Vol 59, No 6 (1978)

Ways to further improve outpatient and polyclinic care for the urban population of the Tatar ASSR
Mukhutdinov I.Z.
Abstract

The 25th Congress of the CPSU defined the tasks of the economic and social and cultural development of our country, improving the material well-being of the Soviet people, which in turn should contribute to strengthening their health, the continuation of life and labor activity.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):1-9
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Measures to further reduce occupational injuries
Zhuravlev S.M., Novikov P.E., Ustinov A.A.
Abstract

The study of industrial injuries in 26 administrative regions of the USSR was carried out. It was found that in 82.3% work-related injuries are directly related to the performance of their work duties by the injured, in 17.7% such a relationship was not revealed.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):9-13
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Compression osteosynthesis
Bogdanovich U.Y.
Abstract

Brief information on the history of the development of external compression osteosynthesis is presented. The experience of the Kazan Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics on the use of extra-bone compression plates for the treatment of fresh fractures and pseudoarthrosis in 428 patients is summarized.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):14-16
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Some questions of pathophysiology and treatment of multiple rib fractures
Wagner E.A., Firsov V.D., Sandakov P.Y.
Abstract

Analysis of the examination results of 261 patients with multiple rib fractures showed that in the immediate period after the injury, hyperventilation develops, functional breathing reserves decrease, acidosis occurs, a drop in pulmonary blood flow, and hypertension in the pulmonary circulation.

 
Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):16-19
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Surgical treatment of patients with congenital hip dislocation
Krasnov A.F., Ivanova K.A., Babkova M.I., Chernov A.P., Savin A.M., Naumov A.S.
Abstract

The results of surgical treatment of patients with congenital hip dislocation are presented. Along with palliative operations, open reduction with acetabuloplasty was used.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):20-21
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Informative value of indicators of load distribution along the foot in the course of treatment of hip fractures according to Ilizarov
Kudrin B.I.
Abstract

The distribution of the load on the anterior and posterior parts of the foot was studied in 20 patients with fresh closed diaphyseal femoral fractures during treatment with the Ilizarov compression-distraction apparatus. The indices of the load distribution along the foot (load on the heel / load on the toe) were studied depending on the examination conditions (in the standing position of the patient, while walking) and the time elapsed from the start of treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):22-24
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Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head and "radiculitis"
Prokhorov V.P.
Abstract

Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head in adults is a pathology that is difficult to recognize in the early stages. In 50% of patients, a neurological disease is initially diagnosed and more than a third of them undergo long-term treatment for "osteochondrosis" or "radiculitis".

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):24-26
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Experience in treating disabled people of the Patriotic War with sciatic nerve injury
Akberdina D.L., Yakupova N.S.
Abstract

Of the 170 disabled veterans of the Patriotic War who were treated at the Kazan Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics for the period from 1946 to 1968, 79 used conservative methods, 91 patients underwent complex both surgical and conservative treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):26-28
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Clinical presentation and classification of autonomic-irritative syndrome with a fracture of the radius in a typical location
Strokov E.S.
Abstract

705 patients with a fracture of the radius in a typical location were examined. In 134 (19%) vegetative-irritative syndrome was revealed and its clinical picture and course were studied. It is proposed to divide syndromes according to their prevalence into distal and total sympathalgia of the hand, quadrant and half syndrome, and to distinguish angiodystonic, dystrophic and myofibrous stages of the course.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):28-31
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Spinal vascular lesions in spinal and spinal cord injuries
Valeev E.K., Shakurov R.S.
Abstract

A comprehensive clinical, X-ray and electrophysiological examination of 120 patients with traumatic injuries of the spine and spinal cord was carried out.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):31-33
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The value of rheovasography in nonunited fractures and pseudarthrosis of the lower leg bones
Kulichikhin A.P.
Abstract

Rheovasographic studies carried out in patients with non-fused fractures and pseudarthrosis of the lower leg bones made it possible to divide all such patients into two groups: with hypervascular and hypovascular type of blood circulation in the affected limb.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):33-35
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To the method of studying the cholinergic activity of blood patients with acute traumatic brain injury
Kazantsev F.N., Belopukhov V.M., Shaikhutdinova F.S.
Abstract

The content of acetylcholine-like substances and the activity of blood cholinesterases were studied in 26 donors and in 12 patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):36-37
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Immuno-allergic changes in patients with chronic osteomyelitis
Popov V.F.
Abstract

To detect bacterial allergy in patients with chronic osteomyelitis, the reaction of leukocytolysis with microbial standard allergens is more sensitive than intradermal tests. Microbial sensitization of the body is accompanied by a significant suppression of nonspecific immunity factors.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):37-39
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Periodontal disease with different states of resistance of the organism
Gasimov F.G., Reimers A.M., Yashkova T.N.
Abstract

With the help of special clinical indices, the unfavorable course of periodontal diseases in persons with weakened body resistance was confirmed.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):39-40
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Preoperative preparation of children with acute diffuse peritonitis
Kuznetsov V.A., Rokitsky M.R., Mustafin A.A.
Abstract

We examined 40 patients with acute diffuse peritonitis and 40 healthy children aged 2 to 15 years. The indices of the chronocardiogram of the central, regional and peripheral blood flow were determined. Functional changes in the cardiovascular system were detected at the very beginning of acute peritonitis and progressed with the development of the disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):41-44
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Treatment of traumatic ptosis
Valimukhametova N.A., Khasanova N.K., Fedorova N.V.
Abstract

With traumatic ptosis, an individual approach to surgical treatment must be observed. In case of partial preservation of the levator function, it is recommended to use the method. Leahy, in the complete absence of the levator function, the Fox intervention gives a satisfactory effect.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):44-44
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Treatment and prevention of post-thrombotic glaucoma
Kartasheva E.A.
Abstract

The effectiveness of the use of the immunosuppressant dopane for the prevention of post-thrombotic glaucoma was studied. Of 124 patients with central retinal vein thrombosis who took dopane, post-thrombotic glaucoma developed in only 2.4%.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):44-46
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Clinical morphology and metastasis of gastric cancer
Nefedov V.P.
Abstract

A retrospective analysis of 500 gastric cancer cases was performed. The frequency of metastasis of gastric cancer to the perigastric lymph nodes was taken into account, depending on the location of the tumor, its macroscopic shape and histological type. It was shown that the ability of gastric cancer to metastasize to a greater extent depends on the macroscopic form and to a lesser extent - on the histological type of tumor.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):46-48
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Removal of stomach polyps through an endoscope
Druzhkov B.K.
Abstract

In 21 patients, 40 gastric polyps were removed through a fibrogastroscope. 31 polyps were removed using a loop of the original design and 9 - by electrocoagulation. The technique of transendoscopic removal of gastric polyps is determined by their shape and size. In 18 patients, polypectomy was performed on an outpatient basis and in 3 patients it was performed on an inpatient basis.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):48-49
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X-ray diagnostics of malignant tumors of the thyroid gland
Volodina G.I., Lyubina N.I.
Abstract

The analysis of the results of X-ray examination of the neck area in thyroid cancer in 410 patients is presented. The diagnosis of thyroid cancer was verified histologically in all cases.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):50-52
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Clinical and statistical aspects of uterine fibroids
Mazitov I.M., Mingaleeva L.M.
Abstract

The data of long-term observations of patients with uterine myoma are summarized. In identifying this pathology, professional examinations play an important role. Women who have undergone a combined operation of myomectomy and variectomy are subject to dispensary observation for the timely detection and correction of endocrine and autonomic disorders.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):52-55
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Isoenzyme spectrum of lactate dehydrogenase in serum and erythrocytes in patients with pulmonary pathology
Kopylov A.N.
Abstract

The isoenzyme composition of lactate dehydrogenase in blood serum and erythrocyte homogenates was studied by disk electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel in patients with acute interstitial pneumonia, as well as chronic pneumonia during an exacerbation.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):55-57
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Differential diagnosis of metastatic cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis
Smirnov G.A., Anastasiev V.S.
Abstract

Based on the experience of differential diagnosis of metastatic lung cancer in the clinic of tuberculosis, it was found that tomograms more objectively than roentgenograms reflect the predominant localization of foci in the upper parts of the lungs in tuberculosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):58-61
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Methodology for a comprehensive examination of the endocervix in hyperplastic processes
Shinkareva L.F., Chirkova A.V.
Abstract

In the structure of gynecological morbidity, dyshormonal hyperplastic processes of the genitals have a large proportion. It has now been established that the development of hyperplastic processes in the genitals is based on disorders of neuroendocrine regulation in a woman's body associated with functional and organic lesions of various links in the chain of complex regulation: the cerebral cortex, hypothalamic-pituitary system, ovaries, uterus and other endocrine organs.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):62-64
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On toxic and compression variants of damage to the nerve trunks during injections into the gluteal muscles
Ismagilov M.F.
Abstract

We observed damage to the sciatic nerve after intramuscular injections of the analgesic drug zhantifan (Italy), phenylbutazone. (GDR) and vitamins of group B. In this case, two mechanisms of damage to the nerve trunks in the buttock region were revealed, which can be judged from the clinical analysis of the examples below.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):65-66
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Intramuscular injection technique
Pushkarev N.I.
Abstract

One of the common causes of post-injection suppuration is that instead of intramuscular injections, subcutaneous injections are given. This is due to an approximate, by eye, determination of the thickness of the fat layer in a particular case.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):66-66
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Acute appendicitis with reversed organs
Lansky S.M.
Abstract

Acute appendicitis in persons with complete or partial reverse arrangement of organs is an extremely rare find. According to our data for 9 years, at 4500 appendectomies, the appendix was located on the left in 2 patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):67-67
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Medical care for invalids of the Patriotic War
Medvedkov V.A., Andronova G.A.
Abstract

The regional hospital for the treatment of invalids of the Patriotic War in Ulyanovsk was organized in 1945 on the basis of an evacuation hospital. Currently, it is an organizational, methodological and treatment-consulting center for medical services for people with disabilities.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):67-68
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Prevention of contractures of large joints in diaphyseal fractures of the shin bones
Penkova A.M., Larionov Y.G.
Abstract

The results of treatment of 32 patients aged from 18 to 47 years (all patients were male) with nonunion diaphyseal fractures of the shin bones were studied.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):69-70
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The phenomenon of blood incoagulability as a consequence of acute traumatic brain injury
Evseev E.M.
Abstract

We observed 2 patients in whom the phenomenon of blood incoagulability developed as a result of acute traumatic brain injury. We have not found a description of such cases in the literature.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):69-70
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Agricultural injuries in the Bugulma region of the Tatar ASSR
Arkhipov E.P., Seyukov I.N.
Abstract

In the Bugulma region, the agricultural sector is made up of 11 state farms and 6 collective farms. The farms are highly mechanized, they are engaged in crop production, animal husbandry and animal husbandry. Rural residents are served by a central regional hospital with a polyclinic, a local hospital with a polyclinic, 28 medical assistant posts, 4 health centers, and an ambulance station.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):70-71
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Microtraumatism at a machine-building enterprise
Ilyinsky I.S.
Abstract

Thanks to effective measures aimed at preventing industrial injuries with loss of ability to work, by 1970, compared with 1930, in mechanical engineering, it was reduced by 6 times. Meanwhile, minor injuries are often not given sufficient attention, although micro-injuries can become a source of serious complications.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):71-72
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Bacterial air pollution in industrial conditions
Valeeva K.T., Amirov N.K., Krasnoshchekova V.N.
Abstract

In the complex of studies of the sanitary and hygienic state of the air environment of the office and workshop premises of the Teplocontrol plant, we determined the total bacterial contamination and contamination with sanitary microorganisms (hemolytic staphylococci and green hemolytic streptococci).

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):72-73
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Esophageal cancer in the Chuvash ASSR (medical and geographical research)
Belokon R.F.
Abstract

The Chuvash ASSR belongs to the regions of the Soviet Union with a low incidence of malignant tumors of the esophagus. During the inherited period (1968-1972), 187 people fell ill with esophageal cancer in the CASSR: 101 men and 86 women. The incidence of men in urban and rural areas is higher than that of women, 4.2-2.2 times, and the difference is the greater, the older the age group. The peak incidence occurs at the age of 70 and older.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):73-74
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A case of malignant tumor of the pericardium and liver
Suntsov V.A., Fedotov V.A.
Abstract

Tumors of the heart and pericardium, both primary and secondary, are relatively rare diseases. All the more rare is the combination of tumors of the pericardium and liver. That is why, in our opinion, the observation described below of a double primary localization of a malignant tumor is of interest.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):74-76
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Metastatic ovarian tumors
Paronik L.D., Safina S.G., Novikov F.K., Muravyova A.V., Nagimova S.I.
Abstract

The clinic of Krukenberg tumor (metastatic lesion of the ovaries) in ⅔ patients is a clinic of advanced cancer. Only ⅓ of patients do not present complaints, their tumor is diagnosed as a primary neoplasm of the ovary with its own symptoms or is generally detected during the prophylactic examination.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):76-77
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Inverted papilloma of the nose
Silyutin V.V., Kvetnoy I.M.
Abstract

Inverted papilloma of the nose, also known as "hard transitional cell papilloma" - a rare tumor with a histological structure, determined by this particular localization.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):77-78
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To the morphology of heart failure in toxicoinfectious shock
Dobrynin V.A., Yakovlev M.Y.
Abstract

It is known that one of the manifestations of toxicoinfectious shock is cardiovascular failure. In the heart muscle with endotoxin shock, a complex of morphological changes develops that are responsible for the development of heart failure.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):78-79
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The intensity of the epidemic process in measles in conditions of mass immunization
Manchenko I.V., Eremeev R.A.
Abstract

At the present stage, the main role in the prevention of measles belongs to mass immunization with live measles vaccine. The wide coverage of children under 14 years of age with measles vaccinations had a significant impact on the epidemic process in this infection. In the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, measles vaccinations began in 1968.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):79-80
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On the question of some biological rhythms in obstetrics
Bayteryak I.K., Polishchuk N.E.
Abstract

The problem of biological rhythms has long attracted the attention of scientists. IP Pavlov back in the thirties of the current century said: "In the life of the human body there is nothing more imperious than rhythm."

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):80-80
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Contracting activity of the uterus with the correct course of the postpartum period
Khonina A.V., Gromova A.M.
Abstract

We carried out a clinical and hysterographic study of the contractile activity of the myometrium in 59 women with a normal course of the postpartum period. In 39 of them, hysterograms were additionally recorded in the subsequent period.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):80-81
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Phospholipids in the placenta of live and stillborn babies
Belova I.V.
Abstract

In the forensic medical examination of the corpses of newborns, one of the main issues is the establishment of live or stillbirth.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):80-81
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Air pollution of industrial premises with toxic substances and benzo (a) pyrene
Dautov F.F.
Abstract

Pollution of atmospheric air with toxic substances and benz (a) pyrene on the territory of phenol and acetone production was investigated.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):82-84
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Compression-distraction repositioning apparatus
Larionov Y.G.
Abstract

Our proposed compression-distraction repositioning apparatus consists (Fig. 1) of ring I, a plate with notches 2 and two identical rings 3 of reduced diameter.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):84-85
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On the question of the cytochemical study of leukocytes
Gurevich E.I.
Abstract

At present, cytochemical studies of leukocytes have acquired great theoretical and practical importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):85-86
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Professor Vladimir Nikolaevich Shubin
Abstract

In November 1978, Professor of the Kazan Medical Institute, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Vladimir Nikolaevich Shubin, celebrated his 80th birthday.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):86-87
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Ya.L. Tsivyan. "My job". West Siberian Publishing House. Novosibirsk, 1978, 223 pages
Rosengarten M.Y.
Abstract

Books-memoirs, books-memoirs of famous surgeons have always attracted a mass reader. Such books by V.K.Volkov, V.V. Veresaev, M.M.Diterikhs, A.A.Vishnevsky, V.V.Kovanov, N.M. Amosov, S. Ya. Doletsky, E. A Wagner, M. L. Shulutko and others.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):87-88
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Associate Professor Khamza Zakirovich Akhunzyanov
Abstract

On October 9, 1978, after a long and serious illness, X. Akhunzyanov, associate professor of the Department of General Surgery of the Kazan Medical Institute, died.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):88-88
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Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "On awarding orders and medals of the USSR to health workers and the medical industry"
Abstract

For merits in the development of public health to award: Order of Lenin to Nasibullina Raisa Gashigullovna - doctor of polyclinic No. 6, Kazan.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):89-90
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RECOGNITION OF SERVICES
Abstract

Rakhmatullin Irek Makhmudovich was awarded the honorary title of Honored Scientist of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic for merits in the development of medical science, fruitful pedagogical and social activities

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):90-90
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