Oral diseases prevalence among mariners of the Black sea fleet of the Russian Federation

Cover Page

Abstract


Aim. Investigation of the prevalence and severity of dental diseases of seafarers of the Black Sea Russian Fleet, as well as the need for various types of dental care.

Methods. Thorough dental examination of 785 mariners aged 18 to 40 years was performed. Group 1 consisted of 510 conscripts aged 18-27 years, group 2 - 275 military contract personnel aged 18-40 years. A thorough dental examination was performed using mouth mirror and probe, as well as the graduated periodontal probe. Dental caries extension and DMF (decayed-missing-filled) index were determined. Evaluation of periodontium was carried out according to the CPITN index (Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs), hygiene indices (Fedorov, Y.A., Volodkina V.V., 1971) and Sulcus Bleeding Index (SBI, Мuhlemann, Son, 1971).

Results. Investigation of oral disease prevalence among seafarers of the Black Sea Russian Fleet showed its increase during the last twenty years. Particularly, dental caries prevalence among conscripts and military contract personnel of Black Sea Fleet reached 97.64±0.36% and 99.63±0.36%, respectively (DMF 8.85±1.25 and 13.30±2.05, respectively), and prevalence of chronic generalized periodontitis was 10.70±1.37% and 18.30±2.33%, respectively (p <0.005). Periodontal pockets deeper than 5 mm were found in military contract personnel in 4.90±1.30% cases whereas were not found in conscripts.

Conclusion. Prevalence and severity of oral diseases among mariners of the Black Sea Fleet during a twenty year period increased in comparison with the results of studies by G.N. Varavva, A.V. Bazhan (1995) and V.F. Chernysh (1996).


About the authors

V V Nikitenko

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Author for correspondence.
Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Saint Petersburg, Russia

G A Grebnev

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Saint Petersburg, Russia

A M Kovalevskiy

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Saint Petersburg, Russia

A K Iordanishvili

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Saint Petersburg, Russia

V F Chernysh

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Saint Petersburg, Russia

V A Murynin

1472nd Naval Clinical Hospital

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Sevastopol, Russia

E V Teplov

1472nd Naval Clinical Hospital

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Sevastopol, Russia

L V Vasil’eva

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Saint Petersburg, Russia

V A Kovalevskiy

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Saint Petersburg, Russia

M I Vasil’eva

1472nd Naval Clinical Hospital

Email: endy_taker@mail.ru
Sevastopol, Russia

References

  1. Прохватилов Г.И., Шелковский В.Н. Хроническая одонтогенная инфекция и её роль в развитии заболеваний внутренних органов (инфекционного эндокардита). Лекция. СПб.: ВМедА. 2010; 32 с.
  2. Вагнер В.Д., Нимаев Б.Ц. Современные задачи дальнейшего внедрения в систему здравоохранения специальности врача-стоматолога общей (семейной) практики. Стоматология. 2007; 86 (1): 68-69.
  3. Иорданишвили А.К., Ковалевский А.М., Новикова Н.В. Стоматологическая заболеваемость моряков. Морской мед. ж. 1996; 4: 9-12.
  4. Конарев А.В. Профилактика кариеса зубов: диета или фториды. Стоматология для всех. 1998; 2: 34-35.
  5. Садоков Г.И. Корабельный медицинский журнал винтового корвета «Аскольд». Мед. прибавления к Морскому сборнику. 1868; 7: 57-59.
  6. Зарипова Э.М., Мингазова Э.Н., Иорданишвили А.К. Совершенствование лечебно-профилактической работы врача-стоматолога медсанчасти речного пароходства. Пародонтология. 2009; 1: 57-59.
  7. Клюкин И.И. Борьба с шумом и звуковой вибрацией на судах. Л.: Судостроение. 1971; 416 с.
  8. Боровский Е.В., Леус П.А. Кариес зубов. М.: Медицина. 1979; 256 с.
  9. Фёдоров Ю.А. Гигиена полости рта. Л.: Медицина. 1987; 64 с.
  10. Варавва Г.Н., Бажан А.В. Уровень распространённости и интенсивности основных стоматологических заболеваний среди плавсостава. Вiсник стоматологii. 1995; 2: 132-134.
  11. Гордиенко В.Г. Распространённость кариеса зубов и заболеваний пародонта среди калининградских моряков. Стоматология. 1999; 2: 65-67.
  12. Suddick R.P., Harris N.O. Historical Perspectives of Oral Biology: A Series. Crit. Rev. Oral Biol. Med. 1990; 1 (2): 135-151. doi: 10.1177/10454411900010020301.
  13. Оправин А.С., Пьянков С.М. Стоматологическая заболеваемость Северного морского пароходства. Стоматология. 1989; 68 (2): 68-69.
  14. Страхов А.П. Адаптация моряков в длительных океанских плаваниях. Л.: Медицина. 1976; 128 c.
  15. Улитовский С.В. Состояние полости рта у моряков дальнего плавания. Стоматология. 1986; 65 (3): 74-75.
  16. Sasaki Y., Takahashi Y., Arita K. et al. Assessment of periodontal treatment needs in Japan maritine self defense force by CPITN. Bull. Tokyo Dent. Coll. 1988; 29 (1): 21-25.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 646

PDF (Russian) - 427

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


© 2017 Nikitenko V.V., Grebnev G.A., Kovalevskiy A.M., Iordanishvili A.K., Chernysh V.F., Murynin V.A., Teplov E.V., Vasil’eva L.V., Kovalevskiy V.A., Vasil’eva M.I.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed
under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.





This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies