Vol 61, No 4 (1980)

Chronical bronchitis

Kokosov A.N., Aleksandrova N.I.


The modern views on the etiology and pathogenesis of chronic bronchitis, the most common form of chronic nonspecific lung diseases, are presented. On the basis of long-term observations and generalization of the latest literature data, the features of the clinical course of this disease are characterized. Methods of diagnosis and treatment are described.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):1-5
pages 1-5 views

Pulmonary Gas Exchange in Patients with Acquired Heart Diseases and Chronic Nonspecific Pulmonary Diseases

Andreev V.M.


In 294 patients with circulatory insufficiency due to rheumatic heart defects and in 188 patients with respiratory failure resulting from chronic nonspecific lung diseases, a comparative study of ventilation, ventilation-perfusion relations, diffusion capacity of the lungs, blood gases and acid-base balance was carried out.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):5-7
pages 5-7 views

Respiratory biomechanics in chronic bronchitis

Shafikov R.H.


The results of the study of the biomechanics of respiration in chronic bronchitis by the method of general plethysmography are presented. Its data clearly show that violations of the biomechanics of respiration progress depending on the severity of respiratory failure. The method of general plethysmography is ahead of Votchal's test - Tiffno, pneumotachometry and forced vital capacity of the lungs in terms of the degree of increase in information content.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):8-9
pages 8-9 views

Features of the course of chronic nonspecific lung disease in young patients

Kirshin G.I.


The data of long-term follow-up of 130 patients who suffered in childhood with protracted (32) and chronic (98) pneumonia are presented. When examined at the age of 14-30, 23 people were recognized as healthy, in 107 chronic nonspecific lung diseases were revealed, in the formation and course of which viral and bacterial pneumonia transferred in childhood, pathology of pregnancy and childbirth in the mother, tuberculous bronchoadenitis were important; smoking and unfavorable living conditions contributed to the development of severe forms of bronchitis.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):9-10
pages 9-10 views

Influence of ultraviolet irradiation on the therapeutic activity of sulfonamides in patients with chronic pneumonia

Matveeva S.A.


In a comparative aspect, the pharmacokinetics and clinical efficacy of sulfonamides (sulfadimezine and sulfamonomethoxin) were studied in their treatment of patients with chronic pneumonia with and without UV irradiation. It has been shown that the course use of sulfonamides with UV irradiation leads to an increase in the content of their total and free forms, their acetylation in the blood, and an increase in the total acetylating ability of the organism. The combined use of sulfonamides with UV irradiation is clinically more effective.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):10-13
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Pharmacodynamics of sulfalene

Kupriyanova T.S.


The pharmacodynamics of sulfalene was studied. When administered to patients with chronic nonspecific lung diseases, 1 g on the first day and 0.2 g in the next 6 days, the drug circulates in the blood and is excreted in the urine throughout the entire course of treatment, after it continues to circulate in the blood for 6-9 days and is released with urine for 9-11 days. After a single dose of 2 g, it circulates in the blood for 6-7 days and is excreted in the urine for 6-9 days.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):13-15
pages 13-15 views

Changes in central hemodynamics during treatment with strophanthin in combination with non-steroidal anabolizers

Zabelyan O.M., Dimov A.S.


The data on changes in some parameters of central hemodynamics in 176 patients with chronic circulatory failure under the influence of treatment with strophanthin in combination with non-steroidal anabolizers: potassium orotate and methyluracil are presented.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):15-16
pages 15-16 views

ECG standards in the Frankish system of corrected orthogonal leads in children aged 8-15 years

Chuchelina L.A.


Developed ECG standards in the Frankovsk system of corrected orthogonal leads in children 8-15 years of age. These standards can be used in the everyday practice of doctors in electrocardiographic offices and serve as a basis for establishing diagnostic criteria for various diseases and pathological conditions of the heart.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):17-18
pages 17-18 views

Corrected orthogonal ECG leads in the diagnosis of right ventricular hypertrophy

Sherbatenko N.S.


Examined 208 patients with "pure" or predominant mitral stenosis. The diagnosis was confirmed during surgical treatment, in 17 patients - on the section. The high sensitivity of corrected orthogonal leads in the diagnosis of right ventricular hypertrophy at various stages of mitral stenosis was shown. At stage II of mitral stenosis, changes in the QRS complex in orthogonal leads were detected in 60.4%, and in ordinary ones - in 34.8% of patients, in stage III - in 83.8% and 64.5%, respectively. In the IV stage of the disease, right ventricular hypertrophy along orthogonal leads was found in 68.5% of patients, and in normal ones - in 52.7%. In total, using orthogonal leads, right ventricular hypertrophy was determined in 73.1%, and according to 12 conventional leads - in 54.3% of patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):19-21
pages 19-21 views

Changes in the lungs with mitral stenosis

Utkov A.A.


Based on the analysis of radiologically detected changes in the vessels of the lungs in patients with mitral stenosis and pathomorphological data, two groups of patients were identified: with venous and with venous-arterial congestion. This division of patients makes it possible to get a more complete picture of the nature of the compensation of pulmonary circulation, to predict the degree of narrowing of the mitral opening, as well as some complications of the acute postoperative period.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):21-22
pages 21-22 views

Comprehensive analysis of the progression of lipoid spots in the aorta in children

Silutin V.G.


Analysis of literature data and numerous observations served as the basis for considering aortic lipoidosis in children as a potential precursor of atherosclerosis. It was found that starting from the age of eight, lipoid spots acquire a localization characteristic of adults - the abdominal aorta. The exponential nature of the progression of lipoidosis with age was established. A morphometric study of histological preparations revealed lipoid spots with the initial phenomena of sclerotic changes.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):23-25
pages 23-25 views

To the method of studying blood circulation in the muscle

Kalinina N.N., Zusmanovich F.N.


In patients with extensor contracture of the knee joint, a longitudinal segmental rheovasogram of the thigh and a rheogram of the quadriceps muscle were recorded using needle electrodes, which were also used to determine the oxygen tension (pO2). A decrease in the value of the rheographic index during cutaneous rheography was found.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):25-26
pages 25-26 views

Features of morphological changes in the intramural nervous system of the heart in atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction

Uglova M.V., Shlyapnikov V.N., Sergeev V.V., Zalmunin A.U., Taikov E.A.


Morphometric study of human cardiac neurocytes in myocardial infarction and atherosclerosis made it possible to establish that myocardial infarction causes adaptive (hypertrophic) changes in the intramural nervous system of the heart, especially pronounced on the first day of the course of the infarction; with atherosclerosis, the changes are characterized by a direction towards atrophic processes.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):26-28
pages 26-28 views

Cardiac activity of the fetus during intensive care of late toxicosis in childbirth

Gabbazova S.S.


By the method of FECG studies of the fetus in pregnant women with severe late toxicosis, chronic hypoxia of the fetal myocardium was found in 93.7% of cases. During childbirth during intensive therapy of severe late toxicosis, the fetal cardiac activity stabilized.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):29-30
pages 29-30 views

Method for determining the patency of the popliteal artery

Musin M.F., Zamaletdinov A.A.


A non-instrumental method for determining the patency of the popliteal artery has been developed, the essence of which is to identify the symptom of visible oscillatory (pulsatory) movements - swaying of the foot transmitted from compressed arteries of the popliteal region at certain positions of the examined limb.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):30-33
pages 30-33 views

Rheovasographic characteristics of the state of blood circulation in the lower extremities in case of ankle injury

Unaleeva S.A., Hasanova L.G., Hairulina T.E., Halviev N.G.


With the help of rheovasography, the condition of the lower extremities was investigated in persons who had suffered a severe injury of the ankle joint in the distant past. The use of dosed physical activity in these surveyed made it possible to reveal the nature of peripheral circulatory disorders. The great informative value of rheovasography data for the examination of the work capacity of patients with the consequences of musculoskeletal system trauma is emphasized.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):33-35
pages 33-35 views

Phospholipid composition and functional activity of platelets in chronic leukemia

Ostroumova S.A.


The literature data on the participation of platelet phospholipids in the process of hemostasis are presented. The results of studies of the phospholipid composition of platelets in patients with chronic leukemia are presented. In platelets of patients, an increase in the amount of total lipids and sphingomyelin was noted, which, possibly, is associated with a decrease in coagulation and an increase in their anticoagulant activity.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):35-38
pages 35-38 views

Experience in the use of therapeutic fasting for hypothalamic disorders

Solovei I.G.


A clinical analysis of therapeutic fasting in 81 patients with hypothalamic disorders is presented. A positive result was observed in 89% of patients. Fractional fasting is recognized as more effective and safer.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):38-40
pages 38-40 views

Chronic spinal vascular insufficiency

Shakurov R.S., Shakurova K.H.


Based on the study of the literature and the analysis of 66 observations with clinical, laboratory, electrophysiological and X-ray studies, the features of the development, course and clinic of chronic spinal vascular insufficiency are described. The main data for the diagnosis of this disease are presented: the predominance of movement disorders in the clinical picture of the disease, the correspondence of the lesion to a specific arterial basin or critical areas of blood supply, a long course with exacerbations and stabilization of the process and regression of symptoms after targeted therapy.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):40-42
pages 40-42 views

Lumbosacral vertebral compression syndrome

Shulman H.M., Popov N.P.


The clinical picture of the lesion and the results of a morphological study of a patient with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine with compression of the spinal roots are described. Morphological changes of a degenerative-dystrophic nature were found not only in the formations located in the compression focus, but also in the peripheral neuromuscular apparatus, segmental and suprasegmental structures of the central nervous system.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):42-46
pages 42-46 views

Change in oxygen tension in the capillary blood of tissues of infected wounds during local hyperbaric oxygenation

Nikolaev G.M., Sigitov V.M.


84 patients with purulent wounds were treated with local application of oxygen under pressure using mobile portable pressure chambers. The study of the dynamics of pO2 in a purulent wound confirms the positive effect of this method of hyperbaric oxygenation on the local hypoxia of a purulent wound and on its healing.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):46-47
pages 46-47 views

Intra-arterial administration of drugs in the complex treatment of severe inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial region

Bulkin V.A.


In the treatment of 54 patients with severe inflammatory processes of the maxillofacial region, the method of long-term catheterization of the external carotid artery through one of its branches was used to administer antibiotics and anticoagulants. The results obtained make it possible to recommend this technique for wide clinical use in the complex of intensive therapy for purulent processes of the face.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):48-49
pages 48-49 views

Rhinogenic orbital and intracranial complications

Petushkov E.V.


Based on the analysis of archival clinical material, data on the frequency and nature of rhinogenic complications are presented. The features of surgical treatment are described, the causes of deaths are considered.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):49-50
pages 49-50 views

Organization of microsurgical treatment of patients with senile cataracts

Vurgaft M.B.


Rational organizational measures and an improved technique of surgical intervention for cataracts are described, which contributed to an improvement in the quality indicators of cataract extraction outcomes and a decrease in the duration of postoperative hospital stay of patients to 5-6 days.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):50-51
pages 50-51 views

Outcomes of acute pneumonia in children

Bulatova M.Z., Volhova N.H., Popkova R.I., Porseva S.Y.


Early diagnosis of pneumonia, adequate assessment of the patient's condition, timely hospitalization, intensive post-syndrome therapy are of great importance in the outcome of this disease in children.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):52-52
pages 52-52 views

Assessment of inflammatory and sclerotic processes in the lungs in chronic pneumonia

Panfilov U.A., Osadchuk M.A., Katorkina L.I.


We studied the dynamics of inflammatory and sclerotic processes in the lungs in patients with chronic pneumonia. For this purpose, three parameters of collagen metabolism were investigated: total urine hydroxyproline, free blood serum hydroxyproline, and hydroxyproline associated with a collagen-like plasma protein. In addition, the content of haptaglobin (Hp), chlorine-soluble mucoprotein (CMP) and the amino acid spectrum of blood serum were determined.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):52-53
pages 52-53 views

The use of ektericide for the sanitation of the respiratory tract

Krasnov V.I.


The drug ektericide is a clear yellowish liquid with a slight specific odor - made from fish oil. It contains aldehydes, fatty acids and peroxides and has a pronounced antimicrobial effect, while it is low toxic, its local application does not cause irritation. Ectericide is recommended for use in purulent surgery and for sanitizing the nasopharynx of meningococcal carriers.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):53-54
pages 53-54 views

The role of cytological studies in the differential diagnosis of lung diseases

Martunenko A.M.


During 1965-1977. we conducted 1842 cytological studies in 332 patients with lung diseases (280 men and 52 women aged from about to 69 years). 5,117 of them had chronic bronchitis or bronchiectasis. 117 had pneumonia and 103 had lung tumors.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):54-55
pages 54-55 views

The value of the phagocytic reaction for assessing the effectiveness of staged treatment of patients with rheumatism

Oleinikova E.A., Zaicev V.M., Novikova L.V., Magnickaya G.V., Markova N.N.


The issues of rehabilitation of patients with rheumatism are currently becoming the leading ones in assessing the effectiveness of treatment, its clinical usefulness. Among the methods that improve the quality of the therapy and consolidate the achieved effect, staged treatment in a hospital and in a sanatorium has proven itself very positively. However, the criteria for such treatment are not always objective enough, which makes it difficult to judge the degree of rehabilitation of patients after hospitalization and after sanatorium treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):55-56
pages 55-56 views

Physicochemical characteristics of proteins: cardiac muscle and aorta of a rabbit in experimental atherosclerosis

Bakulin N.D.


We undertook to study the ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) absorption spectra of proteins extracted from the tissues of the heart muscle and aorta of rabbits with experimental atherosclerosis, which was caused by various atherogenic substances.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):56-57
pages 56-57 views

A case of hereditary neutropenia

Korchashkina A.H., Sheblanova R.A.


Hereditary neutropenia is a rare childhood disorder. The characteristic signs of hereditary neutropenia are a tendency to pustular and septic diseases, as well as alveolar pyorrhea.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):57-58
pages 57-58 views

Diagnostics of the chronic fetal hypoxia during pregnancy

Malinovskaya S.Y., Laricheva I.P., Klimenko P.A., Baideva Z.H.


In order to clarify the significance of various methods for determining the state of the fetus during its hypoxia, we studied the content of placental lactogen (PLH) in the blood and amniotic fluid, the activity of histidase and urocaninase in them, and also studied the cardiac activity of the fetus using the oxytocin test in 109 pregnant women.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):58-59
pages 58-59 views

Blood coagulation during neurosurgical operations under conditions of ataralgesia

Kazancev F.N., Nahrova Z.V., Belopuhov V.M., Shaihutdinova F.S.


Currently, when carrying out surgical interventions for diseases of the brain, multicomponent anesthesia is used. A variety of it is a balanced anesthesia using diazepam (synonyms: seduxen, valium, relanium) — taralgesia.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):59-59
pages 59-59 views

Clinical picture and therapy of schizophrenia combined with atherosclerosis

Belousova V.N., Vorobieva A.I.


Interest in the problem of the relationship between schizophrenia and atherosclerosis is explained by the fact that the general increase in the incidence of atherosclerosis extends to mental patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):59-60
pages 59-60 views

Clinic for initial myopia

Beleckaya L.V.


Myopia ranks first among the causes of decreased vision in school-age children. Among schoolchildren in Kazan, children suffering from myopia make up 7.5%.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):60-61
pages 60-61 views

Effect of carbogen on body functions

Sidorenko E.I., Zudina O.I., Serebrova O.I.


To improve hemodynamics and tissue oxygenation, inhalation of a mixture of oxygen with carbon dioxide - carbogen is proposed.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):61-61
pages 61-61 views

Organization of timely detection of tuberculosis patients in the polyclinic

Smirnov G.A.


After the introduction of anti-tuberculosis antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs into practice, the incidence of tuberculosis among the population began to decline rapidly. This was facilitated by a significant decrease in the massiveness of bacilli excretion in persons with open forms of the process under the influence of tuberculostatic therapy.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):61-66
pages 61-66 views

On the causes of diagnostic errors in recognizing a disease of internal organs

Dimov A.S.


Based on the study of more than 40 classifications of the causes of diagnostic errors, a classification of the main deontological factors involved in the occurrence of diagnostic errors has been compiled. A special technique was used to study the material 601 of the case history with diagnostic errors. It turned out that in 78.4% of the sources of medical errors in one way or another were deontological factors (insufficiently collected information about the patient or. Its incorrect interpretation).

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):66-70
pages 66-70 views

Organization of work of medical personnel in the functional diagnostics room of a multidisciplinary hospital

Kolchin V.G.


The study of the organization of work of the functional diagnostics room in five city multidisciplinary hospitals showed that the structure of research and the workload of medical personnel depend on the profile of the departments, the need for functional research, the technical equipment of the office and the qualifications of staff. The data obtained can be used as the basis for individual job descriptions that determine the volume and nature of the activities of each medical worker in the office.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):71-72
pages 71-72 views

Application of the in vitro blood basophil degranulation test in the diagnosis of allergy caused by candida fungi

Filushina Z.G., Litovskaya A.V.


To diagnose mycotic sensitization in workers in the production of microbiological protein synthesis, a modified Shelley test was used. The morphological changes of basophils were assessed in leucoconcentrate, during the preparation of which the specific reaction of basophilic leukocytes with the antigen is simultaneously carried out. The research results were consistent with clinical data. The test can also be used to detect latent sensitization.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):73-74
pages 73-74 views

A device for measuring blood pressure and determining blood flow in extraorganic vessels during surgery

Sigal Z.M., Ryabov I.V.


The device modified by the authors allows you to measure the maximum and minimum arterial and venous pressure, as well as to examine the blood flow in extraorganic vessels during operations. The objects of investigation can be the vessels of the extremities, organs of the thoracic and abdominal cavity, neck, etc. The effect is provided by the transparent upper wall of the pneumatic chamber and transillumination, carried out using a miniature light source built into the opposite plate.

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):74-75
pages 74-75 views

About conferring the honorary title "People's Doctor of the USSR" vols. Ibragimova G.K. and Krupinu V.P.


For his great contribution to the development of public health and dedication in fulfilling his medical duty, to confer the honorary title "People's Doctor of the USSR"

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):76-76
pages 76-76 views

On conferring the honorary title "Honored Scientist of the RSFSR" to Bogdanovich U. Ya.


For merits in the field of medical science and training of scientific personnel, to confer the honorary title "Honored Scientist of the RSFSR"

Kazan medical journal. 1980;61(4):76-76
pages 76-76 views

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