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Vol 31, No 10 (1935)

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Combating helminths among food workers
Alexandrov K.A.
Abstract

There is no doubt that workers involved in the preparation and distribution of food and products must be completely healthy - they must not have infectious diseases (sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, trachoma, gastrointestinal, etc.) and must not be carriers of bacilli. Particularly great attention is paid to the typhoid-paratyphoid bacillus. But almost no attention is paid to helminthiasis among workers in the food processing unit.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1127-1129
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About goiter in the Shugurovsky region of the ATSSR
Polyantsev A.A., Polyantseva A.I.
Abstract

Working in the region, we noticed the high attendance of patients with an enlarged thyroid gland. To find out the frequency of the disease encountered, we examined 9 villages located along the Sheshma River — Sugushly, Karkali, Shugur (located along the Lesnaya Sheshma River), Skhodnevo, Urdala, Spiridonovka (located along the Stepnoy Sheshma River), Novy Ishtiryak, Stary Ishtiryak and Bakirovo (located along the B. Sheshma river).

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1130-1134
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On absorption in the stomach with gastritis
Zolotova-Kostomarova M.I.
Abstract

The issue of resorption in the stomach has not been sufficiently developed to date. Moreover, this issue has been little studied in various gastric diseases.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1135-1141
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Calcium chloride in the treatment of cholecystopathies
Mogilevsky E.R.
Abstract

The issues of therapeutic or surgical treatment of chronic choleciscitis, the choice of the most effective therapeutic and surgical method of treatment cannot be considered finally resolved. On the contrary, all these questions are still extremely relevant and topical for the therapist and surgeon and do not leave the pages of the Russian and foreign medical press. And it is not surprising, as our research methods have improved, the boundaries of recognition of these diseases have expanded significantly, and we are convinced that chronic cholecystitis is one of the most common diseases.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1141-1146
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To the etiology of chronic entero-colitis
Likht L.M.
Abstract

The clinical picture and therapy of chronic enterocolitis is undoubtedly one of the most difficult chapters in the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. These difficulties are further aggravated by the fact that it is often necessary to treat these patients on an outpatient basis, which does not allow for a thorough clinical examination. Meanwhile, the study of the pathogenesis of each individual case to a certain extent provides and predetermines the success of therapeutic intervention.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1146-1148
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On the issue of determining vascular tone
Orlov M.M.
Abstract

In clinical practice, we are still often powerless in determining the vascular tone. The state of this latter usually attracts attention only when this or that pathology appears on the stage. The most annoying fact is that even in this case, where vascular disturbances are likely, we often lack an objective criterion.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1149-1157
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Treatment of pneumonia with endothermia
Rakhman V.I., Lyubimov G.V.
Abstract

Pneumonia, especially the typical one, is considered a relatively benign acute illness. Let us recall Stryumpel's catchphrase that pneumonia goes away with any treatment or even in spite of treatment. However, daily clinical experience teaches us that in many cases of atypical, protracted, complicated pneumonia, only timely intervention can save the patient's life.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1158-1166
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To the casuistry of hernias of the Spigelian line
Machan V.Y.
Abstract

To a very small number of cases of Spigelian line hernia published in the literature, we want to add our own observation, which is of interest not only from the point of view of its rarity, but also from a diagnostic point of view.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1167-1174
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On the side cysts of the neck
Kalchenko I.I.
Abstract

Despite the large number of studies published so far on side cysts and fistulas of the neck, the issue of genesis and the clinic for these diseases remains far from being resolved.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1174-1179
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Subcortical syndrome in polycythemia (Vaquez' erythremia)
Molochek A.I., Rusin T.I.
Abstract

Diseases of the blood, combined with certain neuropathological syndromes, are of interest in the sense of studying their relationships and connections. Polycythemia, giving a shift in the morphological elements of the blood, grossly disrupting the entire process of blood circulation, placing the vascular wall in special biochemical and mechanical conditions, may be a factor that reveals constitutionally defective parts of the centeral nervous system.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1179-1182
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Fetal expulsion and maternal mortality
Magid M.I.
Abstract

Undoubtedly, in the group of causes of death, called "maternal mortality", the main role - from 40 to 70% - is played by mortality from sepsis. However, it should be borne in mind that this mortality is caused by two completely different reasons: 1) postpartum sepsis complicates the essentially normal process of childbirth and should be controlled through social preventive measures during pregnancy, clinical obstetrics, etc. and 2) sepsis after abortion depends in the vast majority of cases on abortion, and the fight against it should to be in the fight against expulsion.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1183-1187
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Several observations on the therapeutic effect of arlyl nitrite in retinal pigment degeneration
Grigoriev V.I., Dymschitz L.A.
Abstract

Pigmented regeneration of the retina is one of those diseases of the eye's light-receiving apparatus, where the fact of poor blood supply to the retina and the optic nerve is striking. This is manifested by the more or less sharp contraction of retinal blood vessels visible in the ophthalmoscope.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1188-1194
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Tripod for electric portable lamp used in oto-rino-laryngology and other medical works
Marchenko I.S.
Abstract

With the introduction of the Oto-rino-laryngological frontal reflector and laryngoscopic mirror (1854), a good and easily movable light source was needed. Electric light has many advantages, but in pre-revolutionary times it was only available in larger or smaller centres. With the implementation of the country's general plan for electrification, there is now an increasing opportunity for an otolaryngologist to use electric light in his or her work.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1195-1196
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To the clinical picture of syphilitic aortitis
Permyakov F.K., Yaltsev P.D.
Abstract

In addition to the usual, we might say, classic, easily diagnosable cases, aortic syphilis often occurs in atypical masking forms. Such atypical forms deserve a lot of attention, especially since aortic syphilis is a very common disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1197-1201
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To the clinical picture of silent syphilitic aortitis
Sipitiner I.G.
Abstract

An unfavourable prediction of syphilitic aortic lesion is due to its late diagnosis. The key to the success of therapy is in early diagnosis of s. a., when there are no persistent anatomical changes and the main clinical signs have not yet developed. The initial forms of s. a. have been disguised for a long time, distinguishing them from other vascular lesions which symptoms are usually quite definite.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1201-1204
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Atelectasis and its importance in lung pathology
Gilman A.G.
Abstract

Lung atelectasis, the head of pathology, very little known to the general mass of doctors, has recently begun to attract more and more attention of both clinicians and pathologists. Gradually, if not their leading role, then their significant participation in the formation of the clinical and radiological picture in a wide variety of pathological processes is revealed.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1205-1214
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XV International Congress of Physiologists
Aksyantsev M.I.
Abstract

At the final meeting of the XIV Congress of Physiologists in Rome in 1932, the proposal of Academician I.P. Pavlov was adopted to convene the XV Congress in the USSR in 1935. From August 8 to 18, the Congress met in Leningrad, and its final meeting was held in Moscow.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1214-1221
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Early Childhood Diet Guide
Lepsky E.
Abstract

The number of prevention and treatment facilities for children is constantly increasing. At the same time, an increasing number of doctors and nursing staff are involved in childcare work. One of the consequences of this process is an extraordinary increase in the need for textbooks and manuals on child health and pathology. Everything that comes out of the press on these issues is rapidly diverging, not meeting the demand. This is why a comprehensive early childhood diet guide meets an urgent need.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1221-1222
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Malarial therapy for neuropsychiatric diseases
Galant I.V.
Abstract

Malariotherapy was definitely lucky in the USSR. After Minkovich's brilliant book on the malarial treatment of neurology and other diseases, Malkin's no less brilliant monograph on malarial therapy of neuropsychic diseases was published in a short period of time.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1222-1223
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Experiments on the epidemiology of pseudorabies'a. I. Mode of spread of the disease among pigs and their possible role in the transmission of this disease to cattle
Shope R.Е.
Abstract

It is known that pseudorabies is a very dangerous disease in cattle. It proceeds with very severe events and gives a high mortality rate; however, these animals do not transmit the disease to each other, and therefore the epidemiology of the latter remained unclear.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1223-1223
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Experiments on the epidemiology of pseudorabies'a. II. The spread of the disease in pigs in western Central America and the possible role of rats in herd-to-herd transmission
Shope R.Е.
Abstract

The author has proven that pseudorabies is a very common disease in pigs in western Central America. He studied the content of the corresponding antibodies in the sera of pigs. He examined samples of sera from pigs hyperimmunized against pig cholera.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1223-1224
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Study of vaccination and vaccine immunity
Groth A., Münsterer H.
Abstract

In a previous work, the authors showed that vaccination and revaccination phenomena of a person depend to a large extent on the living conditions in which the vaccinated person is located, on his age and sex. Since these data were obtained on statistical material and, therefore, may meet with completely legitimate objections, the authors checked their conclusions on experimental material.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1224-1224
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Immunological and chemical study of the vaccine virus. I. Obtaining elementary bodies of the vaccine
Parker R.F., Rivers Т.
Abstract

This work is the first in a whole series of works that the authors have undertaken to study this problem. To obtain elementary bodies, white rabbits were infected into the skin with a thick suspension of dermovaccine.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1224-1225
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Degree of bacillus dispersion as a factor of infection and resistance in experimental tuberculosis
Thomas R.М., Reynals D.
Abstract

An aqueous extract of testicles, when administered intradermally, increases tissue permeability; if the animals are injected intradermally with a suspension of bacteria together with testicular extract, the nature of the body's response to infection changes dramatically. The authors studied this issue in detail in relation to tuberculosis bacilli.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1225-1225
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On the biological properties of tuberculous bacilli weakened by frequent reseeding
Nègre L., Valtis J.
Abstract

The weakening of virulence with frequent reseeding was possible to ascertain in those strains that had long been grown in the laboratory. Freshly harvested crops were found to be more resistant.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1225-1226
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Study of the immunizing properties of streptococci in the oral cavity
Endе Т.
Abstract

Until now, the study of streptococci in the oral cavity did not concern the immunizing properties of this microorganism. The author, trying to fill the existing gap here, examined from this point of view various types of streptococci isolated from saliva, dental caries, alveolar abscesses and alveolar pyorrhea.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1226-1226
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On the issue of isogemolysin (isolysin) in newborn children
Marcussen P.
Abstract

The presence of isohemolysin in adults was proved as early as 1905 by Landsteiner and Leiner. In newborns, a systematic study of this phenomenon has not yet been carried out, and the author, for the first time putting this issue on the agenda, showed that out of 112 examined newborns, 28 (25.6%) contained isohemolysin in the blood of the umbilical vein.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1226-1226
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Study of inoculation of human malaria on experimental animals
Kirilow А.
Abstract

The author tried to transplant all three strains from humans directly into monkeys, wolves, rats, mice and various bird species.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1226-1226
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On the transmission of malaria by mosquitoes in winter
Colins R., Drenski К.
Abstract

The authors studied the question raised by them for one year and came to the following conclusions. 1) The malaria parasite can overwinter in the body of a mosquito and in these cases is detected when the insect is dissected. 2) The infectivity of mosquitoes in winter is higher than in summer. 3) Infected An. maculipennis contain predominantly sporozoids and can therefore infect humans during winter and spring.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1226-1226
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Blood picture in monkey malaria
Маlamоs В.
Abstract

The author has shown that a monkey infection (Cynomolgus, Rhesus and Cercopithecus) PL Knowlesî develops severe anaemia as a result of erythrocyte destruction and blockage of blood forming organs.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1226-1227
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Experimental study of syphilis infection through sexual contact and through the placenta
Seiffert W.
Abstract

Experiments have shown that in syphilitic mice, the infection is not transmitted either sexually or through the placenta, and the young remain completely healthy even when the mother is sick with syphilis.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1227-1227
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Differentiation of related microorganisms using the Schulz-Dahl method. Study of brucella abortion Bang and brucella melitensis Bruce
Jadassohn W., Riedmüller L., Schaaf F.
Abstract

In view of the great practical importance that undulating Banga fever now has, it is extremely interesting to study its relationship to undulating Bruce fever (Maltese fever), as well as the existing relationship between Brucella strains found in humans, cattle and pigs.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1227-1227
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On the issue of conservation of typhus virus in vitro
Laigrеtu I., Durand R.
Abstract

Until now, it was believed that glycerin quickly destroys the typhus virus. The authors showed that destruction does not take place at low temperatures and recommend preserving the typhus virus by placing infected virulent pieces of organs in a test tube with glycerol and preserving it in a freezing apparatus at 12-15° below zero.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1227-1227
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Obtaining specific antigens by extraction of cultures with carbolic acid
Paarmann Е.
Abstract

The author managed to obtain specific antigens from bacterial cultures by extracting the latter with carbolic acid.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1227-1228
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Difference between prehypophysial fat metabolism hormone and thyroid hormone
Auslender E.
Abstract

The authors drew attention back in 1931 to the existence of a prehypophyseal hormone capable of raising ketonemia in animals and humans, which the body produces as soon as fats are ingested or when reserve fat is mobilized during fasting. The authors called this hormone the prehypophyseal hormone of fat metabolism.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1228-1228
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Myxedema and hypercholesterolemia
Нurxthul L.М.
Abstract

Postoperative myxedema is accompanied by hypercholesterolemia. Subtotal thyroidectomy can be accompanied by hypercholesterolemia without manifestations of myxedema, which can be considered as mild and temporary thyroid insufficiency. Thyrodectomy can be accompanied by a decrease in basal metabolism without hypercholesterolemia, and in such cases, the appearance of myxedema is extremely rare.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1228-1228
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Stomach ulcer in newborns
Auslender E.
Abstract

The author cites 2 cases of perforated gastric ulcer in newborns, one with perforation and congenital obstruction of the Bauginia valve, the other with two perforations, with the second perforation occurring after surgery.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1228-1228
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Painful epigastric points in stomach diseases
Auslender Е.
Abstract

The author observed in 504 gastric patients sharply painful points on palpation. He found that the topography of these points is more or less constant, which makes it possible to establish their usual localization.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1229-1229
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X-ray treatment of stomach ulcers
Auslender E.
Abstract

Each case of gastric ulcer should be individually studied and treatment should be appropriate for the type of ulcer, its development, response to treatment, age and general condition of the patient.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1229-1229
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On the pathogenesis of postoperative ulcers
Auslender E.
Abstract

During the first period following gastroenterostomy, degenerative processes dominate over proliferative ones, in particular, in the mucous membrane. From the side of the peritoneum, the first adhesions between the stomach and intestines are observed. In histological sections of a piece of old anastomoses, complete restoration of the mucosa is observed.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1229-1229
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Pathology of fingerprints
Ribeiro L.
Abstract

Prior to the present work, all authors who studied the issue of fingerprinting argued that fingerprints are constant throughout life and no disease is able to change them. The author studied a series of patients in Rio de Janeiro and came to the conclusion that leprosy is capable of altering and even completely destroying a fingerprint drawing.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1229-1230
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Histological changes in the brain in acute lye poisoning
Sharbet T.
Abstract

The long-term effect of lye poisoning is expressed not only in changes in the liver and lungs, but also in the brain. The author histologically examined the brain in 12 cases of acute lye poisoning.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1230-1230
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Meetings of medical societies. Scientific Medical Association of the ATSSR
 
Abstract

Meetings of medical societies. Scientific Medical Association of the ATSSR. Surgical section. Meeting on May 21, 1936.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1230-1232
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Congresses and conferences
 
Abstract

International Congress of Dermatologists. International Blood Transfusion Congress. Session of the Psychoneurological Institute in Perm.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1232-1233
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Chronicle
 
Abstract

S. B. Yenaleev was appointed Director of the Kazan State Medical Institute.

Kazan medical journal. 1935;31(10):1233-1235
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