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Vol 37, No 1 (1941)

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In memory of N.I.Pirogov
Gusynin V.A.
Abstract

130 years have passed since the birth of Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov and 60 years since the day when the life of this great doctor, who devoted himself to selfless service to science and his people, was cut short.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):6-12
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Treatment of lung and pleural gunshot wounds in an evacuation hospital
Polyantsev A.A.
Abstract

Thoracic wounds have a high mortality rate. Out of 8373 cases of thoracic wounds, 52% were fatal, according to Levitsky at the 14th Surgeons' Congress. French surgeons (Clavelin, Duval) quote as high lethality rate (45-60%), according to English authors (Gray) it is a little bit lower, but still over 30%. The experience of Soviet surgeons who worked during the last military confrontations (Lake Khasan, Khalkhin-Gol) is still little known, but the available information suggests good results.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):13-18
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Treatment of gunshot injuries of the hand
Shalagin M.M., Persiyaninov L.S.
Abstract

Traumatic soft tissue injuries and hand bone fractures are common in peacetime and account for 29% (Ziegler) to 33.11% (Kaufman) and even up to 44.8% (Usoltseva, Gusinin) of all other traumatic injuries to the body. Hand bone injuries and fractures are no less frequent according to military trauma statistics.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):18-25
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On the treatment of gunshot wounds to the hands and feet
Shalunov G.M.
Abstract

Hand and foot injuries account for a significant percentage of all gunshot wounds in modern combat, which is full of bullets and fragments from exploding shells, aerial bombs, mines, grenades and fragmentation bullets. When these injuries are not treated appropriately they will permanently incapacitate the wounded person. Incorrect treatment may result in large calluses due to large separation of bone fragments, ankylosis of joints, immobility and curvature of fingers due to nerve and tendon damage, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):25-27
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Use of ultraviolet rays in the treatment of infected gunshot wounds
Avdeicheva V.M.
Abstract

Healing in the shortest possible time and with the least loss of function of the injured organ is the main task in the treatment of infected wounds.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):28-31
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Local treatment of burns with plaster
Mitrofanov P.P.
Abstract

From 1934 through 1940 we used different methods of burn treatment: 1) oil dressings, 2) potassium permanganate (5% solution), 3) rivanol 1:1000, 4) open heat and light therapy (II stage burns) and 5) plaster bandages and powder with burnt plaster (since 1937). We have recently completely abandoned ointment dressings for burns because of the main drawbacks of this method: secondary infection, painful dressings, frequent contractures, extensive skin defects and lengthy treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):32-35
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Treatment of burns in an outpatient setting
Palmov V.A.
Abstract

Despite the large number of works devoted to the treatment of burns, there is still a lack of clarity on the subject. Among the many ways to treat burns, the most popular is open treatment with potassium permanganate or tannin (Batman, Davidson). In the outpatient setting the open method is of little use (danger of infection!) and bandage treatment has to be applied.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):35-39
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Serving the sick and wounded during transportation by air
Yaroslavtsev B.M.
Abstract

A new form of transport has firmly entered our life - air transport, with which no type of ground transport can compete, both in terms of convenience and speed. Air transport plays and will play a significant role during the war. Burdenko notes that the issue of evacuating the sick and wounded on airplanes, both in terms of the position of the patient, the influence on him of various flight speeds and altitudes, as well as the specific method of individual care, is almost resolved. The specificity of work in air transport requires special training of the so-called flight attendants and flight attendants.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):39-43
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Treatment of pneumonia in children with white streptocide
Krever E.P.
Abstract

As a chemotherapeutic agent, streptocide acts on microorganisms only in vivo; in vitro, even in more concentrated solutions, it has no effect. Such an indirect effect may depend on: 1) the splitting of this drug into active substances; 2) from stimulating cells of a living organism to form antibodies.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):43-46
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About the treatment of cerebrospinal meningitis with white streptocide
Sheveleva R.Y.
Abstract

The question of the treatment of meningitis has attracted particular attention, as the existing methods of treatment by the administration of serum and urotropine do not give satisfactory results, the rate of mortality and severe complications is still too high. With the discovery of streptocide we have an entirely new drug with results that leave all the old treatments for meningococcal disease far behind.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):47-50
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Streptocide in the treatment of otogenic septicopyemia
Sokolov B.N.
Abstract

Preparations of streptocide are widely used in various departments of medical practice, particularly in otorhinolaryngology. The healing properties of red streptocide in various forms of inflammatory condition of the tonsillar apparatus are well known. Successful application of streptocide preparations at various manifestations of streptococcal infection unwittingly directed the attending physician's thought on application of this type of therapy also in a clinic of otogenic sinustrombosis, complicated with septicopyemic syndrome.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):51-54
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On the mechanism of action of streptocide
Ishmukhametova G.Z.
Abstract

With regard to the action of streptocide on the reactivity of the body, there are currently two diametrically opposite opinions. Some researchers claim that streptocide has a sensitizing effect, while others talk about its desensitizing effect.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):54-56
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Treatment of retinitis pigmentosa according to the Lauber method in combination with retinol and cerebrin
Verbitskaya E.A., Kashuk M.E., Wasserman I.A.
Abstract

In 1935 and 1936, Lauber published works in which he expressed his views on the essence of tabetic atrophy of the optic nerves and retinitis pigmentosa. He believes that this suffering is based on arterial hypotension, which leads to a disruption of the normal relationship between diastolic pressure in the central retinal artery and ophthalmotonus.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):56-60
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Clinical and experimental evidence for the pathogenesis and therapy of scrofulous eye lesions
Talkovsky S.I., Kolenko A.B.
Abstract

In childhood, the frequency of scrofulous eye lesions, according to the largest eye outpatient clinics, ranges between 13-18%, but according to the hospital data it is even higher. Over the past 3 years in the children's department of the Helmholtz State Central Institute of Ophthalmology, among 538 patients, there were 291 scrofulous (54%).

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):60-64
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On the establishment of an operational and financial plan for health facilities
Mukhamedyarov F.G.
Abstract

One of the most important conditions for the correct health care of the population is the planning of the activities of each institution and the operational management of its work, according to the approved plan. However, the correct construction of an institution's work plan is a rather complex task that requires coordination and consideration of a number of points.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):64-69
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Observations on the effects of some expectorants
Pakhomova L.N.
Abstract

Some medicines, in particular Ipecacuanha and Senega, are still imported from abroad, while the richest flora of our Union with its huge variety of climatic conditions has not yet been studied completely enough, and among our plants there are undoubtedly those that can easily replace imported plants.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):69-71
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Plastic surgery techniques for inguinal hernia
Ermolaev P.E.
Abstract

In order to strengthen the anterior wall of the inguinal canal in herniotomies, I have proposed a method of plastic surgery tested on 13 patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):71-72
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On the surgeon's tactics during surgery for appendicitis
Semenov V.S.
Abstract

The issue of appendicitis is not off the pages of the medical press. This is justified, firstly, by the significant proportion of appendectomies in relation to all operations performed in surgical departments, and, secondly, if I may say so, by the "popularity" of this operation among the population, who, incidentally, consider it "easy", not life-threatening.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):72-74
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A case of cysts of the mesentery of the sigmoid and descending colon
Matsuev I.E.
Abstract

Patient T., 2 years old, was admitted to the surgical department of the Blagoveshchensk City Hospital 2 / VI-39, due to a sharp increase in the abdomen. Born on time, 3rd child. The first year after birth, the belly was of normal size, and a year ago, the belly began to gradually increase. Both at the beginning of the disease and in recent years, the increase in the abdomen was not accompanied by any disorder from the gastrointestinal tract and urination.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):74-75
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Small intestinal mesenteric cyst
Smetanin B.F.
Abstract

One of the interesting issues in abdominal pathology is that of mesenteric cysts. Interest in this branch of abdominal pathology is determined by the rarity of this pathology, the difficulty of diagnosing mesenteric cysts, the obscurity of their pathogenesis in some cases and the considerable complexity of operative measures in their treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):75-76
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On penile cancer
Nikolaev D.N.
Abstract

Penile cancer, according to the literature, accounts for an average of 1-3% of the total number of cancers. In our clinic, over the past 17 years (1924-1940) there were 10 cases of penile cancer, which is 1.21% in relation to the total number of cancer patients (824) and 1.66% to the number of cancers in men (601).

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):77-78
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On the pathogenesis and treatment of tuberculosis of the testicle and epididymis
Aydarov A.A.
Abstract

The question of the pathogenesis and treatment of genital tuberculosis in men continues to attract the attention of urologists, surgeons and others. The most controversial issue is still the primary focus and the ways in which the infection spreads in the genital apparatus.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):78-79
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Bacteriological warfare
Gryaznov I.S.
Abstract

In all wars, the epidemic factor played an important role. In wars, more people died from infection of wounds than from a bayonet and a bullet. The imperialist predators mobilize all scientific achievements and seek the most effective means of extermination. The latter include bacteria as a weapon of war.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):80-84
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Intravenous and rectal sulfapyridine for pneumonia
Dembskaya V.
Abstract

The authors used sulfapyridine and its sodium salt treatment in 92 cases of pneumonia; of these, 14 patients received the drug rectally and 18 intravenously.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):84-84
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Treatment of pneumonia with sulfapyridine and serum
Dembskaya V.
Abstract

The author divided his patients with croupous pneumonia into two groups. One received only specific serum, the other received only sulfapyridine.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):84-85
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Effect of sulfapyridine on pneumococci
Dembskaya V.
Abstract

Experiments carried out on artificial media and human blood without pneumococcus antibodies showed that sulfapyridine (sulfidine) has a significant bacteriostatic effect against pneumococci.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):85-85
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Sulfapyridine-refractory pneumococci
Dembskaya V.
Abstract

The authors showed in experiments on mice that a strain of pneumococcus that is normally very sensitive to sulfapyridine can acquire complete resistance thereto.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):85-85
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Study of immunological processes in pneumonia patients treated with sulfapyridine
Dembskaya V.
Abstract

In vitro experiments have shown that sulfapyridine has a bacteriostatic, even bactericidal effect on susceptible pneumococci.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):85-85
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Acne vulgaris
 
Abstract

The magazine's publisher has asked American dermatologists to answer questions about the treatment of acne.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):85-86
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Godgkin's disease
 
Abstract

The article provides an analysis of 212 cases of Godgkin's disease. Noteworthy is the presence and nature of skin changes that were observed in 80 patients.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):86-86
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Dermatitis from rubber gloves
 
Abstract

After examining 300 workers, the author found dermatitis on the hands of 20 of them. These persons wore rubber gloves for 7-8 hours and had contact with soap chip solutions and glycerine.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):86-86
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To chemotherapy for cutaneous tuberculosis with rubrofen
Walter F., Oszast Z.
Abstract

Rubrofen is the active principle of guaiacol, completely harmless to the body. It has the form of dark red crystals, poorly soluble in water and alcohol. The authors tested its effect on 37 patients with various forms of cutaneous tuberculosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):86-87
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Actinomycosis
Dembskaya V.
Abstract

Among the many drugs proposed for the treatment of actinomycosis, none is specific. Potassium iodide is considered the best in medium and large doses.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):87-87
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Treatment of traumatic wounds
Stevenson G., Reid M.R.
Abstract

The authors dwell on some defects in the treatment of wounds, mainly due to insufficient training of surgeons. Concerning the question of stopping bleeding in the wound, they consider the use of a pressure bandage to be directly harmful, due to the introduction of infection deep into the wound.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):87-87
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Tetanus prevention and treatment
Firor W.М.
Abstract

The author states the inadequacy of the used tetanus toxoid vaccine, which gives too short a guarantee against tetanus. He considers it more expedient to use tetanus toxin for prophylaxis in the form of 3 injections of 1.0 toxin for 6 to 10 weeks.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):87-88
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On the prevention and treatment of shock
Cressman R.D., Вlасоск A.
Abstract

After describing the clinical picture of shock, the authors analyze the causes of shock and consider primary and secondary shock as stages of the same process.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):88-88
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About first aid and treatment of injuries to bones and joints in a military environment
Meyer A.
Abstract

First aid and treatment in a military situation is in very special conditions compared to peacetime conditions. On the front lines of battle, assistance is provided under enemy fire, and this requires especially great endurance and experience on the part of the medical staff.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):88-89
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Shoulder fractures
Griswold A., Goldberg Н., Joplin R.
Abstract

Reduction of a shoulder fracture is usually not difficult, but satisfactory fixation of the correct position is not always possible. The authors describe the method used in 128 cases of shoulder fracture, which contributed to a faster recovery and with a better functional result than the methods they used previously.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):89-89
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Meetings of medical societies. TASSR Surgical Society. Meeting of 27/XI 1940
 
Abstract

Dr. V.M. Avdeicheva (demonstration). A case of ascending intussusception of the small intestine through gastroenterostomosis. Dr. L. S. Lyubimova. A case of resection of blind sacs formed after side-to-side anastomosis, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):90-90
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Meetings of medical societies. TASSR Surgical Society. Meeting of 3 December 1940
 
Abstract

Demonstrations. 1. Dr. MK Sadykova demonstrated a 44-year-old patient with a tumor in the left hypochondrium, dense-elastic consistency, inactive and painless. Dr. Ya. I. Efremov demonstrated a patient who underwent Reyer's operation to close an intestinal fistula, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):90-91
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Meetings of medical societies. TASSR Surgical Society. Meeting of 20 December 1940
 
Abstract

Professor V.A. Gusynin, Honoured Scientist, delivered a speech in memory of N.I. Pirogov on the occasion of the 130th anniversary of his birth. Printed in this issue.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):91-91
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Meetings of medical societies. TASSR Surgical Society. Meeting of 28/XII 1940
Board E.
Abstract

Military doctor III rank A.S. Vlasov. A case of intestinal obstruction caused by mesenteric tularemia. Military doctor II rank A.I. Baskakov. Case of extensive resection of intestines, etc.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):91-92
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14th Scientific Conference of the Kazan GIDUV
 
Abstract

Assoc. A. S. Muromtsev. On the question of a neurogenic factor in the pathogenesis of intestinal nodes. Associate Professor I. I. Vylegzhanin. Report on the conference on the physiological system of the connective tissue in Kiev 1-4 / XII-40.

Kazan medical journal. 1941;37(1):92-93
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