Results of osteopathic treatment of infants with psychomotor developmental disorders

Cover Page


Cite item

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Abstract

Aim. To compare the effectiveness of osteopathic treatment of infants with psychomotor development disorders with standard treatment in terms of functional status.

Methods. The study was conducted at the Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University and the Institute of Osteopathic Medicine named after V.L. Andrianov, between 2020 and 2021. The study included 49 children with delayed psychomotor development, of which: the main group consisted of 26 children receiving osteopathic treatment; the control group consisted of 23 children treated with standard therapies. Data gathered included the indicators of the functional health state, complaints of parents, assessed neurological, vegetative, and osteopathic statuses, the psychomotor development in the children according to the Zhurba–Mastyukova scale, performed neurosonography. The results were processed using descriptive statistics followed by checking for the significance of the difference by using the Student's t-criterion for related samples.

Results. A comparison of the effectiveness of osteopathic and standard treatment of infants with a delay in psychomotor development by indicators of the functional status was carried out. The need for an integrated approach to therapeutic and diagnostic procedures was substantiated. The number of subjective complaints about the health of children from parents in the main group decreased, while in the control group, it remained the same. Neurological status in children of both groups improved, but the changes are more pronounced in the main group (p <0.05). The outcomes of the treatments indicate for improving psychomotor development of the children in the main group, in the control group, such an increase was only 13.0% (p <0.001).

Conclusion. The results of the study showed that osteopathic treatment of infants with psychomotor development disorders is more effective than standard complex treatment, which is reflected in the improvement of functional health indicators.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

V R Veber

Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University

Email: lenazinkevich@mail.ru
Russian Federation, Veliky Novgorod, Russia

I A Egorova

Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University; Institute of Osteopathic Medicine named after V.L. Andrianova

Email: lenazinkevich@mail.ru
Russian Federation, Veliky Novgorod, Russia; Saint Petersburg, Russia

E R Zinkevich

Institute of Osteopathic Medicine named after V.L. Andrianova; Saint- Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: lenazinkevich@mail.ru
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg, Russia; Saint Petersburg, Russia

A E Chervotok

Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University; Institute of Osteopathic Medicine named after V.L. Andrianova

Email: lenazinkevich@mail.ru
Russian Federation, Veliky Novgorod, Russia; Saint Petersburg, Russia

References

  1. Kustova T.V., Taranushenko T.E., Demyanova I.M. Evaluation of psychomotor development of a child of early age: what should the pediatrician know. Meditsinskiy sovet. 2018; (11): 104–109. (In Russ.) doi: 10.21518/2079-701X-2018-11-104-109.
  2. Zhurba L.T., Mastyukova E.M. Narushenie psikhomotornogo razvitiya detey pervogo goda zhizni. (Violation of the psychomotor development of children of the first year of life.) M.: Meditsina. 1981; 271 p. (In Russ.)
  3. Medvedev M.I., Degtyareva M.G., Gorbunov A.V., Grebennikova O.V., Dulenkov A.B., Voro¬nov V.V. Violation of the psychomotor development of children of the first year of life, the consequences of perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain lesions in full-term newborns: diagnosis and principles of restorative treatment. Pedia¬triya. Zhurnal im. G.N. Speranskogo. 2011; 90 (1): 66–70. (In Russ.)
  4. Nolasco-Blé A.K., Hernandez-Herrera R.J., Ramos-González R.M. Perinatal outcome of pregnancies in advanced maternal age. Ginecología y Obstetricia de México. 2012; 80 (4): 270–275. PMID: 22808857.
  5. Egorova I.A. Osteopatiya v akusherstve i pediatrii s semiotikoy. (Osteopathy in obstetrics and pediatrics with semiotics.) Saint-Petersburg: Khoka. 2021; 360 p. (In Russ.)
  6. Egorova I.A., Kuznetsova E.L., Buchnov A.D. Somatic dysfunctions in young children (dia¬gnosis and rehabilitation treatment). Russian family doctor. 2007; 11 (1): 19–22. (In Russ.)
  7. Egorova I.A., Kuznetsova E.L. Osteopatiya v akusherstve i pediatrii. (Osteopathy in obstetrics and pediatrics.) Saint-Petersburg: SPb MAPO. 2008; 186 p. (In Russ.)
  8. Turovskaya N.G., Kurushina O.V., Delaru V.V. Neurological and psychological assessment of child development in the first year of life. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo meditsinskogo universiteta. 2015; (4): 3–8. (In Russ.)
  9. Volosovets A.P., Krivopustov S.P., Loginova I.A., Shakot'ko M.A. Consequences of perinatal lesions of the central nervous system: controversial issues. Zdorov'e rebenka. 2008; (4): 19–24. (In Russ.)
  10. Shabalov N.P. Detskie bolezni. (Children's diseases.) Vol. 2. 8nd ed. Saint-Petersburg: Piter. 2017; 928 p. (In Russ.)
  11. Belousova E.D., Zinenko D.Yu., Krapivkin A.I. Topical issues of pediatric neurology. Rossiyskiy vestnik perinatologii i pediatrii. 2014; 59 (1): 8–14. (In Russ.)
  12. Urlapova E.V., Sosnina T.Yu. Importance of osteopathic diagnosis and treatmentin complex rehabilitation of infants with birth trauma of craniocervical region. Rossiyskiy osteopaticheskiy zhurnal. 2013; (1–2): 105–112. (In Russ.)
  13. Nojomi M., Haghighi L., Bijari B., Rezvani L., Tabatabaee K. Delayed childbearing: pregnancy and maternal outcome. Intern. J. Reprod. BioMed. 2010; 2 (8): 80–85.
  14. Vein A.M., Voznesenskaya T.G., Vorobyova O.V., Danilov A.B., Dyukova G.M. Vegetativnye rasstroystva. Klinika. Diagnostika. Lechenie. (Vegetative disorders. Clinic. Diagnostics. Treatment.) Ed. by A.M. Vein. M.: MIA. 2003; 752 p. (In Russ.)

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
Action
1. Рис. 1. Динамика жалоб родителей на функциональное состояние организма детей основной группы до и после остеопатического лечения

Download (41KB)
2. Рис. 2. Динамика жалоб родителей на функциональное состояние организма детей контрольной группы до и после стандартного лечения

Download (41KB)
3. Рис. 3. Показатели функционального состояния организма детей контрольной группы до и после стандартного лечения

Download (22KB)

© 2021 Eco-Vector





This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies