Vol 61, No 1 (1980)

On the state and measures for further improvement of outpatient and polyclinic care for the rural population of the Tatar assr.
Muhutdinov I.Z.
Abstract

The 25th Congress of the CPSU outlined grandiose plans for the economic and socio-cultural development of our country and for further raising the material well-being of the Soviet people. Their implementation will, in turn, help to strengthen the health, prolong the life and work of Soviet people.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):1-4
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Treatment of patients with intra-articular knee fractures
Bogdanovich U.Y., Sergeev V.M., Habirova G.F.
Abstract

Long-term outcomes (up to 25 years) of treatment of 189 patients with intra-articular knee fractures were studied. The best results were obtained with compression osteosynthesis with pins with thrust pads, as well as with the inclusion of a magnetic field with a strength of 350-500 oersted in the treatment complex.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):4-6
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Expert X-ray assessment of the consequences of severe injuries of the ankle joint
Musin M.F., Halfiev N.G.
Abstract

The data of X-ray examination of 300 patients with the consequences of severe injuries of the ankle joint examined in the traumatological VTEK of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic were analyzed. According to the indications, enlarged radiographs, tomograms, images in oblique projections and electro-roentgenograms were used.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):6-9
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Modern methods of treating children with scoliosis
Shevchenko S.D.
Abstract

The method of treatment and prevention of curvature of the spine in a boarding school is described. Indications for surgical correction of scoliosis have been developed.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):9-11
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Thrombohemorrhagic syndrome in acute traumatic brain injury
Evseev E.M.
Abstract

The state of the blood coagulation system was investigated in 40 patients in the acute period of traumatic brain injury. All these patients were found to have changes in the hemocoagulation system, the severity of which was in direct proportion to the severity of the injury. The victims with extensive foci of destruction of the medulla developed thrombohemorrhagic syndrome.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):11-16
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Application of contact thermography in borderline surgical areas
Lelik F.-., Kezi D.-., Sheimi O.-.
Abstract

The experience of using contact thermography has shown its great capabilities in recognizing injuries and lesions of the musculoskeletal system. The method is simple, accurate, allows you to quickly diagnose various fractures, thrombophlebitis, deep vein thrombosis, to determine the extent of their prevalence and the beginning of recovery.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):16-17
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Forensic criteria for assessing injuries of the first and second cervical vertebrae
Evseev V.I., Rumyanceva A.A., Semennikov V.S., Lomovsceva L.M.
Abstract

The biomechanics of the two upper cervical vertebrae in normal conditions and under conditions of exposure to vertically and horizontally directed traumatic forces was studied by the modeling method. It was found that the position of the Atlantean relative to the axis has a decisive influence on the biomechanics of the forces in this area. The nature of damage to the atlanto-axial joint is biomechanically substantiated, and the criteria for a forensic medical examination are given.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):17-20
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Treatment of humeral-scapular periarthritis, epicondylitis, styloiditis with laser light
Karimov M.G.
Abstract

The therapeutic effect of helium-neon laser light was studied in 100 patients with humeral-scapular periarthritis, epicondylitis of the humerus, and styloiditis of the radius. It was found that the use of low-intensity laser light in the treatment of degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the musculoskeletal system gives favorable results.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):20-22
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Physiotherapy treatment of patients with humeral-scapular periarthritis
Avetisova E.G., Ovchinnikov I.P., Yankovskaya A.N.
Abstract

The results of physiotherapeutic treatment of patients with shoulder-scapular periarthritis were analyzed. In the acute stage of the disease, the best effect is provided by the use of diadynamic currents in combination with novocaine electrophoresis or mud applications, and in the case of protracted forms of the disease with severe pain syndrome and a sharp limitation of the range of motion, ultrasound therapy is most appropriate.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):22-23
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Visceral syndromes in spinal cord tumors
Valeev E.K., Grinberg S.A.
Abstract

The data of observations of 18 patients in whom spinal cord tumors debuted with pain syndromes from the internal organs, and in the initial period of the disease were mistakenly interpreted as diseases of the heart, stomach, liver, etc. ...

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):24-25
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To the mechanism of hyperaldosteronism in uncompensated diabetes mellitus
Talantov V.V., Hasanov E.N.
Abstract

A study of the excretion of aldosterone with urine and the content of potassium, sodium in plasma, erythrocytes and daily urine in 56 patients with diabetes mellitus of varying severity and varying degrees of decompensation was carried out. An increase in the excretion of aldosterone in patients with uncompensated diabetes, changes in the metabolism of sodium and potassium were found. The value of aldosteronuria is influenced not by the severity of diabetes, but by the degree of decompensation of the disease. The conclusion is made about the secondary nature of the revealed hyperaldosteronism.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):25-27
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Corrected orthogonal ECG leads in the study of children with mitral valve insufficiency
Ozol E.A., Burba N.E.
Abstract

In 106 children with mitral valve insufficiency of rheumatic origin, ECGs were studied in corrected Frank orthogonal leads and in 12 conventional leads. Comparative analysis of the results indicates a high sensitivity of the Frankish system of corrected orthogonal leads in children with mitral valve insufficiency.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):27-30
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Methods for the diagnosis and treatment of acute pelveoperitonitis
Savelieva G.M., Antonova L.V., Boginskaya L.N., Ivanova T.V.
Abstract

Observations of 92 patients with acute pelveoperitonitis subjected to laparotomy and laparoscopy are summarized. If it is impossible to exclude acute appendicitis, pyosalping rupture, ectopic pregnancy, as well as in case of failure of conservative detoxification, antibacterial, desensitizing, resorption, restorative therapy of acute pelveoperitonitis, used for 12-20 hours, laparoscopy is recommended.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):30-33
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Treatment of patients with genital endometriosis with synthetic sex hormones
Shinkareva L.F., Sabsai M.I., Kravchuk T.A.
Abstract

Histological examination of the endocervix in 80 patients with genital endometriosis, who took synthetic progestins and gestagens for therapeutic purposes, showed that pathological processes in the endocervix are not eliminated in parallel with the disappearance of pathological processes in the endometrium, but continue to recur. The occurrence of reserve cell hyperplasia with the transition to squamous metaplasia increases significantly as the duration of hormone therapy increases. This circumstance requires oncological vigilance.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):33-36
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On the importance of drug therapy in the prevention of obstetric complications in obese pregnant women
Benedictov I.I., Prohorov V.N.
Abstract

In 140 obese pregnant women, changes in protein, lipid, enzymatic metabolism, the state of the hepatic circulation were revealed, indicating latent functional organ failure. The use of complex preparation for childbirth in 60 obese pregnant women with the use of funds aimed at correcting liver function improved obstetric indicators during childbirth.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):36-38
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Acupuncture of facial nerve neuropathies
Tabeeva D.M., Balankov U.N., Rubakova L.S., Pinyagina I.N.
Abstract

The experience of acupuncture treatment in 92 patients with lesions of the facial nerve is generalized. Rheoencephalographic and electromyographic studies have revealed the role of vascular disorders in the pathogenesis of the disease. The effectiveness of acupuncture for neuropathies of the facial nerve has been confirmed.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):38-40
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Trabeculospasis in Glaucoma Surgery
Nesterov A.P., Batmanov U.E., Egorov E.A., Sidorenko E.I.
Abstract

Stretching the trabecula (trabeculospasis) increases the permeability of the inner wall of the Schlemm's canal for the outflow of intraocular fluid. Four variants of trabecula stretching technique using surgical and laser methods are described. Features and results of operations are discussed.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):40-42
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Modification of sinusotrabeculectomy for various forms of glaucoma
Hasanova N.H., Valiullina F.G., Amirova F.S.
Abstract

The modification of sinusotrabeculectomy according to A.P. Nesterov is described. In open-angle glaucoma, the modification consisted in the fact that the strip of deep layers of the filtering zone was not resected, but restrained under the superficial scleral flap. When the coal is closed, this strip was tucked into the corner of the anterior chamber after pressing the root of the iris. 51 patients were operated on with this modification. There were no complications during the operations. Ophthalmotonus normalized by the time of discharge in all those operated without myotics.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):42-44
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Treatment of patients with open-angle glaucoma with prolonged form of armin
Krasnov L.E.
Abstract

The results of clinical studies have shown that the prolonged form of armin, used as a medication for open-angle glaucoma, has a more pronounced hypotensive effect than an aqueous solution of armin. Prolonged armin solution with prolonged use does not cause any side reactions and is well tolerated by patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):44-45
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Proof of the oligomeric nature of fibrinogen b
Litvinov R.I.
Abstract

A study using chromatographic and immunochemical methods showed that fibrinogen B precipitated by ß-naphthol from the blood plasma of sick people has an oligomeric nature. These data, taking into account the chemical composition of fibrinogen B, suggest that fibrinogen B is a variant of soluble fibrin-monomer complexes. This determines the clinical significance of the ß-naphthol test as an express method for the diagnosis of thrombinemia.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):45-47
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Some peptic ulcer problems worthy of further study
Radbil O.S.
Abstract

The doctrine of peptic ulcer disease continues to develop intensively. Undoubtedly for. the last two decades, we have achieved a lot in understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of this disease; there are significant advances in the treatment of its various forms. At the same time, there continues to be a wide range of issues requiring in-depth study.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):48-51
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Some questions of the pathogenesis and treatment of perforated gastroduodenal ulcers
Mashkin K.I., Lagun M.A.
Abstract

A method for predicting long-term outcomes of surgical interventions for perforated gastroduodenal ulcers is proposed. A table was compiled of the weight values of preoperative and intraoperative signs that affect the outcome of the operation. The resulting summary allows you to choose a rational type of intervention for each patient. Histochemical studies of 64 micropreparations of perforated ulcer revealed indirect signs of autoimmune conflict in this pathology.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):51-54
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Closed abdominal injuries
Nikolaev G.M., Nechunaev L.M., Shupron V.G.
Abstract

The results of clinical observations of 206 patients with closed abdominal injuries are summarized. The mortality rate was 21.4%. The severity of the condition of victims with a closed abdominal trauma and the outcomes are determined by the nature of the injuries, the presence or absence of shock and blood loss, the time elapsed since the injury, the volume and effectiveness of preoperative preparation and anti-shock therapy, and the age of the victims.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):54-56
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Complex therapy of peritonitis in gynecological patients
Kostuchek D.F.
Abstract

Analysis of case histories of 121 patients operated on for gynecological peritonitis showed that early hospitalization, rational use of preoperative time to create an antibacterial barrier, partial reduction of intoxication and correction of hemodynamics for performing surgery and anesthesia, as well as massive antibacterial and infusion therapy during surgery and in the postoperative period with the correction of metabolic and hemodynamic disorders, an increase in the body's immune forces, the fight against hypodynamia and the paretic state of the intestine, provide real conditions for achieving favorable results in the treatment of peritonitis.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):56-59
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Participation of the Department of the Medical Institute in the organization of outpatient care for patients with damage to the musculoskeletal system
Mileshin N.I., Miroshnichenko V.F.
Abstract

The Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the Kuibyshev Medical Institute does a great job of organizing and providing care to trauma patients on an outpatient basis. It is divided into three main sections.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):59-60
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On the savings treatment of injuries of the nail phalanx of the hand
Girshkovich S.M., Zyazin G.M.
Abstract

Injuries to the nail phalanx are common, and their consequences can significantly affect hand function.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):60-61
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X-ray diagnostics of post-traumatic spinal deformities
Kamalov I.I.
Abstract

A comprehensive X-ray examination was carried out in 253 patients (180 men and 73 women), mainly at the age of 20 to 40 years (86.8%), who had suffered traumatic spinal injury of varying severity and complained of pain in the area of the injured bone.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):61-62
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Impact of errors in the treatment of diaphyseal fractures of the shin bones for long-term results
Smirnov V.N.
Abstract

From 1960 to 1977, 800 men and 199 women with diaphyseal fractures of the shin bones were treated in the trauma department. Conservative assistance was provided to 835 patients (83.6%).

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):62-63
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Penetrating injury to the groin, perineum and buttocks
Vlasov N.P.
Abstract

T., 37 years old, on 22/2 1978 at 13:43 was injured while sawing a board on a circular saw. A piece of the board, captured by the saw teeth, pierced with great force into the right groin and, having pierced the sweatshirt, trousers and soft tissues, came out in the area of ​​the left buttock. At 14 o'clock T. was taken to the surgical department. On admission, the general condition was not serious. Complaints of a bolo in the right groin, urge to urinate and heaviness in the rectum. Pulse 76 beats per minute of satisfactory filling. Heart sounds are clear, blood pressure 130/70 mm Hg. Art. Breathing is vesicular. The abdomen is soft and painless.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):63-64
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Treatment of patients with lumbar osteochondrosis syndromes by traction in combination with mud procedures
Habireov F.A.
Abstract

We observed 143 patients with compression syndromes of lumbar osteochondrosis (the duration of the disease was from 5 to 12 years, the age of the patients was from 32 to 58 years). All patients underwent neuro-orthopedic and X-ray spondylographic examination.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):64-64
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On the casuistry of giant cystic restructuring in coxarthrosis
Gimellfarb A.L.
Abstract

Cystic remodeling of bone tissue is often accompanied by degenerative dystrophic lesions of the joints. Cystoid formations on radiographs are found in the form of rounded Chili oval enlightenments, having a diameter of several millimeters, less often 1-3 cm. Of interest is a giant pseudocyst, found by us in a patient with coxarthrosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):64-65
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Intensive care for cervical pregnancy
Batrakov A.M., Didenko V.F., Silitrin N.P., Batrakova V.M.
Abstract

Cervical pregnancy is currently a relatively rare, but extremely dangerous pathology that requires urgent qualified help. We analyzed the case histories of 22 women, of whom 17 had a cervical pregnancy and 5 had a cervical-isthmus pregnancy. One large was under 20 years old, 6 - at the age of 20 to 2 (9 years old, 12 - from 30 to 39 years old and 3 - over 40 years old. 4 women had this pregnancy for the first time, 3 women were re-pregnant and 1'8 - re-pregnant multiparous Pregnancy period: up to 6 weeks in 1 woman, 6-10 weeks in 8 and 11-44 weeks in 13. Progressive pregnancy was observed in 5 patients, impaired - in 17.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):65-67
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Work experience of the surgical office of the children's polyclinic in servicing orthopedic and traumatological patients
Shamsutdinov D.N.
Abstract

The experience of the operation of the surgical office of the children's polyclinic in servicing orthopedic and traumatological patients is summarized. In order to reduce child injuries, all cases of injuries are recorded and analyzed, and close contact with the traffic police is established. For early detection of orthopedic pathology, preventive examinations of newborns are organized. The use of functional methods of therapy contributes to obtaining good anatomical and functional results.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):67-68
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Improving the organization and culture of medical care for children
Kolchin G.A., Sheblanova R.A., Mudarisov V.S., Valeeva Z.V., Maslova R.G., Makarkina M.D.
Abstract

The introduction of a non-registration method of polyclinic services, statistical bureaus and contact points in the work of children's polyclinics in the city helped to ensure timely coverage of newborns with medical patronage, improve the registration of the morbidity of the child population, improve monitoring of sick children and improve the quality of clinical examination.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):68-70
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Prevention of scoliosis and posture defects in schoolchildren
Myasnikov S.P., Haletova S.S., Sergeev V.S.
Abstract

The state of posture defects and scoliosis in schoolchildren in Yoshkar-Ola has been analyzed. Progressive physical inactivity of schoolchildren, insufficient use of natural factors for hardening the body, and the lack of physical therapy for a large number of schoolchildren exempted from physical education in the main groups were noted. A number of organizational and preventive measures are proposed.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):71-72
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Activities of N.I. Lobachevsky in the field of medicine
Anisimov V.E., Shakirzyanova R.M.
Abstract

The life and work of Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky (1792-1856), professor of pure mathematics at Kazan University, world-renowned brilliant thinker, creator of non-Euclidean geometry, is devoted to a number of monographs and many brochures.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):73-74
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Skin grafting method
Izmailov G.A.
Abstract

We have developed a method of skin grafting, which allows covering large skin defects with full-thickness dermal thin transverse plates. The operation begins with determining the area of ​​the wound surface and calculating the size of the desired skin graft. If we take a skin graft with dimensions of 200X10 mm, then with its usual longitudinal placement, it is possible to cover the wound surface, the maximum area of ​​which is equal to the area of ​​the graft, i.e. 2000 mm2. 

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):75-75
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Traumatology of the elderly
Krasnov A.F., Miroshnichenko V.A.
Abstract

The work of AV Kaplan "Traumatology of the elderly" is devoted to one of the important sections of gerontology - the treatment and prevention of injuries of the musculoskeletal system. The author summarized the experience of treating the geriatric contingent of patients at the V.I. NN Priorova for almost 30 years.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):75-76
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Fundamentals of physiotherapy and balneology
Ibragimova A.G.
Abstract

The peer-reviewed methodological manual is intended for independent study by students of medical institutes of the course "General physiotherapy". The manual is divided into three parts. The first part is devoted to "General physiotherapy and balneology", which contains the lecture notes provided by the curriculum.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):76-77
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International Conference on Thrombotic Therapy in Clinical Practice
Voronina I.E.
Abstract

The conference discussed the pathogenesis of thrombosis, diagnosis of thrombosis, pharmacological bases of antithrombotic therapy, clinical significance and therapy of thrombosis. In addition, a symposium was held on the use of chromogenic substrates in blood coagulation research.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):77-78
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Professor Alexander Efimovich Reznik
Employees a.s.
Abstract

On October 27, 1979, at the age of 64, the head of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Kazan Order of the Red Banner of Labor of the Medical Institute named after V.I. S. V. Kurashova, member of the CPSU since 1951, Honored Doctor of the TASSR, Professor Alexander Efimovich Reznik. A talented teacher and scientist, a sensitive and principled person left us.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(1):78-79
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