and sexual development of schoolgirls in Kazan

Meshera H.H., Sotnikova L.G., Tazetdinova L.N., Nazorova V.E.


To find out how the physical and intellectual development of girls, as well as social conditions, affects the development of ovarian function, we examined female students of grades 5-9 at the age of 11-16 years of 3 ordinary schools in Kazan (153 girls) and a boarding school for mentally retarded children (90 girls).

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):85-86
pages 85-86 views

Decrease in morbidity and mortality of children from pneumonia in 1960-1964. in Leninogorsk

Huzina H.H., Razumovskiy U.K., AhmerovaПневмонии, составляющие около 30% всех заболеваний в детском возрасте, а у детей первого года жизни — 40% (Ю. Ф. Домбровская, 1963), до сих пор остаются од¬ной из наиболее частых причин детской смертности. В целях дальнейшего снижения заболеваемости детей воспалением легких в Лениногорском детском объединении был разработан ряд лечебно-профилактических меро¬приятий. С 1960 г. введен дородовой патронаж. На участок каждого новорожденного принимает заведующая детской поликлиникой. Из родильного объединения поступает соответствующая документация. Патронажное наблюдение на дому устанавливается, как правило, с первых трех дней. В 1962 г. было организовано специальное снабжение детей продуктами питания (вначале — через детскую больницу, а с 1963 г. — через вновь открытую молочную кухню). С 1963 г. для лечения детей до года на дому медикаменты отпускаются бесплатно. Количество коек в стационаре доведено с 75 до 100, что дало возможность расширить госпитализацию детей, больных воспалением легких, с 46 до 82%, увеличить продолжительность пребывания больного в стационаре с 15,6 до 16,8 кой¬ко-дней. Улучшилась взаимосвязь между стационаром и поликлиникой. Все переболевшие пневмонией дети из стационара передаются на участок под диспансерное наблюдение. За эти годы увеличилось количество врачей с 17 до 21. Более половины врачей повысили свою квалификацию на курсах усовершенствования. Улучшилось лечение больных пнев¬монией. В последние годы шире стало применяться комплексное лечение по общеприня¬тым установкам с учетом тяжести состояния ребенка, давности процесса и фоновых за¬болеваний. Широко применяются массаж и гимнастика при лечении как в стационаре, так и на дому. Получен обнадеживающий эффект при лечении больных тяжелыми формами пневмо¬ний гормональными препаратами. У 19 из 24 детей раннего возраста улучшение было свя¬зано с применением гормонотерапии. Врачи детского объединения в последние годы стали больше обращать внимания на профилактику рахита. Детям с 1,5-месячного возраста назначается витамин D и ком¬плекс поливитаминов. Организована школа матерей при роддоме, где проводится ши¬рокая разъяснительная работа по профилактике простудных заболеваний и закалива¬нию ребенка. Открыта комната здорового ребенка. Улучшилась санитарно-просвети¬тельная работа в стационаре, поликлинике и на участке. В результате вышеприведенных организационных, профилактических и лечебных мероприятий значительно уменьшилась заболеваемость и смертность от острых пнев¬моний. Появилась возможность увеличить госпитализацию больных с острыми респира¬торными заболеваниями с 11,3% (1960) до 22,9 (1964). Снизилась частота фоновых заболеваний. Среди заболевших пневмонией в возра¬сте до года около половины составляют недоношенные, искусственно вскармливаемые и получавшие ранний прикорм. Несмотря на общее снижение заболеваемости пневмониями, имеется повышение ее среди детей, посещающих ясли (вследствие их перегрузки). Процент тяжелых форм пневмонии, преимущественно у детей до 2 лет, остался на прежнем уровне. В основном эта форма наблюдается у детей ослабленных, которые ранее имели заболевания дыхательных путей, желудочно-кишечного тракта и т. д. Они поступали с фоновыми заболеваниями: рахитом, гипотрофией, экссудативным диатезом и т. д. Сокращение поздней госпитализации (после 10-го дня болезни) с 18,1 до 8,6% не замедлило сказаться на исходах болезни. В 1960 г. в стационаре умерло от пневмонии 3,27, а в 1964 г. — 0,83% больных. Анализ смертности от различных причин по Лениногорскому району в целом за 1960—1964 гг. показывает неуклонное снижение детской смертности вообще и от пнев¬монии в частности. Наибольшая смертность от пневмонии наблюдается у детей до года. Начиная с 1960 г. ни один ребенок старше 5 лет от пневмонии не умер. Особое значение в исходе пневмоний имеют осложнения. Их больше у умерших в стационаре, меньше у скоропостижно умерших. Это связано с длительностью основ¬ного заболевания, а в некоторых случаях с поздней госпитализацией. Большое влияние на исход пневмоний имеют сроки выявления и госпитализации больных. Мелкоочаговые пневмонии были у 73,1%, в остальных случаях — крупноочаговые. Среди умерших в лечебных учреждениях длительность болезни до 3 суток была у 27,5%, от 3 до 10 дней — у 35,0% и свыше 10 дней — у 37,5%. При длительности забо¬левания свыше 10 дней почти у всех умерших обнаружены, осложнения. F.G.


Pneumonia, accounting for about 30% of all diseases in childhood, and in children of the first year of life - 40% (Yu. F. Dombrovskaya, 1963), still remain one of the most frequent causes of infant mortality.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):86-87
pages 86-87 views

Sanatorium treatment of children with chronic pneumonia

Lomakina A.V., Porseva S.Y., Filipovskaya O.B., Shaihutdinova R.T.


Sanatorium treatment is one of the links in the complex therapy of children with chronic pneumonia. On 15/1 1966, a sanatorium for preschool children with 50 beds was opened in Kazan.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):87-88
pages 87-88 views

The role of the sanatorium in the treatment of diseases of the nervous system in oil workers

Huzin G.H.


One of the leading causes of disability among oil workers, especially those employed in drilling, belongs to various lesions of the peripheral nervous system (M. Kh. Vakhitov).

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):88-89
pages 88-89 views

Professor Leopold Matveevich Rachlin


January 1968 marked the 70th anniversary of the birth and 45 years of the medical, scientific, pedagogical and social activities of the head of the first department of therapy at the Kazan State Pedagogical University named after V.I. V. I. Lenin, Honored Scientist of the TASSR, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Leopold Matveyevich Rakhlin.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):89-90
pages 89-90 views

Professor Anatoly Innokentyevich Germanov


It is 70 years since the birth and 45 years of medical, scientific, pedagogical and social activities of the head of the first hospital therapeutic clinic of the Kuibyshev Medical Institute, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Anatoly Innokentyevich Germanov.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):90-91
pages 90-91 views

Clinical lectures on internal medicine

Radbil O.S.


Prof. AI Gefter heads the faculty therapeutic clinic of the Gorky Medical Institute. The book includes 32 lectures devoted to the most important diseases for doctors and students, especially those studied by the team of the department headed by him.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):91-92
pages 91-92 views

Resuscitation for traumatic shock and terminal conditions

Akulov A.M.


The book was written by the staff of the Military Field Surgery Clinic of V.I. SM Kirov (prof. MG Shraber, associate prof. MA Sarkisov, NI Egurnov and GI Tsibulyak) on the basis of the experience of the resuscitation (anti-shock) department.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):93-94
pages 93-94 views

The use of cold in surgery

Medvedev N.P.


The III All-Russian Congress of Surgeons was held in Gorky from 26 to 30 / VII, at which considerable attention was paid to the use of cold in surgery.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):94-96
pages 94-96 views

Malignant tumors of the ovaries

Voronin K.V.


The symposium was organized at the initiative of the V.I. H. N. Petrov and the USSR Ministry of Health.

Kazan medical journal. 1968;49(1):96-97
pages 96-97 views

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