Vol 18, No 3 (1922)

About spirochetoses

Mühlens P.

Abstract

Until 1905, that is, before the discovery of the causative agent of syphilis, Spirochaeta pallida, only very little was known about spirochetes; at the present time the chapter "Spirochetosis" belongs to the most extensive and important chapters of microbiology. At the time given to me for my presentation, I can give you only a brief overview of the relevant field.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):3-11
pages 3-11 views

On some features of the cultivation of Obermeier spirochetes

Aristovsky V.M., Blagoveshchensky N.N.

Abstract

After the discovery by Schaudin, in 1905, of the causative agent of syphilis, naturally keen interest among bacteriologists raised the question of the cultivation of this spirochete. However, the difficulties that were encountered on the way of the first researchers (Kolpino and Fontana, Levaditi and Mc Intosh, Schereschewsk y, Hoffmann) in solving this problem forced the question of cultivating spirochetes in general to be put on the agenda. Therefore, it is not a mere coincidence that the first pure culture of the spirochete (Spir. Dentium) was obtained by Mühlen S'OM in 1906, that is, already a year after the discovery of the pale spirochete. However, mixed cultures of spirochetes (so-called Mischkultur) were obtained even earlier — Goadby B1903, Veszpémi, Walver and F unni with lif fʹ, Müll e r and Scherber in 1905. In 1909, Schereschewsky received a pale spirochete in a culture mixed with other bacteria, and in the same year, Mühlens, and a year later, Hoffmann announced that they had received a pure culture of this spirochete.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):12-20
pages 12-20 views

Effect of yeast extract on mineral starvation

Polyakov A.

Abstract

The question of the importance of the mineral constituents of the poverty reap and its ash in the nutrition of the animal organism was first raised by the well-known Comission de Ia gelatine. In the reports of this Commission, we find, among other things, the assumption that the cause of death of animals, when fed with boiled meat, or washed in distilled water and squeezed out fibrin, is the low ash content of the food.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):21-33
pages 21-33 views

Current state of the art of protein therapy

Volter B.A.

Abstract

The subject of my lecture is the doctrine of the nonspecific treatment of infectious and other diseases, which, under the name Proteinkörpertherapie, currently combines a number of long-known therapeutic methods, such as: vaccine therapy, serotherapy, organotherapy, as well as those departments of pharmacotherapy where the current principles are various substances of a protein nature.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):34-49
pages 34-49 views

Blood test using the "thick drop" method

Cherokov M.

Abstract

I hardly need to talk about that. how important is the timely and rapid recognition of infectious diseases such as relapsing fever and malaria. Since the causative agents of these diseases in a certain period of the disease are in the peripheral blood, the usual method of recognizing these diseases is a blood test.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):50-54
pages 50-54 views

On the question of the treatment of relapsing fever during apyrexia

Mirkin A.I.

Abstract

Before the introduction of the principle of chemotherapy for spirillous diseases, the treatment of relapsing fever was only symptomatic: during an attack, antipyretic, cardiac, and other agents were used; the disease was essentially untreated from its beginning to its end.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):55-60
pages 55-60 views

Replacement of extensive skull defects

Domrachev I.V.

Abstract

In recent years, at the Hospital Surgical Clinic of Kazan University, there have been several rather interesting cases of replacement of extensive defects of the skull after traumatic injuries, accompanied by epileptic seizures.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):61-68
pages 61-68 views

A new method for temporary partial osteoplastic resection of the mandible for the removal of tongue cancer

Krasin P.M.

Abstract

Wide access to the oral cavity is necessary for surgeons, mainly for the surgical treatment of tongue cancer with localization of the neoplasm in the posterior parts of the latter, especially when the cancer transitions to the mucous membrane of the floor of the mouth or to the arcus palato-glossus.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):69-75
pages 69-75 views

On the question of the automatism of the functions of the spinal cord

Rusetsky I.I.

Abstract

The functions of the spinal cord are automatic in the embryo in a normal person; thus, knee flexion is easier with hip flexion. In animals with a less differentiated forebrain, it appears more clearly (for example, in a rabbit, flexion of one articulation gives rise to flexion in the other).

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):76-82
pages 76-82 views

Towards the current state of the doctrine of malformations of the eye

Agababov A.G.

Abstract

During its development, the eyeball undergoes a number of metamorphoses until it takes on the finished form in which it is known to us in a fully developed state, as a miniature in size, but a complex structure and an organ that is important in its function. Even in a newborn, the eye is still incompletely formed, and its detailed completion continues for some time after the birth of the child.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):83-100
pages 83-100 views

Determination of lipoids in the grains of leukocytes. Savinі (Wien. m. Woch., 1921, No. 46)

Abstract

According to Savinі for this purpose, glasses with lubricants are placed in a 5% solution of two chromium copper, washed and stained with a saturated solution of charlah in ethyl alcohol, followed by: washing, light coloring of the nuclei with a contrasting paint, again washing, drying and imprisoning in neutral glycerin or a thick solution of levulose.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):101-101
pages 101-101 views

The Herelle's Phenomenon. Otto, Munter(Deut. med. Woch., 1921, No. 52)

Abstract

The phenomenon described for the first time by Herelle is that the filtrate from the feces of dysentery patients (resp. Convalescents) destroys in vitro dysentery bacteria.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):101-101
pages 101-101 views

Etiology of the Spanish disease. Lyubarsky (Mosk. Med. Zhurn., 1921, No. 1)

Abstract

Lyubarsky gives an interesting summary of the works of various authors who worked in the past epidemic of the Spanish flu.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):102-102
pages 102-102 views

Early recognition of typhoid fever. Rebbert (Deut. med. Woch., 1921, No. 51)

Abstract

Rebbegt notes the importance of blood tests for the diagnosis of incipient typhoid fever: on the basis of egg experience, this author was convinced that the disappearance of eosinophils soon after the onset of fever and a drop in the number of leukocytes to 2000 are characteristic features of this disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):102-102
pages 102-102 views

Reinfection with relapsing fever. Schubert (Klin. Med., June 1922)

Abstract

On the basis of both his own observations and the data available in the literature, Schubert comes to the conclusion that relapsing fever does not give persistent immunity, after which reinfection is sometimes observed in both humans and animals; the latter can proceed with 1.2 or more attacks, and the nature of the primary disease and its duration do not seem to have a noticeable effect on the course of the disease during reinfection. In the opinion of this author, in order to avoid the spread of the disease, it is necessary to withstand recurrent typhoid patients in medical institutions with a normal temperature of 20 days, and any attack that occurs after this period can be considered reinfection.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):102-102
pages 102-102 views

Diagnostic value of spirochetes in gastric juice. Luger and Neuberger (Zeit. F. Klin. Med., Bd 92)

Abstract

Luger and Neuberger note the importance of the presence of spirochetes in gastric sleep for the diagnosis of gastric cancer. Meanwhile, as in a healthy stomach and with. non-cancerous diseases of the latter, spirochetes are found only very rarely, with stomach cancer they can be found, together with Boas-Orpler's rods, constantly.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):102-102
pages 102-102 views

Treatment of stomach and duodenal ulcers. Glässner (Wiener kl Woch., 1921, No. 47)

Abstract

Grlässner warmly recommends for this purpose a 0.2-0.4% solution of caustic soda with aq. menthae piperitae, 50 timing. every 2 hours, with the entire treatment lasting from 2 to 3 months. Caustic alkali has a threefold effect on the stomach wall: 1) neutralizing, 2) destroying enzymes and 3) cauterizing. It is tolerated by patients very well and usually gives a quick effect in the sense of the disappearance of pain and other subjective disorders.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):102-103
pages 102-103 views

The first experiments in vaccine therapy of bacillary and dysentery prof. Zlatogorov and Dr. Viskovsky (Mosk. Med. Zhurn., 1921, No. 2-3)

Abstract

Having tried vaccine therapy in 14 patients, Prof. Zlatogorov and Dr. Viskovsky found that this method was harmless and gave both general relief to the patients and improvement of local intestinal phenomena. The authors used for treatment: 1) Flexner type vaccine and 2) Flexner and Hiss divaccine from agar cultures killed by heating at 58° for 1 hour.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):103-103
pages 103-103 views

To the distinctive recognition of stomach cancer and achyliae gaslricae. Weinberg (Deut. Med. Woch., 1921, No. 29)

Abstract

When carrying out a differential diagnosis between these two diseases, the blood test for lymphocytes does not have, according to Weinberg, the significance that Moeves is trying to ascribe to it. True, according to Weinberg's observations, lymphopenia in stomach cancer occurs more often than in achilia gastrica, where, on the contrary, it is more often possible to ascertain lymphocytosis, but the difference here is not so great as to base the diagnosis on one attribute.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):103-103
pages 103-103 views

Surgical treatment of chronic gastric ulcers and duodeni prof. Fedorov (Med. Gas., 1922, No. 2)

Abstract

Analyzing this issue, prof. Fedorov decisively speaks out in favor of more radical methods. By the way, he got excellent results from burning out ulcers suggested by Balfour, always combining this burnout with gastroenterostomy.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):103-103
pages 103-103 views

Artificial pneumothorax. Yarotsky (Vrach. Delo, 1922, No. 3-6)

Abstract

Based on a number of personal observations of prof. Yarotsky considers artificial pneumothorax to be a very valuable therapeutic agent, in appropriate cases saving such patients who would inevitably die without it.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):103-103
pages 103-103 views

Prevention of recurrence of malignant tumors. Keysser (Arch. f. klin. Chir., Bd. 117)

Abstract

In the revolutionary committee, contrary to the generally accepted custom — after the prompt removal of cancers, to expose patients to prophylactic X-rays in order to prevent the return of the disease, there are Keysser's observations, according to which cancer underwent prophylactic X-rays in the Tübingen clinic the breast gave a higher percentage of relapses than those who did not.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):103-104
pages 103-104 views

Causes of ovulation. Khazan (Gynecology and Obstetrics, 1922, No. 1)

Abstract

Analyzing the question of the immediate cause of the bursting of a mature Graaf's  bubble, Khazan arms himself against the currently prevailing theory of spontaneous ovulation  in his opinion, in the larvae of sexually mature women there is always a ready-to-burst Graaf's bubble, which, as is the case in animals, waits only for the act of copulation in order to isolate its contents.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):104-104
pages 104-104 views

Diagnosis of early pregnancy. Iоseph (Berl. ges. f. Chir., 13 Febr. 1922)

Abstract

For the recognition of early pregnancy, both uterine and ectopic, Ioseph strongly recommends the test with floridin.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):104-104
pages 104-104 views

Acute yellow atrophy of the liver. V. Peretz (Arch. Klin. And Exp. Med, 1922, No. 2-8; Doctor. Delo, 1922. No. 3-6)

Abstract

Based on observations, over 25 cases of acute yellow atrophy of the liver in pregnant women that took place in Yekaterinburg in 1920-21. V. Peretz came to a trace, conclusions regarding this disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):104-105
pages 104-105 views

Etiology of acute liver atrophy. Mayer (Berlin. klin. Woch., 1921, № 31)

Abstract

Mayer emphasizes the important role that hies play in the etiology of acute atrophy of the liver: out of 25 cases of his material that were submitted for autopsy, in 15 cases of his material, the previous syphilis was undoubted and in 5 - probable.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):105-105
pages 105-105 views

Induction of a miscarriage with the help of x-rays. Arkhangelsk (Arch. Klin. and Eksp. Med., 1922, No. 1)

Abstract

Having tried X-ray (at a dose of 18 to 67 N, given for 3-7 sessions) with this purpose in 10 cases of early pregnancy (the delay of menstruation was from 8 to 35 days), Arkhangelsky received sharply different results depending on the duration of pregnancy: in 7 cases, where the delay in menstruation was no more than 3 weeks, abortion occurred, in 3 cases where the delay was more than 3 weeks. the pregnancy, despite the X-ray, continued.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):105-105
pages 105-105 views

Terpikhin for chronic inflammatory diseases of the female genital area. Schwarz (Deut. Med. Woch., 1921, No. 52)

Abstract

This remedy, offered by Oestreichеr, contains 15% ol. terebinthini, 0.5% quinine and anesthesin each, 84% ol. olivarum. Having applied it in 22 cases of perimetritis, salpingitis, oophoritis, infiltrates in the posterior Dоnglasen, etc., Schwarz was very pleased with the results.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):105-105
pages 105-105 views

Psychogenic pains. Вunеmаnn (Therapie d. Gegeaw., 1921, No. 4)

Weinberg M.

Abstract

Вunеmаnn describes a case of psychogenic leucorrhoea, which for 12 years did not yield to any methods of treatment and were eliminated by a single hypnosis.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):105-105
pages 105-105 views

Pandy's reaction. Scholle (Med. Zh., 1922, No. 5)

Abstract

The essence of this reaction, which occurs in all infectious diseases of the central nervous system, is as follows: to 1 cubic meter. site, concentrated (1:15) carbolic acid, poured into a small test tube, add 1 kyle of cerebrospinal fluid taken from a patient; if in this case there is an infectious disease of the central nervous system, then, due to the increased content of globulins in the cerebrospinal fluid, a smoky cloud of turbidity is formed in a few seconds throughout the contact of the drop falling to the bottom with the carbolic solution, while the normal liquid of this cloud does not give .

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):105-106
pages 105-106 views

Treatment of epilepsy. Wyrsch (Schweiz. med. Woch., 1921, No. 51)

Weinberg M.

Abstract

Having developed 618 sl. outpatient treatment of epilepsy, Wyrsch stated that sequential treatment with sedobrol or bromine with salt-free food gave 87% improvement.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):106-106
pages 106-106 views

Zonulotomia. Stock (Klin. Mon. f. Augenheil., 1918)

Adamyuk V.

Abstract

In 2 cases of military eye injuries, where the opaque lens was spliced with a cord with the marginal scar of the cornea and the iris, Stock performed a small operation, which, in his opinion, in such cases is preferable to iridectomy and discision lens.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):106-106
pages 106-106 views

Sclera shaping in glaucoma. Dolganov (Vrach. Journal, 1922, No. 1)

Abstract

To enhance the therapeutic effect of iridectomy in glaucoma, prof. Dolganov recommends to precede this operation by cutting off the sclera.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):106-107
pages 106-107 views

Purulent diseases of the middle ear and mastoid process with typhus. Sverzhevsky (Med. Zhurn., 1922., No. 8-9)

Abstract

According to Sverzhevsky these diseases are observed in 0.2-58% of cases of typhus. In this case, purulent inflammation of the mastoid process in the vast majority of cases is preceded by the same inflammation of the middle ear at 4-5 weeks of typhoid.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):107-107
pages 107-107 views

Lumbar puncture as a remedy for vertigo. Karchikyan (Vrach. Zhurn., 1922, No. 1)

Abstract

According to the observations of Karchikyan, removal of 10 cubic meters. sant. cerebrospinal fluid by lumbar puncture is an excellent symptomatic remedy for vertigo, which is a common companion of diseases of the inner ear, a fact first established by Babinski.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):107-107
pages 107-107 views

Lenigallol in a runny nose. Isaсson (Berlin. kl. Woch., 1921, No. 48)

Abstract

According to Isaсson, lenigallol is either in the form of an ointment (lenigalloli 0.6, oxydi zinc 2.0, vaselini ad 10.0), or in the form of a powder (lenigalloli 1.0, oxyd zinci 9.0, atouіі 5.0, sach.lactici ad 20.0), is a harmless, reliable agent against the common cold.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):107-107
pages 107-107 views

A few words about the state of the Russian medical periodicals in 1922

Abstract

The war, the revolution and the economic devastation that followed them dealt a heavy blow to the Russian scientific press in general and the Russian medical press in particular. ” others, after several attempts to come out in a reduced size, they completely ceased to appear in the light. But our scientific medical thought did not die out. Despite the extremely difficult external conditions, it continued to work hard, and as a result, as soon as the slightest opportunity arose, medical journals and newspapers began to reappear in various scientific centers of Russia. and of a special nature. Strictly speaking, there were too many of them in the coming year, if we take into account the available scientific forces and material resources of the country — namely, over 50 — and, naturally, the quantitative aspect of the matter turned out to be at the expense of the qualitative one. Many of these journals were published in the reporting year in the amount of only 2-3 of a very small volume. not able to boast of either their content or their appearance. Hopefully, they are just seeds from which lush sprouts will subsequently develop.

Kazan medical journal. 1922;18(3):108-110
pages 108-110 views


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