Analysis of postoperative prognostic factors in patients with long bones metastatic lesions

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Abstract


Currently, with the development of the concept of cancer treatment, the survival rate of patients has increased significantly, but the percentage of the frequency of various metastatic lesions remains high. The bones of the skeleton are one of the main parts of metastases. In cancer patients, bone metastases usually mean that the disease is at an advanced stage, and the prognosis is not good. These patients often suffer from many complications, including pain, decreased mobility, pathological fractures, etc. The quality of life of patients is seriously deteriorating. Therefore, the main goal of surgical treatment of patients with bone metastases is the earliest possible restoration the function of the affected limb, pain relief, prevention of pathological fractures and the improvement of the quality of life of patients after surgery. This literature review analyzes the incidence of bone metastases in patients, and the dependence of metastatic lesions of long tubular bones on localization incidence of bone metastases in different body parts. The domestic and foreign literature on the surgical treatment of patients with metastatic bone lesions was analyzed. The results of the analysis show that the features of surgical treatment are becoming the main factors influencing the prognosis in patients with metastatic lesions of the long bones.


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About the authors

Jun Wang

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: kbcbwb2000@163.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5625-0509

Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

N V Kharchenko

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Email: kharchenco-nv@rudn.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

V Y Karpenko

National Medical Research Center of Traumatology and Orthopedics named after N.N. Priorova

Email: doctor-kv@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

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© 2020 Wang J., Kharchenko N.V., Karpenko V.Y.

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