Vol 46, No 5 (1965)

Sergey Vladimirovich Kurashov


Minister of Health of the USSR, candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU, deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Health Organization of the 1st Moscow Order of Lenin Medical Institute, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, Honored Doctor of TASSR

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):1a-4a
pages 1a-4a views

For a further decrease in infectious diseases

Krepysheva A.N.


The health authorities have been tasked with eliminating diphtheria, poliomyelitis, tularemia, rabies and tetanus in the coming years and dramatically reducing the incidence of dysentery, whooping cough, typhoid fever and brucellosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):3-5
pages 3-5 views

About electro-pulse therapy of cardiac arrhythmias

Negovsky V.A., Gurvach N.L., Semenov V.N., Tabak V.Y., Makarychev V.A.


The possibility of restoring normal contractions of the fibrillating heart by exposure to a strong electric current was proved, as is known, back in 1899 by the experiments of Prevost and Batelli. Further study of this issue led to the improvement of the method of electrical defibrillation of the heart and the proposal for the use in clinical practice of various types of defibrillators based on the use of alternating current and a single electrical pulse. The last type of defibrillator that generates a single pulse of 0.01 sec duration. (by discharging a capacitance of 20 microfarads through an inductance of 0.3 henry), was designed by N.L. Gurvich in 1940 and began to be used in the clinic since 1952. Studies have shown the advantage of the Soviet pulse defibrillator (type ID - I - VEI) over the used in foreign clinics with alternating current defibrillators. NL Gurvich's scheme formed the basis for the design of foreign samples of impulse defibrillator - "PREMA I" in Czechoslovakia and Lone's "Cardioverter" in the USA.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):5-7
pages 5-7 views

About heart rhythm disorders in athletes

Dembo A.G., Kareva E.I., Proektor M.L.


Athletes have various arrhythmias depending on violations of both the functions of automatism and excitability and conduction, only arrhythmias caused by impaired myocardial contractility (alternating and paradoxical pulse) are not described.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):7-11
pages 7-11 views

Elferophoresis in diseases of the blood system

Dashevskaya R.S., Novichkov V.I.


Elferophoresis or electrophoretic determination of protein, gluco- and lipoprotein fractions of serum in diseases of the blood system is of considerable practical interest. Most authors note that with myeloid leukemia, there is an increase in globulins mainly due to the 2- and γ-fractions. A parallelism was revealed between the severity of the disease and the depth of the disturbance in the distribution of protein fractions.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):12-13
pages 12-13 views

About remissions in acute leukemia

Denisova M.G.


The currently used complex therapy, taking into account the individual characteristics of the course of acute leukemia, can lead to the development of clinical and hematological remission, almost unknown before.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):13-14
pages 13-14 views

Thiodipine in the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Plotnikov Y.K.


The search for new chemotherapeutic drugs with low toxicity and higher selectivity of action in the treatment of leukemia prompts the creation of a number of new drugs. One of these drugs, synthesized at the V.I. S. Ordzhonikidze is thiodipine.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):14-15
pages 14-15 views

Successful use of sarcolysin and prednisolone in multiple myeloma

Doroshenko N.I.


The literature does not have examples of a complete cure for myeloma, but there are some indications of more or less favorable results from treatment with embihin, radioactive phosphorus, urethane, sarcolysin and other means.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):15-16
pages 15-16 views

About disorders of exocrine pancreatic function after cholecystectomy

Stroyev Y.I.


It has been established that in diseases of the biliary tract, pancreatitis occurs in 25-45% of patients (S.P. Fedorov, I.G. Rufanov, S.V. Lobachev, N.I. Leporsky, A.T. Lidsky, G.M. Majdrakov). I. M. Talman points out that this figure can even reach 87%!

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):16-18
pages 16-18 views

The ratio of the molar Na / K ratios of various fractions of gastric contents as an indicator of the state of the gastric secretory function

Vainshtein S.G.


With the spread of the fast and accurate method of flame photometry, more and more attention is paid to the study of the electrolyte composition of gastric contents. According to many authors, shifts in the electrolyte balance of gastric juice reflect the course of biochemical processes in the gastric mucosa. So, E.S.Belova in an experiment on dogs and Riddel et al. In humans noted a decrease in Na concentration and an increase in K in gastric juice with an increase in secretion. The relationship between the concentration of Na and K and the acidity of gastric secretions is similar.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):18-20
pages 18-20 views

Differential diagnosis of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in the middle Volga region

Bashkirev T.A.


Diseases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in recent years have begun to be registered in many areas of the Middle Volga region (TASSR, MASSR, Ulyanovsk and Kuibyshev regions), which is explained not only by the wider spread of natural foci of this disease, but also by the fact that it has become better diagnosed. However, up to the present time there are difficulties in the diagnosis of this disease, and in some cases it is recognized only on the sectional table. If we take into account that the mortality rate in hemorrhagic fever in the Middle Volga region is more than 2%, then the importance of covering the issues of early diagnosis, as well as more advanced therapy for this serious disease, becomes obvious.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):20-24
pages 20-24 views

Clinical presentation and diagnosis of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

Reznik A.E., Davydov V.Y.


In Kazan, for many years, not a single disease of hemorrhagic fever with a source of infection in the city or its environs has been registered.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):24-25
pages 24-25 views

On the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic diathesis in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

Ratner S.I., Naletova O.M.


Hemorrhagic diathesis is an integral attribute of this disease, and therefore the study of its pathogenesis is quite justified.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):26-27
pages 26-27 views

Morphological characteristics of the kidneys in experimental dysentery intoxication and altered immunological reactivity

Zobnina K.S., Shvalev V.N.


The outcome of an infectious disease is largely determined by the speed of cleansing the body of the infectious agent and its products. According to literature data, bacterial substances and viruses are excreted through the kidneys, and the excretion occurs more intensively in immunized animals.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):27-28
pages 27-28 views

Experience of using the luminescent-serological method for the diagnosis of dysentery in children

Kazmina G.K.


Positive results obtained recently with the use of the luminescent-serological method by B.A. Chukhlovin and S.P. Ivanova (1961), M.I. Kozhushko with coauthors (1961), I.S. Zinovieva and M.K Shpagina ( 1962), E. I. Kulikova, E. I. Vaiman, Yu. T. Kuzmina, L. L. Blinova, A. D. Suvorkova (1964) allowed them to recommend this method for the diagnosis of dysentery.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):29-29
pages 29-29 views

Hemagglutination reaction in the diagnosis of colienteritis

Belogorskaya E.V.


In recent years, it has been established that colienteritis occupies a prominent place among acute gastrointestinal diseases in young children, especially in the first year of life. However, colienteritis is often not recognized due to the imperfection of the diagnostic methods used. Thus, the bacteriological method of research, according to our data, gives only 9.8% of the seeding rate of pathogenic E. coli, the luminescent-serological method - 33.3%, which cannot satisfy pediatricians and forces them to continue the search for improved methods of laboratory diagnostics.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):30-31
pages 30-31 views

Diagnosis of diphtheria during its elimination

Kudryavtseva N.P., Kachurets V.I.


Mass coverage of the child population with anti-diphtheria vaccinations and anti-epidemic measures have made it possible to reduce the incidence of diphtheria everywhere. However, against the background of a general decrease in morbidity, individual focal outbreaks of diphtheria are still recorded (in rural areas) and mortality has not yet been eliminated.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):32-34
pages 32-34 views

Lobular patella

Samoilov G.S.


The patella partita hermine denotes the patella, which consists of several separated (partitas - separated) from each other by the zone of enlightenment of parts. Depending on the number of parts, the patella is called patella bipartita, tripartita, quadripartita, multipartita. This variant of the structure on the corpse was discovered by the anatomist Gruber and reported about it in 1883, and in 1909 Joachimstal first presented an X-ray description of the lobular patella.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):34-36
pages 34-36 views

Influence of novocaine blockade on the level of calcium and phosphorus in the blood of patients with fractures of long bones

Murugov V.S.


In bone tissue, calcium is in the form of deeply located, hardly soluble crystals of bone apatite - Ca10PO46OH2, covered with a layer of relatively easier soluble forms of calcium compounds. This outer layer of calcium compounds plays, according to Howard (1957), the role of a "calciostat", that is, a tissue that ensures the constancy of Ca levels in the blood. There is a constant exchange of Ca ions between this layer of bone tissue and blood. When the existing balance is disturbed and the release of Ca ions from the bone tissue decreases, hypocalcemia occurs, and with an increase, hypercalcemia occurs. Phosphorus is found in bone tissue mainly in the form of tribasic calcium phosphate.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):36-38
pages 36-38 views

Complex treatment of fractures of the distal metaepiphysis of the shoulder in children

Kuksov B.F.


Fractures in the elbow joint in children are extremely varied and complex. The most common fractures of the distal metaepiphysis of the humerus (according to N. G. Damier - 79.4%, according to N. G. Roslavleva - 70.45%, according to our data - 73.6%). These fractures are identical to dislocations in the elbow joint in adults and are typical for children (SD Ternovsky, NG Dam'e, VV Gorinevskaya, L. Veler).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):38-40
pages 38-40 views

On the relationship of perinatal mortality and the nature of labor with the sex of the fetus

Kushnir I.M., Sabo V.E., Dolgopyatova M.N., Ruskova S.S., Tumanova L.A., Keene L.D.


There are indications in the literature that perinatal mortality among boys is slightly higher than among girls. According to K. I. Zhuravleva and V. A. Kushnirova (1964), of the total mortality of children in the 1st month of life, their death in the first 7-9 days among boys was 63.7%, and among girls - 54.5% ... The authors note (based on a large amount of material in the region as a whole) that birth trauma as a cause of death of children occurs in boys much more often than in girls. Other diseases of newborns were observed in approximately the same percentage.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):41-42
pages 41-42 views

Dynamics of changes in the rectal mucosa in uterine cancer

Kupaev I.A.


We observed changes in the mucous membrane of the distal colon at various stages of uterine cancer damage before treatment and in the course of combined radiation therapy in 38 women. Rectoscopy was performed. The revealed changes in the mucous membrane were sketched by us and described in detail.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):42-43
pages 42-43 views

Experience in treating Addison's disease with deoxycorticosterone trimethyl acetate

Zefirova T.S., Ananyeva N.E.


Deoxycorticosterone (DOC) is a corticosteroid drug that has a pronounced effect on water-salt metabolism, which consists in the retention of sodium and water ions in the body, as well as enhanced excretion of potassium ions. The above properties of DOK allow it to be widely used in the treatment of Addison's disease, in which the production of aldosterone, a hormone of the adrenal cortex with a salt-retaining effect, decreases.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):44-45
pages 44-45 views

Features of the course of hemochromatosis

Balakhonova N.G.


Hemochromatosis (pigmented liver cirrhosis, or bronze diabetes) is a very rare disease. So, Stewart (1922) found it 52 times in 38000 autopsies, Sheldon in 1935 reported only 311 patients with hemochromatosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):45-46
pages 45-46 views

Non-leukemic reticulosis with predominant involvement of the spleen and liver

Mikhailov L.M.


The interpretation of a number of diseases associated with splenomegaly presents significant difficulties; this is due to the fact that the role of the spleen in them is not well understood. The leading role of the spleen in the phenomena of erythrophagocytosis has been most firmly established. The spleen is also one of the most powerful organs of the reticuloendothelial system.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):46-47
pages 46-47 views

About diphtheria bacterium

Shamsutdanov N.S., Berim M.G., Ryzhkova I.I., Khabarova G.Z.


At present, when the number of patients with diphtheria has sharply decreased, the role of bacteria carriers as sources of this disease is especially clearly manifested.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):47-49
pages 47-49 views

The effectiveness of intranasal electrophoresis of novocaine in cerebrospinal fluid hypertension

Dubenko E.G., Tverskoy R.B.


The method of influencing the nasal mucosa for therapeutic purposes in internal diseases was first applied by Bonnier (1905), who believed that different parts of the receptor zones of the nasal region correspond to certain internal organs. Although the effectiveness of this method in a number of diseases was recognized, in the future, its practical application was little, mainly due to insufficient theoretical development (A.R. Kirichinsky).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):49-50
pages 49-50 views

Posttraumatic cystic degeneration of the knee menisci

Kapitansky I.S., Belyakov A.A.


Cystic degeneration of the meniscus is relatively rare. The diagnosis of this disease is not always easy, and the lack of familiarity of practitioners with this pathology leads to inappropriate treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):51-51
pages 51-51 views

Treatment of trachomatous pannus and persistent corneal opacities by vitreous electrophoresis

Valiullina F.G.


D. G. Sverdlov (1950) used subcutaneous injections of the vitreous body for simblepharons and eversion of the eyelids as a result of gunshot injuries or burns. The observations made gave quite encouraging results. In the literature, there are indications of a positive effect from the use of subconjunctival injections of the vitreous body in corneal white spots of trachomatous and other origins (B. N. Melik-Musyan, 1956). In 1962, the message H. S. appeared. Dozorovoy on the use of subconjunctival vitreous injections for the treatment of various eye diseases, including pannus and scarring of the cornea as a result of trachoma.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):51-53
pages 51-53 views

Features of the course of purulent-inflammatory processes infected with Proteus

Maksimova L.G.


The role of Proteus in purulent diseases is not yet clear enough. Most authors consider Proteus a microbe that only complicates a purulent infection, without attributing an independent role to it.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):53-54
pages 53-54 views

Treatment of tubal infertility by hydrotubation

Osipov R.A.


Tubal infertility is one of the leading places in the infertility of women. Inflammatory diseases of the tubes are the most common cause of tubal infertility (according to G. L. Dozortseva - in 59.9%, according to S. M. Fenior - in 61.6%).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):54-56
pages 54-56 views

The effect of nibufin on the motor function of the uterus

Popov V.V.


Violations of the contractile function of the uterus quite often serve as the basis for serious diseases, in particular bleeding after childbirth, abortion, with fibroids. In such cases, the fight against bleeding should be based on active intervention in the system that regulates the contractile activity of the uterus. One of the links in this system includes neurohumoral regulation (acetylcholine-cholinesterase). The mediator function of acetylcholine in the transmission of impulses to the muscle depends entirely on the amount and activity of cholinesterase, which destroys acetylcholine. By acting with substances that block cholinesterase, uterine contractions can be increased.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):56-57
pages 56-57 views

Function of the adrenal cortex and basal metabolism in patients with malignant neoplasms of the ovaries

Slepov M.I.


The study of hormonal balance and metabolism in patients with malignant tumors is currently of great importance. Revealed functional changes in the adrenal cortex and neoplasms of the female genital organs (V.S. Vladimirova and E.M. Samundzhan, 1964; Z. P. Yudina, 1964).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):57-58
pages 57-58 views

Congenital toxoplasmosis of the eye

Valimukhametova N.A.


Lesions of the organ of vision in congenital toxoplasmosis are manifested extremely diversely: microphthalmia, anophthalmia, macular coloboma, maculitis, retinitis, macular degeneration, optic nerve papilla coloboma, myopia, hydrophthalmos, uveitis, retinal pigment degeneration. Often these changes are combined with nystagmus and strabismus.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):58-59
pages 58-59 views

Toxoplasmosis eye damage

Ismagilova R.I.


In recent years, the attention of representatives of many specialties has been attracted by diseases caused by toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis of the organ of vision in the domestic literature is described in detail by 3. A. Kaminskaya-Pavlova and L. G. Stepanov (1961).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):59-60
pages 59-60 views

The imposition of a purse-string silk ligature on the cervix for atonic and hypotonic bleeding

Kaplansky I.A.


The most radical method of dealing with atonic bleeding - amputation or extirpation of the uterus - has not become widespread, since obstetricians usually resort to this operation only as the last heroic remedy when the postpartum woman is in a state close to agony. In addition, performing such a large operation on a postpartum woman in a state of shock only accelerates the death.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):60-61
pages 60-61 views

The use of propylon in obstetric practice

Eleshina L.B.


The existing rhodostimulating agents do not fully meet the needs of the clinic, and therefore, the search for new drugs is ongoing. The study of synthetic stimulants of the myometrium of the oxytotic type of action is of great importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):61-62
pages 61-62 views

Pernicious anemia in a 9-year-old girl

Malakhovsky Y.E.


Addison-Birmer pernicious anemia in adults is a fairly common disease. Among pediatricians, there is an opinion that children under 8 years old do not get malignant anemia, in connection with which we report on our observation.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):63-63
pages 63-63 views

Quantitative shifts of yeast-like fungi in the excreta of patients with pneumonia during antibiotic treatment

Margolin A.M., Medvedkova A.A., Anisimova N.A.


To resolve the issue of the choice of laboratory parameters that could signal the transition of candidiasis to candidiasis, in the study of patients with pneumonia, the amount of candida in the excreta was studied. This method has been used in the clinic since 1959 to study the dynamics of microflora in therapeutic patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):64-64
pages 64-64 views

Dynamics of some immuno-biochemical blood parameters in the treatment of rheumatism

Yasakova O.I., Petrov I.S.


We observed 52 patients with the first rheumatic attack and 240 with recurrent rheumatic heart disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):64-64
pages 64-64 views

Autotransfusion of blood into the vein of the greater omentum

Polyakov V.M.


In surgical and gynecological practice, there are cases of rapid and massive hemorrhage into the abdominal cavity (rupture of mesenteric vessels, interrupted ectopic pregnancy).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):64-65
pages 64-65 views

Free skin plastic in a district hospital

Fraerman A.P.


Skin grafting was used in patients with granulating wounds after trauma and burns, with trophic ulcers.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):65-65
pages 65-65 views

Primary cranioplasty with the parietal bone of the fetus

Shulman H.M., Kostandyan L.I.


H., 10 years old, was admitted on 21/VІІ 1962 about an open comminuted penetrating fracture of the frontal bone with damage to the sinuses and contusion of the brain (blow with a hoof). The trauma was accompanied by short-term loss of consciousness.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):65-66
pages 65-66 views

Imperfect bone formation in children

Berezin I.M., Lehar I.P., Fedorov Y.S.


The disease is based on congenital inferiority of the connective tissue base and impaired periosteal osteogenesis with normal epiphyseal ossification.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):66-66
pages 66-66 views

Subcutaneous injury to the biceps brachii

Fedoseeva M.A.


A subcutaneous rupture of the biceps brachii is quite rare, often unrecognized, and the victim does not receive the necessary assistance.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):67-67
pages 67-67 views

Traumatic subcutaneous rupture of the shoulder muscles

Karpov S.P.


Here is our observation. M., 23 years old, was admitted on 13/I 1959 with complaints of sharp pains in the lower third of the right shoulder when trying to bend the elbow. In the morning of that day, he was hit by a steel cable across his right shoulder when he was lifting a load. On the antero-outer surface of the lower third of the right shoulder, there is a deep transverse groove of the skin and soft tissues, in the middle section of which there is a bleeding bruised wound 1.5x0.5 cm with crushed edges. Passive movements in the elbow joint in full, active ones are impossible due to sharp pain at the site of injury. Skin sensitivity of the right forearm was preserved, there was no paresis of the hand.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):67-68
pages 67-68 views

On damage to the radial nerve during treatment for fractures of the humerus and ways to prevent them

Zeltser A.K.


According to our observations, at 872 humerus fractures, damage to the radial nerve occurred in 43 patients (4.9%). In total, we currently have data on 67 injuries of the radial nerve in fractures of the humerus and pseudarthrosis of the shoulder. Of these, in 22 patients, nerve injuries were obtained during medical procedures (with immobilization of a limb, transportation, closed repositions of bone fragments, surgical interventions) for fractures of the humerus and their consequences.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):68-69
pages 68-69 views

Open fracture of both ankles with complete dislocation of the foot

Sorokin M.G., Ivanov L.I.


B., 23 years old, at 14 o'clock on 24 / III 1963, while skiing from the mountain at high speed, she fell and injured her left leg in the ankle joint. Delivered in 1 hour 10 minutes.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):69-69
pages 69-69 views

Treatment of facial carbuncles complicated by septic thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinuses and meningo-encephalitis

Komarov A.S., Golubinsky V.I., Kinyalina I.D.


Before the use of antibiotics, such processes were fatal, but the danger with them is great even now.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):69-70
pages 69-70 views

Combination of a nonparasitic liver cyst with calculous cholecystitis

Arkhipov E.P.


S., 49 years old, was admitted on 14 / VІІ 62, about exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis. Complains of constant severe pain in the right hypochondrium, nausea. Since January 1962, there were 3 attacks of similar pains, which lasted 3-4 days.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):70-71
pages 70-71 views

Retroperitoneal gas phlegmon with leakage to the thigh as a complication of perforated appendicitis in the retrocecal position of the appendix

Elyashevich G.P.


With destructive forms of appendicitis with a retrocecal arrangement of the process, such a serious complication as retroperitoneal phlegmon can occur. VF Voino-Yasenetsky notes that these phlegmons can sometimes have the character of gas phlegmons.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):71-72
pages 71-72 views

Spontaneous discharge of a fork swallowed by a child

Ogneva E.N.


P., 2 years 3 months, playing with a child's table fork with a beautiful plastic broken handle, accidentally swallowed it.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):72-72
pages 72-72 views

Treatment of fibroplastic induration of the penis with cortisone

Kaplun M.I.


We observed 33 patients with penile induration, whom we treated with cortisone, hydrocortisone and adresone according to the method proposed by the Bulgarian author Dobrev. The course of treatment consists of 14 injections of cortisone, which are made directly into the thickened tissue of the penis every other day. The first 6 injections - 0.5 ml in each corpus cavernosum alternately, the next 7 injections - 0.5 ml in each corpus cavernosum at the same time. To determine the patient's tolerance to cortisone, 0.2-0.3 ml of the drug is injected into the seal before treatment. In total, 250 ml of cortisone is injected for the course of treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):72-72
pages 72-72 views

Duplicate kidney carbuncle in combination with ureterocele

Mavrin M.I.


Preoperative diagnosis of the renal carbuncle is difficult due to the absence of cardinal clinical symptoms. In the literature available to us, we did not find a description of the carbuncle of a double kidney. Here is our observation.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):72-73
pages 72-73 views

Outbreak of water fever

Karimova Z.H., Goncharova M.I., Bikbova S.K., Rossiyskaya O.B., Murtazin M.M.


Among leptospirosis diseases in the USSR, one of the first places belongs to water fever, 85% of infections occur when swimming in open reservoirs and 10% when using river water for drinking and 5-7% when caring for farm animals (M.A.Buslaev , 1960).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):73-73
pages 73-73 views

Intradermal test and complement fixation test in the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis

Kartashov Y.V.


The presumptive diagnosis of toxoplasmosis should be confirmed by laboratory research methods, intradermal test with toxoplasmin and a complement binding reaction (CBR) with a specific antigen.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):73-74
pages 73-74 views

Influence of influenza infection on the intensity of antitoxic immunity and the incidence of diphtheria in vaccinated children

Rabkina S.A.


According to a number of authors, the strength of immunity against diphtheria drops sharply after suffering infectious diseases, in particular influenza. To clarify this question, in March — April 1962, we 1252 children aged 7 to 12 years 6 months after the initially delivered Schick reaction (all of them negative), 1½ — 2 months after the flu, we repeated the Schick reaction. It turned out that only in 7 children it was possible to associate a drop in immunity to diphtheria (up to a weakly positive Schick reaction) with an influenza infection.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):75-75
pages 75-75 views

Food intoxication with conditionally pathogenic microbacteria

Razumovsky Y.K.


In the literature, there are indications of epidemic outbreaks caused by food contamination with E. coli, which produces a strong heat-resistant endotoxin.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):75-75
pages 75-75 views

Effect of pneumoperitoneum and artificial pneumothorax on gastric acid secretion

Akhmetzyanov A.A.


We processed the case histories of patients in whom the analysis of gastric juice coincided with the beginning of treatment with collapsotherapy and gastric secretion was re-examined during the period of their treatment with puffing up. Gastric juice was taken in the morning 1 hour after Ewald-Boas breakfast. The examined patients during the analysis of gastric secretion received only collapsotherapy (inflation) for pulmonary tuberculosis. In total, we studied 12 patients in whom the analysis of gastric juice was carried out 3-4 times. Patients were blown into the chest cavity after 7-10 days, 500 ml of air and into the abdominal cavity - 800 ml. Of the 12 patients, 2 were blown into the chest cavity and 10 into the abdominal cavity. The age of the patients is from 25 to 45 years. There were 3 men and 9 women.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):75-76
pages 75-76 views

Toxic factors in the occurrence of congenital anomalies of the extremities

Zulkarneev R.A.


In recent years, a large number of works on the genesis, clinical picture and prevention of congenital limb deformities have appeared in domestic and foreign literature. There are hereditary (genetic) and acquired (peristatic) fetal anomalies (5, 9). The former more often arise as a result of changes (mutations) of the chromosomal apparatus of germ cells.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):76-78
pages 76-78 views

Experience in studying eye injuries

Kulakhmetyeva M.G.


Trauma to the organ of vision is one of the causes of very severe functional disorders, often leading to partial or complete disability. According to the literature data (see the list of references), the proportion of eye injuries to the present time remains quite high and occupies a significant place among the causes of blindness.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):78-80
pages 78-80 views

Prevention of the incidence of acute crepitant tendovaginitis

Varshavsky I.M.


We observed separate professional groups of workers with acute crepitant tendovaginitis. Among them were: locksmiths — 158, turners — 45, riveters — 20, foremen — 23, milling cutters — 24, handymen — 20, construction workers — 25, loaders — 11, grinders — 15, non-physical workers — 50, other physical workers - 197.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):80-82
pages 80-82 views

Struggle for the life and health of children in the early years of Soviet power in Tatarstan

Chuchelin G.A.


The International Democratic Federation of Women in November 1949 decided June 1 to be considered International Children's Day.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):82-86
pages 82-86 views

Development of the ideas of the unity and integrity of the organism in domestic medicine

Solovey M.G.


The idea of the unity and integrity of the organism has been reflected in the works of pathologists and clinicians of our country since the turn of the 18th-19th centuries.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):86-89
pages 86-89 views

Preparation of anti-rhesus serum

Mukhutdinova L.I., Ganelina R.G.


The discovery of the Rh factor by Landsteiner and Wiener (1940) played an important role in preventing complications from blood transfusions from a donor to a recipient.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):89-90
pages 89-90 views

New device for administering anesthetic solution under local anesthesia

Titov B.M.


Local anesthesia is being improved both in the search for new painkillers and in the improvement of equipment. In order to facilitate the work of the surgeon and reduce the duration of operations performed under local anesthesia according to the method of A.V. Vishnevsky, many semi-automatic syringes and automatic devices have been proposed that provide a continuous supply of anesthetic solution, improve aseptic conditions, facilitate the operator's work, reduce the time of operations and contribute to a full pain relief.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):91-92
pages 91-92 views

V. I. Rokityansky. Injuries and orthopedic diseases during exercise and sports. "Medicine", 1964, 236 pages. Circulation 3200. Pr. 72 kopecks

Friedland M.O., Morozova E.M.


The book examines in detail the bruises of muscles, bones, nerve trunks, the ligamentous apparatus of the joints of the limbs and the spine. At the same time, attention is paid not only to macro-, but also to microtraumas, which is very important: the latter, as happens with irrational training, are often repeated and lead to the emergence of various chronic diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):92-93
pages 92-93 views

Hormones and enzymes in cardiology (based on the materials of the 16th annual scientific session of the Institute of Therapy of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences)

Krasnoperov F.T.


At present, it has become possible to determine the activity of more than 40 different enzymes in blood serum, which expands the possibility of studying the pathogenesis of certain cardiovascular diseases and contributes to the creation of new diagnostic tests. Coenzymes, enzymes and their inhibitors are used as therapeutic agents for correcting disturbed metabolic processes (M. G. Kritsman - Moscow).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):93-95
pages 93-95 views

The first scientific and practical conference on the treatment of cestodosis

Matt C.D., Samerkhanova K.B.


The conference was organized by the parasitological department of the city SES with the participation of employees of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Kazan Order of the Red Banner of Labor of the Medical Institute.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):95-95
pages 95-95 views

Republican Scientific and Practical Conference on Antenatal Fetal Care and Reducing the Mortality of Newborn Children

Manenkov P.V.


The conference was organized by the Ministry of Health of the TASSR with the participation of the Kazan Scientific Societies of Obstetricians-Gynecologists and Pediatricians. The conference was attended by 91 delegates from the districts of the TASSR and the cities of Kazan, Chistopol, Zelenodolsk, Bugulma, Almetyevsk, Leninogorsk, Nizhnekamsk and guests.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):95-96
pages 95-96 views

Society of Surgeons of the TASSR

Kharitonov I.F., Mavrin M.I.


As of 1/1 1965, the society consisted of 129 people, of which 53 were employees of the medical institute and GIDUV, 76 were practical doctors. A branch of the Surgical Society operates in Bugulma. The following professors were elected to the board of the society: R. A. Vyaselev, P. V. Kravchenko, N. P. Medvedev, Yu. A. Ratner, I. F. Kharitonov, V. N. Shubin, L. I. Shulutko, chief surgeon of the Ministry of Health of the TASSR M. Yu. Rosengarten, leading surgeon V. G. Basov. The chairman of the society was elected prof. I.F. Kharitonov.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):96-97
pages 96-97 views


Fudim A.M.


In March 1965, in Kazan, a Republican meeting of pharmacists from Tatarstan was held with the participation of doctors, at which issues of further improvement of medical care and public health protection were discussed.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):97-97
pages 97-97 views


Studentsova I.A.


19 / VI-65 by the staff of the laboratory of experimental physiology for the revitalization of the body of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, headed by prof. V. A. Negovsky, a seminar on resuscitation was held in Kazan.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):97-98
pages 97-98 views


Freidlin I.I.


The issues of resuscitation in obstetric and gynecological practice were highlighted in the introductory speech by prof. V. A. Negovsky and at a sectional lesson conducted by VS Berman, head of the Moscow Center for Resuscitation in Obstetrics.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):98-98
pages 98-98 views

Application of modern methods of resuscitation for newborn asphyxia

Freidlin I.I.


The problem of newborn asphyxia is one of the most important in obstetrics. In a state of asphyxia, up to 5-8% of all children are born (L. S. Persianinov, V. F. Matveeva and M. I. Koretsky, and others), and asphyxiation of the fetus and newborn in 50-60% is the cause of perinatal mortality ( M. Voyta, 1958; S. L. Keilin, 1964; A. N. Morozova, 1961; A. M. Foy, 1963; etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):99-101
pages 99-101 views

About the treatment of open bone fractures

Shulutko L.I.


Among all injuries, open fractures occur in 8-10%. With these injuries, the numbers of amputations are quite high, both directly at the scene of the accident and at a later time.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):101-105
pages 101-105 views

The use of pituitary drugs to induce labor

Voronin K.V.


Pituitrin was first used in obstetric practice by Blair Bell in 1909 for uterine atony and postpartum hemorrhage.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):105-108
pages 105-108 views

Help for traumatic shock

Okulov A.M.


A traumatic shock is understood as such a state of the body when the phenomena of oppression of life - hypobiosis - come to the fore (A.P. Alferov, D.M. Sherman). In the clinic of shock, the dysfunctions of the nervous-humoral apparatus, the cardiovascular system, metabolism in general and gas exchange in particular are clearly manifested.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(5):108-112
pages 108-112 views

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