Immunogenetic features of HIV-infection and allergy comorbidity

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Abstract

Today, the comorbidity of infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an important problem due to the complexity of the selection of the optimal antiretroviral therapy and the diagnosing of associated pathological conditions. The study of the comorbidity of HIV-infection and allergy is an important area of research. This article presents a literature review on different types of comorbidity. Special attention is paid to the development of allergic reactions to antiretroviral drugs. The presence of an allergic reaction in a patient can cause low adherence to therapy and subsequent development of HIV resistance to the treatment. The review provides information on the possible causes of the development of hypersensitivity in HIV-infected patients. The data on the development of hypersensitivity reactions in response to treatment with the main classes of antiretroviral drugs (nucleoside and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, synthesis inhibitors, protease inhibitors, integrase inhibitors, cysteine-cysteine chemokine receptor 5 inhibitors) are presented. The most common allergic reactions to these drug classes are itching and rash, as well as increasing hepatic transaminase levels and cough. The existing scientific data on allergic reactions to drugs prescribed for other concurrent conditions (tuberculosis, fungal diseases) is also considered. The examples of studies reflecting the relevance of using immunogenetic and molecular genetic approaches in the study of comorbidity of HIV-infection and allergy are given. The identification of immunogenetic markers of the development of the hypersensitivity to therapy will optimize the diagnostic and treatment algorithms, especially in complex comorbid conditions.

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About the authors

S A Nora

Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: sergey.nora@novsu.ru
Russian Federation, Veliky Novgorod, Russia

G S Arkhipov

Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University

Email: sergey.nora@novsu.ru
Russian Federation, Veliky Novgorod, Russia

E I Arkhipova

Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University

Email: sergey.nora@novsu.ru
Russian Federation, Veliky Novgorod, Russia

N N Nikitina

Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University

Email: sergey.nora@novsu.ru
Russian Federation, Veliky Novgorod, Russia

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