Vol 53, No 2 (1972)

On some issues of the clinic, pathogenesis and morphogenesis of pneumonia

Gorbacevich L.I.


The study of the etiology, clinic, pathogenesis and morphogenesis of pneumonia has a long history, however, there are still a number of unresolved questions regarding the role and significance of individual factors in the origin of this disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):1-6
pages 1-6 views

The state of hemodynamics in patients with chronic nonspecific lung diseases during surgical treatment

Babichev S.I., Pinskaya I.Y.


Identification of disorders in the state of the cardiovascular system in patients who are being prepared for surgery is one of the most important aspects of preoperative examination of patients. It acquires particular importance in chronic nonspecific lung diseases. As shown by numerous studies, these diseases cause more or less pronounced disorders, up to a picture of chronic pulmonary heart disease with severe circulatory failure [5, 7, 13, 14, etc.].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):6-12
pages 6-12 views

Indications for tracheotomy in acute respiratory failure after lung surgery in young children

Rokitskiy M.R., Javoronkov V.F.


The development of anesthesiology, the expansion of the possibilities of mechanical ventilation, the development of methods for prolonged tracheal intubation contributed to a significant limitation of indications for postoperative tracheostomy.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):12-16
pages 12-16 views

Insufficiency of blood circulation in toxic pneumonia in young children

Mamleeva K.H.


With severe toxic pneumonia in young children, circulatory disorders often develop, which sharply worsens the general condition of children and plays a decisive role in the outcome of the disease. The clinical picture and therapy of circulatory failure in pneumonia in young children has been relatively little studied.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):16-17
pages 16-17 views

Clinical and bacteriological examination of children with tuberculosis

Nikolaeva M.V., Brudnaya K.B., Chuprun R.P., Kalugina N.M., Gozman E.A.


In young children, the typical clinical manifestations of primary tuberculosis are considered to be damage to the lymphatic system of the lungs, a tendency to generalize the process and spread by lymphohematogenous, bronchogenic and per contuitatem routes [11, 12, 13]. Recently, caseous and generalized forms of tuberculosis are rare. The most frequent and typical form of tuberculosis in children is tuberculous bronchoadenitis [1, 2, 7, 12].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):17-19
pages 17-19 views

On the treatment of tuberculosis patients with single doses of tubazide

Smirnov G.A., Abdullina Z.R.


The method of single administration of daily doses of tuberculostatic drugs is increasingly being used in practice. However, the question of how patients with tuberculosis tolerate single doses of tubazide is still very poorly covered in the literature; moreover, the available data are largely contradictory.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):20-23
pages 20-23 views

Intra-arterial infusion of antibiotics for open fractures of tubular bones

Semenov N.P., Etkin V.I.


The method of fractional intra-arterial administration of medicinal substances for suppurative and vascular diseases of the extremities has been used for a long time.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):23-25
pages 23-25 views

Treatment of wounds with specific adapted bacteriophages

Krasnoshekova E.E., Soboleva V.A., Rabkova R.A., Mayorova I.A., Nigmatullin K.K., Zuykova V.P.


Studies carried out in Tbilisi by D.P. Gvenepadze and A.S. Mchedlishvilli (1959), V.A.Soboleva (1964), G.P. Kiknadze (1967), etc., have shown that polyvalent staphylococcal bacteriophage and other wound bacteriophages exhibit high lytic activity against antibiotic-resistant strains of microorganisms. We have established (Krasnoshchekova, 1968) that Kazan strains of antibiotic-resistant staphylococci isolated from patients with orthopedic-traumatological profile are sensitive to Tbilisi polyvalent staphylophagus (series No. 1) only in 65.2%.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):25-27
pages 25-27 views

Disability recovery after fractures of the pelvic bones

Karalin A.N., Hamitov R.K.


Pelvic fractures are severe injuries that lead to long-term disability and, in some cases, permanent disability. Among disabled people from injuries of the musculoskeletal system, the proportion of patients with fractures of the pelvic bones accounts for about 2-3% [1, 2].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):28-30
pages 28-30 views

Pneumographic diagnosis of certain diseases of the spinal cord and spine

Shulman H.M., Menyalkin U.A.


Topical diagnosis of diseases of the spinal cord and spine often presents certain difficulties. The pneumographic method for studying the subarachnoid space of the spinal cord was proposed by Dandy in 1919. In our country, it began to be used relatively recently, after the well-known works of MV Tsyvkin [1-6].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):30-32
pages 30-32 views

About fibrinolytic processes in preserved blood

Slobojankina I.K., Cazadze U.L.


Numerous studies have shown that blood loses its coagulation properties during long-term storage [1, 2, etc.]. However, the mechanism of these changes is not well understood. Along with the consumption of procoagulants during partial blood clotting during storage, a decrease in the activity of coagulation factors can be explained by the activation of fibrinolysis [3].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):32-35
pages 32-35 views

Prevention of complications in prostate adenomectomy

Sitdukov E.N., Hodasevich N.I.


Thromboembolism of the pulmonary, coronary, mesenteric, cerebral and other arteries, as well as profuse primary and secondary bleeding [1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10], are among the causes of mortality during surgery on the prostate gland. These formidable complications are explained by damage during the operation of large vessels of the urogenital venous plexus, increased fibrinolytic and anticoagulant factors in the blood during the operation and in the first days after it [4] and, finally, congestion in the small pelvis at a later date and an increase in thrombus formation in damaged venous vessels.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):35-37
pages 35-37 views

Criterion for the cure of tuberculosis of the genitourinary system

Aidarov A.A.


This work is based on the data of clinical, radiological and laboratory examination of 205 patients with tuberculosis of the genitourinary system, who are undergoing outpatient treatment and dispensary observation over the past 5 years. 132 of them are registered for the active group (VA and ѴB) and 73 for the inactive group (ѴВ).

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):38-40
pages 38-40 views

Violation of the secretion of growth hormone in obese patients

Balabolkin M.I.


Obesity is a disease in which fat metabolism is primarily disturbed. The central nervous system and endocrine glands are involved in the regulation of fat metabolism; under their influence, absorption, transport, deposition, exit from the depot and utilization of fats are carried out. Growth hormone plays an important role in this. Therefore, the study of its secretion in obesity has both theoretical and practical significance.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):40-41
pages 40-41 views

Combined use for circulatory failure strophantidine acetate and methyluracil

Valeeva R.M.


Cardiac glycosides are one of the main treatments for patients with circulatory failure. However, therapy with cardiac glycosides and diuretics is often unsuccessful; moreover, with pronounced degrees of circulatory insufficiency, the toxic effect of glycosides appears early.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):42-44
pages 42-44 views

To the treatment of gastrogenic tetany

Nikolaev G.M., Muhametzyanov S.A., Chuprin V.G., Latfullin I.A.


One of the severe complications of the course of gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer is a relatively rare gastrogenic tetany, known under various names: chlorohydropenic syndrome, chloropenia, chloroprivial uremia, gastrogenic chloroprivative tetany, hypochloremic azotemia, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):44-47
pages 44-47 views

Interrelation of disorders of motor and secretory functions of the stomach in peptic ulcer disease

Chugunov V.K.


The purpose of our work was to compare the disturbances in the motor and secretory activity of the stomach in peptic ulcer disease in different phases of the disease. In parallel, we studied the content of K and Na in blood plasma and in gastric contents.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):47-49
pages 47-49 views

Detection of autoantibodies in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer

Ulmetieva D.G.


The questions of the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease, despite the abundance of works in this area, still cannot be considered resolved. Since the large role of immunological reactivity in the pathogenesis and course of many diseases has now been proven, it is of interest to study the state of sensitization of the body in such a persistent, recurrent process, which is peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):50-51
pages 50-51 views

Pancreatic dysfunction in children with mumps

Tenisheva R.H.


The frequency of damage to the pancreas in mumps, manifested in the form of acute pancreatitis, according to various authors, ranges from 2 to 20%. Often, the phenomena of pancreatitis are mild, without pronounced clinical symptoms.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):51-52
pages 51-52 views

Architectonics and topography of the intrahepatic biliary tract in early childhood

Arbuzova M.S., Songolov G.I.


The imposition of biliodigestive anastomoses in newborns (with atresia of the biliary tract), performing liver resection in older children and other surgical interventions in the same contingent of patients require knowledge of the architectonics of the biliary tract and their relationship with other tubular structures both in the liver itself and outside it ...

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):52-55
pages 52-55 views

To the method of entropy analysis of the eeg

Aminev G.A., Chuvashaev R.S.


One of the informative indicators of the psychophysiological state is the level of asymmetry of the phases of the main EEG rhythm [1, 2, etc.]. This indicator can be calculated as the mathematical expectation of the sign of the first EEG derivative

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):55-56
pages 55-56 views

Results of compression tonometric tests and tonographic studies at different stages of primary glaucoma

Turshyan I.A.


Recently, the interest of ophthalmologists in compression-tonometric tests, in particular, to one of the test options - simplified topography, has increased, which enable a practitioner to get an idea of the state of the hydrodynamics of the eye under study without complicated and expensive equipment.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):56-58
pages 56-58 views

Leptospirosis pomona in Izhevsk

Soloshenko I.Z., Zorina Z.M., Ojegova Z.E., Martunova A.P., Ivanova M.N.


Mass diseases of Pomona with leptospirosis in urban conditions are very rare. Within the USSR, they are described in the city of Grozny [1-3]. Since these reports exhaust all information about the urban outbreaks of Pomona leptospirosis, the diseases we observed in 1968 among the inhabitants of Izhevsk are of certain interest.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):58-59
pages 58-59 views

To assess ovarian function in precancerous conditions of the uterus

Gataullin K.D.


The study of the functional morphology of the ovaries in precancerous conditions of the uterus is not only of theoretical interest, but also of great practical importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):59-62
pages 59-62 views

On the advisability of combining ultrasound with paracervical administration of anti-tuberculosis drugs

Gordeeva N.K.


The existing methods of treating patients with tuberculosis of the genitals are not always effective enough, especially in chronic encapsulated processes. The method of administration of anti-tuberculosis drugs, as well as the complexity of the therapy, has a significant impact on the results.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):62-64
pages 62-64 views

Etiology and prevention of cervico-vaginal fistulas

Vachnadze I.K.


Cervico-vaginal fistulas are formed against the background of various damages of the cervix, including its central ruptures. Although these fistulas are relatively rare, they can lead to serious consequences - miscarriage, inflammation of the uterine appendages, infertility. There is no doubt that the prevention of these fistulas, which has received little attention in the literature, will significantly reduce the number of such patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):64-66
pages 64-66 views

Direct blood transfusion for sepsis after criminal abortion

Markman A.E., Gricevskaya E.L.


Прямое переливание крови производилось нами 12 раз у 5 больных. У всех больных септическое заболевание развилось после введения в полость матки катетера, мыльного раствора, раствора фурациллина, марганцовокислого калия. При поступле­нии больные жаловались на боли внизу живота, озноб, головную боль, повышение температуры до 39°. При обследовании в стационаре у всех больных отмечались явления гнойного метро-эндометрита, гнойные выделения из влагалища, явления септицемии и септикопиемии, а у 2 — явления септического перитонита и панметрита, что потребовало экстирпации матки с трубами.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):66-67
pages 66-67 views

On the structure of gynecological inflammatory morbidity and therapeutic measures

Perepelica V.Y.


As you know, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs of women continue to be an urgent problem, especially in terms of prevention. The number of women seeking treatment in medical institutions is extremely large.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):67-69
pages 67-69 views

On the mechanism of action of caffeine on the neuro-endocrine apparatus in hypercholesterolemia

Nefedova A.I.


According to A.I.Seranova (1963), K.I. Tsintsadze and ooavt. (1969), caffeine contributes to the development of alimentary hypercholesterolemia. IK Shkhvatsabay (1956) showed that long-term use of caffeine in rabbits leads to a decrease in alimentary hypercholesterolemia and weakly affects vascular lipoidosis. Hence the need for further study of caffeine in the treatment of atherosclerosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):69-70
pages 69-70 views

Excretion of 17-ketosteroids in emotional stress

Pushkova I.E., Kotlyarevskiy V.E.


The adaptation of the body of a young person to new specific conditions of activity characteristic of a higher educational institution causes significant shifts in many functional systems of the body (Kh. S. Khamitov, E. V. Kotlyarevsky, 1970, 1971). In this case, the pituitary-adrenal system occupies a special place.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):71-72
pages 71-72 views

Microflora in suppurative lung diseases

Bulgakov Y.U., Migranov M.G.


One of the factors that negatively affect the course and outcome of surgical treatment of suppurative lung diseases is their microbial contamination.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):72-73
pages 72-73 views

Influence of anabolic steroids on the content of free amino acids in the blood of tuberculosis patients after lung resection

Hautina E.S.


The early postoperative period is characterized by increased breakdown of tissue proteins, hyperaminoacidemia, increased excretion of nitrogenous products in the urine.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):73-73
pages 73-73 views

Intussusception of the appendix

Dzamukov A.D.


K., 23 years old, was admitted on 22/3 1971 at 9 o'clock with complaints of pain in the right iliac region, nausea, vomiting. He fell ill acutely, was ill for a day.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):74-74
pages 74-74 views

Local leukocytosis in cervical osteochondrosis syndrome

Batyasov U.A.


We studied local and segmental-radicular leukocytosis in cervical osteochondrosis. Blood was taken from the 4th finger of the hand and from the Erb's supraclavicular point. The difference between general and local leukocytosis of 1000 leukocytes was taken into account, the smaller difference was not taken into account.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):74-74
pages 74-74 views

On the surgical treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis

Shulman H.M.


Until now, there is no specific scheme of indications for surgical treatment of patients with osteochondrosis. The study of the clinical picture of the disease in more than 200 patients and the comparison of the obtained data with the operational findings allowed us to propose a working classification of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, on the basis of which indications for conservative and surgical therapy can be formulated.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):74-75
pages 74-75 views

The content of glycogen in lymphocytes in chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Shustova L.N.


In recent years, much attention has been paid to the study of glycogen in leukocytes in systemic blood diseases.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):75-76
pages 75-76 views

Combination of agronulocytosis and candidiasis

Miloslavskaya A.M., Shafikov R.H.


Over the past 3 years, in the therapeutic department of the Republican Hospital, we observed 3 patients with a concomitant disease of agranulocytosis and candidiasis.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):76-77
pages 76-77 views

Reactivity of the body of children with tuberculous meningitis

Gimranova A.Z.


In tuberculous meningitis, the reactivity of the body is significantly reduced, which affects the course and outcome of the disease. Changes in the hemogram can serve as indicators of reactivity in children with tuberculous meningitis: BF Shagan's lymphocytic index and Sh. D. Moshkovsky's nuclear index.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):77-77
pages 77-77 views

About a rare complication of syringomyelia

Usmanov A.S.


In the foreign domestic literature, spontaneously emerging trophic ulcers in syringomyelia are only mentioned in passing.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):77-78
pages 77-78 views

A rare case of keeping the fetus alive after a ruptured uterus

Kolomuc L.S., Ovchinnikov L.L.


We observed a case of pregnancy with a live fetus in the abdominal cavity after rupture of the uterus on the basis of criminal interference.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):78-79
pages 78-79 views

Rare observations of fetal malformations

Orlova N.V.


Perinatal mortality with malformations reaches 12.5% (I.S. Legenchenko), according to our data - 12%.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):79-79
pages 79-79 views

On determining the weight of the fetus in women in labor with a relative narrowing of the pelvis

Voronin K.V., Yakupova R.M.


Knowing the estimated weight of the fetus in women with anatomical pelvic constriction allows delivery planning and prognosis of labor.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):79-80
pages 79-80 views

Teleangiectatic disease in a pregnant woman

Perepelica V.Y.


In the literature available to us, there were only 2 descriptions of the Randu-Osler disease in combination with pregnancy, which ended in urgent labor.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):80-81
pages 80-81 views

To the diagnosis of opisthorchiasis

Hamidullin R.I.


On the territory of the Middle Volga region in the TASSR, we have identified a large focus of opisthorchiasis, including almost all riverine regions of Tataria: Kuibyshevsky, Zelenodolsky, Tetyushsky, Kamsko-Ustinsky (Volga river), Laishevsky, Alekseevsky, Chistopolsky, Rybno-Slobodsky (Kamyshsky rivers), Aktansky (r. Belaya).

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):81-82
pages 81-82 views

Mortality of the population of Kazan from malignant tumors in 1960-1970.

Kashtanov N.F.


We analyzed medical death certificates issued in Kazan in 1960-1970. During the specified period, the proportion of malignant tumors in the total mortality of the population of the city of Kazan was 17.72 + 0.51%.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):82-82
pages 82-82 views

Working conditions of scourers in raw-dyeing production

Gayazova S.S., Baktasheva L.S.


We carried out physiological studies in 32 scourers aged 36 to 52 years, with work experience from 2 to 24 years. The workload of the main job is 87 to 93% of the working time.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):83-83
pages 83-83 views

On the transport of substances and tissue insufficiency

Pokalev G.M.


This work is devoted to the role of the transport of substances in ensuring the vital activity of tissues in conditions of both normal and pathological conditions.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):83-87
pages 83-87 views

On the performance indicators of the city ambulance station

Messel M.A.


The issue of the performance indicators of the city ambulance station for elk still cannot be considered completely resolved. If, when deploying hospitals and outpatient-type institutions, they use more or less specific indicators developed in the practice of these institutions that establish their throughput, capacity, the ratio between the population and the number of beds or outpatient visits, then for ambulance stations, the development of performance indicators is still only outlined (E. S. Antipenko, P. I. Ramazanov).

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):88-89
pages 88-89 views

Childhood injuries according to data from hospitals in Ufa

Faizova N.A.


We set ourselves the goal of studying children's injuries in the city of Ufa in 1966-1968. according to the data of trauma hospitals and on the basis of this to develop a set of measures for its prevention. The paper presents an analysis of child injuries in 5 districts of the city (Table 1).

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):90-91
pages 90-91 views

From the history of the Bashkir Republican Society of Surgeons

Gataullin N.G.


The now existing republican scientific medical societies originate from the Ufa Society of Physicians, organized in 1882 and which became the focus of active scientific and practical activities of doctors in Ufa and the Ufa province. The society united doctors of all specialties, including surgeons. It continued its work with interruptions until 1917. During the years of the civil war, the society did not function.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):92-93
pages 92-93 views

Kazan doctors about kumis treatment

Sharafutdinova R.M.


By the end of the 19th century, there were about 50 private kumis hospitals in Russia. In the Kazan province, there were kumys treatment establishments without medical supervision, such as boarding houses. I \ these include the kumys treatment institution of Ya.A. Abdulmenov in the village of Gorki, Kazan district, which functioned in 1875, institutions of Serebryakova (1878), A. Aminev (1875), Ishukov (1902), Kuzyashev and Almakayev (1909) .).

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):94-95
pages 94-95 views

Professor Evgeniya Alekseevna Domracheva

Kolcova L.A.


27 / XII 1971 marks the 80th anniversary of the birth of a dental surgeon, Honored Scientist of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Professor E. A. Domracheva.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(2):95-96
pages 95-96 views

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