Epidemiological analysis of neonatal infectious morbidity associated with health care

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Abstract


Aim. Investigation of the features of epidemiological characteristics of infectious morbidity associated with medical care registered in newborns in maternity care facilities of the Republic of Tatarstan.

Methods. Retrospective epidemiological study of the morbidity of infections associated with medical care registered in newborns in the Republic of Tatarstan was performed. Epidemiological analysis was carried out using the forms of Federal statistical observation №2 of the Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing «The information about the infectious and parasitic diseases» (section «Hospital-acquired infections»).

Results. Based on the received materials epidemiological analysis of the dynamics of hospital-acquired infectious morbidity in newborns for the period from 2009 to 2015 was performed. Unidirectional trend of infectious morbidity associated with medical care and of various nosological forms was revealed. Downward trend with a negative morbidity growth rate was identified for neonatal pneumonia, osteomyelitis, pyoderma, impetigo, mastitis, panaritium and paronychia of newborns, omphalitis, phlebitis of the umbilical vein and neonatal conjunctivitis. Neonatal morbidity of hospital-acquired otitis media did not changed from the baseline. Prevalent nosological forms of infections associated with medical care among newborns were pyoderma, impetigo, mastitis, panaritium, paronychia (33.6%) and pneumonia (29.5%).

Conclusion. The average morbidity of infections associated with medical care in newborns in the Republic of Tatarstan for the period from 2009 to 2015 was 13.0 per 1000 newborns; negative dynamics of the morbidity with negative morbidity growth rate in newborns during this period was revealed (-42.3%).


About the authors

A Z Zaripova

Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Republic of Tatarstan (Tatarstan)

Author for correspondence.
Email: albina.fahrislamova@yandex.ru
Kazan, Russia

G G Badamshina

Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Republic of Tatarstan (Tatarstan)

Email: albina.fahrislamova@yandex.ru
Kazan, Russia

V B Ziatdinov

Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Republic of Tatarstan (Tatarstan)

Email: albina.fahrislamova@yandex.ru
Kazan, Russia

G Sh Isaeva

Kazan Scientific and Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology

Email: albina.fahrislamova@yandex.ru
Kazan, Russia

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© 2017 Zaripova A.Z., Badamshina G.G., Ziatdinov V.B., Isaeva G.S.

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