Current state and development of the sanatoriums-health resorts potential of the Republic of Tatarstan

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Abstract


Aim. To analyze the current state of the sanatoriums-health resorts system of the Republic of Tatarstan and identify the demand by the population of sanatoriums-health resorts services for recreation and health promotion at the regional level.

Methods. To analyze the functioning of the sanatoriums-health resorts of the republic, we used data from the official website of the Federal State Statistics Service (2002–2018). We calculated the long-term mean values, standard deviation, growth rate, linear regression, the approximation coefficient in comparing the Republic of Tatarstan, Volga Federal District and the Russian Federation. The population proportion, which used the sanatoriums-health resorts services, bed provision per 10,000 population and bed turnover were calculated to assess the provision of the population with sanatorium-resort services. The study of the demand for sanatorium services by the population was carried out using a sociological survey.

Results. In the comparative analysis, it was found that the Republic of Tatarstan is the region with a developed, rela­tively stable sanatoriums-health resorts system. The increase in the number of beds in sanatoriums (from 23.86 beds per 10,000 population in 2002 to 24.94 in 2018) and bed turnover rate (from 12.84 in 2002 to 16.59 in 2018) during the studied period indicated the continuity between curative and restorative-rehabilitation medicine. An increase in the proportion (from 3.07% in 2002 to 4.15% in 2018) with an overall increase in the number of stayed ­people (1.39 times) indicated the interest of the population in rehabilitation treatment and recreation in regional sanato­riums-health resorts. As a result of the survey, a “portrait” of the modern consumer of sanatoriums-health resorts was drawn up, and priorities in sanatorium choosing were determined.

Conclusion. The Republic of Tatarstan belongs to the regions with a developed system of sanatoriums-health resorts and significant potential to its development, which is confirmed by the presence of natural healing factors, improved provision of sanatoriums-health resorts care and increasing demand of the population for services for rehabilitation treatment and recreation in regional sanatoriums.


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About the authors

Yu A Knni

Kazan State Medical University

Email: happyknni@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia

O R Radchenko

Kazan State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: olga.radchenko@kazangmu.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0616-2620
Scopus Author ID: 53364221600

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia

A R Urazmanov

Kazan State Medical University

Email: director@starclinic.ru

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia

L A Balabanova

Kazan State Medical University; Tatarstan Regional Agency of the Federal Service for Surveillance in the Sphere of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare

Email: balabanova-la@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia; Kazan, Russia

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Рис. 1. Обеспеченность койко-местами в санаторно-­курортных организациях Республики Татарстан, Приволжского федерального округа и Российской Федерации (на 10 тыс. населения; сравнительная оценка: данные 2002 и 2018 гг.)

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2.
Рис. 2. Распределение санаторно-курортных организаций Приволжского федерального округа (ПФО), граничащих с Республикой Татарстан (РТ) по количеству мест размещения (среднемноголетние данные 2002–2018 гг.) в санаторно-курортных комплексах [10]

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3.
Рис. 3. Сравнительная динамика доли отдохнувших в санаториях Республики Татарстан, Приволжского федерального округа и Российской Федерации в 2002 и 2018 гг.

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4.
Рис. 4. Сравнительная динамика оборота койки в санаториях Республики Татарстан, Приволжского федерального округа и Российской Федерации в 2002 и 2018 гг. (количество пациентов на 1 койку)

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© 2020 Knni Y.A., Radchenko O.R., Urazmanov A.R., Balabanova L.A.

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