Vol 46, No 4 (1965)

On the importance of physical methods for diagnosing diseases of the abdominal organs

Shamarin P.I.


Diseases of the abdominal organs occupy a significant place in the overall morbidity, especially in outpatient practice. When recognizing pathological processes of the abdominal organs, the doctor sometimes encounters incomparably greater difficulties than when recognizing diseases of the cardiovascular system or the external respiratory system.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):3-4
pages 3-4 views

The functional state of the pancreas in diseases of the biliary tract

Anufrieva V.K.


The relationship between diseases of the pancreas and the biliary system of the liver is noted by a number of authors. According to Klebs (1875), Mayo (1907), I.P. Rufanov (1925), M.M. Gubergrits (1934), N.I. Leporsky (1951) and others, chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis are complicated by pancreatitis in 60 -80%. Functional disorders of the pancreas in diseases of the liver and biliary tract are described by M. S. Rozhkova (1937), M. I. Krasutskaya (1953), Ya. S. Zimmerman (1956), A. Ya. Gubergritz (I960) and others.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):5-7
pages 5-7 views

Pancreatic function and serum proteins in certain chronic diseases of the digestive system

Tikhonov V.P.


The defeat of the pancreas is a frequent companion of chronic diseases of the digestive system. However, its role in the origin of protein shifts in these patients is insufficiently elucidated. Meanwhile, the cited literature data, both experimental and clinical, indicate the participation of the pancreas in the regulation of not only carbohydrate and fat metabolism, but also protein metabolism.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):7-9
pages 7-9 views

The use of testosterone propionate in liver cirrhosis

Sulimovskaya N.A., Kudrya S.F.


Recently, there have been indications in the literature regarding the advisability of testosterone propionate treatment of liver cirrhosis and severe forms of chronic hepatitis (Mario, Girolami, 1958). In works devoted to the study of the mechanism of action of sex hormones, their ability to positively influence the cardiovascular system was established (Müller, Rachov, etc.). Schumann, using sex hormones for angina pectoris, found that they affect not only the coronary circulation, but also the metabolism in the myocardium, increasing the content of glycogen and phosphogen in the heart muscle. According to this author, the sex hormone exerts a central regulatory influence through the pituitary gland - the diencephalon.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):9-10
pages 9-10 views

Long-term results of cholecystectomy according to the observations of therapists

Dryagin K.A., Silchenko K.Y.


We observed 161 patients (men - 20, women - 141) with relapse after cholecystectomy, 130 of them were examined in the clinic and 31 on an outpatient basis. 70 people were traced from the moment of surgery from 1 year to 5 years, they took into account all the data, including the pathological examination of the removed gallbladder. By the time of the operation, the patients were 17 to 75 years old, the majority were 41-50 years old.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):10-13
pages 10-13 views

Amylase content in gallbladder bile in acute cholecystitis

Kravchenko P.V., Volkov V.E., Fedotov S.D.


In light of the study of the etiology of acute cholecystitis, studies to clarify the role of certain chemical factors, along with infection, can cause inflammatory changes in the gallbladder, are of great interest. Among the chemical agents that influence the development of acute cholecystitis, special attention has recently been paid to activated pancreatic enzymes (Gense, 1960; Mester, 1960; P.V. Kravchenko and V.E. Volkov, 1962; Glenn, 1963).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):13-13
pages 13-13 views

Gastric bleeding with myocardial infarction

Gurevich T.Z., Karmazin I.Y., Rovinsky V.I.


Currently, the attention of doctors began to attract erosion and ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, acutely occurring in patients with myocardial infarction. At the same time, gastric bleeding can significantly worsen the patient's condition. Abrupt gagging when it is necessary to maintain complete rest is in itself dangerous. Anemization with significant blood loss enhances myocardial and central nervous system hypoxia. Finally, profuse gastric bleeding in myocardial infarction can be an immediate cause of death.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):14-15
pages 14-15 views

Hexonium in peptic ulcer therapy

Talantov V.V.


Among the methods and means of pathogenetic therapy of peptic ulcer disease, a prominent place is currently given to ganglion-blocking agents. One of the most effective gangliolytics in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease is hexonium (hexamethonium).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):15-18
pages 15-18 views

Primary gastric resection as the method of choice for perforated gastro-duodenal ulcers

Popov A.F., Garshtein R.A.


All surgeons recognize gastric resection as the best way to treat chronic gastric and duodenal ulcers. According to a number of authors (E. L. Berezov, B. A. Petrov, A. T. Lidsky, S. S. Yudin and others), after gastric resection in 90-95%, good and satisfactory results were noted. Outcomes after gastric resection with perforated gastro-duodenal ulcers are no less favorable (S. S. Yudin, B. A. Petrov, A. T. Lidsky, N. I. Kozintsev, V. P. Voznesensky, etc.). According to L.V. Poluektov, good and satisfactory results after primary gastric resection were noted in 97.1%. In 30%, repeated surgical interventions on the stomach are performed after suturing of perforated ulcers with 16.6% of poor results and the number of postoperative complications is 2 times more than after primary resections. However, primary gastric resection is not recognized by all surgeons as the method of choice. It is limited to a number of conditional and sometimes contradictory contraindications. For example, V.I. Struchkov believes that perforated gastro-duodenal ulcers at a young age are not subject to resection. Simple suturing, according to his data, in 70%, and suturing of "silent" ulcers - in 85% leads to recovery. A. N. Bakulev and B. A. Petrov adhere to the same point of view. S. S. Yudin, on the basis of studying a large number of immediate and long-term results, came to the conclusion that primary resections are advisable at a young age, since simple suturing does not guarantee either relapses or complications. According to D. V. Usov, for 245 sutured perforated ulcers in young people, good long-term results were obtained in 18.9%, satisfactory - in 34.9%, and poor - in 46.2%.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):18-20
pages 18-20 views

Isolation of intestinal enzymes - enterokinase and alkaline phosphatase after gastric resections by the billroth-II method and gastroplastic operations

Kataeva G.A., Polyusov D.V.


Recently, the determination of intestinal enzymes - enterokinase and phosphatase - has been given great importance. Determination of the content of these enzymes in feces helps in the differential diagnosis of diseases such as sprue, dysentery, food toxicoinfection (S. Ya.Mikhlin, 1957; and others), in assessing the severity of the process in chronic colitis and enterocolitis (K. B. Bakhadyrov, 1962).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):20-22
pages 20-22 views

Function of the esophageal-intestinal anastomosis and small intestine motility after gastrectomy

Frankfurt L.A., Kadyshes N.L.


Changes in the motor function of the intestine are one of the important links in the chain of compensatory shifts in the body after gastrectomy. X-ray examination of these changes is interesting from several points of view. First, the nature of intestinal motility determines the degree of food processing, the completeness of mixing it with digestive juices, the degree of fermentation of the food mass and, consequently, the degree of absorption. Therefore, by the nature of the motor function of the intestines of the kosvetso, one can judge the absorption of nutrients. Secondly, when studying the motor function of the small intestine at different times after gastrectomy, it is possible to follow the stages of its compensatory restructuring. Third, when comparing X-ray data with clinical data, one can judge which type of intestinal motility corresponds to the best compensation for digestion. We set these tasks for ourselves in our work.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):22-26
pages 22-26 views

Balance of K and Na in patients with gastric cancer and peptic ulcer disease before and after surgery

Fedotov S.D.


We studied the dynamics of the balance of K and Na in patients with cancer and gastric and duodenal ulcers before surgery and at various times of the postoperative period.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):26-27
pages 26-27 views

On the method of studying the absorption capacity of the small intestine in a clinical setting

Ryabov V.I.


We studied the absorption capacity of the upper small intestine using the following tests:
1. Potassium iodine test. 20 ml of a 2% solution of potassium iodide is injected intraduodenally and every minute its presence in saliva is determined using the iodine-starch reaction.
2. Samples with radioactive iodine. 2 μ curie Nal 131 is injected into the duodenum and the absorption of radioiodine by the thyroid gland is recorded within 15 minutes.
3. Ether test. The moment of feeling the smell of ether from the respiratory tract after the intraduodenal administration of 1.5 ml of ether in saline is noted (N. Benda test, 1954).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):27-28
pages 27-28 views

On the role of the digestive enzymes of the duodenum in the development of perforated peritonitis

Fedorov V.V.


Until now, acute perforated peritonitis is considered mainly as an infectious process. Almost every part of the stomach and intestines is inhabited by microflora, however, its quantity and pathogenicity are very different. According to the studies of V.R. Gaivorovsky and S.I.Boryu (1927), T.A. Glazkova (1956), V. Zykov (1903) and others, the duodenum contains a meager and, moreover, non-pathogenic microflora, and in 20 - 30% are generally sterile. Despite this, damage to the duodenum, as a rule, leads to peritonitis, which is characterized by a severe course and a high percentage of mortality '(E. S. Kerimova, 1959; G. F. Nikolaev, O. N. Survillo, I. I. Blizzard, 1949).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):28-29
pages 28-29 views

Application of staplers NIIHEAiI in jejunoplastic operations on the stomach and esophagus

Valyavin G.D., Berdov B.A.


One. of the main issues in the rationality and safety of surgical interventions on the gastrointestinal tract is the choice of the most perfect and reliable in terms of strength method of stitching tissues and organs, creating the best conditions for regeneration in the area of superimposed anastomoses.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):30-32
pages 30-32 views

The role of psycho-neurogenic factors in the occurrence of intestinal obstruction

Baibekova S.H.


Acute intestinal obstruction has been the focus of doctors' attention for centuries. But even now, timely diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction presents difficulties. This basically explains the high mortality rate in this serious disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):32-36
pages 32-36 views

Effect of lidase on human abdominal adhesions

Agafonov A.A.


The main or interstitial substance of the connective tissue contains many high-polymer mucopolysaccharides. According to Jackson (1954), the main moment in its formation is the secretory activity of fibroblasts.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):36-37
pages 36-37 views

Diagnosis of esophageal diverticula by kymography

Adrianovsky A.F.


Due to the successful development of thoracic surgery, the issue of functional diagnostics of esophageal diverticula is of great practical importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):37-39
pages 37-39 views

About cytological diagnosis of bladder cancer

Ionova O.P., Saveliev V.E.


As you know, cancer cells do not have specific morphological signs, therefore, the basis for the cytological diagnosis of malignant tumors should be based on not one “specific sign”, but a cytological symptom complex reflecting the restructuring characteristic of a given tumor.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):39-40
pages 39-40 views

Mortality in acute appendicitis (based on the materials of the clinic for 15 years)

Shishkina A.I., Salikhov I.A., Khafizov F.G.


According to various authors, mortality in acute appendicitis averages 0.12-0.2% (SG Rukosuev, GP Zaitsev, AN Shabanov). If with a timely operation this figure decreases to 0.04%, then with a belated operation it rises to 0.5% (A.I. Mironov, G. Ya. Iosset). Some authors cite even higher mortality rates. According to Ross, Zarem and Morgan, mortality in acute appendicitis is 0.89%, and among people over 50 years old - 5.6%. Similar data are cited by Gabel, Barton, Solomon and others. According to Palumbo, the mortality rate reaches 0.2%.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):40-42
pages 40-42 views

Experience of potentiated pain relief in children during operations on the face and jaws

Koltsova L.A., Sherputovskaya K.E.


The task of anesthesiology is to artificially create such a functional state of the body, in which the usefulness and safety of anesthesia is to the greatest extent ensured with the least response to surgical trauma. It is especially necessary to create such conditions for surgical interventions in children.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):42-43
pages 42-43 views

Serum proteins in thyrotoxic goiter before and after surgery

Ageev A.F.


Studies concerning the state of the protein-forming function of the liver in thyrotoxic goiter are few, and their data are contradictory. I. K. Akhunbaev and Yu.A. Volokh (1961), S. I. Rakhimov (1961), and others indicate that the amount of total serum protein in patients with thyrotoxic goiter is within the normal range. P. E. Ogiy (1955), P. G. Podorozhny (1956), A. A. Alekseeva (1959), D. A. Makar (1960), and D. Ya. Polyakov (1960) found hypoproteinemia in a number of these patients. I. A. Drzhevetskaya (1957) found an increase in the u-globulin fraction, T. I. Dobrovolskaya (I960)- increase of a1-globulin, S. I. Rakhimov (1961) - increase of a2 and u-globulins, N. Khamidov (1961)- increase in a-fractions, D. A. Makar (1960) - decrease in albumins and increase in all globulin fractions of blood serum.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):43-44
pages 43-44 views

Surgical treatment of goiter in patients with acromegaly

Kalinin A.P., Balabolkin M.I.


There are few works devoted to the question of the surgical treatment of goiter and thyrotoxicosis in acromegaly. At the same time, it is known that enlargement of the thyroid gland in acromegaly occurs quite often.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):45-47
pages 45-47 views

Sialic acids of the blood serum in certain diseases of the thyroid gland

Berezovsky B.S.


In diseases of the thyroid gland, accompanied by its hyperfunction, as a rule, violations of various types of metabolism are noted. Little is known about how the physiological, chemical and physical structure of connective tissue changes.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):47-49
pages 47-49 views

Trophic changes in the lesion of the stellate node

Filippov B.F.


Disease of the stellate ganglion is a long-term suffering, often recurrent. The causes of this disease are: infections, especially viral (B. N. Mogilnitsky, I. I. Rusetsky, N. S. Chetverikov, N. I. Strelkova, A. D. Dinaburg), pneumonia and pleura, especially apical processes ( G. I. Markelov, A. M. Grinshtein, L. G. Erokhina and I. D. Polykovskaya), injuries and injuries of the node itself and tissues close to it (A. M. Grinshtein, F. M. Lisitsa, X I. Erusalimchik, E. M. Wizen, E. I. Eselevich), discosis of the lower cervical and upper thoracic spine (A. D. Dinaburg and A. E. Rubasheva, Ya. Yu. Popelyansky).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):49-52
pages 49-52 views

Sympatho-ganglionitis and coronary insufficiency

Troshin V.D., Belousov S.S.


Recently, there has been a noticeable revival of interest in the study of diseases of the peripheral autonomic nervous system (N. S. Chetverikov, N. I. Strelkova, V. M. Karpenko, A. M. Veyn, etc.). In the clinic of sympathetic ganglionitis, truncitis, cardiovascular and innervation disorders often occur (I. I. Rusetsky, N. I. Strelkova). These disorders are especially pronounced when the process is localized in the left cervical and thoracic nodes of the borderline sympathetic trunk. In these cases, pain in the heart area can simulate coronary insufficiency (angina, myocardial infarction), which is often the cause of diagnostic errors. At the same time, N. I. Speransky and E. I. Sorokina, D. D. Pletnev, and Lerish consider it possible to distinguish the ganglionic form of angina pectoris. With primary damage to the coronary vessels (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction), secondary reflex autonomic disorders may occur.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):52-55
pages 52-55 views

Some questions of the etiology and pathogenesis of lumbar ischialgic syndrome

Dubnov B.L.


In order to clarify some aspects of the etiology and pathogenesis of lumboischialgic syndrome, we analyzed the case history of 440 patients in whom this syndrome was considered the main (primary) manifestation of the disease. Almost all patients were admitted with a diagnosis of lumbosacral sciatica.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):55-56
pages 55-56 views

The value of a woman's growth in obstetric pathology

Davydov V.V.


Human growth is one of the most important indicators of his physical development. In the generic process, the physical development of a woman in labor, including her growth, has a certain value. However, we did not find in the literature available to us, both domestic and foreign, indications of the role of growth in obstetric pathology. Therefore, we began to study this issue based on the materials of our institute.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):57-58
pages 57-58 views

Hemostatic picture in normal pregnancy

Chachibaya L.S.


Observations of recent years have shown the important role of the blood coagulation system in the pathogenesis of some forms of obstetric bleeding and thrombotic complications. Therefore, the issues of coagulology in obstetrics began to pay great attention.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):58-60
pages 58-60 views

Management of pregnancy and childbirth in isoimmunized women

Sadykov B.G., Voronin K.V.


Recently, the problem of immunological conflict during pregnancy (Rhesus, ABO) has attracted more and more attention, and the views on the tactics of pregnancy and childbirth in this pathology are very different.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):60-61
pages 60-61 views

Aminazine in labor pain relief

Strukova V.I.


We carried out labor pain relief with chlorpromazine in 101 primiparous and 19 multiparous. 29 women have a history of abortions and complicated labor. From the total mass of women in labor entering the hospital, we took the most restless for pain relief. Out of 120 women in labor, 89 did not undergo psychoprophylactic training, 35 had extreme types of higher nervous activity. Many women in labor were afraid of childbirth, some suffered mental trauma. Most women in labor have a low threshold for skin sensitivity to pain stimuli (Rosenthal paste). 66 women had pathological childbirth (nephropathy of pregnant women, narrow pelvis, untimely discharge of water, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):62-63
pages 62-63 views

On the oxygen content in the blood of the mother and the newborn in late toxicosis of pregnancy

Abaimov M.P.


The study of the oxygen content in the blood of pregnant women, women in labor and parturient women who suffered from late toxicosis of pregnancy, as well as in their newborns, is of great practical importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):63-65
pages 63-65 views

The significance of shifts in the protein formula of blood in late toxicosis of pregnancy

Koltushkina V.P.


The dynamics of changes in blood serum proteins during the treatment of toxicosis has not been sufficiently reflected in the literature. The available works (L. G. Sotnikova. 1957; M. I. Volokh-Isaeva, 1962; Brever, 1962; and others) are based on a small number of observations. This prompted us to conduct a study of blood serum proteins in pregnant women during treatment, depending on the method of treatment and the outcome of the disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):66-67
pages 66-67 views

The content of sialic acids in the blood serum in inflammatory processes of the female genital organs

Sabirov F.M.


In inflammatory processes of different localization, as a result of the cleavage of the protein-carbon complex, an increase in sialic acids occurs.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):67-68
pages 67-68 views

Visual impairment with goiter

Samygin F.F.


In recent years, the issues of the clinic, treatment and complications of thyrotoxic goiter have begun to be covered much more widely in the press.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):68-69
pages 68-69 views

Surgical treatment of cicatricial gastric stenosis after formalin poisoning

Domrachev A.S., Ryabinin S.P.


Erosive gastritis resulting from a burn ultimately leads to persistent cicatricial deformities and stenosis of the stomach. Until 1948, surgeons with these lesions were mainly limited to the imposition of gastroenteroanastomosis, but later the overwhelming majority of surgeons began to perform a radical operation - gastric resection, which gives the best and most stable results.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):69-70
pages 69-70 views

Urgent cytological examination for primary gallbladder cancer

Akhunzyanov H.Z., Bazarevich G.Y., Elyashevich B.L.


Primary gallbladder cancer is rare.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):70-71
pages 70-71 views

Experience of using oxy-progesterone-capronate for threatening premature birth

Malkov Y.Y.


As you know, the fight against the threatening termination of pregnancy is still one of the urgent problems of obstetrics.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):71-72
pages 71-72 views

Chorionepithelioma of the uterus

Dasaeva A.M.


Chorionepithelioma usually occurs after pregnancy. The interval between the previous pregnancy and the development of chlioepithelioma ranges from several weeks to many years (over 20). Most often, the primary focus of chorionic epithelioma occurs in the uterus, less often in the vagina, tubes, ovaries.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):72-73
pages 72-73 views

Cysts, leiomyomas and carcinoids of the appendix

Dobrov D.D.


Accurate diagnosis of these rare diseases is difficult, and preoperative recognition of carcinoids, according to some authors (A.K. Gorchakov and G.F. Novitskaya), is even impossible due to the absence of characteristic clinical signs.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):73-73
pages 73-73 views

Dystopia of pancreatic tissue in the stomach wall

Lee M.I.


The absence of clinical specific signs of dystopia makes it impossible to make a diagnosis before surgery. The correct diagnosis is possible only after histological examination of the removed specimen.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):73-74
pages 73-74 views

Experience of using ASD in the complex treatment of some dermatoses

Fomin K.F., Marachkovskaya V.I.


We studied the effectiveness of ASD in the complex treatment of patients with true eczema (83), diffuse exfoliative streptoderma (microbial eczema) (26), neurodermatitis (7), seborrheic eczema (3), pruritus (1). There were 64 men and 56 women. Under the age of 15 there were 15, from 16 to 40 years old - 47, from 41 to 60 years old - 35, from 61 to 70 years and older - 23 patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):74-74
pages 74-74 views

Severe allergic reaction caused by vitamin B1

Alexandrov N.A.


B., born in 1929, was admitted on 23 / X 1963 with a diagnosis of "Duodenal ulcer, nodular goiter II degree, severe autonomic neurosis."

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):74-75
pages 74-75 views

Allergic reactions to antibiotic administration

Mukhametshin E.Z.


I. I., 48 years old, was admitted to the sanatorium "Tarlovka" 1 / XII 1962 with a diagnosis of "Chronic disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis in the phase of partial compaction."

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):75-75
pages 75-75 views

Medical parallergy in a health worker

Brodskaya S.I.


G., 22 years old, a nurse, was admitted to the clinic on 6 / IV 1959 with complaints of shortness of breath, cough with phlegm, chills, sweats, fever up to 39.5 °.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):76-77
pages 76-77 views

Thyroid tuberculosis

Pushkarev N.I.


The first report on isolated thyroid tuberculosis was made by Alters in 1847. To date, we have found a description of 132 more observations in the Russian and foreign literature. Out of 167 patients operated on by us on the thyroid gland, one was diagnosed with isolated tuberculosis, accompanied by hyperthyroidism.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):77-77
pages 77-77 views

The positive effect of intravenous infusion of novocaine in acute sciatica

Zhuravlev E.V.


115 patients with acute sciatica on an outpatient basis were treated with intravenous injections of a 0.5% solution of novocaine, the solution was injected slowly over 2-3 minutes in an amount of 5-7-10 ml every other day or daily.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):77-77
pages 77-77 views

About the content of K and Na in perilymph

Pluzhnikov M.S., Titova R.I.


Measurements of the electrolyte content in intra-labyrinth fluids are used as an indicator of the metabolism of Corti's organ, since it does not contain blood vessels and is nourished by endolymph, the composition of which is dynamically related to the composition of the perilymph.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):77-77
pages 77-77 views

Experience of using seawater distillation for high myopia and retinitis pigmentosa

Rubinchik L.Z., Tikhonravova G.N., Libenson L.B.


Received from the Institute V. P. Filatov, we have used the preparation of seawater distillation (OMV) for high myopia and retinal pigment degeneration since the end of 1960, subcutaneously in an increasing dose of 2 to 6 ml per injection every 2-3 days. During the course of treatment, 10-15 injections were made.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):78-78
pages 78-78 views

Results of iridenkleisis surgery for glaucoma

Fedorova N.V., Rubinchik L.Z.


From 1959 to November 1962, 53 iridenkleisis operations were performed, when complex drug treatment had no effect.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):78-79
pages 78-79 views

Our experience in training personnel for the collective farm seasonal nursery gardens

Sergeeva E.S.


In 1960-1962. training for seasonal collective-farm nursery-gardens was carried out in Yalchik, but the collective farms did not ensure the full attendance of the future staff of the nursery-gardens

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):79-79
pages 79-79 views

Blood alkaline phosphatase activity in chronic methanol intoxication

Golubovsky I.E.


We measured blood alkaline phosphatase activity in 153 workers exposed to low doses of methanol. According to V.P. Kamchatny, the concentration of methanol vapors in the air of the shop ranged from 0.04 mg / l to 0.1 mg / l and sometimes from 0.1 mg / l to 0.4 mg / l.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):79-80
pages 79-80 views

Meals for boarding school students in Kazan

Yunusova A.N., Melnikova N.A., Beregovskaya Z.G., Kolokolnikova Z.U., Grishina A.O., Medvedeva E.G., Valeeva Z.Z.


Properly organized nutrition is a prerequisite for the normal development, growth and academic performance of a student.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):80-83
pages 80-83 views

Otolaryngological morbidity in schoolchildren and measures to combat it according to the data of preventive examinations

Abukova R.A.


Although the successes achieved by Soviet health care in the field of child health are great, there are still a number of unsolved problems in it. These, in particular, should include otolaryngological morbidity in children and measures to combat it. The urgency of this problem is currently determined not only by the higher frequency of ENT diseases in children (tonsillitis, rhinitis and sinusitis, otitis media and hearing disorders), but also by the severity of such associated diseases as rheumatism and rheumatoid processes in all their diversity (D. D. Lebedev, E. I. Volkova, 1957; D. D. Lebedev and A. V. Dolgopolova, 1961).

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):83-88
pages 83-88 views

Victor Vasilievich Pashutin (1845-1901) (120th birthday)

Rakhmatullin I.M., Tolpegina T.B.


A new stage in the development of general pathologies in Russia is associated with the name of V.V. Pashutin. It is to him that we owe the fact that he, having managed to give general pathology an experimental physiological direction, thereby turned it into an experimental science — pathological physiology. It should be noted that this transformation of general pathology was first carried out at the Faculty of Medicine of Kazan University.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):88-90
pages 88-90 views

To the method of radiography of the paranasal cavities

Faizullin A.M.


In X-ray rooms, pictures of the paranasal sinuses are taken in the nasal-chin projection, usually in the supine position of the patient, but such pictures do not always give a complete picture of the pathological process in the sinuses. So, the presence of a secret in them from radiographs taken in a horizontal position can only be assumed, and often this is impossible. The photographs taken with the subject in the vertical position make it possible to confidently judge the presence of liquid by the horizontal level or by its upper parabolic boundary. Although there are special cranial tripods that allow you to take pictures in an upright position, but, unfortunately, their production is very limited, and therefore, ordinary hospitals are available.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):90-92
pages 90-92 views

Questions of clinical neuropathology and psychiatry. Proceedings of the Kazan Medical Institute. Volume XII, Kazan, 1964

Leshchinsky A.L., Osintseva T.


The next release of the collection of works of a large team of psychiatrists and neuropathologists in Kazan is a notable event in the Soviet neuropsychiatric press. In terms of psychiatry, this is all the more significant since the date of publication of the works coincides with the 100th anniversary of the opening in Kazan (one of the first in Russia) of the Department of Psychiatry, which played a very significant role in the development of domestic psychiatric science, the education of numerous cadres of psychiatrists, the creation of the Soviet progressive system of psychiatric help.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):92-94
pages 92-94 views

New in the work of the ambulance station. Ed. I. A. Ostrovsky, M., "Medicine", 1964.4,9 p. L., Price 25 kopecks

Bogoyavlensky V.F.


The brochure under review is a collection of articles by workers at the Moscow ambulance station. It is very valuable that it sets out in an extremely rich form the richest experience in the provision of specialized ambulance services. It describes the principles of organization and tactics of care for patients with traumatic shock, myocardial infarction, acute cerebrovascular accident, acute poisoning.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):94-95
pages 94-95 views

Acute cholecystitis

Girfanov V.S., Knubovets S.Y.


The session began with a report by the director of the institute, G. D. Shushkov, who pointed to a significant increase in patients with acute cholecystitis over the past 10 years. During this time, 2219 patients with this disease were treated at the institute. Often the clinical symptoms in acute cholecystitis do not correspond to the pathological and anatomical changes in the gallbladder. In view of the fact that the early use of antibiotics for cholecystitis smoothes the clinical picture of the disease, the Institute does not recommend the use of antibiotics before surgery.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):95-97
pages 95-97 views

About the conference on the pathogenesis, clinic and therapy of diseases of the pancreas

Ageev A.F., Kochnev O.S.


A. A. Shelagurov (Moscow) dwelled on the causal dependence of pancreatitis on diseases of the biliary tract, as well as on the importance of neurovascular and allergic factors in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases of the pancreas.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):97-98
pages 97-98 views

Letter to the editor

Krasovskaya N.N., Mukhina V.N., Safonova A.D., Chueva S.V., Everling K.N., Yakhod D.B., Yakobson B.L.


In the article by R. Yu. Mukhametov "On the epidemiology of diphyllobothriasis in the TASSR" (Kazan honey. 1964, 3), in our opinion, there are serious discrepancies with the actual state of affairs, confirmed by statistical data obtained by teams of practical medical institutions. That is why this article misleads a wide circle of readers with regard to the state of affairs in the fight against helminthiases in the Tatar ASSR.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):98-99
pages 98-99 views

Reply of the author of the article "On the epidemiology of diphyllobothriasis in the TASSR"

Mukhametov R.Y.


Pointing in the article that until 1963 a mass survey of the TASSR population for infection with a broad tapeworm was not carried out, I meant a survey of the population covering all age groups and professions, which would allow for a fairly complete analysis of the incidence. Although the SES laboratories and other medical institutions in the TASSR conduct hundreds of thousands of helminthological studies annually, this applies mainly to limited contingents (workers in food and trade facilities, organized children's groups, etc.). Therefore, the results of these studies do not give a complete picture of the incidence and allow us to think about greater well-being than it really is.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):99-100
pages 99-100 views

Professor Moisey Izrailevich Aksyantsev


On January 10, 1965, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Moisey Izrailevich Aksyantsev, a member of the CPSU since 1919, suddenly died.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):101-101
pages 101-101 views

Associate Professor Aron Grigorievich Greenbarg


On 8 / III 1965, after a long and serious illness, the associate professor, Doctor of Medicine Aron Grigorievich Grinbarg, the former head of the physiotherapy course of the Kazan Medical Institute, one of the oldest representatives of the Kazan physiotherapy school, a highly erudite scientist, sensitive and attentive doctor, and a thoughtful teacher, died.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):101-102
pages 101-102 views

On certification of dentists, paramedics-midwives, midwives and paramedics of all specialties


Dentists, paramedics-midwives, midwives and paramedics of all specialties with at least 7 years of experience in the specialty and having good performance indicators are subject to certification.

Kazan medical journal. 1965;46(4):102-102
pages 102-102 views

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