Vol 55, No 5 (1974)

N. A. SEMASHKO - ORGANIZER OF SOVIET HEALTH CARE
Vahitov M.H., Sharafutdinova R.M.
Abstract

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Semashko belongs to the constellation of Russian revolutionaries, whose life for more than half a century was associated with the labor movement in Russia and the activities of the Communist Party.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):1-4
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N. A. SEMASHKO AND THE KAZAN GUIDE NAMED AFTER V. I. LENIN
Rahmatullin I.M., Nizamov I.G.
Abstract

Kazan Provincial Executive Committee at a solemn meeting dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the birth of V. I. Lenin (April 22, 1920), on the initiative of doctors R. A. Luria and V. I. Iordansky, decided to create a clinical institute in Kazan and name it V.I. Lenin. At the end of 1920, the director of the institute, R. A. Luria, reported to the People's Commissar of Health N. A. Semashko about the creation of a clinical institute in Kazan (originally the GIDUV was called the Kazan Clinical Institute of Tatnarkomzdrav).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):5-8
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ISSUES OF ETIOLOGY, CLINICS AND TREATMENT OF CHRONIC PYELONEPHRITIS
Shulcev G.P., Burcev V.I.
Abstract

Chronic pyelonephritis is still being studied mainly by urologists. In a large multidisciplinary hospital, patients with various forms of pyelonephritis are encountered quite often both in urological and therapeutic departments.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):9-12
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STUDY OF RENAL DYSFUNCTION IN COMPENSATED CHRONIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
Ratner M.Y., Serov V.V.
Abstract

Currently, it is assumed that the disorder of renal functions in compensated chronic glomerulonephritis consists in a decrease in glomerular filtration and an increase in renal blood flow. Selective disorders of tubular functions are not given importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):12-15
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APPLICATION OF HIGHER DOSES OF FUROSEMIDE IN CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE
Tomilina N.A., Birukova L.S.
Abstract

Furosemide (lasix) is one of the most effective modern diuretics. Clinical experience has shown that in chronic renal failure that occurs with a significant decrease in the mass of active nephrons, a daily dose of 40 to 160 mg is ineffective or only marginally effective.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):15-17
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DIAGNOSTIC SIGNIFICANCE OF RADIOISOTOPE RENAULT AND HEPATOGRAPHY IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC JADE
Shulutko B.I., Yakovlev D.V.
Abstract

In 76 patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (70 with mixed and 6 with hypertensive), the data of clinical, radioisotope, biochemical and intravital morphological studies of the liver and kidneys were compared. The selected patients, neither in the past nor during the study, did not suffer from liver or biliary tract diseases. 32 of them were between 18 and 29 years old, 26 - 30 to 44 years old, and 18 - between 45 and 59 years old.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):17-19
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TO THE QUESTION ABOUT TREATMENT OF DIFFUSE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS IN CHILDREN
Sultanova G.F., Aupova R.H., Zakirova F.I.
Abstract

We observed 223 children with various forms of diffuse glomerulonephritis (82% with hematuric, 14.4% with nephrotic and 3.6% with mixed forms). There were 9.7% of children under the age of 3 years, from 3 to 7 years old - 30% and older - 60.3%.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):19-21
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EFFECTIVENESS OF HORMONOTHERAPY OF JADE IN CHILDREN
Durmashkina T.V.
Abstract

In the dynamics of hormone therapy for glomerulonephritis, we investigated, along with general clinical indicators, the criteria for the functional state of the kidneys, as well as capillary permeability for protein and fluid. We studied daily diuresis, residual nitrogen and serum creatinine, and endogenous creatinine clearance in the circadian rhythm. Tubular reabsorption of water was calculated, a test was carried out according to S.S.Zimnitsky. The filtration-reabsorption capacity of the kidneys was also determined in 24 healthy children (control). To study the permeability of capillaries, the method of capillary-venous difference was used (V.P. Kaznacheev, 1956).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):21-22
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PYELONEPHRITIS IN CHILDREN
Arhipova G.R., Dvorjeckaya N.V.
Abstract

From 1971 to 1973, 165 children with pyelonephritis were under our supervision (14 under the age of 1 year, 38 - from 1 to 3 years, 58 - from 3 to 7 years, 37 - from 7 to 10 years and 18 - from 10 up to 14 years old). 90% of patients were girls, which makes us think about the ascending nature of the infection. The onset of the disease was atypical.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):23-25
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HEREDITARY (FAMILY) HEMATURIC JADE
davudova V.M.
Abstract

Currently, congenital and hereditary nephropathies are attracting more and more attention of specialists. A rather high prevalence of renal diseases of hereditary genesis was revealed: according to the data of Yu.V. Veltischev and V.P. Lebedev, hereditary nephropathies account for 16% of all renal diseases diagnosed in children.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):25-26
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DIAGNOSTIC VALUE OF RHEORENOGRAPHY IN PEDIATRICS
Makoveckaya G.A., Bruhanova L.K., Munina L.N.
Abstract

We set the task to develop standards for renal rheogram in healthy children and assess the suitability of the method for judging hemodynamic changes in the kidneys with glomerulonephritis. We have not come across information on this issue in the pediatric literature.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):27-29
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NITROFURANE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC PYELONEPHRITIS IN PREGNANT WOMEN
Parafeinik G.K., Kovalchuk L.S.
Abstract

Preparations of the nitrofuran series have high antibacterial activity, have an effect on antibiotic-resistant and sulfamid-resistant bacterial strains, and have a pronounced synergism with antibiotics [1, 2].

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):29-31
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CLINICAL AND X-RAY DIAGNOSTICS OF BLADDER CANCER AND ITS METASTASIS
Sitdukov E.I., Ahmetova S.M.
Abstract

According to our data, neoplasms of the bladder account for 8% of all urological diseases. The overwhelming majority of patients are people over 50 years old; men get sick more often than women (5: 1).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):31-33
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FORCED DISINTOXICATION IN ACUTE INFLAMMATORY PROCESS IN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY
kochnev O.S., Kim I.A., Shaimardanov R.S.
Abstract

Despite the introduction into clinical practice of a number of new methods in the treatment of peritonitis (peritoneal dialysis, new antibiotics, hypothermia, etc.), the mortality rate in this disease, which is widespread in urgent surgery, remains high - 35% or more.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):33-35
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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN ONCOLOGY
Smulevich V.B., Chaklin A.V.
Abstract

The main direction of the development of epidemiological research in oncology should be considered the clarification of the characteristics of the spread of malignant neoplasms in various territories of the country, in various ethnic, professional and other groups of the population; isolation and study of high-risk groups, in particular patients with precancerous diseases; determination of the role of chemical, physical and biological factors in the occurrence of human tumors; study of possible pathogenetic links between malignant neoplasms and other diseases, mainly chronic (gastritis, bronchitis, tuberculosis, diabetes, etc.); study of the causes of changes (decrease or increase) in the levels of morbidity, mortality from certain forms of malignant tumors; assessment of the effectiveness of preventive measures, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):36-37
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STUDY OF POSSIBLE CARCINOGENICITY OF MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS BASED ON OIL, PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND MONEY
Shabad L.M., Serkovskaya G.S., Hesina A.Y.
Abstract

Medicines, which include oil, oil products and tar, are widely used throughout the world in the treatment of a number of skin diseases. Some of them, such as medical vaseline oil, are used not only for cutaneous application, but also for internal use. In the history of medicine, a number of cases are described when the use of drugs containing tar, oil and petroleum products was (the cause of cancer in humans.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):37-39
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APPLICATION OF QUASILINEAR FLUORESCENCE SPECTRA OF BENZ (A) PYRENE DERIVATIVES IN ONCOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Hitrova I.A., Hesina A.Y., Koblyakov V.A., Petrova T.V.
Abstract

The object of this study was methyl and dimethyl derivatives of benzo (a) pyrene (BP), one of the most active and widespread carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the human environment. BP derivatives are of interest for oncological research, since the addition of a methyl group, as a rule, increases the carcinogenicity of PAHs.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):39-40
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ABOUT THE CAUSES OF LATER DIAGNOSIS OF LARYNX CANCER
Krasnova V.G.
Abstract

This communication is devoted to the analysis of the causes of 150 cases of late diagnosis of laryngeal cancer in 1968-1972.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):40-41
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PRIMARY FREE PLASTIC WITH DERMOEPIDERMAL TRANSPLANT IN ONCOLOGICAL PRACTICE
Fatuhova G.F.
Abstract

There is no unanimity on the indications and permissibility of using primary skin grafting in the treatment of malignant neoplasms. In the domestic literature, only a few works are devoted to this problem. There are still no studies based on a sufficient number of observations, studied in the light of long-term outcomes. This is one of the reasons for the reserved attitude towards the use of this method in the treatment of malignant tumors.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):41-43
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Eosinophilic Stomach Granule
Bashkov U.A., Sokolova T.A., Lugovaya L.Z.
Abstract

The first description of an eosinophilic granuloma belongs to NI Taratynov (Kazan med. Zh., 1913, vol. 13, No. 1), which gives reason to call this pathology by his name - Taratynov's disease [2, 3].

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):43-45
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APPLICATION OF THE ISOTOPE OF SAMARIUM WITH NEDTA IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF BONE SYSTEM TUMORS
Gilyazutdinov I.A., Zubovskiy G.A., Gleizer U.A., Pal -.I.
Abstract

In recent years, a number of works have been published on the diagnosis of tumors of the skeletal system using the Sr85 isotope. Noting the high diagnostic efficiency of Sr85, most authors believe that the long half-life of the isotope (65 days) determines its relatively high radiotoxicity.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):45-47
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TO THE DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUE OF BONE TUMORS
Akberov R.F., Volodina G.I.
Abstract

In the last two decades, the method of cytological and histological examination of punctates obtained using aspiration, puncture or drill biopsies has found great practical application in the diagnosis of bone tumors.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):47-48
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WAYS OF CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT OF ADVANCED FORMS OF CANCER
Gusarov U.P.
Abstract

The vast majority of patients with advanced forms of cancer experience severe mental and physical suffering. Medical professionals often do not pay due attention to these patients, do not use all available options for their treatment, and in most cases only provide analgesic therapy. Such a tactic, undoubtedly, does not contribute to the onset of bright periods during the course of the disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):48-49
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STUDY OF EYE HYDRODYNAMICS IN VASCULAR MELANOMA
kostina V.A.
Abstract

We have studied the hydrodynamic parameters in 32 patients with intraocular melanoma. All cases were verified by histological control or by fluorescence angiography. In 29 patients, the tumor was localized in the choroid behind the equator (it was close to the nodular in shape) and in 3 - in the ciliary body. In addition to the data of ophthalmoscopy, we studied the state of the anterior chamber angle, indicators of daily tonometry, elastotonometry, and topography.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):49-51
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TREATMENT OF MALIGNANT TUMORS OF THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
Konevalov R.V., Pugachev V.F.
Abstract

The recognition of the existence of local stages of malignant lymphomas and the metastatic pathway of their spread made it reasonable to use the so-called "radical program of radiation therapy", which consists in sequential irradiation of both areas with identified foci of lymphoma and significant areas of the body with the aim of a preventive effect on the subclinical phases of the tumor (submandibular, cervical, supraclavicular and subclavian, axillary, mediastinal lymph nodes, as well as the retroperitoneal space, the pelvic region, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):51-52
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SOME ASPECTS OF CLINIC AND THERAPY OF CHRONIC LEUKEMIA
Petrov N.S.
Abstract

We observed 624 patients with various forms of chronic leukemia (262 with chronic myeloid leukemia, 198 with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, 98 with polycythemia and 66 with primary myelofibrosis).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):53-56
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HEMORRHAGIC THROMBOCYTHEMIA
Dashevskaya R.S.
Abstract

Hemorrhagic thrombocythemia (synonyms: primary, idiopathic, essential thrombocythemia, hyperthrombocytic myelosis, megakaryocytic leukemia) rarely occurs as an independent disease, more often develops as a syndrome, firstly, with myeloproliferative processes (chronic myeloid leukemia, polycythemia, and secondly with myelofibrosing processes (myelofibrosis, fibrous osteodystrophy, disseminated bone carcinomatosis). Reactive thrombocytosis is observed in cancer, collagenosis, burns, and large blood loss [1].

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):57-59
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CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RATIONALE FOR THE APPLICATION OF ANAIBOLIC STEROIDS IN PATIENTS WITH MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Smetnev A.S., Gorohovskiy B.I., Danilova K.D., Mitin S.K., Kitaeva I.T.
Abstract

To elucidate the effect of anabolic steroids on the course and outcome of myocardial infarction, we conducted both clinical observations of patients who received these drugs and experimental studies on animals (dogs).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):59-63
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ABOUT THE CAPNOGRAPHIC STUDY OF THE FUNCTION OF EXTERNAL RESPIRATION
Andreev V.M.
Abstract

In assessing the function (external respiration, it is of great importance to determine the removal of carbon dioxide from the body, which allows, firstly, to judge hypercapnia and, secondly, to draw a conclusion about the ratio of ventilation and blood flow.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):63-65
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INDICATIONS FOR USE OF THE MEBIKAR TRANQUILIZER
Avdonina N.A., Braunagel A.L., Zaikonnikova I.V., Zimakova I.E., Zimakov U.A., Chudnovskiy V.S., Karpov A.M.
Abstract

Mebikar, one of the derivatives of bicyclic ureas (2,4,6,8-tetramegyl-2, 4, 6, 8-tetraazobicyclo [3, 3, 0] -octanedione-3, 7), was synthesized by L. V. Epishina and OV Lebedev at the Institute of Organic Chemistry. ND Zelinsky Academy of Sciences of the USSR. The study of the biological activity of this series of compounds showed that mebikar has a deprimating effect on the central nervous system of animals. The drug has a protective effect against group toxicity of phenamine and at a dose of 1/15 DMT (200 mg / kg) significantly inhibits research reactions in white mice.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):65-66
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Predictive value of intraoperative audiometry in chronic suppurative otitis media
Badulya A.L.
Abstract

The aim of the work was to determine the lateralization of clear tones and ultrasound of the threshold and suprathreshold intensity before the operation, during it, in the postoperative period up to 6 months, as well as the functional prognosis of various stages of hearing-improving operations. Under the supervision there were 20 patients with chronic purulent otitis media, who underwent tympanoplasty of I, III, IV types according to Wuldtein.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):67-68
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CHANGES IN EXCITABILITY OF SKELETAL MUSCLES DURING PREGNANCY
Davudova M.A.
Abstract

With the onset of pregnancy, a functional reorganization takes place in a woman's body: a restructuring in relation to new conditions of life. This report presents the results of studying the electro-excitability of skeletal muscles in pregnant women (biceps brachii and superficial flexor of the fingers) by plotting force-duration curves [1, 2].

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):68-69
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Steroid anesthesia in obstetrics
Ivashenko T.F., Karnienko E.A., Manevich L.E.
Abstract

The steroid anesthetic was synthesized in 1955 [43] and named hydroxydione. In its chemical structure, it is close to progesterone and deoxycorticosterone, but lacks hormonal properties. In the USA, hydroxydione was released under the name Viadril, in the USSR - “Predion”.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):69-71
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Treatment of nephroptosis and its complications
Kobelev A.A., Renjin U.D., Zuev N.T., Voznuk V.G.
Abstract

Nephroptosis is one of the most complex urological diseases. The degree of prolapse and pathological mobility of the kidney often does not correspond to the clinical manifestations and anatomical changes in it. This served as the basis for us to develop a classification of nephroptosis, taking into account its clinical course and complications and functional state of the kidneys.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):71-72
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Sodium clearance in acute glomerulonephritis
Elbart V.L.
Abstract

The sodium clearance (purification coefficient) was investigated in 47 patients with acute glomerulonephritis. Glomerular filtration of water was determined by endogenous creatinine, minute diuresis - in 1–2-hour samples and from the daily amount. Serum and urine electrolytes were studied using a flame photometer.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):72
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Sodium clearance in acute glomerulonephritis
Aleksandrova L.Y.
Abstract

We studied glomerular filtration and excretion of hydrogen ions in 79 newborn boys with acute respiratory diseases (60) and pneumonia (19). Daily urine output, number of urinations, endogenous creatinine clearance by the picrate method, ammonia excretion according to Conway, titratable acidity (TC) according to Hennig were measured.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):72-73
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Effect of halidor and dimidine on renal function in patients with circulatory failure
Pimenov L.T.
Abstract

In the present study, early renal dysfunction was detected in 79 patients with heart failure and the features of the action of halidor and dimidine on changes in the functional state of the kidneys were assessed according to isotope gammarenography and hippuran I131 clearance.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):73
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Carcinogenic Activity of Soot from Marine Engines
Voronin V.M.
Abstract

The identification of new sources of environmental pollution with carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is an important stage in hygienic prevention.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):73-74
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On the clinical and electroencephalographic features of paroxysmal syndrome in patients with insuloma
Bein B.N.
Abstract

Among 360 patients with epilepsy who were being treated in the clinic, there were 2 in whom a thorough examination suggested a pancreatic adenoma as the cause of the seizures. Here is one of our observations.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):74-76
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On the issue of surgical treatment of malignant tumors of soft tissues of the extremities
Starostin A.P., Solnushkin A.V.
Abstract

We observed 120 middle-aged and elderly patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities (44 men, 76 women). In 89 patients, sarcoma was localized on the lower extremities (including 50 - on the thigh and gluteal region), in 21 - on the shoulder. Thus, sarcomas were more likely to affect the proximal segments of the extremities.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):76
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To the diagnosis of malignant tumors of the nasopharynx
Shishkov V.G., Stiop L.D., Stankevich V.E., Zaicev A.A.
Abstract

We observed 270 patients with malignant tumors of the nasopharynx. Regional metastases on admission were detected in 72.2% of patients, including bilateral metastases in 37.3%. In 30% of patients, the appearance of metastatic nodes on the neck was the first symptom of a tumor of the nasopharynx.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):76-77
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Embryonic lipomas
Solnushkin A.V., Kantor Y.N.
Abstract

Practical surgeons are not very familiar with embryonic lipomas, therefore, they are often regarded as benign tumors and do not carry out radical treatment, which leads to repeated recurrence.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):77
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Surgical biopsy in the outpatient diagnosis of precancerous diseases and cervical cancer
Lyalkin V.P.
Abstract

We observed 1496 patients with cervical diseases in the antenatal clinic of the Central District Hospital (age - from 18 to 86 years old; women in the village - 1056, city - 440).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):77-78
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The use of viadril-G in women in labor with severe forms of late toxicosis of pregnant women
Voronin K.V., Banshic F.Y.
Abstract

The paper highlights the experience of steroid anesthesia with Viadril-G in 102 women in labor with severe forms of late toxicosis of pregnant women. In order to prevent phlebitis, before and after intravenous infusion of the drug (8-15 mg / kg body weight), 5 ml of 0.25% novocaine solution were injected. The indicated dose of Viadril-G provided physiological sleep for 40-60 minutes.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):78
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Some factors affecting the physical (development of newborns
Stegunin S.I., Solopaev A.P.
Abstract

We studied the dependence of the length, body weight and head circumference of newborns, age, nationality, education, occupation, menarche, group (ABO) and Rh-affiliation, past and concomitant diseases of mothers, the ordinal number of pregnancy and the time of year of delivery. The entire contingent of newborns and mothers (without perinatal mortality) of the pregnancy pathology department of the Togliatti city hospital of the Kuibyshev region (801 singleton births) was analyzed. The ratio of boys and girls was 94.2: 100.0. The average age of women in childbirth is 26 years.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):79
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About changes in electrocardiograms in patients with closed traumatic brain injury in the acute period
Ejova V.A., Solopaev A.A.
Abstract

We examined 186 patients (men - 82, women - 104) with closed, skull trauma in the acute period. All patients were divided into 4 groups depending on the age and severity of the injury. 1 and 2 were, respectively, patients with concussion under the age of 50 years (60 people) and over 50 years old (50 people); 3 and 4 - patients with brain injury under the age of 50 (49 people) and over 50 years (27 people).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):80
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The structure of the incidence of rickets in Udmurtia
Myakisheva L.S., Frenkel A.A., Gilyazetdinova R.Y.
Abstract

When examined in 1968-1973. 1650 children of the first 2 years of life were found to have almost disappeared from severe forms of rickets, in the majority of patients a mild degree of the disease was noted.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):80-81
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X-ray diagnosis of bone lesions in congenital anemia (Cooley's disease)
Maksudov G.B.
Abstract

We observed 2 children 7 and 8 years old with Cooley's disease. Both patients had pronounced systemic osteoporosis in long tubular and flat bones, ribs, and spine. A characteristic X-ray sign for this disease is the expansion of the medullary canal of the tubular bones with a thinning of the cortical layer.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):81
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The use of ointment phlogos in patients with dermatoses
Somov B.A., Ivanov V.V.
Abstract

The search for new means of external therapy for patients with various allergic, dermatoses, including professional dermatoses, is a very urgent task. We studied the efficacy of phlogosam ointment (People's Republic of Hungary), containing a 3% complex of sulfosalicylic acid samarium (a rare earth element), in 62 patients (38 men and 24 women aged 3 to 52 years): 28 with occupational eczema, 7 with professional allergic dermatitis, 8 with chronic true eczema and 19 with childhood eczema. Treatment was carried out both in inpatient and outpatient settings.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):81-82
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About changes in the cardiovascular system of workers in the production of organic glass
Dorofeeva E.D.
Abstract

Organic glass is obtained by polymerization from methacrylic acid methyl ester (methyl methacrylate, MMA), which in high concentrations has a pronounced general toxic, narcotic and irritating effect. As a result of prolonged contact with MMA (10 or more years), chronic pro-intoxication may develop, in the clinical picture of which the pathology of the nervous system takes the leading place. Information on the state of the cardiovascular system under the influence of MMA in the literature is scarce, contradictory, and concerns only the level of blood pressure.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):82
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Treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, alcohol abuse
Molofeev A.N., Molofeeva N.A., Naumova A.P.
Abstract

We analyzed 109 case histories of patients with destructive forms of pulmonary tuberculosis for 1970-1971. 47 of them (1st group), according to observations of medical personnel and data from medical records, during the main course of treatment abused alcohol. 9 people were registered in a neuropsychiatric dispensary for alcoholism, many of them had an increased tolerance to alcohol, withdrawal symptoms, and alcohol-type personality degradation. Some patients led an asocial lifestyle: they lost their family, often changed their place of work, etc. In this group, 15 people. there was focal pulmonary tuberculosis, in 29 - infiltrative and in 3 - disseminated.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):83
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Kaliuresis in chronic nonspecific lung diseases
Davletshin R.A., Ahmetova B.H.
Abstract

To judge the caliuretic function of the kidneys, we examined 114 patients with chronic nonspecific lung diseases (COPD), which, depending on the stage and phase of the course of the disease, we divided into 4 groups. The 1st included 21 patients with stage I chronic pneumonia (CP), the 2nd - 56 patients with the II stage, the 3rd - 17 patients with the III stage, and the 4th - 20 patients with bronchial asthma complicated by chronic inflammatory process in the bronchopulmonary system.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):83-84
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Causes of nosebleeds in diseases of internal organs
Ivanov U.M., Bremzin -.V.
Abstract

We analyzed the causes of nosebleeds in patients with various diseases of internal organs. Depending on the etiological or contributing factors of nosebleeds, 275 patients were divided into 5 groups: 1st — persons suffering from some form of hypertension (52%); 2nd — patients with atherosclerosis without hypertension (8%); 3rd - persons with idiopathic nosebleeds (19%); 4th - patients with bleeding polyps, condition after adenotomy, with hemangiomas of the nasal mucosa, Randu-Osler disease, rhinitis and abscess of the nasal septum (17%) and 5th - patients with influenza, rheumatism, Verlhof's disease and agranulocytosis (4% ).

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):84
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Species options for the outflow of chamber moisture in the eye
Semenov A.S.
Abstract

Studies of the outflow of chamber moisture, carried out in the eyes of humans and animals, are of practical interest in the study of glaucoma and help to reveal the features of the function of the drainage system of the eye of various species at different stages of evolutionary development.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):84
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Treatment with chloramphenicol of patients with gonorrhea
Mustaev R.K., Kislicin V.N.
Abstract

Men with anterior gonorrheal urethritis received on the 1st day of treatment 3.0 g of chloramphenicol (0.5 per dose), then 2 days at 2.0 g, total for the course - 7.0 g of the drug. Patients with total urethritis on the 1st day were prescribed chloramphenicol in a daily dose of 3.0 g, in the next 3 days - 2.0 g each, for a total of 9.0 g. When trichomoniasis was detected, treatment with trichopolum was also carried out. 8-24 hours after the start of therapy, gonococci were not detected in any of the patients. There were no side effects after taking chloramphenicol.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):85
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ABOUT INFORMATION SUPPLY OF DOCTORS OF CENTRAL DISTRICT HOSPITALS
Nosok B.D., Jukov G.A., Solomonov A.P., Gorlov A.A.
Abstract

Timely and full-fledged scientific medical information plays an important role in increasing the level of knowledge of doctors of various specialties, which contributes to improving the quality of medical care for the population.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):85-86
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WORKING CONDITIONS AND HEALTH STATUS OF EMPLOYEES OF THE KAZAN FLAX PLANT
Kalpina G.A., Gayzova S.S., Reznikov E.B., Vorobiev U.A., Pochkin U.N.
Abstract

The main occupational hazard of the weaving industry, linseed dust "manifests its effect against the background of an unfavorable microclimate, increased industrial noise and insufficient lighting. Studies of temperature, humidity and air velocity revealed an excess (in all seasons) of the established parameters of air temperature by 5-8 ° and relative air humidity by 10-20%. The general noise level in weaving shops is 103 dB, the noise level in octaves exceeds the sanitary standards: 250 Hz - by 8 dB; 500 Hz — by 8 dB; 1000 Hz - by 9 dB; 2000 Hz - 19 dB; 4000 Hz - 18 dB; 8000 Hz - 15 dB.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):86-88
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IDEAS S. S. ZIMNITSKY AND MODERN CONCEPTS OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Rahlin L.M.
Abstract

By the twenties of our century, one of the pressing issues of the clinic: was arterial hypertension. It has already been firmly established that a persistent increase in blood pressure does not at all indicate Bright's disease, does not signify "presclerosis", that the doctor in these cases encounters a sui generis disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):88-89
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TO THE HISTORY OF THE OPENING OF THE MEDICAL FACULTY OF TOMSK UNIVERSITY
Bogoyavlenskiy V.F.
Abstract

85 years have passed since the opening of the first higher educational institution in Siberia - Tomsk University. Without going into a detailed description of the role of other public figures who contributed to its organization, we consider it necessary to note that Tomsk owes a lot to Kazan University and its professors who actively participated in creating a “new torch” of knowledge in Siberia.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):90-91
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100 ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PATHOLOGICAL PHYSIOLOGY OF THE KAZAN MEDICAL INSTITUTE
Kancerov I.H.
Abstract

General pathology, as an independent discipline, was singled out in Russia in 1863, but only since VV Pashutin headed the department of general pathology at Kazan University, this science began to form into pathological physiology.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):91-93
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Strophanthin and glycosides of strophanthin-like action.
Rahlin L.M.
Abstract

Cardiac glycosides and their clinical pharmacology have not left the field of vision of both pharmacologists and clinicians for many years. This is due not only to the emergence of more and more new drugs, but also to the incessant attempts to detail the mechanism of their action, the study of the characteristics of each drug, the search for the most reasonable indications for choosing the best in each individual case.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):93-94
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INTERRECAST ONCOLOGY CONFERENCE
Muhamedyarova A.K.
Abstract

On May 28-30, an interregional oncological conference was held in Kazan. Scientists, chief doctors of 50 oncological dispensaries of the RSFSR, oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, gynecologists of the Tatar ASSR took part in the work.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):94
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ANNIVERSARY CITY CONFERENCE OF PHTHISIATORS
Smirnov G.A., Sigal I.Z.
Abstract

On 16-17 / І в 1974, a phthisiatric conference was held in Kazan with the participation of phthisiatricians from the regions of the TASSR and a number of cities of the RSFSR (Ufa, Gorky, Yoshkar-Ola, Cheboksary and others), dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Kazan anti-tuberculosis service. Representatives of the Central Institute of Tuberculosis M3 of the USSR and the Moscow Research Institute of Tuberculosis M3 of the RSFSR also took part in the work.

Kazan medical journal. 1974;55(5):94-95
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