Vol 42, No 1 (1961)

On the scientific work of Acad. K.M. Bykova

Volkov I.N.


The scientific activity of the outstanding physiologist, full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Konstantin Mikhailovich Bykov, began within the walls of Kazan University.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):3-6
pages 3-6 views

From Harvey to the Modern Study of the Circulation

Bykov K.M.


The history of the doctrine of blood circulation is always of interest to the doctor already because diseases of the circulatory system are the most common cause of death.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):6-11
pages 6-11 views

On indications for intrathoracic surgery and ligation of the internal thoracic artery in coronary insufficiency

Ivanov V.D., Tokareva A.M.


Among diseases of the cardiovascular system, a large percentage falls on chronic coronary insufficiency, which often affects people during their active work.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):11-15
pages 11-15 views

Cerebral circulation disorders in myocardial infarction (cerebrocardiac syndrome)

Erusalimchik H.I.


It can be considered established that myocardial infarction is sometimes accompanied by impaired blood circulation in the brain. The resulting symptoms of central nervous system damage may precede or accompany the usual clinical picture of myocardial infarction and may even mask it.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):16-20
pages 16-20 views

The effect of reserpine on the course of nephritis and renal function with it

Bugoslavskaya T.V., Prikhodko G., Manuilov M.I.


Literary data on reserpine therapy of patients with nephritis are scarce (M. S. Vovsi, S. D. Reiselman, Abrams, Meyer, Andre and Smith); however, they testify to a positive effect in acute and chronic nephritis, and recently - and pyelonephritis (N.A.Ratner, S.D. Reiselman).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):20-22
pages 20-22 views

The role of bronchography in the diagnosis of nonspecific suppuration of the lungs

Miloslavsky I.M.


If in bronchiectasis and lung cancer, bronchography as a method of additional research is relatively well covered in the literature, then this cannot be said in relation to lung abscesses.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):22-26
pages 22-26 views

About retrograde invaginations of the small intestine into the stomach through the gastrointestinal anastomosis

Izrailev M.I.


Retrograde intussusception of the small intestine through the opening of the gastrointestinal anastomosis is a rather rare complication. It was first described in foreign literature by Gertner, and in 1926 by N. A. Lvov. Over the past 33 years, only twenty such observations have been described.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):26-28
pages 26-28 views

Experience of thoracoscopy and thoracocaustics in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis

Sigal I.Z.


Operations to destroy pleural adhesions in artificial pneumothorax are still the most frequent intervention in the treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, and antibacterial therapy cannot replace them (Amosov).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):29-33
pages 29-33 views

Experience in studying the etiology, pathogenesis and symptoms of arthrosis of large joints, spondyloarthrosis and spondylosis

Morozov E.M.


Based on the analysis of 317 cases of deforming arthrosis in patients who applied to the Central Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, to the balneological hospital No. 1 and to the medical unit No. 29, the following was found.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):33-35
pages 33-35 views

Clinic of disorders of motor function of the ureters

Kharitonov I.F.


For the first time, the question of functional disorders of the ureters was raised by SI Fedorov. In 1898 and 1900, he described several cases of hydronephrosis, where not only there were no mechanical obstacles to the outflow of urine through the ureters, but, on the contrary, the ureters and their mouths in the bladder were sharply dilated.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):36-39
pages 36-39 views

About malignant kidney tumors in children

Safina L.G.


In childhood, kidney tumors are more common than all malignant tumors. So, according to S. D. Ternovsky, kidney tumors account for 20-25% of all neoplasms in childhood, according to Brock's data - 50%, and most cases fall by the age of 5 years (90%) (S.P. Fedorov, S. M. Rubashov, S. D. Ternovsky and others)

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):39-42
pages 39-42 views

The value of changes in the anticoagulant activity of blood in the mechanism of the occurrence of postoperative increase in blood clotting

Chernaya V.V.


Surgical intervention is accompanied by an increase in blood coagulability, which is one of the causes of intravascular thrombus formation (A. V. Melnikov, V. A. Oppel, V. V. Shubakov, Bauer, Fontaine et al., 3. P. Ryazanova, etc.). The mechanism of this phenomenon is mainly explained by an increase in the concentration of prothrombin (Fontaine et al., Z. P. Ryazanova, Pratt, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):42-43
pages 42-43 views

On the use of vitamin B1 to enhance labor

Zalevekaya K.F.


In obstetric practice, we, like a number of authors (G. K. Baksht, S. S. Zilberman, M. S. Tsirulnikova, R. L. Shub), noted that the use of vitamin Bi during childbirth with normal labor and weak contractions of the uterus sometimes activates labor contractions of the uterus. These isolated positive observations prompted us to test the enhancing effect of vitamin Bi on labor.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):44-46
pages 44-46 views

To the diagnosis and treatment of vulvovaginitis in childhood

Zavershinskaya L.I.


Vulvovaginitis in girls is quite common and, according to most authors, is caused by the same pathogens as in women, but can also be observed with scarlet fever, diphtheria, typhoid, and dysentery. The role of enterobiasis and Trichomonas in the etiology of vulvovaginitis was pointed out by A.L. Kochurova and L.G. Sobolev et al.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):46-47
pages 46-47 views

Causes of infant mortality and ways to reduce it

Markov A.Y.


The prognosis for the life and health of a newborn, in addition to the state of maturity of the fetus, is determined by the course of the birth act, antenatal prophylaxis, the nature of surgical interventions, the quality of care and service in the neonatal wards, that is, the whole range of work of the obstetric institution and its sanitary and hygienic level. The fight against the morbidity and mortality of newborns is the task of joint efforts of obstetricians with pediatricians.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):47-48
pages 47-48 views

About the diagnosis of uterine chorionepithelioma

Davydova M.A.


In this article, we aim to once again remind practitioners of the need to conduct a comprehensive study of patients with suspected uterine chorionepithelioma.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):48-51
pages 48-51 views

Relapses and metastases after treatment of stage 1 cervical cancer

Rodkina R.A.


Prevention of relapses and metastases of stage I cervical cancer both after surgery and after radiation therapy is a very serious problem, which is discussed in a fairly extensive literature (A.I.Serebrov, A.P. Zimina, E.P. Ivanitskaya, M.V. . Monasypova, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):51-53
pages 51-53 views

Treatment of patients with amenorrhea, taking into account the typological characteristics of their nervous system

Kurysheva K.A.


One of the most difficult issues in gynecology is the fight against pathological amenorrhea, which can be a symptom of various or functional disorders or diseases.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):54-57
pages 54-57 views

Experience in complex therapy of lupus erythematosus

Fomin K.F.


Patients with lupus erythematosus require complex and at the same time strictly individualized therapy. However, there should not be a pure experience of therapy, on the contrary, it is necessary to make fuller use of the capabilities of each method in the combined use of various means that complement each other.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):57-60
pages 57-60 views

About the diagnosis of modern mild forms of typhoid fever

Vetlugina K.F.


To accomplish the task of eliminating typhoid fever, knowledge of its modern features is necessary.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):60-62
pages 60-62 views

On hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in the Kama region of the Tatar ASSR

Ivanov A.A.


Among the vast group of hemorrhagic fevers (Omsk, Crimean, Central Asian, Bukovinskaya, Smolensk, etc.), a special place is occupied by hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (hemorrhagic nephroso-nephritis). This type of fever, unlike the first ones, which have a relatively narrow natural focus, reflected in their names, is extremely widespread. It was described in places located to the east - to the islands of Japan, in the west - to Scandinavia and from the Arctic to Yugoslavia (M. Chumakov, A. A. Smorodintsev, etc.). A significant number of cases of hemorrhagic fever were detected in the central regions of the USSR (T. A. Bashkirev and V. A. Boyko, S. L. Glazunov, S. Ya. Agafonova, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):63-64
pages 63-64 views

Chronic alcoholism and its treatment

Stankevich E.S.


An active fight against alcoholism is an important section of the elimination of the remnants of capitalism and the education of a person in a communist society. Health workers have a special role to play in addressing this nationwide task.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):64-67
pages 64-67 views

To the clinic of atypical myocardial infarction

Zaitsev V.M.


Until now, the diagnosis of myocardial infarction is not always easy, which often leads the doctor to the wrong therapy.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):68-69
pages 68-69 views

Application of ACTH and adrenal cortex hormones in therapeutic practice

Maltsev I.T.


Of the patients under our supervision (65 men and 135 women), only 164 were treated with ACTH, 18 with cortisone, 8 with ACTH and prednisone, and 10 with prednisone alone.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):69-71
pages 69-71 views

The importance of dynamic ballistocardiography in the treatment of certain heart diseases

Gefter V.A.


As is known, the effectiveness of active methods of therapy for heart failure is judged by a decrease in the clinical symptoms of congestive decompensation: shortness of breath, edema, cyanosis, as well as congestion in the lungs and liver, and normalization of venous pressure.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):71-72
pages 71-72 views

Some fundamental principles in skin grafting

Reinberg G.A.


In this article, I would like to share some fundamental principles that often helped me and my colleagues (A.V. Kaplan, A.S. Koptsilovskaya, E.V. Loskutova, etc.) in a fairly extensive practice in skin surgery, especially during six years of work at the Moscow Institute of Cutaneous Tuberculosis (Lupozorium) and on patients transferred from there to the Faculty Surgical Clinic 1 MMI and later to the Basmanny Hospital.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):72-74
pages 72-74 views

Antitoxic liver function in pyoinflammatory processes in surgical patients treated with penicillin

Medvedev I.P.


Long-term exposure to toxins on the liver interoreceptors leads to a decrease in its antitoxic function. The antitoxic function of the liver is sharply suppressed with sepsis. Of 42 septic patients, CT. Gadzhiev only in 4 found the release of hippuric acid above 70%, and in the rest there was a significant decrease. There was also a decrease in the barrier function of the liver with gunshot injuries complicated by prolonged suppuration. BI Novikov reports that with hematogenous osteomyelitis, the function suffers more than with phlegmon. In infected wounds with mild inflammation around the antitoxic function decreases slightly, but is significantly impaired with long-term non-healing deep wounds with high absorption.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):74-75
pages 74-75 views

Perforation of "simple" ulcers of the small intestine

Morozov V.G.


Nonspecific ulcers of the small intestine are rare and very serious diseases.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):75-77
pages 75-77 views

Experience in X-ray diagnostics of fractures of the upper jaw and adjacent areas of the facial skeleton

Aleeva I.M.


We studied radiographs of 55 patients (46 men and 9 women) with fractures of the upper jaw and adjacent areas of the facial skeleton from peacetime practice.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):77-78
pages 77-78 views

About rare localizations of echinococcus

Rokitsky M.R.


Most often, echinococcus in the human body develops in the liver (60-75%) and lungs (10-17%); the remaining 15-20% of patients suffer from echinococcus of rare localizations (A. G. Brzhozovsky, Yu. V. Astrozhnikov, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):78-80
pages 78-80 views

A case of prolapse of the ureterocele through the external opening of the urethra

Sitdykov E.N.


Cystoid enlargement of the cystic end of the ureter — ureterocele — is a relatively rare disease, and prolapse of the ureterocele through the urethra is even less common.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):80-81
pages 80-81 views

On the issue of cervical pregnancy

Rabinovich E.Z.


Cervical pregnancy is rare. According to I.N. Yakovlev and I.F. Zhordania, termination of cervical pregnancy occurs more often at 4 or 5 months. Of the 16 cases we collected, described by domestic authors for 1936-59, in 13 patients the gestational age did not exceed 3 months, in two the terms were equal to 4 and 4.5 months. and in one case, described by S. X. Nazarli, we are talking about the cervical attachment of the placenta during pregnancy in the 10 lunar month. B-naya died in childbirth.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):82-83
pages 82-83 views

Occupational morbidity of workers in a fiberglass factory

Samitova R.S., Krasnoshchekov N.N.


The main areas of fiberglass production are compound and glass-making shops, electric furnace shops, as well as unwinding, spinning and finishing departments of weaving production.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):83-85
pages 83-85 views

On injuries among workers in the oil industry in Almetyevsk

Murugov V.S.


Among the residents of Almetyevsk and the surrounding areas from 1957 to 1959. the largest number of injuries relates to domestic (56.2%), followed by industrial (21.4%), transport (13.5%), street (7%), agricultural (0.9%) and others (1%).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):85-87
pages 85-87 views

Children with killed anti-poliomyelitis vaccine based on materials from Kazan

Krepysheva A.I., Popova E.I.


Research into active immunization against poliomyelitis began about fifty years ago. During this period, several types of killed vaccines have been proposed and tested. So, Krause (1910) proposed phenol vaccine for active immunization, Brody and Park (1936) - formol vaccine, Kalmet (1937) - castor acid vaccine and others. However, these vaccines did not meet expectations and turned out to be ineffective (M. P. Chumakov et al., K. A. Vinokurov, A. Peyp, D. S. Futer et al.).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):87-89
pages 87-89 views

By the discovery of K.S. Dyakonov's ratio of lecithin and choline

Anisimov V.E.


he name of Doctor of Medicine Konstantin Sergeevich Dyakonov is little known to wide medical circles. Meanwhile, he was the first to establish the fact that choline is an integral component of lecithin.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):90-92
pages 90-92 views

Chronic pancreatitis

Lorie I.F.


Chronic diseases of the pancreas often remain outside the field of vision of practitioners, and if they are recognized, they are usually considered only as complications or concomitant diseases in various well-known dyspeptic syndromes; often they are found only by chance, already on the operating table or at autopsy.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):92-96
pages 92-96 views

The problem of the danger of high frequency currents and protection against them in industry

Ioffe V.M.


VA Franke, an employee of the Leningrad Scientific Research Institute of Labor Protection of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions, reported on the effect of the electromagnetic field on the human body and the danger of contact injury when using high-frequency currents. At industrial enterprises and research institutions, it is increasingly necessary to use such devices and equipment, the maintenance of which is associated with the stay of people in an electromagnetic field of high and ultrahigh frequency (high and ultra high frequency).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):97-98
pages 97-98 views

Problems of Kidney Pathology at the XII All-Union Conference of Physicians

Zaitsev V.


The neuropsychiatric disorders in kidney diseases were addressed by prof. L. A. Oganesyan (Yerevan).

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):98-99
pages 98-99 views

First All-Russian Congress of Hygienists and Sanitary Doctors

Moskvina T.N., Khakimova A.M.


The congress was devoted mainly to the hygienic problems of Siberia in connection with the development of a huge new industrial and municipal construction.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):99-100
pages 99-100 views

N.I. Krakovsky and Yu. Ya. Gritsman. Errors in surgical practice and ways to prevent them. M., Medgiz, 1959, 210 pp.

Rosengarten M.Y.


Prof. N.I. Krakovsky is known not only as a major and versatile surgeon, but also as a prominent organizer of public health - for many years he has headed the surgical service of the RSFSR. Therefore, the book under review, written by him together with Yu. Ya. Gritzman, is of considerable interest to Soviet surgeons.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):101-103
pages 101-103 views

New ophthalmoscope

Busygin N.V.


Reverse ophthalmoscopy is usually performed with hand-held ophthalmoscopes, and it is necessary to catch an image of the fundus in the air, which is very difficult for novice ophthalmologists to do.

Kazan medical journal. 1961;42(1):103-105
pages 103-105 views

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