Vol 46, No 1 (1965)

On the prevention of allergic diseases

Lozanov N.N., Akimov V.N.


In connection with the increase in the frequency of allergic diseases among the population and the expansion of our knowledge in the field of allergy, the issues of combating it acquire special relevance. The following classification (according to BB Kogan) of allergic processes known in the clinic can give an idea of ​​how widely allergy is involved in the origin of very common nosological forms.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):3-9
pages 3-9 views

Chronic pneumonia

Nikulin K.G., Kostina V.V.


In recent years, interest in chronic pneumonia has increased significantly, which is explained by their undoubted increase, to some extent associated with the widespread use of antibiotics and changes in autoimmune reactions. Hence the need for a more detailed study of the dynamics of chronic pneumonia, especially in the reversible period. First of all, we would like to clarify what to invest in the very concept of chronic pneumonia. The shift in the concepts put into the term "chronic pneumonia" makes it difficult to study them, develop preventive measures and treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):9-12
pages 9-12 views

Some features of the course of chronic nonspecific lung disease in children and their differential diagnosis

Porseva S.Y.


The term "chronic pneumonia" combines such concepts as chronic bronchitis, cirrhosis of the lungs, pneumosclerosis, bronchiectasis, adenosinuspneumopathy (the latter - at the suggestion of Yu. F. Dombrovskaya).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):13-14
pages 13-14 views

Diphenylamine reaction in chronic pneumonia in children

Amosova A.S.


Chronic pneumonia in children often occurs without pronounced clinical phenomena that occur only after a few months or even years. The diagnosis of these hidden processes can be facilitated by the use of reactions that reveal biochemical changes in the lung tissue and thus the activity of the pulmonary process. One of these reactions is diphenylamine.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):14-16
pages 14-16 views

Experience in treating patients with chronic nonspecific pneumonia and bronchial asthma with aerosol inhalation

Maltsev I.T., Melnik A.N., Voronina N.A.


In recent years, the number of patients suffering from chronic pneumonia has increased significantly, and antibiotics did not provide the same effect in this disease that was observed earlier, apparently due to a change in the nature of microflora and an increase in its resistance to antibiotics. This prompts the search for new methods of treatment for this disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):16-18
pages 16-18 views

Some clinical and biochemical parallels in bronchial asthma

S. S.I.


The question of chemical mediators of the autonomic nervous system in bronchial asthma continues to be relevant to the present day. It is associated both with the problem of allergic reactions in bronchial asthma, and with the problem of the role of the autonomic nervous system in this disease. Our observations concern the dynamics of the acetylcholine - cholinesterase and catecholamines system in the blood of patients with bronchial asthma.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):20-21
pages 20-21 views

On the use of research on protein, glucoprotein fractions and sialic acid levels acids for differential diagnosis of asthmoid syndrome and bronchial asthma

Novichkov V.I.


In the clinic of internal diseases, it is quite often necessary to deal with patients in whom asthma attacks occur and proceed against the background of a chronic or acute inflammatory process in the bronchopulmonary apparatus. However, in most cases, such attacks are regarded as bronchial asthma. The establishment of the same causal moments of asthmoid phenomena plays a significant role in the choice of rational pathogenetic therapy.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):18-19
pages 18-19 views

Experience of using fubromegan in patients with bronchial asthma

Danilyak I.G., Mytareva I.L.


Fubromegan (iodomethylate-methyl-diethylaminopropyl ester of 5-bromofuran-2-carboxylic acid) belongs to antiacetylcholine (cholinolytic) drugs. It was synthesized at the Institute of Fine Organic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):21-22
pages 21-22 views

Clinical and radiological characteristics pulmonary tuberculosis

Anastasiev V.S.


In connection with the increase in the diagnosis of tuberculous and peripheral cancer, the improvement of the methods of X-ray examination and the widespread use of lung resection in recent years, interest in rounded shadows in the lungs has increased. Inner Mohr, Rotthoff, Willmann on a large material found that they occur in 7%. According to the literature, tuberculomas make up a significant part of the rounded shadows.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):22-26
pages 22-26 views

About gas bubble correction with artificial pneumothorax

Stankevich V.E.


The opinion of the majority of domestic phthisiatricians is inclined to believe that at the present time artificial pneumothorax (IP) in the treatment of patients with tuberculosis has not lost its significance (F.V.Shebanov, D.D. Aseev, A.D. Semenov, A.E. Rabukhin, K.A. Kharcheva and others). MA Burlachenko et al. Notes that the effect of treatment with antibacterial drugs alone was 12.8% lower than with combined treatment with artificial pneumothorax. These statistics convincingly support the greater effectiveness of the combination of chemotherapy treatment with PI.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):26-27
pages 26-27 views

Surgical tactics for complications cystic formations in the lungs

Lichtenstein A.O.


The development of pulmonary surgery in recent years has given rise to an extensive literature on such relatively rare forms of pulmonary pathology as cysts and cyst-like formations. Most authors have adopted the classification of I.A.Zvorykin, who divides all cystic formations in the lungs into a) true cysts of the lungs, b) cyst-like formations, c) air cavities that have arisen on the basis of local emphysema of the lungs, d) parasitic cysts.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):27-30
pages 27-30 views

Economical lung resections

Rokitsky M.R.


The desire to combine the economy of resection with its radicalism is one of the basic principles of modern pulmonary surgery. This principle is most fully embodied in segmental resection, which, in the words of PA Kupriyanov, is "one of the most important achievements of pulmonary surgery." However, along with the segmental one, other types of economical resections have not lost their right to exist - combined resections (removal of a lobe and a group of adjacent segments), wedge-shaped, marginal, etc. The widespread introduction into practice of domestic devices UKL-40 and UKL-60 led to the development of a technique as follows called "mechanical", wedge-shaped and marginal resection. The choice of this or that type of resection is associated with the characteristics of the pathological focus in the lung, its localization, extent, the nature of the pleural reaction, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):30-32
pages 30-32 views

About surgical treatment of bilateral bronchiectasis

Neimark I.I.


In recent years, the range of surgical interventions on the lung for suppurative processes has significantly expanded. The development of economical resection techniques, the improvement of anesthesia, and a detailed study of postoperative complications made possible radical interventions in bilateral lung lesions, in particular, in bronchiectasis.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):33-35
pages 33-35 views

Bronchographic parallels in chronic pulmonary suppuration

Radbil O.S., Lichtenstein A.O., Filippova I.G.


The issue of chronic pulmonary suppuration and the place that they occupy in the pathology of the lungs has recently attracted much attention and is the subject of discussion in connection with the success of pulmonary surgery.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):35-38
pages 35-38 views

Middle lobe syndrome in the clinic bronchiectasis

Glantsberg N.A.


In 1948, Gracham, Burford and Mayer described an X-ray picture of pathological changes in the middle lobe of the right lung, which are based on atelectasis of this lobe. They identified and designated this pathology as "mid-left syndrome." The anatomical prerequisites for selective lesion of the middle lobe are considered by many to be stenosis of the middle lobe bronchus. At the same time, decisive importance is attached to the anatomical and topographic features of the middle lobe bronchus (narrow lumen of the bronchus surrounded by lymph nodes).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):38-40
pages 38-40 views

Microflora of carious milk teeth and pathologically altered tonsils as foci of infection

Enikeeva V.I.


It is well known that diseased teeth, and primarily with gangrenous pulp, can be a source of oral infection in the same way as pathologically altered tonsils. In the literature, there are indications of the possibility of transferring infection in carious teeth to the tonsils.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):41-44
pages 41-44 views

Cesarean section materials

Davydov V.I.


For 1957-1961. In the maternity hospital of the UZTM, 15,430 women were delivered, of whom 148 (0.95%) had a caesarean section. According to Soviet obstetricians, the frequency of caesarean section operation has fluctuated in recent years from 0.75 to 2.8% of all births (A.I. Burkhanov), and in the majority it is less than 1%. In foreign obstetricians, the frequency of cesarean section is much higher: from 3.1% (K. W. Schultze) to 10% (A. Webster). Such a high percentage of Caesar sections among foreign obstetricians, even by their admission (Webster, etc.), is unjustified. For our part, we add to this Webster consideration that it is also harmful for a number of reasons.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):44-47
pages 44-47 views

Comparative assessment of corporate and isthmus caesarean section

Slepykh A.S.


Of the previously used numerous methods of abdominal delivery, currently only cesarean section in the lower uterine segment with a transverse or longitudinal incision, as well as corporal with a longitudinal incision of the anterior wall of the uterine body are used.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):47-50
pages 47-50 views

X-ray of the uterine scar after a classic cesarean section

Verkhovsky A.L.


All types of caesarean section operations are still dangerous surgical interventions. The widespread corporal caesarean section is especially unfavorable in its consequences for the mother - pain, menstrual irregularities, displacement of the uterus and fixation of it, disorders of bowel and bladder functions. During pregnancy and childbirth after surgery, ruptures of the uterus along the scar are frequent and formidable complications, the proportion of which has become significant in recent years. Ruptures of the uterus after cesarean section in the lower segment in the domestic literature are counted in units.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):50-52
pages 50-52 views

On the frequency of contractions according to external hysterography in different course of labor

Krementsov Y.G.


Assessment of labor activity both in the normal course of labor and in case of various kinds of complications is carried out in practical obstetrics according to 3 indicators: frequency, duration and intensity of contractions.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):52-53
pages 52-53 views

A comprehensive method of dealing with asphyxia newborn

Donskova H.M.


The search for new, more rational methods of treating newborn asphyxia as the main cause of early infant mortality and stillbirth remains one of the topical issues of obstetric practice.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):53-54
pages 53-54 views

Experience in detecting and treating toxoplasmosis in obstetric practice

Antonova M.A.


Currently, the role of toxoplasmosis in the origin of spontaneous miscarriages and premature births, stillbirth and early infant mortality is well known. Toxoplasmosis is also one of the causes of anomalies and defects in the intrauterine development of children, leading to severe disability.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):54-56
pages 54-56 views

Removal of the left lung for tuberculosis in a patient with diabetes mellitus

Krivorotova M.M., Pasynkova A.M.


Among patients with diabetes mellitus, from 3.8% (Bakker and Zeige, 1955) to 7.6% (A.I. Vilnyansky, 1956) suffer from active pulmonary tuberculosis. At the same time, there is a low-symptom course of tuberculosis, which leads to its late detection. Among 177 diabetic patients whom TF Smurova observed, 23.7% had a fibrous-cavernous form of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):56-57
pages 56-57 views

About the so-called "tumor" of the foot

Zulkarneev R.A.


Under the "tumor" of the foot, some authors understand various changes in its bones, accompanied by dense subfascial edema of the soft tissues of the dorsum of the foot. Breithaupt, who was the first to describe the "tumor" of the foot, initiated a number of interesting and original works in this area, which continue to this day (BE Brook, ID Zakharov, Thomas). "Deichlander's disease", "marching foot", "marching fracture", "creeping fracture" - this is a short, but far from complete list of names given to this disease. It reflects the diversity of views on the etiology and pathogenesis of this peculiar disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):57-59
pages 57-59 views

Treatment of obesity in patients with diabetes mellitus mephaline

Anosova L.N., Saitgaleeva T.S.


The main method in the treatment of diabetes mellitus is diet therapy. If necessary, hormone replacement therapy with insulin and, if indicated, sulfonyl-urea preparations are added to dietary treatment. Patients with diabetes mellitus with obesity in most cases painfully tolerate diet therapy due to the excruciating feeling of hunger. It is advisable for such patients to prescribe drugs with anorexinogenic effect. These funds stimulate energy processes in the body, promote the mobilization of fat from the depot and inhibit its formation from carbohydrates.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):59-60
pages 59-60 views

Cysticercosis of the brain as a cause of sudden death

Evdokimov P.P.


The clinical picture of cysticercosis of the brain has not yet been sufficiently studied. The most persistent signs are excruciating headaches, dizziness, vomiting, and seizures. All these phenomena are of a paroxysmal nature; light intervals between attacks can last up to 10 years. Often, patients have only a mental disorder, it may be the only symptom of the disease. The asymptomatic course of cysticercosis of the brain is also described.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):61-62
pages 61-62 views

Mental disorders in case of poisoning pachikarpin

Garganeeva E.G.


Blockade of nerve impulses through the nodes of the autonomic nervous system, inhibition of the transmission of nerve impulses from preganglionic to postganglionic fibers of autonomic nerves are characteristic features of the action of ganglionic blocking agents, which include pachicarpin, which is used in medical practice in the form of iodine hydrate.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):62-63
pages 62-63 views

Pregnancy in the rudimentary uterine horn with destruction of its wall by chorionic villi and hemorrhage into the abdominal cavity

Zubareva N.A.


Ch., 22 years old, was admitted to the gynecological department on 26 / VІІ 1963 with a cystoma of the right ovary. Last menstruation 28 / III 1963 29 / VІ 1963 produced curettage of the uterine cavity about 10 weeks of pregnancy. There was no fertilized egg in the uterine cavity.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):63-64
pages 63-64 views

Cervico-isthmus pregnancy

Suprutskaya G.G.


Cervical pregnancy is rare and belongs to one of the most severe forms of obstetric pathology.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):64-65
pages 64-65 views

Prospects for antibiotic therapy

Milevskaya Y.L.


With the accumulation of experience, more and more new problems of antibiotic therapy arise; these include: 1) improving and eliminating the side effects of old, tested antibiotics; 2) creation of new, qualitatively excellent drugs; 3) development of conditions and means that increase the therapeutic effect of antibiotics.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):65-68
pages 65-68 views

Comparative characteristics of methods bacteriological study of water survey data from some superficial reservoirs of Kazan

Tretyakova S.I.


Comparative assessment of standard methods of bacteriological research of water was carried out by many authors: ND Rutshtein (1952), LE Korsh (1953), MG Kichenko (1955), ND Kurochkin (1955) and others. All of them in their works point to the greater sensitivity of the two-phase fermentation method in comparison with the method of membrane filters, note its simplicity and clarity. The reliability of the determination of the degree of fecal contamination obtained by the method of membrane filters, according to the data of L. E. Korsh (1953), largely depends on the quality of membrane filters and on the physical properties of water. When working with filters that the author assesses as benign, similar results were obtained by both methods.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):68-70
pages 68-70 views

Experience of mass revaccination of BCG in rural areas terrain

Ginzburg E.A., Kotelnikov V.M., Korde T.V., Poletilo E.V., Plotnikova L.M., Rapoport P.N.


Mass anti-tuberculosis vaccination of BCG by the intradermal method in rural areas of the Mari ASSR began in June 1962.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):70-73
pages 70-73 views

About home health care for premature babies

Bakhtiarova P.M.


Prevention of premature birth, reduction of prematurity, and nursing of premature babies are important measures to further reduce the mortality of young children (S. V. Kurashev, N. N. Grigorieva, A. F. Tur, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):73-75
pages 73-75 views

Professor Alexander Grigorievich Agababov (1863-1922)

Nikitin S.K.


Disciple of the outstanding scientist E.V. Adamyuk, a prominent ophthalmologist, professor of Kazan University Alexander Grigorievich Agababov was born in Astrakhan, graduated from high school there, in 1883 entered the medical faculty of Kazan University and in 1888 received the title of doctor.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):75-77
pages 75-77 views

Experience in determining sodium and potassium in whole blood, erythrocytes, blood plasma, saliva on a flame photometer of the PPF-UNIIZ type

Arleevsky I.P., Razumov V.A., Aydarov T.K.


The introduction of flame photometry into the practice of medical research has made it possible to extensively study the exchange of electrolytes in normal conditions and under various pathological conditions. To date, it has been sufficiently convincingly proven that the change in the content of Na and K in certain diseases in individual blood and its fractions - erythrocytes and plasma - does not occur in parallel (1, 2, 7, 10, 14). This, naturally, postulates the definition of them in each of these environments. The methods published in the domestic literature available to us have been developed on laboratory or foreign-made devices that are inaccessible to most medical institutions, and provide for the quantitative determination of electrolytes in one or two of the indicated research objects (3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 13). Determination of Na and K content using a domestic photometer of the PPF-UNIIZ type has been developed only for blood serum (6). In this regard, we offer our methodology. The principles of the method are now widely known, and we do not dwell on them.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):77-79
pages 77-79 views

B. M. Khromov. Surgical care in outpatient clinics. Medgiz, Moscow 1963, 417 pages. Circulation 10,000 copies

Fuks B.I.


Surgical care on an outpatient basis is provided to most surgical patients and is the business of the bulk of surgeons. Timely recognition and assistance (including emergency) often determine the further course of the disease. Therefore, we should welcome the emergence of a manual in which the issues of this surgical care are highlighted at a modern level by its author, who has extensive personal experience.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):79-80
pages 79-80 views

B. E. Votchal "essays on clinical pharmacology". Medgiz, M., 1963

Radbil O.S.


In recent years, our publishing houses have published a large number of textbooks, manuals and monographs on various aspects of internal medicine. There is no shortage of pharmacological guidelines. However, these books for the most part lacked a synthetic element that can be defined as clinical pharmacology - “pharmacological thinking at the patient's bedside” (B. Ye. Votchal). This gap is largely filled by the book under review.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):81-82
pages 81-82 views

G. A. Zubovsky. "Radiation therapy". Nursing library. "The medicine". M., 1964, Circulation 8000 copies

Goldstein D.E., Volodina G.I.


Radiation therapy is currently one of the leading methods of treating malignant neoplasms. In recent years, manuals and guidelines have been published for radiologists. However, no practical guidance on radiation therapy for laboratory technicians and nurses has yet been published.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):82-82
pages 82-82 views

Issues of quality, protection and study of groundwater resources

Stankevich E.F.


The importance of groundwater in drinking water supply is increasing every year. In the USSR, at present, more than half of the urban population and at least 80% of the rural population use groundwater. At the same time, despite the enormous, often insufficiently fully satisfied demand for water, groundwater in the USSR is used completely insufficiently (less than 2% of the recorded reserves). This is due to: 1) poor knowledge of groundwater resources; 2) uneven distribution of water reserves; 3) severe pollution of a number of water sources, including groundwater, by industrial effluents (in particular, in the Donbass, wastewater discharge at the Lesnaya Dacha site disabled two water intakes that supplied two cities with drinking water). In the United States, as the late President J. Kennedy stated several years ago, water should be the number one problem by 1970. In our country, the rapid development of industry, especially the chemical industry, as well as an increase in the area of ​​irrigated land is being forced to take measures to protect water resources from depletion and pollution. This was the reason for the convocation of a special All-Union Scientific and Technical Conference on the use of underground waters and their artificial replenishment.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):83-84
pages 83-84 views

All-Union symposia of histologists dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Kazan neurohistological school

Shvalev V.N.


After numerous greetings in connection with the centenary of the Kazan histological school, a report on the historical path of its development was made by the head. Department of Histology, Kazan honey. Institute prof. G.I. Zabusov (see Kazan Medical Journal. 1964, 2).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):84-86
pages 84-86 views

Mediated Impact Conference on the tumor process

Saburova V.A.


In recent years, drugs have been widely introduced into oncological practice. A new concept of "tumor chemotherapy" has become widespread - the intervention of drugs in specific links in the metabolism of tumor cells. However, in most cases, the blastomatous process requires the doctor to use the entire arsenal of tools available to modern medicine. With the complex therapy of cancer patients, it is absolutely necessary to stimulate the body's defenses, to raise its resistance. The conference on the indirect effect on the tumor process attracted the attention of the general medical community in Leningrad and other cities of the country due to the urgency of the problem.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):86-87
pages 86-87 views

VIII scientific session of the Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences

Smetanin B.F.


The session was attended by surgeons from almost all union, autonomous, regional, regional surgical institutions of the Soviet Union. 69 reports and 50 fixed presentations were heard. The session considered the long-term results of surgical treatment of acquired and congenital heart diseases and surgical treatment of vascular diseases.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):87-88
pages 87-88 views

VI National Conference of Orthopedic Traumatologists of Romania

Shulutko L.I.


The main programmatic problems of the conference were scoliosis and damage to the elbow joint. In addition to Romanian orthopedic traumatologists, specialists from Poland, East Germany, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Bulgaria, France, Austria, Finland, etc., took part in it, from the USSR was the author of this article.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):88-91
pages 88-91 views

To the 30th anniversary of the Kuibyshev Regional Scientific Society of Physicians

Kavetsky N.E.


In 1934, Samara (Kuibyshev) hosted the Regional Congress of Physicians and Surgeons of the Middle Volga Region, at which the “Middle Volga Regional Society of Internal Medicine and Pathology” was organized. Prof. Victor Romanovich Gaivoronsky, secretary - Yakov Moiseevich Grinberg.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):91-92
pages 91-92 views

From the conference of neurosurgeons

Grinberg S.Y., Knirik G.S.


At the meetings of the conference and organized symposia, 220 reports were heard.
Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):92-94
pages 92-94 views

Professor Joseph Iosifovich Rusetsky


14 / XI 1964, after a long and severe illness, the head of the Department of Nervous Diseases of the Kazan State Institute for Advanced Training of Physicians named after V.I. Lenin, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR and TASSR, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Iosif Iosifovich Rusetsky.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):94-95
pages 94-95 views

Associate Professor Maria Alexandrovna Aluf

Editorial B.


On November 6, 1964, at the age of 63, after a serious and prolonged illness, the candidate of medical sciences, associate professor Maria Aleksandrovna Aluf, who headed the Department of Pharmacology of the Kazan Medical Institute, died for a long time.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):95-96
pages 95-96 views

V. A. Novikov

Faizullin M.X., Avdonin S.I.


On 26 / VІ 1964, one of the oldest specialists in medical and X-ray equipment, Honored Innovator of the RSFSR Vladimir Alekseevich Novikov, died suddenly.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):96-96
pages 96-96 views

Clinic and treatment of influenza

Reznik A.E., Enaleeva D.S.


Over the past decade, there have been extremely widespread influenza pandemics in 1957, in 1959, and a significant epidemic outbreak in early 1962.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):97-99
pages 97-99 views

Epidemiology and prevention of viral influenza

Fedorenko L.I.


The causative agent of influenza can be one of several viruses that are similar in basic biological properties, but differ in antigenic structure and therefore do not cause cross-immunity.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(1):99-103
pages 99-103 views

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