Vol 69, No 3 (1988)

Ways to reduce infant mortality in the Tatar ASSR

Bardina G.A., Nikolskaya L.A., Fattakhova F.A., Minnekaev K.K.


In recent years the country has implemented a number of social and medical measures aimed at improving medical care for the population, with priority given to maternal and child health care. However, further development of obstetric and child welfare services is possible only by combining the efforts of all branches of practical healthcare. In order to determine the causes of infant mortality in the TASSR, to develop ways to reduce it, and to identify the reserves for improving medical care for women and children, the results of the child and obstetric services for 1985-1987 were analyzed.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):161-163
pages 161-163 views

Treatment of burns and their consequences in children

Pakhomov S.P., Vereshchagina E.S., Ahsakhalyan E.C., Levanova E.N.


We summarized the experience of treatment in the Republican Burn Center from 1970 to 1986. 1847 children with fresh burns at the age of 7 days to 14 years and 368 children with scar contractures and deformities after burns. The overall lethality in thermal trauma in children was 4.9%; in patients with deep burns it was 9.2%, which was determined to a large extent by the severity of the condition of the victims. The proportion of children with deep skin lesions was rather high, 53.2% of all hospitalized patients, with 522 patients having areas of deep burns within 10% of body surface, 225 patients had areas from 11 to 20%, 132 had areas from 21 to 30%, 66 had areas from 31 to 40%, 38 had areas from 41 to 50%, 19 had areas from 51 to 60%, and 11 had areas over 60% of body surface.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):163-166
pages 163-166 views

Long-term results of retinoblastoma treatment in children

Beletskaya L.V., Khasanova N.A., Shamsutdinova R.A., Ayupova L.V., Khismatov M.K.


Retinoblastoma is a malignant retinal tumor in young children. It usually develops in the first two years of life. In 25-30% of patients, the tumor affects both eyes. Nowadays, the hereditary nature of retinoblastomas has been proved in 50-70% of patients. The tumor grows rapidly and has a tendency to metastasize. Metastases to lymph nodes, skull bones, brain, ribs, sternum, spine, less often to internal organs can appear already in stage I or more often in stage II of the disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):166-167
pages 166-167 views

Marginal periodontal lesions in children with maxillofacial anomalies

Khamitova N.K.


To diagnose periodontal disease and assess the effectiveness of treatment such methods of examination as X-ray diagnosis and reoparodontography are used. Of particular value is X-ray diagnosis, which allows to objectively determine the condition of the alveolar appendix bone tissue and the body of the jaw. Reoparodontography is very informative in the diagnosis of periodontal diseases in children, as it provides an opportunity to record the sprinkles for a long time and continuously without disturbing the physiological conditions of the studied area.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):167-168
pages 167-168 views

X-ray diagnosis of functional changes in the gastrointestinal tract due to birth injuries of the spine and spinal cord

Akberov R.F.


To date, the pathogenesis of regurgitation and vomiting in newborns has not been adequately studied. Some researchers attribute their origin to blunt Gys angle, but do not rule out a neurological nature. Others point out that a frequent cause of regurgitation and vomiting in newborns and infants is impaired maturation of organs and systems. M.F. Deshchekina considers post-traumatic hypoxic encephalopathy to be the cause of regurgitation, vomiting and reflux esophagitis development. Extremely interesting is the fact established by S.Y. Doletsky: 20% of such children had a birth trauma. According to other researchers, pylorospasm, dynamic intestinal obstruction in newborns are caused mainly by birth trauma of the brain.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):168-171
pages 168-171 views

Causes of adverse course of acute appendicitis in children

Savvidi I.V.


We analyzed 220 observations of complicated forms of acute appendicitis in children and medical histories of 22 patients who died of the disease. The causes of the adverse course of acute appendicitis were studied at three stages of medical care: 1) at the level of pediatric areas, ambulance services, and somatic pediatric departments, 2) in the general surgical departments of the CDC, and 3) in specialized pediatric surgical departments.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):172-173
pages 172-173 views

Diagnosis and conservative treatment of intussusception in pediatric surgery

Mustafin A.A., Bulashov V.I., Akinfiev A.V.


In diagnosis and conservative treatment of intussusception in children methods involving retrograde injection of water, barium suspension, air into the large intestine are widespread. This procedure is performed primarily after the administration of analgesic and antispasmodic drugs, presacral novocaine blockade, and less frequently - under anesthesia. Most authors use fluoroscopy to monitor the course of disinvagination and effectiveness of treatment. S.Y. Doletsky et al. report about the possibility of disinvagination with and under the control of fibrocolonoscopy.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):173-174
pages 173-174 views

Phlebography in varicocele

Belykh S.I., Galeev R.K., Safin G.M.


Transfemoral phlebography with renal and testicular vein catheterization is now widely recommended to elucidate the causes of varicocele, especially in recurrent disease. However, this method is available only in medical institutions with vasographic rooms, and varicocele cannot be classified as a rare disease because it is diagnosed in 8-20% of young men and in 8.4% of 10-15 year old boys. The association of fertility with varicose veins of the spermatic cord makes varicocele a social problem.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):174-175
pages 174-175 views

The importance of predisposition in the development and diagnosis of kidney disease

Maltsev S.V., Davydov V.M.


During 1983-1986, 1,896 children with urinary system diseases were examined in the nephrology department. Application of a wide complex of clinical, laboratory and radiological methods allowed to diagnose 20 different variants of renal pathology within 12 nosological groups. Acquired nephropathies accounted for 81% in the total structure of kidney diseases in children.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):176-177
pages 176-177 views

Dynamics of cellular and humoral immunity parameters in children under the influence of specific immunotherapy with food allergens

Potemkina A.M.


In recent years, our country has devoted considerable attention to the study of food allergies in children, which in many respects remains understudied; in particular, ways to improve the effectiveness of specific treatment are being sought. Attempts to use specific hypersensitization with food allergens in children and adults by oral, inhalation, subcutaneous and rectal methods have not yielded the desired results. The sublingual method, successfully tested for the first time on several adult patients, proved to be more promising. The efficacy of this method used in children with food allergies was 70-80%.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):178-180
pages 178-180 views

Diagnostic significance of determination of immunoglobulin E level in newborns with allergic diathesis and their mothers

Kuznetsova N.A., Begicheva E.V., Zaripov R.A., Puzyreva N.A.


The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic significance of determining the level of total immunoglobulin E as a marker of atopy in newborns with allergic diathesis and in their mothers.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):180-181
pages 180-181 views

Magnesium metabolism disorder in rickets-like diseases

Kankasova M.N., Myakisheva L.S.


Rickets-like diseases are inherited metabolic disorders. The most common forms of these diseases are vitamin-E-dependent rickets, Debret de Tony-Fanconi disease, and vitamin-D-resistant rickets. Their differential diagnosis is still very difficult because the clinical and radiological picture of these forms is very similar. All forms of rickets-like diseases are characterized by significant metabolic disorders and primarily phosphorus-calcium metabolism. A large role in metabolic processes in the body plays magnesium as an activator of many enzymes, in particular alkaline phosphatase and pyrophosphatase, directly related to the process of mineralization of bone tissue. A number of authors note the close relationship of magnesium metabolism with phosphorus-calcium metabolism. However, magnesium metabolism in rickets-like diseases has been insufficiently studied; the magnesium level in the blood was determined only in individual patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):181-183
pages 181-183 views

Informativity of corrected orthogonal ECG leads in active rheumatism and non-rheumatic carditis in pediatrics

Burba N.E., Mamish A.M., Okulova E.M.


The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of corrected orthogonal ECG leads according to Frank's system for heart lesions in children with rheumatism and non-rheumatic carditis.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):183-185
pages 183-185 views

Lipid peroxidation and electrophysical properties of erythrocyte membranes during acute respiratory viral infections in children

Anokhin V.A., Nikolaev A.M., Karandashova L.I., Tsaregorodtsev A.D., Malysheva L.M.


Intensification of lipid peroxidation processes is of great importance in the violation of functional integrity of tissues of the respiratory tract and increased vascular and tissue permeability in a number of bronchopulmonary diseases. Since respiratory viruses are cytopathogenic agents, their leading role in the development of membrane disorders in acute inflammatory respiratory diseases in young children should be assumed. The works previously carried out in this direction refer only to the complicated forms of respiratory viral infections.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):185-187
pages 185-187 views

Electrophoresis of human concentrated leukocyte interferon in the treatment of jaundice-free forms of viral hepatitis A in children

Bryukhanova L.K., Dvoretskaya S.A., Kuznetsov V.P.


Interferons as the most important factors of nonspecific reactivity of the organism perform a variety of control-regulatory functions aimed at preserving cellular homeostasis. The main of these functions are antiviral, antiproliferative, immunomodulatory and radioprotective. In recent years there have been reports on the use of interferon in various diseases, including viral hepatitis. Massive doses of interferon and repeated prescriptions are used for basic intramuscular administration.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):187-189
pages 187-189 views

Peculiarities of the formation of external respiratory function and acid-base status in premature infants

Saidova M.V., Imamutdinova A.S.


The immaturity of a number of functional systems in premature infants has a significant impact on adaptation to the conditions of extrauterine existence. First of all, it concerns the external respiratory system, which in premature infants has clear signs of immaturity. The body even of a preterm infant at birth is for some time under conditions of reduced gas exchange and moderate metabolic acidosis, but this period is short - gas exchange is quickly normalized.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):189-190
pages 189-190 views

Effect of premature rupture of amniotic fluid on the development of newborn external respiration

Yaroslavsky V.K., Malyarchuk V.V.


The status of the intrauterine fetus in 80 pregnant women with a full-term pregnancy and premature miscarriage was studied, as well as the respiratory adaptation of the babies born. The duration of water-free period in Group 1 (25) women in labor was 6-12 h, in Group 2 (35), 12-20 h, and in Group 3 (20), more than 20 h. Complications occurred in 23 women in labor (weak labor activity, fetal hypoxia), which required the use of abdominal forceps in 4 of them and cesarean section in 3. Labor induction was used in 43 women.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):191-192
pages 191-192 views

Uterine contractile function in pregnant women with extragenital pathology

Mikhailov A.V., Onoprienko N.V., Zabazlaev F.G.


The effect of impaired uterine contractile function on the course of pregnancy and labor in women with extragenital pathology was studied. A total of 147 women at 20-27, 28-36, 37-40, 41 weeks' gestation were examined. There were 79 (53.7%) primiparous women, of whom 5 (3.4%) were over 30 years of age. The medical history showed that pregnancy was terminated in 27 (18.4%), menstrual irregularities with algodysmenorrhea with premenstrual syndrome in 112 (76.2%), marked endocrine disorders in 12 (8.2%), vascular dystonia in 43 (29.2%), lipid metabolism disorders in 27 (18.4%), pyelonephritis in 69 (46.9%), anemia in 24 (16.3%). Pregnancy developed against a background of sexual infantilism in 92 (62.6%), hypoplastic uterus in 14 (9.5%).

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):192-194
pages 192-194 views

The course of pregnancy and childbirth in female workers in the machine-building industry

Chirkova A.V., Oshchepkov V.I., Kornyaeva Z.S., Khamitov R.L., Zhdanova V.I., Petrushkova N.I.


The purpose of this study was to develop methodological and organizational foundations for the prevention of pregnancy and childbirth complications in female workers in the machine-building industry.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):194-195
pages 194-195 views

Laser reflex therapy for vomiting in pregnant women

Perepelitsa S.E.


Currently, there is a growing interest in the use of non-medicinal methods of treatment worldwide, in particular, laser reflexotherapy. This is due to the fact that not in all cases the prescription of medications leads to the desired therapeutic effect, there are often side effects when using them, the allergic predisposition to a variety of medications grows rapidly.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):195-197
pages 195-197 views

Operative laparoscopy in the rehabilitation of reproductive function in women with tubal pregnancies

Gladyshev V.Y., Lipovka V.I., Zaruba M.Y.


In the structure of obstetric and gynecological pathology, ectopic pregnancy occupies a prominent place. It is known that after removal of one fallopian tube in 31-80% of cases there is infertility. Repeated tubal pregnancy is noted in 8-9.5%. Rehabilitation measures carried out after the operation are also not effective enough: uterine pregnancy comes in 23-40% of women. Over the last 15-20 years, conservative-plastic surgeries preserving the organ have been used for tubal pregnancy. The pregnancy rate after these operations reaches 29.3-30.5%. We see significant opportunities to further increase the effectiveness by improving postoperative rehabilitation measures.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):197-198
pages 197-198 views

To the pathogenesis of cerebral circulation disorders in young women

Kakhovsky E.A., Buraeva N.V.


In recent years, the dependence of vascular disease on age and sex has been widely discussed in the literature. Disturbance of hormonal activity of endocrine glands plays an important role in the development of circulatory pathology.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):198-199
pages 198-199 views

Use of Adiurecrine in alcohol withdrawal

Shapiro Y.G.


It is known that the results of using small neuropeptides like Vasopressin in the therapy of psychiatric diseases are very encouraging. Thus, A. I. Ivanitsky et al. successfully used Lysine-Vasopressin in the conditioned reflex therapy of alcoholism and found an increase in the efficiency of this method. They noted sufficient stability of the developed conditioned reflex.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):199-200
pages 199-200 views

Novocain blockade of stellate nodes in the treatment of patients with diffuse neurodermatitis

Merinov V.A.


Impaired autonomic nervous system function in diffuse neurodermatitis is now generally recognized, with the crucial importance believed to be not generalized, but local dystonia of both parts of the autonomic nervous system. Studies carried out in diffuse neurodermatitis have shown significant disturbances in catecholamine excretion. A decrease in urinary excretion of adrenaline and a marked increase in norepinephrine excretion were observed during the exacerbation period of the dermatosis. Despite many existing methods of treatment, therapy of patients with diffuse neurodermatitis is often a difficult task in the practice of a dermatologist.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):200-201
pages 200-201 views

Blood Fibronectin in Influenza Patients Complicated by Pneumonia

Morokov V.S.


In the pathogenesis of influenza complicated by pneumonia, a significant role is assigned to intravascular activation of the hemostasis system up to the development of DIC syndrome, manifested clinically by hemorrhages in the skin, mucosa and internal organs. Hemorrhagic syndrome often determines not only the severity, but also the outcome of the disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):201-203
pages 201-203 views

New directions in the surgical treatment of deep burns

Vikhriev B.S., Bautin E.A., Belonogov L.I., Kichemasov S.K., Malakhov S.F., Pukhov V.V., Skvortsov Y.R.


Until recently, the main methods of surgical treatment of deep burns remain plasty with split skin grafts and skin and fat flaps on a temporary or permanent feeding stem (Indian, Italian, stalked, counter triangular flaps). The use of various modifications of dermatome plasty makes it possible to save the lives of many burned people doomed to death in the past. However, the disadvantages inherent in the above methods of dermatoplasty do not allow us to fully implement a saving and restorative approach in treating deep burns and their consequences, in particular burns of IV, IIIB degrees, localized in functionally active areas of the body, and deep burns with an area greater than 30% of the body surface.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):203-205
pages 203-205 views

Indications for bladder blind suture in suprapubic transurethral adenomectomy

Sitdykov E.N., Basiashvili T.G.


Suprapubic transurethral adenomectomy is the most common method of surgical treatment of patients with prostatic adenoma. Some authors recommend to end the operation with the primary bladder blind suture with a short-term urethral drainage; others, being afraid of postoperative inflammatory complications in the upper urinary tract and kidneys, genitals, as well as secondary bleeding from the prostatic adenoma bed, prefer to perform temporary urine drainage additionally through the suprapubic bladder stoma.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):206-207
pages 206-207 views

Modern anti-inflammatory drugs. Some aspects of the mechanism of therapeutic action and side effects

Ziganshina L.E.


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, phlogolytics, antiphlogistics) belong to the most frequently prescribed medications in world medical practice. In combination with other drugs or individually they are used to treat rheumatic diseases, inflammatory processes in a variety of pathologies. They are widely used to relieve pain, reduce elevated body temperature. That is why the questions of development of side effects of antiphlogistics manifested by affection of different organs and systems are of particular importance. In recent years, in the literature, the issue of the interdependence of the main (anti-inflammatory) and side effects of NSAIDs, which is a direct manifestation of their pharmacological effect, is widely discussed.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):207-210
pages 207-210 views

Etiology, pathogenesis and therapy of algomenorrhea

Luzina N.L., Bakuleva L.P.


Primary algomenorrhea refers to the pain syndrome of menstruation occurring before long with the first menstrual discharge 6-12 months after menarche. Pain is combined with nausea, fatigue, irritability, and other emotional and autonomic disorders.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):211-214
pages 211-214 views

Role of free-radical oxidation in the pathology of newborns and infants

Pikuza O.I., Gabitova N.K., Khairullina N.N.


The processes of free-radical oxidation of lipids are considered to be the fundamental molecular mechanism of biological membrane damage. At the present stage, significant data have been accumulated on the activity of lipid peroxidation processes in acute pathology in children.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):214-216
pages 214-216 views

Standard content of some hormones and cyclic nucleotides in the blood of children of the first year of life

Eiberman A.S.


The aim of this work was to determine the normal values of concentrations of some hormones and cyclic nucleotides in the blood of children of the first year of life in the age and sex aspects.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):216-216
pages 216-216 views

The significance of cytochemical studies of leukocytes in the diagnosis and evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment of acute purulent destructive pneumonia in pediatric practice

Yuldashev M.T., Kayumov F.A.


To assess diagnostic significance of enzyme activity in peripheral blood leukocytes when determining individual stages of acute purulent destructive pneumonia in children we performed cytochemical studies in 52 patients aged from one month to 10 years. In 14 children the disease was infiltrative, in 38 - destructive. The control group consisted of 15 healthy children of the same age.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):216-217
pages 216-217 views

Psoriatic arthropathy in children

Petrova G.P., Alimova N.Z.


Psoriasis is a chronic disease that can occur at any age, including early childhood. In addition to specific changes in the skin, some patients with this disease affect other organs, including the joints. Joint involvement in psoriasis in children is very rare. Here are two observations as an example.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):217-218
pages 217-218 views

Possibility of radiophotometric indexing of bone structures of the thoracic spine in children and adolescents

Murugov V.S., Bashirova F.K.


Photometry of 6 radiographs of the thoracic spine of healthy children and adolescents aged 10 to 14 years was performed. Nine radiographs were obtained for one radiograph, for a total of 54. All photograms turned out to be identical. The data of X-ray photometric analysis showed that the optical density of the bone structures fixed in the photogram was relatively stable in each case. Asymmetry of optical density of bone structures was noted: it was higher on the left than on the right, especially at the level of D6. The optical density of all bone structures was higher the lower the vertebra was located, i.e. the density of bone structures of the upper vertebra was lower than that of the lower vertebra, which could be explained by the overlaying of the mediastinal shadow on the left side, especially at the level of D5-6-7-8. In all other cases, the asymmetry should be considered as a variant of the structure.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):218-218
pages 218-218 views

Congenital lymphosarcoma of the glossopharyngeal space in a 2-month-old child

Baityakov V.V., Garina R.S.


Malignant tumors of the pharynx (especially sarcomas) can also affect children. We describe a rare case of congenital lymphosarcoma.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):218-219
pages 218-219 views

Development of secondary curvatures of the spine in childhood

Prystulyuk O.V.


We examined 100 children aged 2 to 13 years with the initial stages of scoliosis. Eighty-eight of them (group 1) showed signs of natal pathology of the cervical spine and spinal cord, and 12 of them (group 2) showed signs of natal pathology of the lumbar spinal cord. In both groups, the frequency of unfavorable births in the obstetric history, as well as the lag in physical development of these children in the first year of life, were noteworthy.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):219-220
pages 219-220 views

Relationship of cervical spine birth injuries to gastrointestinal dyskinesia in children

Morozov V.I., Malyshev V.G.


Forty-three children under 6 months of age with regurgitation syndrome and recurrent guttural vomiting were examined. Surgical pathology of the gastrointestinal tract was excluded in all children. Passage of barium suspension revealed signs of pylorospasm, one of the most common symptoms of gastric dyskinesia in infants. Often, gastric dyskinesia was combined with spastic or spastic-atonic dyskinesia of the small intestine.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):220-220
pages 220-220 views

Experience in treating children with pelvic osteomyelitis

Mukhametzyanov R.M.


From 1983 to 1986, we operated on 5 patients with pelvic osteomyelitis. There were 2 children aged 8 to 10 years and 3 patients aged 11 to 15 years. Duration of the disease in 3 patients - up to 14 days, in 2 - from 2 to 4 months. Three patients were diagnosed with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and two with chronic osteomyelitis. The inflammatory process in all 5 children was localized in the right half of the pelvis, in 4 - in the iliac bone, in one - in the iliac, pubic, and sciatic bones with lesions of the hip joint.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):220-220
pages 220-220 views

Stromal fibroblasts and invasive cancer growth

Petrov S.B.


Stromal fibroblasts from 230 cancerous tumors of different localization were studied. Fibroblasts were located in the stroma of cancerous tumors relatively uniformly - on average 2430.9 ± 133.7 per 1 mm2 stroma, but since the stroma occupied only a part of tumors, the number of fibroblasts per 1 mm2 histological preparation of neoplasm was somewhat lower and varied from 58.1 to 2772.0 (on average 1114.4 ± 107.8), and in some cases fibroblasts were the prevailing cell type. The axial orientation of these stromal cells, especially in the areas of mature stroma, mostly coincided with the direction of collagen fiber bundles, and in the areas of edematous and disorganized connective tissue was often chaotic.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):220-221
pages 220-221 views

Sulfhydryl group content in dry plasma of pregnant, parturient, and postpartum women

Magomedbekov A.G.


Sulfhydryl groups were detected in the dry plasma of 63 first-born and 49 second-born healthy women at 38-40 weeks of pregnancy, during the first and second periods of labor, at 2 hours after delivery, and on the 3rd and 5th days after delivery. Ten healthy non-pregnant women of childbearing age constituted the control group.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):221-221
pages 221-221 views

Acute fatty liver dystrophy and pregnancy

Bashirova D.K., Enaleeva D.S., Tsaregorodtsev A.D., Gilyazutdinova Z.S., Sadykov B.G., Miftakhova F.A., Kolosova N.A., Olkhova M.G., Fatkullov M.S.


The etiology and pathogenesis of acute liver obesity in pregnancy are poorly understood. It is believed that this severe complication of pregnancy is caused by a lack of protein nutrition, depression of protein synthesis. Clinically, the disease runs as fulminant (malignant) hepatitis.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):221-223
pages 221-223 views

Experience of surgical interventions in gynecological patients of elderly and old age

Malkov Y.Y., Kazakova E.V.


We analyzed surgical outcomes in 235 women aged 50 to 81 years operated on for uterine fibroids, ovarian cystomas (49), endometrial cancer (30), uterine prolapse and vaginal wall prolapse (25), preinvasive cervical cancer combined with myoma and adenomatosis (3), uterine tube cancer (1).

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):223-223
pages 223-223 views

Experience of anonymous treatment for chronic alcoholics and abusers

Klassen I.A., Nikolskaya L.D.


Anonymous treatment of alcohol abusers and chronic alcoholics as one of the forms of outpatient narcological care for the population is becoming increasingly important for patients with preserved social status. From the beginning of 1986, an anonymous treatment room began to function in our dispensary. Clients can receive help and advice five days a week, three of them in the evenings until 10 p.m. The anonymous treatment office has a room with a file cabinet for individual doctor's appointments, psychotherapy and treatment rooms, and a waiting room.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):223-225
pages 223-225 views

On the prevalence of biliary system diseases among schoolchildren of the Udmurt ASSR

Yamoldinov R.N., Myakisheva L.S.


Non-infectious diseases of the digestive organs are among the diseases whose prevalence has significantly increased in recent years both among adults and children. In order to study the prevalence of biliary diseases in children we carried out a study by the method of A. A. Baranov and O. V. Grinina in five towns and working settlements of the Udmurt ASSR. A total of 2249 children aged 7 to 14 years were examined.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):225-226
pages 225-226 views

Hygienic assessment of the daily routine of children in preparatory groups of preschools

Muratova D.A.


Educational work carried out in classes in preschools is crucial to the mental development of children, being at this stage the main form of preparing children for school.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):227-228
pages 227-228 views

Morbidity of children in rural areas under conditions of intensive use of pesticides

Zaikonnikova I.V., Mukhutdinov I.Z., Imamov A.K., Minnekaev K.K., Yurov S.V.


In recent decades, in our country and abroad, chemical agents are widely used to protect crops and to control arthropod pests. The intensity of their use in agricultural zones of the country depends on the type of crops grown, natural-climatic and agrobiological conditions. Numerous hygienic studies proved that long-term and intensive use of chemicals in agriculture causes not only increase in their residual amounts in environmental objects, but also probability of toxic effects of pesticides on human and animal organisms. In areas with intensive use of pesticides, morbidity of children was 2.3-3.6 times higher.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):229-231
pages 229-231 views

Provision of healthy children with vitamins in the winter-spring period

Zemlyakova E.I., Mustafina G.M.


Provision of vitamins is one of the important factors determining the state of children's health, since their deficiency leads to functional disorders of a number of organs and systems, reduces the body's resistance. Isolated deficiency of a single vitamin is rare, much more often there is a deficiency of several vitamins.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):231-233
pages 231-233 views

Device for uroflowmetry in children

Akhunzyanov A.A., Trofimov I.N.


It is known that uroflowmetry has significantly expanded the diagnostic capabilities of urological studies. There is no doubt about the need for widespread use of uroflowmetry in daily pediatric urological practice.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):233-234
pages 233-234 views

S. N. Sorinson. Viral hepatitis. Leningrad, Medicine, 1987

Bashirova D.K.


The clinic, diagnosis, and treatment of viral hepatitis are the subject of a fairly large number of publications. However, constantly appearing information makes it difficult for a physician to orient himself in the flow of messages. In our opinion, the book "Viral Hepatitis" by S.N. Sorinson gives an objective opportunity to cover one of the important sections of hepatology.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):234-234
pages 234-234 views

VI All-Russian Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Gilyazutdinova Z.S., Bardina G.A.


The congress heard and discussed the reports on women screening for the prevention of maternal and perinatal pathology, training and professional development of obstetricians and gynecologists; postpartum purulent-septic diseases, endometriosis and new methods of treatment in obstetrics and gynecology.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):235-235
pages 235-235 views

III All-Union Congress of Specialists in Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine

Mikusev Y.E.


The congress was devoted to the problem of "Motor Activities in the Promotion of Health, Prevention and Treatment of Diseases in Adults and Children". More than 400 delegates, including guests from the GDR and Bulgaria, participated in the congress.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):235-236
pages 235-236 views

Professor Grigory Davidovich Ovrutsky


It is 60 years since his birth and more than 35 years of medical, pedagogical and social activities of Professor G. D. Ovrutsky, the Head of the Chair of Therapeutic Dentistry of Kazan Medical Institute named after S.V. Kurashov, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):236-237
pages 236-237 views

Letter to the Editor. Vol. 69, No. 3 (1988)

Mukhametzyanov R.M., Filippov Y.G., Nikiforov V.D., Sidiropoulo V.P., Khuziahmetov R.V.


We would like to share the experience of the interdistrict children's surgery department, which was organized in February 1980 at Leninogorsk Children's Hospital. The department's profile is to provide scheduled and round-the-clock emergency surgical care for children (107631 people) living in six (Leninogorsk, Almetyevsk, Aznakaevsk, Bugulma, Bavly, Cheremshansk) districts attached to TASSR.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):237-238
pages 237-238 views

Chronicle. Vol. 69, No. 3 (1988)


The III All-Union Symposium on Immunology of Reproduction was held in Kiev on September 21-23, 1987. The main goal of the symposium was to bring together the results of basic and applied research on human and animal reproduction. Immunological bases of infertility in marriage, onset and prolongation of pregnancy, influence of various factors on fetal development and histocompatibility antigens of HLA system, significance of humoral and cellular factors in pregnancy and lactation pathology were discussed.

Kazan medical journal. 1988;69(3):238-238
pages 238-238 views

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