Vol 80, No 3 (1999)

Medicosocial rehabilitation of patients with terminal renal insufficiency on the individually programmed hemodialysis

Mukhametzyanov I.S., Karpov А.E., Ganeev T.S.


The possibility to achieve medicosocial rehabilitation of patients on hemodialysis using the individually programmed hemodialysis on the computer information technology “Dialysis center” and kinetic urea simulation is studied.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):161-165
pages 161-165 views

Prediction of hand syndactylia relapse

Maleev M.V., Latypova N.A., Kuznetsova R.G.


The computer prediction algorithm making it possible before the operation to estimate with sufficient reliability degree the feasibility of the hand syndactylia relapse after surgical intervention and to choose the rational operation tactics is developed. The test of the prognostic table by the data of the control group case records showed a good agreement between the prognostic results and the true ones.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):166-169
pages 166-169 views

Recovery of the impaired function of the hand thumb flexion

Nettov G.G.


The results of the treatment of the long flexion injuries of the I finger in combination with the median nerve branches injuries of the I—III fingers in 63 patients are analysed. The primary and primary delayed tendon sutures proved to be effective. In isolated long flexion injury of the I finger the primary and secondary sutures are effective, and at remote terms the Dubrov autotendoplasty is effective. Recovery of the thumb injuried blockform ligament is possible parallel with it without sacrifice for the function.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):170-171
pages 170-171 views

Endoscopic laserotherapy in combined treatment of duodenal peptic ulcerous disease

Batrakov S.N., Troshkin V.N.


The results of combined treatment of 90 patients with duodenal peptic ulcerous disease are presented. The clinical efficiency of complementing the traditional treatment by the endoscopic laserotherapy is shown. The positive dynamics of histamine, serotonin, catecholamines in duodenum mucous membrane was noted parallel with the clinicoendoscopic picture improvement. The positive changes of humoral and cellular immunity indices in the presence of the treatment combined with the endoscopic laserotherapy were observed.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):172-175
pages 172-175 views

Comparison of efficiency of benzylpenicillin in the treatment of pneumonia in intramuscular and lymphotropic methods of injection

Osipov S.A., Ziganshin A.U., Enaleeva D.S.


Penicillin concentration in blood serum of patients with pneumonia in the presence of acute respiratory virus infection is studied by the highly effective liquid chromatography method in lymphotropic and intramuscular methods of injection. The effect of lymphotropic injection of the antibiotic on the clinical picture of the disease is revealed. Total disappearance of penicillin from blood serum in 3 hours in intramuscular injection and conservation of it within the minimum inhibiting concentration up to 9 hours after lymphotropic injection is indicated. The conclusions are made on the superiority of the given method over intramuscular one in velocity of cupping pulmonary symptomatology, quantity of the drug injections and load on middle medical staff.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):176-178
pages 176-178 views

Efficiency of ambrosan in bronchopulmonary diseases

Vizel А.A., Khamitov R.F., Gizatullina E.D., Khasanova S.M., Fatkullina R.S., Filatova M.S., Aznabaeva Y.A., Khalfiev I.N.


As many as 137 patients with acute and chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, bron- choectatic disease and tuberculosis were given ambrosan in a dose of 30 mg three times per day in combined therapy (all patients were given antibacterial drugs). It was shown that ambrosan softens cough, promotes sputum passage, positively affects rhe bronchopulmonary disease course. This effect was the most pronounced in acute and chronic bronchitis (87% and 94,8%).

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):179-183
pages 179-183 views

Determination of the incidence of bronchial asthma in children of school age

Yakushenko M.N., Kochubei А.V., Kerimov М.B.


A group of children aged 7 and 13—14 was chosen using the questionnaire data of 6104 pupils in Nalchik according to the International program ISAAC. It is possible to identify the patients which need the diagnosis refinement by studying medical documentation in the risk group.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):184-183
pages 184-183 views

Complex estimation of cardiovascular and respiratory systems under the loads of an increasing power

Vanyushin Y.S., Sitdikov F.G.


The coefficient of the complex estimation of providing a body with oxygen is suggested. Physical load at 200 W is provided with various combination of the interaction of transport and oxygen utilization systems depending on the age of athletes.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):187-189
pages 187-189 views

Respiratory modulation of reflex activity of the truncus cerebri

Gainutdinov A.R., Ivanichev G.A., Chuchalin A.G.


The effect of resistive load and hyperventilation on reflex activity of bulbar cerebrum structures was studied in 32 healthy volunteers by blink-reflex registration method. It is established that resistive load caused the increase of amplitude-time characteristics of the reflex response late component. Hyperventilation test, in its turn, was accompanied by suppression of the late reflex response. The data obtained show that resistive load increases excitability of truncal neurons responsible for the realization of the late reflex response, and hyperventilation has an inhibiting effect on the cerebrum structure data.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):190-192
pages 190-192 views

Differentiated treatment of chronic hepatitis of nonvirus etiology in children

Daminov T.A., Muratkhodzhaeva A.V.


According to the data of the subjective and objective study catergen and essentiale are the agents to treat the children with chronic nonvirus hepatitis independent of the disease forms.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):193-196
pages 193-196 views

Clinicogenetic characteristic of patients with mucoviscidosis in the saratov region

Sirotkin E.A.


As many as 52 families having patients with mucoviscidosis (2 : 100000 inhabitants) live in the Saratov region. The molecular and genetic examination was performed in 38 children. 52,6% of chromosomes in patients with mucoviscidosis carry the mutation del F508, 47,4% of chromosomes carry other mutations. 28,9% of them have homoxygotes, 47,4% have homozygomes by the mutation del F508, and 23,7% of patients with both rare or unknown mutations. The mixed mucoviscidosis form is revealed in 92,1% of children, the pulmonary one is revealed in 5,3% of children and the enteric one is revealed in 2,6% of children. It is shown that the incidence of mucoviscidosis corresponds to the assumed incidence for the European part of Russia: the level of chromosomes carrying the mutation del F508 is lower than in the countries of west Europe but higher than in the south of Europe and in the north-west of Russia.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):197-200
pages 197-200 views


Bashirova D.K., Sorokin А.A., Gazizova G.F.


The follow-up of the patient aged 69 suffering from sodoku treated with intramuscular injections of totacet is described.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):201-203
pages 201-203 views

Functional state of immune and endocrinic systems in children of first three months of life with active cytomegalovirus infection

Ozhegov A.M., Penkina N.I., Myakisheva L.S., Maltsev S.V.


The state of immune and endocrinic systems and their relation in children of first three months of life with active cytomegalovirus infection is studied. Significant immunity disorders as cellular reaction dysbalance and humoral link activation are revealed in children with active congenital cytomegalovirus infection. The association of lymphocyte subpopulations with the disease gravity and terms of infecting a child is established. The low level of thyroidin hormone T3 that is the disease gravity criterion is revealed in 1/3 of children.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):204-207
pages 204-207 views

Unimoment reconstruction of two-storeyed lesions of lower extremity arteries

Khalilov I.G.


The comparative characteristic of the results of two basic surgical treatment methods of two-storeyed lesions of lower extremity arteries; proximal reconstruction and simultaneous reconstruction of both storeys is given. It is revealed that atherosclerosis progress in the distal anastomosis region of the aortofemoral shunt as well as in the popliteal artery region and its trifurcation can cause blood circulatior decompensation at remote terms after proxima reconstructions. The unimoment reconstruction makes it possible to exclude in advance from blood circulatior zone the potential hemodynamic barriers in deep femoral artery region, popliteal artery and its trifurcation arising with atherosclerosis developmen at remote terms after the primary operation as well as to decrease the probability of lesion of the dista anastomosis of aortofemoral shunt by neointima hyperplasia.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):208-211
pages 208-211 views

Reproductive potential in women after tubal pregnancy operation

Mazitova M.I., Davletshina L.T., Mazitov I.M.


The ectopic pregnancy frequency is studied by the data of one of the great puerperal houses in Kazan for 1993—1997. It is established that following the ectopic pregnancy, the pregnancy comes in each fifth woman; among women wishing to give birth, the pregnancy comes in each second one. Hence, in ectopic pregnancy complications of tuboperitoneal sterility in calculations it is necessary to take into account the woman’s wish to retain reproductive function.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):212-213
pages 212-213 views

Current state and prospects of X-ray endovascular surgery

Kamalov I.I., Malinovsky M.N., Korobov V.V.


According to epidemiological studies A. Gotto (USA), G. Schetter (Germany), approximately 25-30% of the world's population suffer from clinically manifested atherosclerosis. This disease is characterized by systemic lesions of the arteries of the heart, brain, all parts of the aorta and peripheral vessels, primarily the arteries of the lower extremities.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):214-218
pages 214-218 views

On the importance of psychological factors in allergic diseases in children

Aron I.S., Potemkin A.M.


Allergic diseases account for 20-25% in the overall structure of all morbidity in Russia [5]. The problem of prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in children is especially urgent, because allergic diseases occupy a leading place in the structure of childhood diseases. According to A.M. Potemkina, treatment and prevention of allergic diseases in children are most effective in the first three years of life. In children of the first year of life, monoallergy prevails, that is, one allergic disease (85%).

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):219-221
pages 219-221 views

Surgical treatment of chronic calculous pancreatitis

Ishenin Y.M., Valeev R.A., Fakhrutdinov R.N., Kiselev D.I.


Most often, patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) are treated conservatively, but in some forms of CP associated with impaired outflow of pancreatic juice, surgical treatment is the method of choice. One of the indications for surgical treatment is virsungolithiasis, in particular, impacted stones of the Wirsung duct. With such a pathology, they resort to internal drainage operations (pancreatojejunostomy according to Duval or Puestau), virsungoplasty or endoscopic removal of stones.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):222-223
pages 222-223 views

Experience of using Depo-Prover in antenatal clinics

Lyashova G.M.


Depo-Provera is one of the most effective contraceptives with a reversible effect that lasts for 3 months after a single dose. The average duration of the sterile period from the last injection to the resumption of ovulation is 5.8 months.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):223-224
pages 223-224 views

Actinic reticuloid case

Kuklin V.T., Torbin O.V., Bychkova L.I., Tsyplakov D.E., Gilmutdinova V.R.


Actinic reticuloid means a type of photodermatosis, the pathohistological characteristics of which in the skin are identical to those in fungal mycosis and clinically resemble the skin condition of peasants and sailors.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):224-226
pages 224-226 views

Timalin as an immunomodulator in experimental vaccination

Kalimullin F.K., Baranov V.A.


The aim of our work was to study the effect of thymalin on the intensity of post-vaccination immunity against Aujeszky's disease in piglets in an experiment with different levels of resistance.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):226-226
pages 226-226 views

The main causes of perinatal mortality at the regional level

Sharapova O.V., Nizamov I.G., Kulakova V.I.


On the basis of complex multidimentional study of perinatal mortality causes in Chuvash Republic during 1986—1996 the authors revealed and quantitatively measured the factors causing perinatal mortality. The work is performed on the basis of 1196 cases of perinatal mortality which are collected all over the Chuvash Republic. The adequate directions of the given mortality type prevention are suggested.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):227-229
pages 227-229 views

Ethicolegal aspects of nursing premature infants

Albitsky V.Y., Volgina S.Y., Shakirova E.M.


The problems involving prematurity are considered. The high death rate among such infants especially in perinatal period is noted. The problems of an ethic nature involving the viewpoint of physicians and parents on the problem of nursing premature infants in our country are studied by anonymous questionnaire.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):230-233
pages 230-233 views

Clinical and epidemiological features of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in the Republic of Tatarstan

Zakirov I.G., Bashirova D.K., Sorokin А.А., Gorlovskaya E.V.


Natural focal infections in some regions of Russia occupy a leading place in the structure of infectious diseases [1,4]. Among them, one should single out hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) [1-4]. In the Republic of Tatarstan, this viral disease also dominates among the registered natural focal infections.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):234-236
pages 234-236 views

Complications of abortion

Kozlov L.A., Nigmatulpina N.A.


According to article 36 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, every woman has the right to independently decide the issue of motherhood, and in particular, about artificial termination of pregnancy. However, abortion is a rather dangerous intervention in a woman's body. Even carried out in a clinical setting by an experienced doctor, it is often accompanied by various complications, being one of the main causes of gynecological morbidity.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):237-240
pages 237-240 views

I.A. Nushtaev. “Saratov Medical Scientists: Historical and Biographical Essays” - Saratov —1998.— Issue 1.— 73 pages

Gribina L.N.


The biographical articles presented to the readers' attention highlight the activities of individual scientists for whom 1998 was a jubilee year.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(3):240-240
pages 240-240 views

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