Vol 31, No 7 (1935)

Professor Isaak Samuilovich Aluf

Kochergin V.M.


On July 20, 1935, after a serious long illness, Professor Isaak Samuilovich Aluf, director of the Kazan Medical Institute and director of the nervous clinic of the same institute, died prematurely.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):803-806
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Sources of medical errors and ways of their elimination

Epstein T.D.


The history of medicine teaches us that this path of development was very rich in hobbies and mistakes, and that it was from misconceptions, from studying and overcoming them that the truth was obtained. Paradox and argument have always been powerful engines of medical science. No one has enriched medicine with new, fruitful ideas in the same way as those who have made big mistakes, fallen and rose again.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):807-816
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Debate on the report of prof. A. D. Guseva


Debate on the report of prof. A.D. Guseva - "Medical Errors and Medical Crimes".

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):817-826
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Drinking water at industrial enterprises of Kazan

Emdin V.I.


The fight to reduce morbidity and thus increase productivity at work should be carried out not only on the basis of extensive health improvement measures, but also by streamlining the so-called "trifles" that often significantly deteriorate the sanitary situation at enterprises. These "trifles" should also include the supply of drinking water to industrial workers.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):827-833
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White blood picture in comparison with erythrocyte sedimentation reaction and reticulecytosis in pulmonary tuberculosis

Ratner S.I., Kanover L.A.


The picture of white blood in pulmonary tuberculosis has been studied sufficiently on a large material. In a critical assessment of the hemogram, almost all authors are unanimous. The same can be said about the erythrocyte sedimentation reaction. These laboratory methods — hemogram and ROE — have already been sufficiently introduced into the use of the tuberculosis clinic. In recent years, great importance has been attached to determining the number of erythrocytes with intravital staining granularity — reticulecytes.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):834-839
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Treatment of typhoid patients with Coli-curdled milk

Chireikin I.K.


At the present time, we cannot use only specific means - a vaccine or serum in the treatment of typhoid and paratyphoid fever. Treatment with lysates and bacteriophages has not yet been widely used in medical practice.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):839-843
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Brucellosis in humans and in particular damage to the nervous system in brucellosis

Pervushin V.P.


The clinical picture of explicit brucellosis is very polymorphic, characterized by the variability of symptoms and a significant number of complications, affecting the functions of a wide variety of organs. The nervous system - peripheral, central with its shells, cerebrospinal and vegetative - is numerous, varied and very frequent.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):844-849
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Postoperative bleeding in patients with gastric resection

Godik V.I., Korytkin-Novikov L.E.


In recent years, indications have appeared in the literature that the observed postoperative bleeding in gastric patients depends mainly on biological changes in the blood — the presence of thrombopenia in such patients, decreased blood clotting and leukopenia. We set out to test this opinion on our clinical material.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):849-853
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Anesthesia of Ged's zones in inflammatory processes and childbirth

Firsova K.P., Stremovskaya S.I.


Recently, in connection with the latest data in the field of pathophysiology of the autonomic nervous system, the study of the issue of pathological excitation of the nervous system is becoming more and more relevant.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):854-857
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Preventive examination of the upper respiratory tract, its role and significance in the problem of laryngeal tuberculosis

Meryemson F.A., Bongard P.I., Belkina F.E.


The difficulty and often complete helplessness of the fight against laryngeal tuberculosis forced modern phthisiolaryngologists to look for new ways to study this extremely difficult and serious problem. This helplessness is acutely felt not only in a small area of the laryngeal tuberculosis, but also on the entire wide front of the fight against tuberculosis infection.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):858-863
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Treatment of soft chanker with copper sulfate solution by iontophoresis

Feldman Y.I.


Looking through all the literature available to us, we found only two works on the effect of copper sulfate on the treatment of soft chancre. Yersіld, who at a congress in Strasbourg in 1928 reported on the treatment of soft chancre, applied this treatment to a group of six of 18 people; 17 of them got excellent results; the cure of the soft chancre came in a very short time, and the sixth buboes never had such a treatment. The author considers this method even prophylactic in relation to the emergence of buboes with soft chancre. Another work of the Russian author - Kugushev, who applied the treatment of soft chancre by iontophoresis on a group of 18 patients and received good results, having achieved a cure within 4-25 days.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):864-867
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Relapses of scarlet fever

Podobansky V.K.


There are a number of published works that describe the clinical picture of scarletine relapses and explain their pathogenesis. In recent years, this issue has been the focus of much attention and discussion at the Russian-German Congress on Scarlatine in Koenigsberg in 1928. Scarlatine relapses are rare, and even on large hospital material they are rarely observed. I will not list all the statistics on the subject, I will only note a few authors from the literature available to me.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):867-871
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B. coli transformations in the intestine and bacteriophage

Znamensky G.A., Minkevich I.E.


Changes in the survival of bacteria from the destructive effects of the phage are based on their transformation into lyso-resistant races, against which a whole series of microbial variations with respect to morphological, cultural-biochemical, serological features and virulence are developed. Particularly numerous and varied studies are devoted to the variability influenced by the phage among the bacteria of the intestinal-typhose group, where its manifestations are most exclusive. Escherichia coli has been the subject of many observations.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):871-874
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About the method of growing anaerobes on the surface of dense media

Mazur B.L.


Anaerobes play a prominent role in the etiology of wound infections. Hence, the aspirations of bacteriologists to find such a method of growing: anaerobes, which, in simplicity, would not be inferior to aerobic, i.e. would not require special devices, nor a significant amount of time for its implementation. Until now, there is no such method in the arsenal of bacteriological methods.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):874-876
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On the issue of adverse outcomes in the treatment with colouring substances

Vasiliev I.P., Golyaev A.V.


Aniline paints, discovered in the middle of the 19th century, quickly gained widespread use in various industries. Soon, their harmful effect was noticed (for the first time fuchsin — Chevallier, 1866) on the body in terms of local and general lesions (eczema, facial edema, vomiting, diarrhea, paresis, etc.).

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):877-879
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A case of abdominal actinomycosis simulating an inflammatory tumor of the cecum

Potapov V.G.


Mevlut Z., 40 years old, a Tatar collective farmer, applied to the Baydar hospital in late May 1931 with complaints of a tumor in the right abdomen, diarrhea, general weakness and emaciation.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):880-882
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On the use of carbolic acid solution in gas gangrene and phlegmon

Soloviev A.F.


Carbolic acid is successfully used for skin diseases, anthrax, carbuncles, for washing infected joints with a 1-3% solution or in the form of Chlumsky's liquid. Bacelli recommends it for the treatment of tetanus. We used a 3% solution of carbolic acid in the treatment of gas gangrene and phlegmon.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):883-884
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Treatment of malaria with strychnine

Soghomonyan M.S.


The costly import of antimalarial drugs and, in particular, quinine, prompts us to look for new drugs in the treatment of this disease, which causes enormous harm to the population. Based on our own observations over a long period of time, we can state that strychnine gives a more or less positive result and that it is permissible to think about the significant persistence of these results.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):884-885
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Two cases of uterine fibromioma during pregnancy and childbirth

Sokolova N.S.


Fibroids of the uterus and pregnancy are not uncommon. Pregnancy with this often ends in successful childbirth. Nevertheless, there are such combinations of fibroids and pregnancy that make the doctor go through a lot at the patient's bedside before deciding on this or that event. An example is our two cases described below.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):886-887
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Acute dilation of the uterus during scraping

Fomenko B.P.


In this note, I will touch upon a complication called uterine paralysis, relaxation, or acute expansion. It is found both in scrapings for gynecological diseases and in miscarriages, but for some reason it is not mentioned in modern books describing the scraping operation.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):888-889
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1st All-Union Endocrinology Conference

Auslender E.M.


The conference was attended by about 900 people. In 11 sessions, the problems of lysate therapy, urogravidan therapy, endemic goiter, Urov disease, endocrine-vegetative disorders, issues of organotherapy production, etc. were discussed.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):890-900
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IV All-Union Congress of Otorhinolaryngologists

Bobrovsky N.A.


The IV All-Union Congress of Otorhinolaryngologists was held in Leningrad on May 6-11, 1935.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):901-905
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Histological examination of the heart muscle in the human embryo

Matsuda K., Odani S.


The authors have set themselves the task of tracking the development of heart muscle in embryos by months.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):905-905
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Movement and digestive activity


The author carried out studies on dogs on the time of passage of food through the gastrointestinal tract with complete rest and with one- and two-time running at different times after eating.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):905-906
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Influence of the gallbladder, sphincter Oddi and duodenum on the bile outflow

Kohan S.


A. performed experiments on dogs in 3 directions.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):906-906
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Alkalinity of blood flowing from the stomach during secretion

Hanke М.


The experiments were aimed at finding out whether the formation of HCI is accompanied by an increase in the alkalinity of the flowing blood.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):906-906
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Hypoglycemia and gastric secretion


The mechanism that regulates gastric acid secretion depends on many factors. Some humorally maintain the constant secretion of the stomach by purely chemical processes. Others, of nervous origin, act either reflexively or under the influence of central or parasympathetic stimulation.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):906-907
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Experiments with serum against typhus

Varela G., Paratta М., Agucyo М.


The authors immunized horses with an emulsion of rat-derived ricketzia. Rats infected with the typhus virus were exposed to X-ray irradiation.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):907-907
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Experimental study of typhus

Сіuса М., Balteanu J., Constandinesco N.


The authors managed to infect cats per os by feeding them with the organs of typhus guinea pigs.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):907-907
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Study of the presence of rat typhus virus (Toulon strain) in the urine of rats and guinea pigs

Marcandier A., Pirot R.


The authors infected white rats with the rat typhus virus and determined the presence of the virus in urine at various times after infection.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):907-907
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Typhus vaccination by enteral route in monkeys

Nicolle С., Laigret J., Sparrow H.


In their previous work, the authors showed that the typhus virus (guinea pig brain) can pass through the intestinal wall. This phenomenon is observed regularly with rat typhus virus, less regularly with European typhus virus and rocky mountain fever.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):907-908
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Reticulo-endothelial system (RES) and antibody formation

Kronheim С.


The author studied the role of blockade in experimental infection of white mice with streptococcus. The blockade was carried out with ink and colloidal copper.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):908-908
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Reticulo-endothelial system and the natural immunity of white mice to bac. pseudoanthracis

Russeff С.


The author showed that when white mice, weighing 20-22 g, were infected with a sublethal dose of Baс. pseudoanthracis (1/2 loop of a 24-hour agar culture), their death from infection reaches 97.3%.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):908-908
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Disappearance of complement with histamine shock

Paul В., Popper Н.


The authors showed that in histamine shock in dogs and guinea pigs, complement also disappears from the blood, as in anaphylactic shock.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):908-909
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On the influence of the autonomic nervous system on the formation of antibodies

Sasaki T., Kurisu J.


Based on experimental studies, the authors hold the view that the autonomic nervous system is in close contact with the body's functions when producing antibodies.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):909-909
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Serologic differentiation of peripheral nerves (especially the autonomic nervous system) from the cerebral cortex

Plaut F.


The author showed that the sera obtained by immunizing rabbits with a suspension of n. sympathicus and n. vagus, do not show specific properties when tested with alcoholic extracts from the same nerves; these serums have only the properties of ordinary neuroanti-serums.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):909-909
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The role of mucus in pathology and therapy

R. H. Monceaux М.


The question of the role of slime is becoming more and more of a daily routine. The introduction of mucus into therapy, which began in America in 1932, also spread to France.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):909-910
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Treatment of hypertension

Gomez D.М.


The author gives the results of treatment of 40 cases of hypertension of various origins.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):910-910
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Vaques disease successfully treated with onion juice

Auslender E.


This treatment is based on the experiments of Truzzi, who made a dog severely anemic by giving 15.0 fresh onions per kilogram of body weight.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):910-910
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Treatment of rheumatic diseases with calcium


Based on the hypothesis of the allergic nature of local manifestations of rheumatism, the author proposed that they should be treated with non-specific desensitisation using calcium.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):910-910
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Hypochloremia in cancer patients under the influence of radiotherapy


The authors, examining 45 patients with cancer, found: 1) mild plasma hypochoremia, which was more pronounced, the worse the general condition of the patient was (3.90-2.94, on average 3.31); 2) hypochloremia of erythrocytes is almost constant (2.80-1.66, on average — 2.24) and 3) a pronounced increase in the ratio of erythrocyte chlorine to plasma chlorine.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):910-910
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Stomach cancer and alcohol

Vainel J.


The author, based on a study of 2 patients with stomach cancer, indicates that, despite the generally accepted opinion, alcohol does not matter in the genesis of cancer.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):910-910
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Advances in American surgery

Narat I.


The author describes that in the clinic Mauo (Judd) in almost 50% of cases, there is a duodenal ulcer located near the pylorus.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):911-911
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Thrombosis and gangrene in experiment

Rost F.


The author in his experiments in 1928 on white rats received thrombosis or gangrene of the tail or extremities when feeding young animals with potassium, while this dose of potassium in adults did not lead to pathological changes.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):911-911
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About sterilization operations

Boeminghaus H.


Considering that the production of vas deferens resection is insufficient for sterilization purposes, the author proposes to inject rivanol solutions and silver salts into the vas deferens.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):911-911
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Operation without vascular ligation

Mermingas К.


The author already 5 years ago appeared in print on this topic and is now sharing his further observations.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):911-911
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About serotherapy for acute peritonitis

Perrandо G.


For the treatment of acute peritonitis of various origins, the author resorted to intravenous, subcutaneous and intra-abdominal administration of antitoxic (Coliperfrigens) serum with simultaneous surgical treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):911-912
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About anaerobic bacteria in the biliary tract with cholelithiasis

Оzакі К.


Due to the popular belief that anaerobic bacteria are rare in cholelithiasis, they receive little clinical attention.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):912-912
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Plenary sessions of the TR Scientific Medical Association

Emdin V.I.


At the plenary sessions of the Scientific Medical Association on February 10 and 11, 1935, two reports were heard of Professors P.F. Zdrodovsky and I.M. Frank, delegated by the All-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine to carry out a production campaign named after the 16th Congress of Soviets.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):912-914
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In memory of the honored scientist prof. V. I. Razumovsky

Соколов Н.


On 7 July this year, Professor V.I. Razumovsky, whose name is well known to every Russian doctor, died in Essentuki at the age of 78.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):914-915
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Zimnitsky V.


Graduation of doctors in Kazan in 1935. Kazan State Medical Institute graduated 197 doctors. During the entire existence of the institute, there has never been such a large graduate. There are 44 Tartars among the graduates.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(7):915-916
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