Vol 59, No 6 (1978)

Ways to further improve outpatient and polyclinic care for the urban population of the Tatar ASSR

Mukhutdinov I.Z.


The 25th Congress of the CPSU defined the tasks of the economic and social and cultural development of our country, improving the material well-being of the Soviet people, which in turn should contribute to strengthening their health, the continuation of life and labor activity.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):1-9
pages 1-9 views

Measures to further reduce occupational injuries

Zhuravlev S.M., Novikov P.E., Ustinov A.A.


The study of industrial injuries in 26 administrative regions of the USSR was carried out. It was found that in 82.3% work-related injuries are directly related to the performance of their work duties by the injured, in 17.7% such a relationship was not revealed.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):9-13
pages 9-13 views

Compression osteosynthesis

Bogdanovich U.Y.


Brief information on the history of the development of external compression osteosynthesis is presented. The experience of the Kazan Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics on the use of extra-bone compression plates for the treatment of fresh fractures and pseudoarthrosis in 428 patients is summarized.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):14-16
pages 14-16 views

Some questions of pathophysiology and treatment of multiple rib fractures

Wagner E.A., Firsov V.D., Sandakov P.Y.


Analysis of the examination results of 261 patients with multiple rib fractures showed that in the immediate period after the injury, hyperventilation develops, functional breathing reserves decrease, acidosis occurs, a drop in pulmonary blood flow, and hypertension in the pulmonary circulation.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):16-19
pages 16-19 views

Surgical treatment of patients with congenital hip dislocation

Krasnov A.F., Ivanova K.A., Babkova M.I., Chernov A.P., Savin A.M., Naumov A.S.


The results of surgical treatment of patients with congenital hip dislocation are presented. Along with palliative operations, open reduction with acetabuloplasty was used.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):20-21
pages 20-21 views

Informative value of indicators of load distribution along the foot in the course of treatment of hip fractures according to Ilizarov

Kudrin B.I.


The distribution of the load on the anterior and posterior parts of the foot was studied in 20 patients with fresh closed diaphyseal femoral fractures during treatment with the Ilizarov compression-distraction apparatus. The indices of the load distribution along the foot (load on the heel / load on the toe) were studied depending on the examination conditions (in the standing position of the patient, while walking) and the time elapsed from the start of treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):22-24
pages 22-24 views

Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head and "radiculitis"

Prokhorov V.P.


Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head in adults is a pathology that is difficult to recognize in the early stages. In 50% of patients, a neurological disease is initially diagnosed and more than a third of them undergo long-term treatment for "osteochondrosis" or "radiculitis".

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):24-26
pages 24-26 views

Experience in treating disabled people of the Patriotic War with sciatic nerve injury

Akberdina D.L., Yakupova N.S.


Of the 170 disabled veterans of the Patriotic War who were treated at the Kazan Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics for the period from 1946 to 1968, 79 used conservative methods, 91 patients underwent complex both surgical and conservative treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):26-28
pages 26-28 views

Clinical presentation and classification of autonomic-irritative syndrome with a fracture of the radius in a typical location

Strokov E.S.


705 patients with a fracture of the radius in a typical location were examined. In 134 (19%) vegetative-irritative syndrome was revealed and its clinical picture and course were studied. It is proposed to divide syndromes according to their prevalence into distal and total sympathalgia of the hand, quadrant and half syndrome, and to distinguish angiodystonic, dystrophic and myofibrous stages of the course.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):28-31
pages 28-31 views

Spinal vascular lesions in spinal and spinal cord injuries

Valeev E.K., Shakurov R.S.


A comprehensive clinical, X-ray and electrophysiological examination of 120 patients with traumatic injuries of the spine and spinal cord was carried out.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):31-33
pages 31-33 views

The value of rheovasography in nonunited fractures and pseudarthrosis of the lower leg bones

Kulichikhin A.P.


Rheovasographic studies carried out in patients with non-fused fractures and pseudarthrosis of the lower leg bones made it possible to divide all such patients into two groups: with hypervascular and hypovascular type of blood circulation in the affected limb.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):33-35
pages 33-35 views

To the method of studying the cholinergic activity of blood patients with acute traumatic brain injury

Kazantsev F.N., Belopukhov V.M., Shaikhutdinova F.S.


The content of acetylcholine-like substances and the activity of blood cholinesterases were studied in 26 donors and in 12 patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):36-37
pages 36-37 views

Immuno-allergic changes in patients with chronic osteomyelitis

Popov V.F.


To detect bacterial allergy in patients with chronic osteomyelitis, the reaction of leukocytolysis with microbial standard allergens is more sensitive than intradermal tests. Microbial sensitization of the body is accompanied by a significant suppression of nonspecific immunity factors.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):37-39
pages 37-39 views

Periodontal disease with different states of resistance of the organism

Gasimov F.G., Reimers A.M., Yashkova T.N.


With the help of special clinical indices, the unfavorable course of periodontal diseases in persons with weakened body resistance was confirmed.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):39-40
pages 39-40 views

Preoperative preparation of children with acute diffuse peritonitis

Kuznetsov V.A., Rokitsky M.R., Mustafin A.A.


We examined 40 patients with acute diffuse peritonitis and 40 healthy children aged 2 to 15 years. The indices of the chronocardiogram of the central, regional and peripheral blood flow were determined. Functional changes in the cardiovascular system were detected at the very beginning of acute peritonitis and progressed with the development of the disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):41-44
pages 41-44 views

Treatment of traumatic ptosis

Valimukhametova N.A., Khasanova N.K., Fedorova N.V.


With traumatic ptosis, an individual approach to surgical treatment must be observed. In case of partial preservation of the levator function, it is recommended to use the method. Leahy, in the complete absence of the levator function, the Fox intervention gives a satisfactory effect.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):44-44
pages 44-44 views

Treatment and prevention of post-thrombotic glaucoma

Kartasheva E.A.


The effectiveness of the use of the immunosuppressant dopane for the prevention of post-thrombotic glaucoma was studied. Of 124 patients with central retinal vein thrombosis who took dopane, post-thrombotic glaucoma developed in only 2.4%.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):44-46
pages 44-46 views

Clinical morphology and metastasis of gastric cancer

Nefedov V.P.


A retrospective analysis of 500 gastric cancer cases was performed. The frequency of metastasis of gastric cancer to the perigastric lymph nodes was taken into account, depending on the location of the tumor, its macroscopic shape and histological type. It was shown that the ability of gastric cancer to metastasize to a greater extent depends on the macroscopic form and to a lesser extent - on the histological type of tumor.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):46-48
pages 46-48 views

Removal of stomach polyps through an endoscope

Druzhkov B.K.


In 21 patients, 40 gastric polyps were removed through a fibrogastroscope. 31 polyps were removed using a loop of the original design and 9 - by electrocoagulation. The technique of transendoscopic removal of gastric polyps is determined by their shape and size. In 18 patients, polypectomy was performed on an outpatient basis and in 3 patients it was performed on an inpatient basis.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):48-49
pages 48-49 views

X-ray diagnostics of malignant tumors of the thyroid gland

Volodina G.I., Lyubina N.I.


The analysis of the results of X-ray examination of the neck area in thyroid cancer in 410 patients is presented. The diagnosis of thyroid cancer was verified histologically in all cases.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):50-52
pages 50-52 views

Clinical and statistical aspects of uterine fibroids

Mazitov I.M., Mingaleeva L.M.


The data of long-term observations of patients with uterine myoma are summarized. In identifying this pathology, professional examinations play an important role. Women who have undergone a combined operation of myomectomy and variectomy are subject to dispensary observation for the timely detection and correction of endocrine and autonomic disorders.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):52-55
pages 52-55 views

Isoenzyme spectrum of lactate dehydrogenase in serum and erythrocytes in patients with pulmonary pathology

Kopylov A.N.


The isoenzyme composition of lactate dehydrogenase in blood serum and erythrocyte homogenates was studied by disk electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel in patients with acute interstitial pneumonia, as well as chronic pneumonia during an exacerbation.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):55-57
pages 55-57 views

Differential diagnosis of metastatic cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis

Smirnov G.A., Anastasiev V.S.


Based on the experience of differential diagnosis of metastatic lung cancer in the clinic of tuberculosis, it was found that tomograms more objectively than roentgenograms reflect the predominant localization of foci in the upper parts of the lungs in tuberculosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):58-61
pages 58-61 views

Methodology for a comprehensive examination of the endocervix in hyperplastic processes

Shinkareva L.F., Chirkova A.V.


In the structure of gynecological morbidity, dyshormonal hyperplastic processes of the genitals have a large proportion. It has now been established that the development of hyperplastic processes in the genitals is based on disorders of neuroendocrine regulation in a woman's body associated with functional and organic lesions of various links in the chain of complex regulation: the cerebral cortex, hypothalamic-pituitary system, ovaries, uterus and other endocrine organs.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):62-64
pages 62-64 views

On toxic and compression variants of damage to the nerve trunks during injections into the gluteal muscles

Ismagilov M.F.


We observed damage to the sciatic nerve after intramuscular injections of the analgesic drug zhantifan (Italy), phenylbutazone. (GDR) and vitamins of group B. In this case, two mechanisms of damage to the nerve trunks in the buttock region were revealed, which can be judged from the clinical analysis of the examples below.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):65-66
pages 65-66 views

Intramuscular injection technique

Pushkarev N.I.


One of the common causes of post-injection suppuration is that instead of intramuscular injections, subcutaneous injections are given. This is due to an approximate, by eye, determination of the thickness of the fat layer in a particular case.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):66-66
pages 66-66 views

Acute appendicitis with reversed organs

Lansky S.M.


Acute appendicitis in persons with complete or partial reverse arrangement of organs is an extremely rare find. According to our data for 9 years, at 4500 appendectomies, the appendix was located on the left in 2 patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):67-67
pages 67-67 views

Medical care for invalids of the Patriotic War

Medvedkov V.A., Andronova G.A.


The regional hospital for the treatment of invalids of the Patriotic War in Ulyanovsk was organized in 1945 on the basis of an evacuation hospital. Currently, it is an organizational, methodological and treatment-consulting center for medical services for people with disabilities.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):67-68
pages 67-68 views

Prevention of contractures of large joints in diaphyseal fractures of the shin bones

Penkova A.M., Larionov Y.G.


The results of treatment of 32 patients aged from 18 to 47 years (all patients were male) with nonunion diaphyseal fractures of the shin bones were studied.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):69-70
pages 69-70 views

The phenomenon of blood incoagulability as a consequence of acute traumatic brain injury

Evseev E.M.


We observed 2 patients in whom the phenomenon of blood incoagulability developed as a result of acute traumatic brain injury. We have not found a description of such cases in the literature.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):69-70
pages 69-70 views

Agricultural injuries in the Bugulma region of the Tatar ASSR

Arkhipov E.P., Seyukov I.N.


In the Bugulma region, the agricultural sector is made up of 11 state farms and 6 collective farms. The farms are highly mechanized, they are engaged in crop production, animal husbandry and animal husbandry. Rural residents are served by a central regional hospital with a polyclinic, a local hospital with a polyclinic, 28 medical assistant posts, 4 health centers, and an ambulance station.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):70-71
pages 70-71 views

Microtraumatism at a machine-building enterprise

Ilyinsky I.S.


Thanks to effective measures aimed at preventing industrial injuries with loss of ability to work, by 1970, compared with 1930, in mechanical engineering, it was reduced by 6 times. Meanwhile, minor injuries are often not given sufficient attention, although micro-injuries can become a source of serious complications.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):71-72
pages 71-72 views

Bacterial air pollution in industrial conditions

Valeeva K.T., Amirov N.K., Krasnoshchekova V.N.


In the complex of studies of the sanitary and hygienic state of the air environment of the office and workshop premises of the Teplocontrol plant, we determined the total bacterial contamination and contamination with sanitary microorganisms (hemolytic staphylococci and green hemolytic streptococci).

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):72-73
pages 72-73 views

Esophageal cancer in the Chuvash ASSR (medical and geographical research)

Belokon R.F.


The Chuvash ASSR belongs to the regions of the Soviet Union with a low incidence of malignant tumors of the esophagus. During the inherited period (1968-1972), 187 people fell ill with esophageal cancer in the CASSR: 101 men and 86 women. The incidence of men in urban and rural areas is higher than that of women, 4.2-2.2 times, and the difference is the greater, the older the age group. The peak incidence occurs at the age of 70 and older.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):73-74
pages 73-74 views

A case of malignant tumor of the pericardium and liver

Suntsov V.A., Fedotov V.A.


Tumors of the heart and pericardium, both primary and secondary, are relatively rare diseases. All the more rare is the combination of tumors of the pericardium and liver. That is why, in our opinion, the observation described below of a double primary localization of a malignant tumor is of interest.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):74-76
pages 74-76 views

Metastatic ovarian tumors

Paronik L.D., Safina S.G., Novikov F.K., Muravyova A.V., Nagimova S.I.


The clinic of Krukenberg tumor (metastatic lesion of the ovaries) in ⅔ patients is a clinic of advanced cancer. Only ⅓ of patients do not present complaints, their tumor is diagnosed as a primary neoplasm of the ovary with its own symptoms or is generally detected during the prophylactic examination.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):76-77
pages 76-77 views

Inverted papilloma of the nose

Silyutin V.V., Kvetnoy I.M.


Inverted papilloma of the nose, also known as "hard transitional cell papilloma" - a rare tumor with a histological structure, determined by this particular localization.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):77-78
pages 77-78 views

To the morphology of heart failure in toxicoinfectious shock

Dobrynin V.A., Yakovlev M.Y.


It is known that one of the manifestations of toxicoinfectious shock is cardiovascular failure. In the heart muscle with endotoxin shock, a complex of morphological changes develops that are responsible for the development of heart failure.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):78-79
pages 78-79 views

The intensity of the epidemic process in measles in conditions of mass immunization

Manchenko I.V., Eremeev R.A.


At the present stage, the main role in the prevention of measles belongs to mass immunization with live measles vaccine. The wide coverage of children under 14 years of age with measles vaccinations had a significant impact on the epidemic process in this infection. In the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, measles vaccinations began in 1968.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):79-80
pages 79-80 views

On the question of some biological rhythms in obstetrics

Bayteryak I.K., Polishchuk N.E.


The problem of biological rhythms has long attracted the attention of scientists. IP Pavlov back in the thirties of the current century said: "In the life of the human body there is nothing more imperious than rhythm."

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):80-80
pages 80-80 views

Contracting activity of the uterus with the correct course of the postpartum period

Khonina A.V., Gromova A.M.


We carried out a clinical and hysterographic study of the contractile activity of the myometrium in 59 women with a normal course of the postpartum period. In 39 of them, hysterograms were additionally recorded in the subsequent period.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):80-81
pages 80-81 views

Phospholipids in the placenta of live and stillborn babies

Belova I.V.


In the forensic medical examination of the corpses of newborns, one of the main issues is the establishment of live or stillbirth.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):80-81
pages 80-81 views

Air pollution of industrial premises with toxic substances and benzo (a) pyrene

Dautov F.F.


Pollution of atmospheric air with toxic substances and benz (a) pyrene on the territory of phenol and acetone production was investigated.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):82-84
pages 82-84 views

Compression-distraction repositioning apparatus

Larionov Y.G.


Our proposed compression-distraction repositioning apparatus consists (Fig. 1) of ring I, a plate with notches 2 and two identical rings 3 of reduced diameter.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):84-85
pages 84-85 views

On the question of the cytochemical study of leukocytes

Gurevich E.I.


At present, cytochemical studies of leukocytes have acquired great theoretical and practical importance.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):85-86
pages 85-86 views

Professor Vladimir Nikolaevich Shubin


In November 1978, Professor of the Kazan Medical Institute, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Vladimir Nikolaevich Shubin, celebrated his 80th birthday.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):86-87
pages 86-87 views

Ya.L. Tsivyan. "My job". West Siberian Publishing House. Novosibirsk, 1978, 223 pages

Rosengarten M.Y.


Books-memoirs, books-memoirs of famous surgeons have always attracted a mass reader. Such books by V.K.Volkov, V.V. Veresaev, M.M.Diterikhs, A.A.Vishnevsky, V.V.Kovanov, N.M. Amosov, S. Ya. Doletsky, E. A Wagner, M. L. Shulutko and others.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):87-88
pages 87-88 views

Associate Professor Khamza Zakirovich Akhunzyanov


On October 9, 1978, after a long and serious illness, X. Akhunzyanov, associate professor of the Department of General Surgery of the Kazan Medical Institute, died.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):88-88
pages 88-88 views

Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "On awarding orders and medals of the USSR to health workers and the medical industry"


For merits in the development of public health to award: Order of Lenin to Nasibullina Raisa Gashigullovna - doctor of polyclinic No. 6, Kazan.

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):89-90
pages 89-90 views



Rakhmatullin Irek Makhmudovich was awarded the honorary title of Honored Scientist of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic for merits in the development of medical science, fruitful pedagogical and social activities

Kazan medical journal. 1978;59(6):90-90
pages 90-90 views

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