Vol 52, No 1 (1971)

Towards the 24th Congress of the CPSU
Sarkin V.G.
Abstract

Our Party and the Soviet people are preparing with great enthusiasm for the next, the 24th, Congress of the CPSU. The decision to convene it in March 1971 was taken by the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in July 1970.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):1-5
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Treatment of patients with myocardial infarction and signs of acute circulatory distress
Novinskaya I.N.
Abstract

In order to improve the diagnosis and treatment of myocardial infarction in the Soviet Union, since 1958 (in Leningrad), for the first time in the world, specialized cardiological teams of an ambulance station began to work. Currently, anti-infarction service is organized in more than one hundred cities of our country. In the city of Kuibyshev, specialized anti-infarction brigades began to work in April 1962.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):5-7
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On myocardial contractile function in obese patients
Zinger L.I., Danilyak I.G., Zaslavsky M.L.
Abstract

The present work highlights the functional state of the myocardium in alimentary obesity. Sixteen men and 94 women aged 18 to 70 years, mostly with alimentary obesity and a disease duration of 5 to 15 years, were followed up.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):7-11
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Application of hyperbaric oxygenation in coronary artery disease
Tokareva A.M., Taov V.K., Tyumkin V.S.
Abstract

Recent studies on the effects of hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) in various hypoxic conditions in clinic and experiment have shown sufficient efficacy of this method of treatment. The positive effect of hyperbaric oxygenation is due to an increase in dissolved oxygen in tissues under conditions of elevated pressure. In the national literature, we found no reports on the clinical application of oxygen under increased pressure in the therapy of coronary disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):11-12
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Blood electrolytes in heart rhythm disorders
Movchan L.A.
Abstract

It is known that heart failure accompanied by decreased K levels in the heart muscle often leads to arrhythmias. In hyperkalemia, ectopic rhythms may also occur, e.g. in renal failure.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):13-15
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On haemodynamic parameters and electrolyte shifts in some arrhythmias
Petukhova N.I.
Abstract

Recently, there has been a significant increase in the interest of clinicians in the study of electrolyte balance and imbalance. A number of authors have established the active involvement of electrolytes, particularly K and Na, in myocardial metabolism as well as in the processes of excitation and contraction of the heart muscle. Disturbance of ionic balance in the heart muscle is considered to be the main cause of a number of arrhythmias.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):15-17
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On the Steffen reaction in the diagnosis of subclinical rheumatic heart disease
Isakova O.I., Kustova N.I.
Abstract

In recent years, the issue of diagnosing the latent and sluggish forms of rheumatic heart disease has become particularly urgent, since the number of classical forms of rheumatism has decreased considerably and the clinic has become dominated by its erased and asymptomatic manifestations. The most frequent diagnostic difficulties arise from heart defects with circulatory insufficiency, when acidosis distorts many indicators of rheumatic activity. Meanwhile, the determination of the activity of the rheumatic process in these patients is extremely important in the choice of treatment methods.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):18-20
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Arterio-venous fibrinogen difference and its clinical significance
Pokalev G.M.
Abstract

The study of vascular permeability in the clinical setting is necessary both to elucidate individual aspects of disease pathogenesis and to monitor the results of therapeutic interventions. In this regard, the choice of a vascular permeability study method is of great importance. The Landis method has been used in the clinic for a long time; however, detailed testing has shown that it does not reflect the true state of vascular permeability as the created artificial venous hypertension significantly changes haemodynamic parameters and does not create conditions for reflecting the natural state of the histo-haematic barrier function.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):20-23
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Diagnostics of chronic disorders of abdominal blood flow on the operating table
Shalimov A.A., Shalkov Y.L.
Abstract

Every surgeon in his practice can recall cases when, despite the certainty of the necessity of surgical intervention for a particular pathological process, during the inspection of abdominal organs he finds nothing, and he has to sew up the surgical wound in perplexity. Among such diseases which are not accompanied by the usual organic changes of the visceral organs, a certain place is occupied by chronic disorders of the abdominal circulation.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):23-25
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About symptomatic gastric and duodenal ulcers
Vainshtein S.G., Zhukovitsky I.M.
Abstract

Acute and chronic symptomatic gastric and duodenal ulcers occur under various pathological conditions. Symptomatic upper gastrointestinal ulcers are caused by cardiovascular diseases, central nervous system injuries, burns, severe intoxication, thoracic surgery, medication, and the administration of antitetanus serum. Of the clinical features of these ulcers, the absence of ulcerative history, absence of pain and dyspeptic disorders, except vomiting, and the sterility of the physical examination data should be noted. Therefore, these ulcers are undoubtedly much more common than they are diagnosed.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):26-27
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On the treatment of faternal nipple insufficiency
Mordkovich M.R., Danilov M.V., Vishnevsky V.A.
Abstract

The development of faternal nipple failure is based either on functional disorders of the papillary sphincter apparatus or on organic changes in the papillary apparatus. Organic lesions can be caused by re-traumatisation of the papilla by impinging or migrating stones, followed by papillitis, or by chronic cholangitis or pancreatitis.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):27-28
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Choledocholithiasis in patients who have undergone cholecystectomy
Silchenko K.D.
Abstract

Surgical advances in the treatment of stone cholecystitis have opened up real possibilities of preventing its formidable complications. Nevertheless, the treatment of patients with cholecystitis remains an urgent issue. In discussions on this issue, the relativity of conservative therapy and the consequences of prolonged stone cholecystitis are often forgotten. This may explain the high proportion of patients who have undergone surgery for complicated cholecystitis after cholecystectomy (37.2% in our observations).

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):28-30
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Transplanted kidney function in the early post-operative period
Goryainov V.A., Yarmolinsky I.S.
Abstract

The aim of this work is to follow the dynamics of water excretion and filtration capacity of a transplanted cadaveric kidney in the early post-operative period.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):30-33
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The use of morphocycline in pediatric surgery
Pirogov P.I.
Abstract

The domestic antibiotic morphocycline is a tetracycline derivative and is a porous, dark yellow mass with a faint specific smell, bitter to the taste. The drug is easily soluble in water, in glucose solutions and in saline solution.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):33-35
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The level of allergy to hemolytic staphylococcus in children with burn disease
Filippov Y.V., Novikov V.F.
Abstract

Burn disease is a process of intense allergic and immunological restructuring of the body. Sources of allergy can be products of body tissue breakdown, frequent transfusions of blood and blood substitutes.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):35-36
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Protein in eczema therapy
Sergeev V.P.
Abstract

Eczema is a disease of an allergic nature. In the pathochemical chain of allergic reactions the content of biologically active substances (histamine, etc.), some proteolytic enzymes (trypsin, cathepsin), changes in the ratio of ions K, Na, Ca, Mg, etc. are increased. The influence of these substances leads to increased vascular permeability, exudation, infiltration, and itching of the skin, which underlie the clinical manifestations of eczematous reactions.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):36-37
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Morphological changes in tumour tissue in tongue cancer by penetrating radiation
Ibragimova I.A., Bashirova N.G., Krylova Z.T.
Abstract

Morphological changes in tumour tissue under the influence of different types of ionizing radiation have been studied extensively. However, the description of these changes in tongue cancer in the available literature was found only in isolated papers based on a relatively small number of observations.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):38-42
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Clinic and treatment of colibacillosis in children
Belogorskaya E.V., Kuznetsova L.A.
Abstract

One frequent cause of acute gastrointestinal disease in young children is coli infection. When we examined 1157 children with acute gastrointestinal illnesses for coli infection by fluorescent serology we found pathogenic E. coli serotypes in 35.0+1.4%. This work was carried out in a diagnostic intestinal hospital, where children were admitted with diagnoses: subtoxic or toxic dyspepsia, gastroenteritis, suspected dysentery, food toxicoinfection, coelenteritis, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):42-44
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The value of colposcopy in the diagnosis and treatment of vaginal cervical diseases
Malysheva Z.V.
Abstract

Over the last 2-3 years we have followed 800 women with diseases of the vaginal mucosa and the vaginal part of the cervix. A total of 433 case histories of women with a variety of cervical erosions and colpitis were analysed in detail. In each patient we examined the flora of the vaginal discharge and assessed the degree of purity, performed cytological examination of the discharge, simple and diffuse colposcopy, and histological examination.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):45-46
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Application of ether for haemostasis in dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Utochnikova N.S.
Abstract

In the obstetrical and gynaecological clinic of the Bashkir Medical Institute and in other gynaecological hospitals in Ufa an intrauterine injection of ether has been used for many years to stop gynaecological bleeding at the suggestion of Prof. V. V. Tretyakov. The haemostatic effect of intrauterine injection of ether is due to increased contraction of the uterine muscles under the influence of the cooling effect of ether vapour on the uterine walls.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):47-48
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Use of efosine in childbirth
Leifer L.G.
Abstract

In recent years there have been reports in the periodical press of the successful use in labour of the antispasmodic drug efosine, which is a combination of 1,1-diphenyl-Z-piperidino-propane hydrochloride and 2,2-diphenyl-4-piperidino-butyramide-hydrochloride in a ratio of 1 :40. The drug shortens the duration of physiological labour by 60% in first- and second-born women and relieves functional cervical spasm; contractions become regular and more intense under the influence of efosine.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):48-49
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Liver function in patients with uterine and ovarian tumors
Slepov M.I., Ukhanova Y.A.
Abstract

Hormonal imbalance is now considered to be one of the causative factors of genital tumours. Hormone content in blood and its efficacy are determined by the functional state of not only the endocrine gland, but also the liver. The liver is involved in the binding of hormones to proteins; blood plasma, in the biological inactivation of steroid hormones by forming ester compounds of these hormones with sulfuric and glucuronic acids. It is also assumed that the liver possesses antitumour inhibitors, whose activity is reduced when the functional status of the organ is weakened.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):49-50
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Severe allergic dermatitis with fibrinolysin treatment
Zaitsev V.M.
Abstract

In recent years, domestic fibrinolysin has been successfully used in severe cases of coronary artery thrombosis. We observed an allergic reaction when treating a patient with myocardial infarction with fibrinolysin.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):51-51
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Neurohumoral mediators (acetylcholine and cholinesterase) in acute pneumonia
Latfullin I.A.
Abstract

In the regulation of inflammation an important role belongs to the nervous system, the study of the state of neuroregulatory mechanisms, in particular acetylcholine and cholinesterase, has a certain importance. We had to find out, how acetylcholine content and cholinesterase activity change in croup and focal pneumonias.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):51-52
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On the diagnosis of Waldenstrom's disease
Denisova M.G.
Abstract

Electrophoretic examination of serum proteins, a careful study of the history and objective data in chronic lympho-leukaemia sufferers allow the identification of patients with macroglobulinemic reticulosis - Waldenstrom's disease - from this group.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):52-53
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Spleen lymphogranulomatosis
Drozdova Z.S., Skvoznikov B.F.
Abstract

Lymphogranulomatosis is quite common. Isolated damage to the spleen, however, is very rare.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):53-54
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Plasmacytic reaction of lymphoid organs in foot and mouth disease infection
Rozhkov A.P., Kurochkin V.I.
Abstract

We studied the effect of X-rays on the plasma cell response and RNA accumulation processes in the lymphoid organs and adrenal glands during viral infection and administration of methyluracil. Experiments were carried out on 213 guinea pigs weighing 610+16 g.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):54-54
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Myotonic abnormalities in patients with vegetovascular diencephalic syndrome
Rybakova L.S.
Abstract

The pathogenesis of muscle diseases such as myotonia and myopathy is still far from being understood. The involvement of the hypothalamus in the regulation of transverse striated muscle activity is not in doubt. This suggests that diencephalic pathology may be associated with movement disorders that depend only on the disruption of the tonotropic influence of the autonomic nervous system on muscle tissue.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):54-56
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Application of echoencephalography in the diagnosis of intracranial haematomas
Knirik G.S., Valeev E.K., Grinberg S.A.
Abstract

Ultrasound is absorbed differently by tissues depending on their density and is reflected from the interface of two media with different densities. In echography, ultrasound waves pass through the cranial cavity and are reflected from the midline structures of the brain, which most authors refer to as the epiphysis, the third ventricle, the sickle-shaped process, the longitudinal interhemispheric cleft, and the transparent septum. This is the so-called midline echo - M-echo.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):56-57
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Blockage of the rheumatic nerves in abdominal pathologies
Samygin M.F., Degtyarev Y.N.
Abstract

Domrachev (1957) used rheumatic nerve blocks in the clinic to treat inflammatory processes in the peritoneum and abdominal organs. Taking into account all the disadvantages of rheumatic nerve blocks according to Cappis, Negeli, Braun, and based on the A. В. Vishnevsky's concept of novocaine application for therapeutic purposes, we developed a new method of blockade of the rheumatic nerves and border sympathetic trunks, which has been practiced since 1951 in various diseases of the abdominal cavity. We studied the topography of novocaine spreading on 20 cadavers by injecting a contrasting substance. Rheumatic nerves, sympathetic trunk, diaphragmatic nerve were in the zone of blockade.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):57-57
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On serotonin metabolism in gastric and duodenal ulcers
Nuyanzina T.P.
Abstract

We studied serotonin levels by the Delglish method on a biological test object (rat colon) in blood, gastric and duodenal contents in patients with different types of the clinical course of peptic ulcer in the phases of exacerbation and remission.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):58-59
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Cytochemical method for early diagnosis of destructive appendicitis
Alekseev U.A., Murzanov M.M.
Abstract

Changes in alkaline phosphatase activity along with clinical parameters and leucocyte counts can serve as a very sensitive test for early detection of a destructive process in the appendix.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):59-60
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Transduodenal papillectomy for faternal nipple cancer
Stepanishchev A.D.
Abstract

In some cases, transduodenal local excision with removal of part of the duodenum and the mouths of the pancreatic and common bile ducts offers good long-term results. However, transduodenal papillectomy can only be performed when the tumour is small and has not invaded the underlying tissue.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):60-60
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Leukoconcentrate analysis in cancer patients
Maksimova I.N., Bashirova N.G.
Abstract

The search for tumour cells in circulating blood has recently attracted the attention of many researchers. We studied leukoconcentrates of venous blood in 53 patients with suspected malignancy.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):60-61
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Morbidity and physiological shifts in female chrome leather workers
Shakirov T.A.
Abstract

We studied the age and length of service, morbidity with temporary disability of the main professional groups of workers of the Kazan factory of chrome leather "Kzyl kunche" for 1966-1968, determined some indicators of physical development and physiological changes during work. The morbidity was studied by the contingent of sick persons with the calculation of intensive indicators per 100 "year-round" workers of the corresponding professional group.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):61-62
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Cytochemical characteristics of the action of dysentery toxin
Kipenskaya G.M.
Abstract

The advent of single-layer cell cultures provided an opportunity to study the effect of toxins on metabolic processes in cells. We investigated the effect of dysentery exotoxin Grigoryev-Shig on cells of the transplanted F1 line.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):62-62
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Treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media with staphylococcal flora
Maksimova M.S.
Abstract

The issues of conservative treatment of patients with chronic suppurative otitis media remain very topical. We studied 212 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media, who had been treated previously with various medications for 1 to 15 years. 50 were under 15 years of age, 84 from 15 to 40 years and 78 over 40 years. Staphylococcus aureus was detected in the ear cultures of these patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):63-63
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Sanitisation of carriers of pathogenic staphylococcus aureus among maternity staff
Nefedova М.G.
Abstract

The sanitation of carriers of pathogenic staphylococci among staff is an important link in the overall management of staphylococcal infections in a maternity unit. This activity is aimed at eliminating one of the main sources of infection.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):63-64
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The use of bile in certain inflammatory and traumatic conditions
Glozman V.N.
Abstract

We studied bile therapy efficacy in 80 subjects: 26 with budding panariches and paronychia (on fingers and feet), 36 with traumatic soft tissue infiltrates (after bruises, sprains) and 18 with tendovaginitis in the forearm area. Two methods of compresses were used.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):64-64
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Histochemical study of the reaction of the human pulp to preparation
Olenchich S.M.
Abstract

The reaction of the pulp of teeth prepared for dentures has long attracted the attention of researchers. In order to decipher the subtle mechanisms of human pulp reaction to the preparation of hard tissues for artificial crowns, we conducted a histochemical study of 32 intact teeth removed in connection with orthodontic treatment, mainly in children aged 7-15 years.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):64-65
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The use of Saratovskaya nova mineral water in the treatment of occupational pathologies
Shustov V.Y., Tsyganova S.I.
Abstract

In the complex of pathogenetic and symptomatic therapy of chronic intoxication by lead, sulphur-carbon, subacute poisoning by organomercury pesticides the healing effect of the mineral water "Saratovskaya nova" was used. This hydrogen sulphide (sulphide) water has an ionic composition of sodium chloride and contains therapeutic concentrations of gaseous sulphur (20-30 mg/l) and a number of trace elements - bromine, iodine, iron, as well as heme-stimulating microelements.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):65-66
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Silent suture after surgical treatment of wounds to the skull and brain complicated by infection
Nikoshin L.I.
Abstract

Among wartime and peacetime traumatic injuries, cranial and brain wounds are of great importance. The treatment of craniocerebral wounds, however, is still a matter of uncertainty. For example, while the treatment of fresh uncomplicated open craniocerebral injuries is now generally accepted to be primary surgical treatment, there is no consensus on the treatment of septic cranial and brain wounds, and, despite the vast experience accumulated to date, the possibility of surgical treatment and subsequent closure of such wounds with sutures remains controversial.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):66-69
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The current state of the issue of kolpopoiesis
Kozlov L.A.
Abstract

The history of the development of artificial vagina techniques is usually divided into two periods: the first preantiseptic, from ancient times to the introduction of antiseptic and aseptic medicine, which led to a rapid flowering of surgery, and the second, modern, antiseptic and aseptic period, whose beginning is dated 1872.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):69-72
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Epidemiological characteristics of poliomyelitis in the TASSR
Fedorenko L.I., Nabiev E.G., Klimenko Z.I.
Abstract

In view of the sporadic cases of poliomyelitis reported in recent years, the problem of effective control is highly topical.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):73-74
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Epidemiological analysis of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in health institutions in Ufa
Retina T.N., Povalishina T.P., Martsinkevich C.I., Vasyuta Y.S., Klug L.S., Filippenkova E.D.
Abstract

Because of the long incubation period (up to 30 days or more) of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HPS), accurate identification of the site, source and route of infection is often difficult. The most reliable epidemiological conclusions can be drawn from an analysis of outbreaks and sporadic cases of HPS in temporarily distant populations of child and adult health-care facilities.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):74-76
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The production principle in the organisation of health care for workers on state farms
Kopyt N.Y.
Abstract

The technical re-equipment of agriculture, as outlined by the decisions of the XXIII Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the gradual transformation of agricultural labour into a kind of industrial labour, the growth of cultural and technical level of agricultural workers require a differentiated approach to the organization of medical and sanitary care for certain groups of agricultural workers. In this connection, improving and searching for new forms and methods of medical care for agricultural workers, in particular workers of state farms, is an extremely urgent task.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):76-79
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On the incidence of temporary disability among collective farmers
Nizamov I.G.
Abstract

To date, the issue of morbidity with temporary disability in collective farm workers has not been adequately reflected in the literature. There are only isolated works devoted to this problem (M.M. Chumak, 1961; M.F. Mazurik, 1961; T. P. Dubovskaya, 1956, 1959, 1964, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):79-81
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Sectional excision of the trabecula and the Schlemm's canal (trabeculosinusectomy)
Nesterov A.P.
Abstract

The method of dissecting the trabecula together with a section of the Schlemm's canal described by Keirns in 1968 and Krasnov and Kolesnikova in 1969 is known. After the conjunctival flap is prepared, a superficial sclera flap is cut out with its base (or apex) towards the limbus. A 2 mm wide strip is cut from the deep layers of the sclera parallel to the limbus. This strip is assumed to include the sclamus canal and trabeculae. The scleral flap and conjunctiva are sutured.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):81-82
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On a titrometric method for determining the alkaline reserve of whole blood
Maslen G.V., Lichtenstein A.O., Nakhrova Z.V., Zaitsev V.I., Sadekov M.K., Konovalov L.G.
Abstract

It is known that surgical trauma, anesthesia and other traumatic injuries cause shifts in the patient's body, characterized mainly by the accumulation of unoxidized metabolic products, the development of acidosis, disturbance of water-electrolyte balance, etc. When the acid-base balance is disturbed towards metabolic acidosis, the alkaline reserve in the blood decreases and the pH shifts to the acidic side.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):82-83
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Lymphogranulomatosis in children
Yakhnich I.M.
Abstract

The monograph under review is highly noteworthy. The necessary and sufficient information about the sick children studied, presented in a lapidary style, with references to numerous literary sources, gives a fairly complete picture of the current state of the problem as a whole.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):84-84
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Acute myocardial infarction
Rakhlin L.M.
Abstract

As the authors write in the preface, the impetus for another monograph on myocardial infarction came from new developments in patient management and related advances. The authors consider clinic and therapy of the fate-deciding acute period of myocardial infarction not in general, but in the conditions of the patient in the intensive care ward, with continuous registration of the process dynamics, implementation of resuscitation measures, flexible and targeted therapy.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):85-85
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All-Union meeting on the treatment of severe injuries
Bogdanovich U.Y., Sabitov R.G.
Abstract

The meeting was held on 8 June 1970 in Gorki. The meeting was chaired by Prof. M.V. Volkov, Director of CITO, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):85-86
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VI World Congress of Cardiology
Golikov A.P.
Abstract

More than 5,000 cardiologists from 78 countries attended the congress. The Soviet delegation was represented by 20 delegates, headed by the Chairman of the All-Union Scientific Society of Cardiology, Academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, P. E. Lukomsky.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):86-89
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Chronicle
Abstract

All-Union Scientific Conference "Gas exchange-70" was held on 17-19/XI 1970 in Kazan, dedicated to 100th birthday of V. I. Ulyanov-Lenin and to 50th anniversary of the Tatar ASSR. The conference covered a wide range of problems related to clinical and theoretical aspects of gas exchange disorders, new techniques and apparatus.

Kazan medical journal. 1971;52(1):90-92
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