Cytoprotective effect of non-opioid leu-enkephalin analogue in primary culture of pulmonary fibroblasts in oxidative stress

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Abstract


Aim. Analysis of the cytoprotective effect of non-opioid leu-enkephalin analogue (Phe-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-Leu-Arg) in the primary culture of pulmonary fibroblasts in conditions of oxidative stress.

Methods. Pulmonary fibroblasts were incubated with the peptide of non-opioid leu-enkephalin analogue (Phe-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-Leu-Arg) in the concentration 0.1 μM for 6 hours. To simulate oxidative stress, 60 μM H2O2 was added to the culture medium for 2 hours. Experimental series included (1) «control»; (2) «non-opiate leu-enkephalin analogue» (the peptide was added to the culture medium 44 hours after the final passage); (3) «oxidative stress» (H2O2 was added to the culture medium 48 hours after the final passage); (4) «non-opiate leu-enkephalin analogue + oxidative stress» (the peptide and H2O2 were added to the culture medium 44 and 48 hours respectively after the final passage). In order to evaluate the generation of superoxide anion by pulmonary fibroblasts, the method of lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence was used. Computer morphometry of the nucleo-nucleolar apparatus of fibroblasts stained with silver nitrate by the AgNOR method was used to assess the cell state: the area of fibroblast nuclei, the total nucleoli area in the nucleus, and the number of nucleoli in the nucleus were measured. These parameters correlate with the activity of anabolic processes in the cells.

Results. The effect of H2O2 on the primary culture of pulmonary fibroblasts caused an increase of superoxide anion generation by the fibroblasts, reduction of fibroblast nuclei size, decrease of nucleoli amount and size. Pre-incubation of pulmonary fibroblasts with a non-opioid leu-enkephalin analogue reduced the H2O2-induced generation of superoxide anion, corrected changes in the nucleo-nucleolar apparatus of fibroblasts caused by oxidative stress. In our previous studies, similar effect in the same model was shown for non-selective μ/δ-opioid receptor agonist peptide sedatin (dermorphin analogue). The mechanism of cytoprotective effect of non-opioid leu-enkephalin analogue may include the affinity of this peptide to nociceptin receptors (NOR receptors) that requires further studies.

Conclusion. The results of the study indicate a direct cytoprotective effect of the peptide Phe-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-Leu-Arg (non-opioid leu-enkephalin analogue) in oxidative stress.


E N Sazonova

The Far-Eastern State Medical University; Khabarovsk Branch of Far-Eastern Research Center of Physiology and Pathology of Respiration, Scientific Research Institute of Maternity and Childhood Protection

Author for correspondence.
Email: sazen@mail.ru
Khabarovsk, Russia; Khabarovsk, Russia

O A Lebed’ko

The Far-Eastern State Medical University; Khabarovsk Branch of Far-Eastern Research Center of Physiology and Pathology of Respiration, Scientific Research Institute of Maternity and Childhood Protection

Email: sazen@mail.ru
Khabarovsk, Russia; Khabarovsk, Russia

G A Denisyuk

The Far-Eastern State Medical University

Email: sazen@mail.ru
Khabarovsk, Russia

K V Zhmerenetskiy

The Far-Eastern State Medical University

Email: sazen@mail.ru
Khabarovsk, Russia

V A Dobrykh

The Far-Eastern State Medical University

Email: sazen@mail.ru
Khabarovsk, Russia

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© 2019 Sazonova E.N., Lebed’ko O.A., Denisyuk G.A., Zhmerenetskiy K.V., Dobrykh V.A.

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