Vol 60, No 5 (1979)

Medical staff of TASSR

Zakirov K.Z.


By the decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR of September 22, 1977 "0 measures to further improve public health" outlined a broad program of measures to improve the health of the population of our country.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):1-3
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Theoretical and clinical medicine

Renal vein stenosis

Lopatkin N.A., Zhitnikova L.N.


The results of a clinical examination of more than 300 patients with impaired venous circulation in the kidney are summarized.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):3-8
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About the so-called upper renal calyx syndrome

Pytel A.Y.


In the fifties of this century, when urologists began to study in detail the problem of pyelorenal refluxes, the predominant affection by some pathological processes of the upper papillary-calyx segment of the kidney was noted, as well as the more frequent localization of congenital diseases in it.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):8-13
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Experience in the surgical treatment of urinary incontinence in children with epispadias

Savchenko N.E., Ban G.A., Borisevich A.I.


The experience of surgical treatment by the method of V.M.Derzhavin of 27 children who suffered from urinary incontinence due to severe epispadias was generalized. Long-term outcomes were studied in terms of 1 to 5 years. Good and satisfactory results were obtained in 90% of those operated.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):13-15
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Local pyelonephritis and its role in the genesis of arterial hypertension

Pytel Y.A., Zolotarev I.I., Borisov V.V.


The analysis of clinical observations of 16 patients with local circulatory disorders in the kidney, 14 of whom had severe arterial hypertension, was carried out. In 10 patients, various forms of renal blood circulation anomalies were found. The most useful information in the examination of these patients is provided by a comprehensive angiographic study. The signs of local pyelonephritis revealed with its help, as well as severe proliferative-sclerotic changes in this zone, confirmed by morphological data, make it possible to consider kidney resection as the operation of choice in the treatment of these patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):15-18
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Malignant tumors of the renal parenchyma

Trapeznikov M.F.


For the early diagnosis of malignant kidney tumors, a comprehensive examination using clinical, laboratory, radiological X-ray methods is necessary. Treatment of kidney cancer is predominantly surgical; recently, there have been attempts at combination therapy.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):19-21
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Transurethral electroresection in differential diagnosis of prostate cancer

Ryabinsky V.S., Chechenin M.G., Karimbaev K.K.


A comparative assessment of puncture biopsy and transurethral electroresection in the diagnosis of prostate cancer is presented. As a result of puncture biopsy, prostate cancer was detected in 81 out of 125 patients (64.8%), through transurethral electroresection - in 118 out of 137 (86.1%). After transurethral electroresection, satisfactory passage of urine from the bladder was restored in all patients. Transurethral electroresection is a valuable method for diagnosing prostate cancer.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):21-23
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About relapses of nephroureterolithiasis

Sitdykov E.N., Alabekova R.G.


It was found that relapses of nephroureterolithiasis often occur after combined operations and pyelolithotomy. Predisposing factors are chronic pyelonephritis and impaired urodynamics. With the lengthening of the observation period (more than 10 years), the frequency of disease relapses increases. Long-term medical examination is recommended.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):23-25
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Analysis of causes of death in urological diseases

Tkachuk V.N., Lukyanov A.E.


The causes of death in urological diseases were analyzed based on the materials of the clinic for 19 years. The highest mortality rate was in the age group over 60. With tumors of the urinary bladder, the mortality rate was 15.2%, with kidney tumors - 8.9%, prostate adenoma - 6.5%, urolithiasis - 2.6%. The main causes of death in urological diseases are uremia, pulmonary embolism and urosepsis.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):25-28
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Combined surgical treatment of extended urethral strictures

Kudryavtsev L.A., Borisov I.I.


In 10 patients aged 48 to 70 years with post-inflammatory strictures of the urethra with a length of 12 to 16 cm, 3-4-stage surgical treatment was used, consisting of a combination of the Michalovsky method (for the penile urethra), with Johansen's operation (for other departments).  Long-term results were verified after 1-4 years. Urination was restored in all patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):28-30
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Treatment of patients with severe postoperative acute renal failure

Shakhov E.V., Petrov V.N., Kukarin S.A.


The experience of treating 157 patients with severe forms of acute renal failure after various surgical interventions (operations on the heart, lungs, stomach, organs of the urinary system, etc.) is generalized. Treatment of patients should be carried out in specialized centers, which makes it possible to significantly improve its results.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):31-32
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Pathogenetic rationale for the clinic of prostate adenoma

Goligorsky S.D.


In the clinic of prostate adenoma, the leading importance belongs to the violation of the patency of the vesicourethral segment, discoordination of the detrusor activity and the resistance of the sphincters and urethra. The most important additional factors are the addition of infection and repercussion from the upper urinary tract, the inflammatory process that occurs in the tissue of the adenoma.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):33-35
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On the pathogenetic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children

Mazin V.V., Kormshchikov Y.V.


In the occurrence of vesicoureteral reflux in children, the main role is played by infection and anomalies of the ureteral orifices. Various clinical manifestations of this pathology force all children with dysuria, enuresis, abdominal pain, and episodic fever to be subjected to X-ray urological examination. Vesicoureteral reflux of 1-2, and sometimes even the 3rd degree responds well to conservative treatment with antibacterial drugs using local intravesical procedures. Anti-reflux operative The allowance is mainly required for 3, 4 and 5 degrees of vesicoureteral reflux.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):35-38
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Immunostimulation and immunotherapy in the complex treatment of bladder cancer

Strotsky A.V., Grigorovich N.A.


In 32 out of 49 patients with bladder tumors, a decrease in immunity was revealed, more pronounced in patients with tumors at the T4 stage. In 12 patients, nonspecific immunostimulation with BCG vaccine was carried out 12-30 days before chemoradiation treatment. Due to this, in 6 of them, the level of the nonspecific immune system slightly increased and the immunosuppressive effect of chemoradiation therapy decreased. 5 patients with advanced stages of bladder cancer received nonspecific immunotherapy with BCG vaccine according to Toris. 2 of them showed subjective, and 1 - objective improvement. The results of the study give reason to consider the use of immunostimulation in the complex treatment of patients with bladder cancer advisable. Further development of indications and schemes of immunotherapy in patients with advanced stages of the disease is required.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):38-41
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Emergency urological care for transverse spinal cord injury

Zelinski J.


Urological emergency options for acute spinal cord injuries are recommended. Tactical and technical errors of urgent therapy are considered.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):41-42
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Influence of homoblood transfusion and hemodilution on central hemodynamics in patients operated on for prostate adenoma

Lynev S.N., Knabenhof V.V., Avshalumov S.I.


Two groups of patients operated on under neuroleptic narcosis for prostate adenoma were examined. In the first group (78 patients), the surgical blood loss was compensated with an equal volume of homologous blood, in the second (66 patients), the surgical intervention was performed under conditions of acute normovolemic hemodilution. In patients of the 2nd group, a significantly more pronounced improvement in the indicators of central hemodynamics in the postoperative period and an increase in myocardial contractility with minimal energy consumption were stated.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):42-46
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To the diagnosis of chronic pyelonephritis in patients who have undergone an intestinal graft replacement surgery

Sitdykova M.E.


In the recognition of chronic pyelonephritis in patients with an intestinal urinary reservoir, urine tests for active leukocytes and leukocyturia. the bacterial number, as well as the determination of the concentration capacity of the kidneys according to the Zimnitsky test, are not of great practical importance. Diagnostics should be based primarily on the data of radioisotope studies and X-ray teleuroscopy, since the inclusion of an intestinal graft in the urinary system limits the possibility of using conventional methods.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):46-48
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On the prevention of urinary tract infections after pelvic surgery

Bashkov Y.A., Zakharov A.L.


To prevent urinary tract infection and accelerate the recovery of the function of the bladder after operations on the pelvic organs for cancer, 32 patients were treated with rhythmic flow irrigation of the urinary bladder with furacillin solution using the Monroe system. None of the patients developed a urinary tract infection, and the function of the bladder was restored in a short time. In 3 patients, flow-through irrigation was undertaken for therapeutic purposes - a good result was achieved.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):48-50
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Questions of pathogenesis and clinical picture of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

Bashkirev T.A.


The clinical manifestations of HL PS were studied in 1887 patients - 1717 men and 170 women. A mild form of the disease was diagnosed in 33.6% of patients, moderate - in 46.8%, severe - in 17.3%, extremely severe with a lethal outcome - in 2.3%.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):50-55
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To the question of the causes of rickets in young children

Maltsev S.V., Arkhipova G.R.


The results of examination of 112 young children with various forms of rickets are presented. D-vitamin deficiency is not the only cause of rickets in young children; signs of rickets can also develop with impaired transport of phosphates or metabolism of vitamin D

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):55-59
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Influence of electrosleep on the dynamics of serotonin and blood gases in pregnant women with cardiovascular pathology

Kuritsyna L.K.


The study of serotonin levels in pregnant women with functional cardiopathy can serve as one of the diagnostic criteria in the differential diagnosis of the form of pathology. hearts. The inclusion of electrosleep in the treatment complex helps to restore the regulatory influence of the central nervous system on vegetative processes. The antiserotonin effect of this method of pathogenetic therapy has been established.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):59-62
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Treatment for hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

Abdurashitov R.F.


Since hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) was first identified and described in the USSR, many authors have proposed various methods of pathogenetic therapy for this disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):62-64
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Features of the occurrence and localization of tumors of the thoracic duct and its origins

Ibatullin I.A.


Vascular tumors are not common, mainly in childhood.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):64-67
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Clinical experiences

Polarographic activity of sulfosalicylic filtrate, sulfhydryl groups of blood serum and polarographic index in pyelonephritis in children

Chekalin A.F.


The polarographic filtrate test is not strictly specific.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):67-68
pages 67-68 views

Features of the course of acute renal failure in inhalation poisoning with carbon tetrachloride

Gavrilov Y.V.


We observed 3 patients with inhalation poisoning with carbon tetrachloride.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):68-69
pages 68-69 views

Nature of Vitamin D Deficiency in Chronic Renal Failure

Goligorsky M.S.


Previously, we found that in renal failure, simulated in the experiment by the operative removal of one kidney and the poles of the second, the calcium content in the cortical layer of the kidney increases.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):69-70
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A case of acute glomerulonephritis with advanced intravascular coagulation syndrome

Sinyavskaya O.A., Khrushcheva N.A., Kuznetsov N.N., Goldman R.A.


In recent years, there have been more reports of diseases occurring with the syndrome of widespread intravascular coagulation and having common clinical signs: microangiopathy with thrombosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):70-71
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Случай успешного лечения гнойного пиелонефрита у больной с кардиостимулятором

Panchenko V.A., Frolov N.I.


T., 48 years old, was taken on an emergency basis to the urology department of the regional hospital on 25 / XI 1976 at 19:00.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):72-72
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Bilateral single-stage ureterocystoneostomy

Petrov V.I.


Simultaneous bilateral ureterocystoneostomy is relatively rare. Here is our observation.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):72-73
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Influence of blood group on the clinical polymorphism of myopia

Tanyashina L.B., Filippova V.P.


Distribution of 215 persons with eye pathology at the age from 16 to 60 years according to ABO and Rh blood groups was studied.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):73-73
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Hygienic characteristics of air pollution at the workplaces of operators of commercial production of an oil refinery

Askarov A.F.


Workers in the commercial production of an oil refinery are exposed to saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide in concentrations not exceeding, as a rule, permissible, and workers in aromatic hydrocarbon storage parks are also exposed to benzene, toluene, xylene. From a hygienic point of view, it is permissible for women to work in the position of operator-machinist of commercial production of refineries (with the exception of parks with aromatic hydrocarbons).

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):74-75
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Professor Zarif Shakirovich Zagidullin


11/14/1979, the 75th anniversary of the Honored Doctor of the RSFSR, Honored Scientist of the B ASSR, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Z. Sh. Zagidullin.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):76-76
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Raymond M. Akhrem-Akhremovich


It is 80 years since the birth and 55 years of medical, scientific, pedagogical and social activities of a prominent Soviet therapist, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR, Professor Raymond Mikhailovich Akhrem-Akhremovich.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):77-77
pages 77-77 views

Book review

Direct retroperitoneoscopy


The reviewed guidelines are essentially a description of a new method for examining the retroperitoneal cellular space and organs located in it. The manual consists of an introduction, 6 chapters, a conclusion and a literature index.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):77-78
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Acetylcholine and serotonin in the norm and pathology of the gastrointestinal tract


The monograph consists of an introduction and 11 chapters.

Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):78-79
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Kazan medical journal. 1979;60(5):79-79
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