Vol 53, No 5 (1972)

Achievements in the development of health care in the union republics

Chikin S.Y.


The tsarist government did not pay serious attention to the medical care of the workers. For 160 million population in the country there were only 208 thousand beds and 28 thousand doctors. Medical care was especially poorly organized on the outskirts of Russia.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):1-5
pages 1-5 views

Actual problems of the development of scientific research in the field of medicine in the RSFSR

Somov B.A., Sergeev V.M., Jitnickiy G.D.


The 24th Congress of the CPSU has set important tasks for medical science, the solution of which will sharply intensify the development of the most important problems of medicine and health care in our country. An important role in this is called upon to play the teams of scientific workers of the institutions of the Ministry of Health of the RSFSR.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):6-12
pages 6-12 views

The role of immunological and allergic factors in the process of tumor growth

Dobrunin V.A., Nefedov V.P.


In modern tumor immunology, two closely related, but still independent problems should be distinguished - the analysis of the antigenic structure of tumor cells and the immunological relationship between the tumor and the organism in which it develops.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):12-17
pages 12-17 views

Some questions in the diagnosis of liver cancer

Davletkildeeva A.Z.


Questions arising in the diagnosis of primary malignant neoplasms of the liver are still relevant. Particularly difficult for the clinician is the task of differential diagnosis between liver cirrhosis, abscess and primary cancer and liver sarcoma.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):17-20
pages 17-20 views

Early symptomatology of primary liver cancer

Korniec N.L., Afanasieva O.N.


The intravital diagnosis of primary liver cancer is still very difficult, despite the presence of such valuable auxiliary diagnostic methods as puncture biopsy, laparoscopy, scanning, etc. The relative rarity, the difficulty of timely diagnosis and the complete futility of therapy determined the poor attention of doctors to this serious illness.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):20-22
pages 20-22 views

Some liver functions in patients with brain tumors

Lakirovan G.Y.


In the course of our work, we tried to find out the nature of changes in the indicators of certain types of metabolism in patients with brain tumors and possible features of metabolic disorders depending on the localization, histological nature and stage of the tumor process.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):23-24
pages 23-24 views

On bronchoscopic criteria for the prevalence of the process in lung cancer

Kornishin G.N., Shabaev V.N.


A number of authors assign bronchoscopy an important place in determining the operability of lung cancer. Among endoscopic symptoms, most surgeons distinguish between absolute and relative signs. There are significant contradictions in the assessment of the symptoms revealed during bronchoscopy - some authors consider similar symptoms to be absolute, others - as relative signs of inoperability.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):25-26
pages 25-26 views

Radioisotope diagnosis of bone tumors

Gilyazutdinov I.A., Gleizer U.A.


Until recently, the leading role in the in vivo detection of destructive processes of the skeletal system belonged to X-ray examination. However, despite significant advances in the diagnosis of primary and secondary tumor lesions of the skeleton, this method cannot be considered perfect, since it allows detecting bone tissue lesions during decalcification in 30–45% [5, 12].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):26-29
pages 26-29 views

Local reaction of the nervous system in interstitial gamma therapy for eyelid cancer

Ismagilova M.I., Ismagilova M.F.


The clinical picture of the general radiation response of the body and dysfunction of the central nervous system when the head area is irradiated with therapeutic doses for malignant tumors is widely presented in the literature (P, 2]. Pathological and experimental work revealed significant inflammatory and degenerative changes not only in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord, but also in the peripheral nerve trunks, nodes and, mainly, in the afferent nerve structures of the skin and mucous membrane in the irradiated area. However, the regional local reaction of the nervous system to irradiation of the eyelid region has not been studied.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):29-30
pages 29-30 views

The content of free amino acids in blood serum in patients with rectal cancer before and after surgery

Aminev A.M., Eliseev M.I., Eliseeva O.I.


A small number of works are devoted to the study of the amino acid composition of blood serum after surgery, which mainly concern changes in the amino acid composition of blood in the long term after surgery [1].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):30-33
pages 30-33 views

Experience in the treatment of prednisolone in patients with gastritis with secretory insufficiency

Radbil O.S., Haletova S.S.


The present study is devoted to the study of the effect of prednisone on gastric secretory function in gastritis with secretory insufficiency in 120 patients. Prednisolone was prescribed 0.005 three times a day for 3 weeks (0.315 per course).

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):33-34
pages 33-34 views

About disorders of carbohydrate metabolism in leukemia

Germanov A.I., Sorokina V.I., Stepanova M.N., Tarasova I.Z.


Back in 1892, Ryabitser reported a combination of lymphatic leukemia with diabetes mellitus. Burger and Kohl (1933) isolated an anti-insulin compound with a trypsin-like action from leukemic leukocytes. Mayor (1970) revealed changes in carbohydrate metabolism by diabetic type in patients with leukemia and cancer. He proved that in a number of cases with leukemic infiltration of the pancreas, radiation therapy led to a decrease in this specific change, and at the same time normalized pathological changes in carbohydrate metabolism.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):34-36
pages 34-36 views

Recurrence of kidney and upper urinary tract stones after surgery

Aidarov A.A., Albekova R.G., Sattarova N.S.


Despite significant advances in the technical improvement of operations for kidney and ureteral stones, relapses of kidney stones are still often observed. The issues of nephrolithiasis prevention are still unresolved.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):36-37
pages 36-37 views

Roentgenokymography in the assessment of urodynamics in hydronephrosis and urolithiasis

Surkov T.V.


Наиболее простым, объективным и достаточно эффективным методом изучения сократительной функции верхних мочевых путей является рентгенокимография (РКГ), предложенная в 1933 г. Голландом, Заком и Вюлленвебером.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):38-39
pages 38-39 views

Issues of diagnosis and treatment of amyloidosis

Shamov A.I.


Although amyloidosis has been known for over 100 years, its diagnosis is still difficult. Clinically, the diagnosis is usually made only in the 3rd or 4th stage. But even in these stages, clinical data do not allow us to speak about the reliability of the diagnosis of amyloidosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):39-43
pages 39-43 views

Surgical treatment of patients with traumatic urethral strictures

Sitdukov E.N., Bogolubov U.S.


The question of the treatment of patients with traumatic urethral strictures is currently controversial. There is no consensus regarding the choice of the type of operation. Until now, ineffective treatment methods are used, leading to frequent and early relapse of the disease. The prevention of relapses of narrowing, which is very characteristic of this disease, is also not being actively pursued. In the special literature, one can find the most contradictory opinions regarding the indications for a particular method of treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):43-45
pages 43-45 views

Convulsive contractions of the triceps muscle of the leg (cramps) in lumbar osteochondrosis syndromes

Popelyanskiy Y.U., Veselovskiy V.P.


Crumpy often occur with hypocalcemic conditions, with violations of water-salt metabolism, myotonia, obliterating endarteritis, varicose veins and many other diseases. Some authors have noted the possibility of their appearance in lumbar osteochondrosis. The present report is devoted to the clinical features and some pathogenetic mechanisms of crampy in discogenic lumbar syndromes.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):45-47
pages 45-47 views

Blood histamine with sombrevin, epontol and barbituric anesthesia

Zakirov E.H., Kazancev F.N., Rahmatullin I.M.


Since the introduction of epontol (propanidide) into medical practice, many researchers began to believe that the ideal drug was finally found for both short-term intravenous anesthesia and for induction during endotracheal anesthesia.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):48-49
pages 48-49 views

Labor pain relief by subcutaneous administration of nitric oxide

Usoskin I.I., Polyanskiy R.T.


Subcutaneously injected nitrous oxide can induce analgesia while still conscious. In recent years, this method has been widely used in surgery for the treatment of peritonitis, in neurosurgery for brain injury, in the complex treatment of patients with lumbosacral radiculitis [2, 3].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):49-51
pages 49-51 views

The state of the regional lymphatic system in genital tuberculosis

Gisina S.M.


The lymphatic system plays a leading role in the spread of tuberculosis infection. If the superficial lymph nodes are easily palpable, then deeply located (pelvic and retroperitoneal) are not palpable.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):51-53
pages 51-53 views

Correlation between blood filling and contractile activity of the uterus during labor

Surovatko F.A., Pilipenko N.V.


Currently, the main reason for complications in childbirth is the violation of the contractile activity of the uterus. Meanwhile, the question of the origin and regulation of labor activity remains largely unclear.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):53-55
pages 53-55 views

Permeability of the placental barrier to glucose and calcium chloride

Milagin S.P.


We studied the permeability of the placental barrier for glucose and CaCl2 by intravenous administration of 40% glucose solution (20 ml) and 10% CaCl2 solution (10 ml) to a woman in labor for 1-5 and 5-10 minutes. before the birth of a child during physiological childbirth.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):56-57
pages 56-57 views

Pain relief in intrauterine interventions in the third period of labor

Lancev E.A., Chernuhina E.S.


At present, the arsenal of narcotic drugs has become so enriched that it has become possible to approach the choice of the method of pain relief for manual intrauterine interventions in the third stage of labor in a differentiated manner. The main method of anesthesia in the III stage of labor remains mask ether anesthesia.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):57-58
pages 57-58 views

About nonspecific immunological reactivity in women after post-abortion septicopyemia

Foi A.M., Tkachukova V.I.


In previous studies of the employees of our clinic, the known value of determining the general nonspecific body resistance in women undergoing septicopyemia of various etiologies was established by systematic monitoring of the degree of activity of the properdin system [8].

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):58-60
pages 58-60 views

Experience of Combined Topical Application of Corticosteroid Hormones with Antibacterial and Resorbable Drugs

Lebedeva G.V.


Due to a number of side effects of steroid hormones and the complications they cause, their external use often becomes the only possible method of influencing the skin process in patients burdened with internal pathology (tuberculosis, stomach ulcers, diabetes mellitus, severe hypertension, etc.), since when hormones are used in limited areas of the skin, there are no symptoms of resorptive action.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):60-62
pages 60-62 views

The spread of pathogenic staphylococci in newborns, parturient women and personnel of some maternity hospitals in Kazan

Nefedova M.G., Golovskaya L.A.


In the epidemiology of staphylococcal diseases, a significant role is played by the carriage of pathogenic staphylococci, which is most dangerous in obstetric institutions. Staphylococci are the first microbes that a newborn meets. Children can become infected with them from the mother, service personnel and from the environment.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):62-63
pages 62-63 views

About alloplasty in urology

Saifutdinov R.A.


We studied in an experiment on 39 male dogs the expediency of alloplasty of the urethra with various synthetic materials (terelen, vinyl chloride, polyethylene). The duration of observation of the operated animals is up to 2 years.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):63-63
pages 63-63 views

The state of the upper urinary tract after transection of the circular suture of the ureter

Beluh S.I.


We conducted a series of experiments with the study of the functional state of the upper urinary tract according to the data of excretory urography in dynamics at different periods after transection and stitching of the ureter. The experiments were carried out on 10 dogs.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):63-64
pages 63-64 views

Histochemical study of cholinesterases in the neuroreceptor apparatus of the conjunctiva in trachoma

Sabitova D.I.


Numerous studies have shown that the sensitive nerve endings - mechanoreceptors - are characterized by high activity of cholinesterases, which are apparently related to the process of perception.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):64-65
pages 64-65 views

Some Causes of Work-related Injury While Drilling and Their Prevention

Safin F.F., karatai S.S.


In order to clarify the specific features of the organization of prevention of industrial injuries in the system of the TATNEFT association, we carried out hygienic studies on drilling rigs and analysis of injuries among workers of drilling crews in 1966-1970.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):65-66
pages 65-66 views

Immunological studies for chronic gastritis

Rahmatullin I.M., Radbil O.S., Vainshtein S.G., Chumakova A.V.


The desire for an integral assessment of processes led to a wider use of immunological techniques and the study of immunological problems in relation to the physiology and pathophysiology of the stomach. The analysis of the data obtained can be carried out in two directions - by immunological methods and by nosological forms. This review is devoted to the immunological aspect of the problem of chronic gastritis in its experimental and clinical projections.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):66-71
pages 66-71 views

On some properties of lithium as a bioelement and the use of its salt in biology and medicine

Leshinshiy L.A., Petrov N.M.


This review summarizes the data on the toxicity of lithium, the materials of the experimental physiological study of the effect of its compounds on a number of body functions, and, finally, information on the therapeutic use of lithium salts.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):72-76
pages 72-76 views

Eye reaction to dosed compression of the neck veins

Nesterov A.P., Devlikamova E.R.


It is known that an increase in pressure in the veins of the neck is accompanied by an increase in blood volume in the eye and an increase in ophthalmotonus. The increase in the latter and in the volume of the eye with dosed compression of the cervical veins can, to a certain extent, serve as an indicator characterizing the state of the intraocular vessels and the tone of their walls.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):77-78
pages 77-78 views

Some Aspects of Child Mortality Statistics

Vahitov M.H., Albeckiy V.U.


During the years of Soviet power, the mortality rate of children in the first year of life dropped sharply. However, a further decrease in it is currently an urgent problem of Soviet health care.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):78-80
pages 78-80 views

Morbidity of collective farmers with temporary disability

Nizamov I.G.


We have studied the morbidity of collective farmers with temporary disability in 138 collective farms of the Tatar ASSR in 1968. The average annual number of collective farmers in these farms, according to annual reports, was 62,628 people.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):81-82
pages 81-82 views

Experience in providing emergency care for patients with myocardial infarction

Domracheva L.S., Savinceva K.I.


According to the materials of the Kazan city ambulance station, in 1967 cardiovascular diseases accounted for 33% of the total number of sudden illnesses, in 1968 - 34%, in 1969 - 38%, in 1970 - 38.8%, and in 1971 - 42%. According to the materials of the ambulance station in Leningrad, this percentage is 38, Sverdlovsk - 43.6, Kiev - 48, Moscow - 46.5.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):82-83
pages 82-83 views

Some data from physiological studies in furniture makers

Ganina E.P.


At the enterprises of the furniture industry, nitro varnishes, polyester paraffin varnish and paints are widely used for topcoats. The following chemicals are emitted in the finishing workshops: styrene, esters, benzene, toluene, maleic anhydride, dimethylalanine, methyl methacrylate, hydroperoxides, and in some areas - phenolic and polyester plastic dust.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):84-84
pages 84-84 views

Periodontal condition in workers exposed to vibration and noise

Egorov F.F.


Nowadays, hand pneumatic tools are widely used in the industry, causing vibration and noise. The literature describes in detail the effect of vibration and noise on various organs and systems of the human body, but only a few works deal with the effect of noise and vibration on the dentition.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):85-86
pages 85-86 views

About the therapeutic effectiveness of lipoic acid and lipamide

Kozlov S.A., Salikov I.G.


In the pathogenesis of various diseases, along with the specific mechanisms of their occurrence, a huge role is played by disorders of energy metabolism in the cells of the affected organ and in the body as a whole.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):86-87
pages 86-87 views

ix international congress of gerontologists and international exhibition "gerontology-72"

Bogoyavlenskiy V.F., Bogoyavlenskaya U.F.


For 6 days (from 2 / ѴII to 7 / VII 1972), the IX International Congress of Gerontologists was held in Kiev, convened by the Soviet National Organizing Committee, M3 USSR, AMS USSR and M3 Ukrainian SSR. The Congress was attended by 3000 delegates from 43 countries; at 138 sessions (4 plenary, 68 section, 33 symposia and 33 discussion troupes) 672 reports from 25 countries of the world were heard.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):87-91
pages 87-91 views

Professor Tikhon Ivanovich Broshevsky


A prominent figure in Soviet ophthalmology, head of the Department of Eye Diseases at the Kuibyshev Medical Institute named after V.I. DI Ulyanova, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences Professor T.I.Broshevsky was born on 26 / VI 1902 in the village of Kashpirskie farms of the Samara district of the Samara province.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):91-92
pages 91-92 views



On 17 / ІѴ 1972, a meeting of the board of the Ministry of Health of the TASSR was held with a discussion of the state and further development of the infectious service. The main infectious disease specialist of the Ministry of Health of the TASSR, Assoc. D. Sh. Enaleeva. She noted that over the past 10 years in the TASSR, the number of beds in infectious diseases departments has increased by 41.5%, the number of bacteriological laboratories has increased, and the network of special vaccination rooms has grown. Much attention was paid in the report to the analysis of the work of the infectious service in the regions of the TASSR.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):92-93
pages 92-93 views

Transfusion therapy in surgery

Petrovskiy B.V., Guseinov G.S.


The monograph summarizes the authors' own experience and literature data (sources are given on 5 pages).

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):93-93
pages 93-93 views

Medical occultism. Paramedicine

Petrovskiy B.V., Guseinov G.S.


And in our time, superstition, occult thinking and quackery have not yet died, but only adapted to new conditions. In this thematic collection of articles, based on a large amount of factual material and from a critical standpoint, the following are discussed: diagnosis of diseases by the iris of the eye, astrological horoscopes, occult language, homeopathy, "star" pendulum, "magic" rod, devices against the "rays of the earth", telepathy, clairvoyance , the system of yogis, "black books of Moses".

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):93-94
pages 93-94 views

Professor Nikolai Andreevich Vinogradov

Anisimov V.E., Albitckiy V.U.


Professor NA Vinogradov (1831 - 1886) graduated from the medical faculty of Moscow University and was drafted into the army, and subsequently seconded to the therapeutic clinic of the St. Petersburg Medical-Surgical Academy.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):94-94
pages 94-94 views

Professor Nikolai Konstantinovich Goryaev

Bilich I.L.


Professor NK Goryaev (1875-1943) made a valuable contribution to medical science and, above all, to hematology. He was one of the founders of this field of medicine and a generally recognized authority in our country and abroad. According to the unanimous opinion of the majority of researchers, the grid he proposed for counting blood cells ("Goryaev's grid") is still the most accurate and convenient to use.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):94-95
pages 94-95 views

Late toxicosis of pregnant women

Nikolaev A.P.


The monograph was recommended for publication by the Editorial and Publishing Council under the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. It highlights the issues of the etiology and pathogenesis of late toxicosis, pathophysiological and clinical changes in the body of pregnant women, with special attention paid to disorders in the nervous and vascular systems, which, in the author's opinion, determine the nature, developmental characteristics and severity of the disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):95-95
pages 95-95 views

Side effects of drugs

Kupchinskas U.K., Vasilyauskas B.I., Kempenskas V.V.


The number of drugs is constantly growing. We still do not know everything about the effect of medicinal substances on a healthy and sick organism, on the fetus of pregnant women, on children and the elderly. Many modern drugs have a powerful effect on the body.

Kazan medical journal. 1972;53(5):95-95
pages 95-95 views

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