Vol 39, No 4 (1958)

Cover Page

Full Issue

Clinical and theoretical medicine on some topical issues of pathogenesis and treatment of purulent peritonitis

Sokolov N.V.


Despite the fact that the treatment of purulent peritonitis has long attracted the attention of surgeons, many questions of the pathogenesis and treatment of this formidable complication of various pathological processes of the abdominal cavity are still far from complete resolution. This is evidenced by the relatively high mortality (15-20%) of patients with diffuse, purulent peritonitis, even with correct surgical tactics in relation to the main processes leading to peritonitis, and when using all methods of conservative treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):5-9
pages 5-9 views

Current state of esophageal and cardiac cancer surgery

Polyantsev A.A.


In order to give a close to reality characteristic of the current state of surgery for esophageal and cardiac cancer, one should consider the main views concerning the tactics of surgeons, as well as an analysis of the immediate and long-term results of surgical treatment of this disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):10-18
pages 10-18 views

New electrosurgical methods of common and total gastric resections for cancer

Sigal M.Z.


The principles of methods of electrosurgical resections of the stomach have been developed by a number of authors (S. A. Holdin, 1941, 1952; M. S. Shulman, 1948; V. Bebekok, 1942). Common to all variants of the technique is the rejection of suturing mucous membranes, restoration of the continuity of the gastrointestinal canal due to serous-muscular sutures, replacement of conventional methods of hemostasis

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):18-23
pages 18-23 views

Our experience with transthoracic operations on the cardia and esophagus

Sokolov M.Y., Schmaus E.G.


Over the past 7-10 years, transthoracic surgery has emerged from the walls of clinics and has become increasingly used in peripheral hospitals.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):23-25
pages 23-25 views

On some principles of surgical treatment and prevention of laryngeal cancer

Lozanov N.I., Svatko L.G.


Although the methods of anticancer control over the past decade have significantly enriched due to the widespread introduction into practice of ionizing radiation - radiation therapy, it should still be recognized that in relation to cancer of the larynx, like some of its other localizations, surgical methods, with all their negative aspects, in many cases remain irreplaceable and therefore subject to further development and improvement.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):25-30
pages 25-30 views

Topical issues in the treatment of open bone fractures

Shulugko L.I., Tarnopolskiy Y.I.


With an abundance of literature on the treatment of patients with open skeletal injuries, this problem still deserves serious attention. Significant advances in modern science in the field of in-depth study of the dynamics of very complex processes accompanying trauma, and the discovery of effective antibiotic drugs have a positive role in resolving a number of issues related to open bone fractures.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):30-35
pages 30-35 views

Intraosseous metal osteosynthesis for open fractures of long bones

Yusupov F.S.


The goal of treating any fracture is to quickly achieve fusion of bone fragments in anatomically correct proportions and fully restore the function of the affected organ.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):35-41
pages 35-41 views

Outcomes of surgical treatment of inflammatory processes of the biliary tract during surgery under local anesthesia

Mikhailov V.I.


It is known that the highest mortality rate with general inhalation anesthesia is observed during operations on the biliary tract. On this occasion, AV Vishnevsky [3] wrote: "The dangers of anesthesia during surgical operations should be circumvented by the widespread use of local anesthesia." We would like to report on the effect of local anesthesia on the outcomes of surgical treatment of inflammatory processes of the biliary tract based on the experience of the surgical clinic of the pedagogical faculty of the KSMI.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):41-46
pages 41-46 views

Experience of using potentiated anesthesia in surgical practice

Kolsanov N.A.


The problem of anesthesia, which was first scientifically substantiated in the works of N.I. Pirogov, has now grown into a separate branch of science - anesthesiology. Modern pain management encompasses a wide range of pharmacological, physiological, clinical and surgical issues. The concept of anesthesia involves not only the elimination of feelings, pain, but also a number of measures to regulate vital functions and reduce metabolic disorders that occur during each surgical intervention.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):46-50
pages 46-50 views

Experience of resection of the lung and its parts in tuberculosis

Sigal I.Z.


Radical lung operations were developed in detail in our country by N. A. Bakulev, P. A. Kupriyanov, L. K. Bogush, F. G. Uglov, N. M. Amosov, I. S. Kolesnikov. Sufficient experience has been accumulated in this operation for tuberculosis and non-tuberculous chronic lung diseases. As the indications and contraindications were clarified, the technique of various types of resection was mastered, mortality and the number of postoperative complications decreased, and the outcomes improved.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):51-56
pages 51-56 views

Surgeon's tactics for penetrating chest wounds

Aizman I.M.


The development of the surgeon's tactics for penetrating wounds of the chest goes through approximately the same paths and difficulties that were in their time "in the treatment of penetrating wounds of the abdomen.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):56-61
pages 56-61 views

Pulmonary suppuration after pneumonia and lobectomy

Shulaeva Z.A.


One of the urgent tasks of pulmonary surgery is the fight against postoperative complications. As you know, complications can occur both in the first days after the operation, and in the late and long-term period. From the complications of the long-term period after radical lung operations, along with bronchial fistulas and empyema, suppurative processes after lobectomy and pneumonectomy deserve attention for the study.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):61-67
pages 61-67 views

A new method for the operation of large ventral hernias

Shubin V.V.


There are many methods of ventral hernia surgery (pr MP Rukhlyadeva, more than 80), which indicates that they are insufficiently satisfactory. The main reason is the recurrence of the hernia due to atrophy of the displaced muscle layers, aponeurosis of the skin, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):67-69
pages 67-69 views

The choice of a method of treatment for various forms and stages of obliterating endarteritis

Shagarov I.R.


The prevalence of the disease obliterating endarteritis has a great connection with the past World War II. In the conditions of the active army and in the postwar years, according to MI Khvilivitskaya and IV Davydovsky, this disease accounted for 11.8% of all vascular diseases.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):70-75
pages 70-75 views

Acute intestinal obstruction

Danilova S.V.


The present work is devoted to patients with various forms of acute intestinal obstruction who passed through the clinic during the period from 1946 to 1955. During this period, 903 patients with acute intestinal obstruction were admitted to the clinic, of which 362 patients (40.1%) were subjected to surgery. treatment, and the remaining 541 (59.9%), although clinically had a picture of acute intestinal obstruction, but their intestinal obstruction was resolved by conservative measures. In this work, we present observations only on operated patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):75-80
pages 75-80 views

Long-term results of surgical intervention in patients with narrowing of the left venous opening and non-closure of the Botallov duct

Khurgin M.I., Semenova Z.M.


Currently, operations for narrowing the left venous opening have ceased to be a casuistic incident and have entered the circle of daily work of surgical clinics (A.N. Bakulev, A.A. Vishnevsky, A.V. Gulyaev, V.I. Kazansky, P.A. Kupriyanov, E. N. Meshalkin, B. V. Petrovsky, F. G. Uglov and many others).

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):81-85
pages 81-85 views

Long-term results of treatment of lung abscesses with antibiotics and sulfonamides

Shcherbatenko S.I.


According to the data of the therapeutic department of the Republican Clinical Hospital in Kazan, the number of patients with lung abscesses has noticeably decreased. This demonstrates the success achieved in the treatment of pneumonia. Nevertheless, the problem of effective therapy for lung abscess remains relevant.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):86-88
pages 86-88 views

The results of the operation to remove the uterus and vagina with prolapse according to our modification

Rabinovich E.Z.


G. K-Cherepakhin) of the 12th hospital of the mountains. Gorky There are hundreds of methods and modifications for surgical treatment of prolapse and prolapse of the vagina and uterus. If we take into account that the main goal of surgery is not only to eliminate the loss, but also to prevent the possibility of relapse, then it should be noted that most of the existing methods are far from perfect. A wide choice of methods makes it possible to adhere to the principle: each patient has his own operation, taking into account the peculiarities of each case.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):88-91
pages 88-91 views

Experience of allo- and homoplasty of blood vessels in experiment

Shalagin M.M., Kozyreva I.V.


Over the past decades; great success has been achieved in the surgery of the main vessels. Either alloplastic or bioplastic material is suitable for vascular plastics. Foreign material for connecting vessels has been used since the end of the last century. Currently at the Institute of Surgery. Vishnevsky, Donetsk ring is used for stitching vessels.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):91-96
pages 91-96 views

Poin antiblastic properties according to the experiment

Elpidina O.K.


The relevance of the search for new means of combating malignant tumors stems from the limited effectiveness of their surgical and radiation treatment. It is especially tempting to use antibiotics, which have had tremendous success in other fields of medicine. A lot of research is being carried out in the Soviet Union in this direction.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):96-104
pages 96-104 views

About the mechanism of heterotransfusion shock

Erzin M.A.


Until now, the mechanism of heterotransfusion shock remains unclear. Previous ideas about its mechanism require revision

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):104-106
pages 104-106 views

On the pathogenesis of heterotransfusion shock

Popkov N.I.


To explain the mechanism of heterotransfusion shock, the researchers put forward various assumptions. The most widespread theory is the agglutination and hemolysis of injected erythrocytes.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):106-108
pages 106-108 views

Intraosseous anesthesia and pathogenesis of early blood changes after surgery

Apina E.Y.


Intraosseous anesthesia is widely used in operations on the extremities. In almost all cases, it is complete and stable throughout the operation.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):109-115
pages 109-115 views

Practical observations and short messages on the technique of blood transfusion

Chigarin A.P.


With intravenous blood transfusion, technical difficulties may occur: poorly expressed veins on the limbs, scars after former venous sections, the inability to free the patient's limb during the operation, especially during thoracic or abdominal operations. Faced with similar difficulties, we performed intravenous transfusions of blood and various solutions into the cutaneous vein of the neck - the external jugular vein.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):116-117
pages 116-117 views

On the question of grigoriu surgery for uterine prolapse

Kalinin A.P.


There are a large number of surgical methods for treating uterine prolapse, and this alone indicates that it is difficult to choose an operation that would give radical short and long-term results and at the same time would be the least traumatic and easy to perform. Any new operation or any modification of the most common operations requires testing on a large operating material. Of particular interest is the identification and coverage in the literature of complications occurring both during the operation and at various times after it.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):117-118
pages 117-118 views

On the casuistry of spontaneous development of an external biliary fistula in calculous cholecystitis

Rakhmatullin R.N.


Patient A. Korchagina, 48 years old, a collective farmer, was admitted to the Usalinskaya hospital on October 31, 1955 with a fistula in the anterior abdominal wall, through which stones came out.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):118-119
pages 118-119 views

On the casuistry of diaphragmatic hernias

Bolotov A.A., Lyulinskaya V.G.


Patient L., 44 years old, was admitted to 1 city hospital on October 25, 1950 with a diagnosis of food intoxication.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):119-121
pages 119-121 views

Large diaphragmatic hernia

Medvedev N.P.


As you know, diaphragmatic hernias are divided into congenital and acquired. Acquired diaphragmatic hernias are usually caused by trauma. On the right, traumatic hernias are rare. Due to the release of the viscera into the chest cavity, the lung collapses, and the heart is displaced.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):121-122
pages 121-122 views

To the clinic of thromboembolic complications in septic endocarditis

Sanina M.P., Akhunzyanov X.Z.


Septic endocarditis occurs with a very polymorphic clinical picture. The severity of individual symptoms varies. In some patients in the early phases endovasculitis develops, and the whole disease proceeds with a predominance of endothelial symptoms, in others, progressive phenomena of cardiovascular failure come to the fore, anemia is sharply expressed, in others - various variants of renal lesions.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):123-126
pages 123-126 views

History of surgery. From the military-surgical heritage of N.I.Studensky

Rybakov V.I.


The name of the Kazan surgeon NI Studensky (1844-1891) is little known to a wide circle of doctors. Meanwhile, he made a great contribution to our domestic surgery, in particular to military field surgery.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):127-131
pages 127-131 views

On the work of the TASSR Surgical Society in 1957


The activities of the TASSR Surgical Society in 1957 developed in three sections: 1) scientific meetings of the Surgical Society; 2) the work of members of the surgical society to help the health authorities of the TASSR; 3) social work of members of the surgical society. In 1957, 17 scientific meetings were held, 2 - jointly with the Council of the Institute of Reconstructive Surgery, 2 - with the Society of Oncologists, 2 - with the Society of Neuropathologists and 1 - with the Society of Phthisiologists.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):132-133
pages 132-133 views

O nauchno-prakticheskoy mezhoblastnoy konferentsii obshchestva akusherov-ginekologov v Kazani S 4 po 6 iyunya 1958 goda sostoyalas' mezhoblastnaya konferentsiya, posvyashchennaya nauchnym i prakticheskim voprosam akusherstva i ginekologii. Eta konferentsiya byla organizovana Ministerstvom zdravookhraneniya TASSR i Kazanskim nauchnym obshchestvom akusherov-ginekologov po predlozheniyu Pravleniya Vserossiyskogo akushersko- ginekologicheskogo obshchestva. Ещё 417 / 5000 keyboard Результаты перевода About the scientific and practical interregional conference of the society of obstetricians and gynecologists in Kazan


From 4 to 6 June 1958, an interregional conference was held on scientific and practical issues of obstetrics and gynecology. This conference was organized by the Ministry of Health of the TASSR and the Kazan Scientific Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists at the suggestion of the Board of the All-Russian Obstetric and Gynecological Society.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):133-134
pages 133-134 views

Experience of anesthesiologist in open heart surgery using an extracardiac source of blood circulation


The method of extracardiac circulation is based on the use of a pump - an oxygenator, which, during heart surgery, circulates blood circulation at the lowest possible level (35-40 or 60-100 ml per 1 kg of body weight per minute), which is necessary to maintain oxidative processes in the heart and central nervous system. During perfusion, the pressure on the brachial artery is usually in the range of 50-60 mm Hg. Art., and venous pressure, as a rule, is higher than normal.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):135-135
pages 135-135 views

Results of using nylon prostheses for vascular anastomoses and grafts


From June 1956 to August 15, 1957, the authors performed 57 operations on vessels in 54 patients using nylon prostheses. Operations were performed for aortic aneurysms, peripheral vascular aneurysms, segmental thrombosis of the aorta and femoral artery (in the area of the Gunter's canal) and other vascular disorders developing in old people with diabetes.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):135-136
pages 135-136 views

Electrocardiographic monitoring of heart activity during cardiovascular operations performed under artificial hypothermia


To monitor the activity of the heart during surgical interventions on the heart and large vessels under controlled hypothermia with a decrease in body temperature to 31-28 ° C, a combined cardioscope was used, which allows you to simultaneously record an electrocardiogram and monitor its deviations at the most important stages of the operation.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):136-136
pages 136-136 views

Analysis of anti-epidemic work in relation to infectious hepatitis carried out in Prague for 5 years


The fight against infectious hepatitis in recent years has been one of the main tasks of public health in Czechoslovakia. Over the past 5 years, the incidence of jaundice has almost halved. However, in terms of the number of diseases, infectious hepatitis remains in first place among other infectious diseases. Within five years 2.4% of the inhabitants of Prague have had a clinically expressed form of infectious hepatitis.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):136-137
pages 136-137 views

The use of ACTH for the differential diagnosis of jaundice


In 18 patients with acute hepatitis, the administration of ACTH, 100 units. per day for 6 days caused in most cases a decrease in the serum bilirubin content and an increase in the prothrombin content.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):137-137
pages 137-137 views

Anicteric forms of infectious hepatitis


There are 3 forms of anicteric infectious hepatitis: acute, subacute and abortive (latent). Symptomatology of the acute form is characterized by an acute onset, a rapid deterioration of the general condition, fever, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, nausea, aversion to meat and fats; objectively find an enlargement of the liver, sometimes the spleen, an increase in the level of iron and bilirubin in the blood (up to 2.%), pathological colloidal tests.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):137-137
pages 137-137 views

What is C-reactive protein?


When studying serum proteins of patients suffering from various inflammatory and necrotic processes, a protein was found that is absent in the serum of healthy individuals and was called C-reactive due to the ability to precipitate the somatic C-polysaccharide of pneumococcus (as it turned out, the latter property is accidental. After the isolation of pure C-reactive protein and obtaining rabbit antiserum to it, it turned out to be possible without much difficulty to discover its presence in the serum of patients and thus to reveal the early stages of inflammatory or necrotic processes.

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):138-138
pages 138-138 views



The Board of the All-Russian Society of Surgeons informs that in accordance with the order of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR and by order of the Minister of Health of the RSFSR S.V. Kurashov No. 414 dated April 22, 1958, the All-Russian Congress of Surgeons will be held in Leningrad on December 15-20, 1958

Kazan medical journal. 1958;39(4):139-140
pages 139-140 views

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