On the activities of the Kazan Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945

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Abstract


The article was prepared for the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War and the 120th anniversary of the Kazan Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology. The paper presents the contributions of the Kazan Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology staff in the sacred cause of victory over fascism to protect the health of soldiers and civilians of our homeland during the Great Patriotic War. The scientific research data and production activities of the institute are presented. The institute turned out to be practically the closest microbiological institution to the front, having the necessary laboratory equipment and a production base. The institute launched the production of medications, including 4 types of anti-gangrenous serums, anti-dysenteric tablets, te­tanus toxoid, anti-typhoid tablets, dysenteric dry bacteriophage, dysenteric subcutaneous vaccine, pentavacine, typhoid vaccine, antibiotic gramicidin and others.


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About the authors

I D Reshetnikova

Kazan Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology; Kazan Federal University

Author for correspondence.
Email: reshira@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia; Kazan, Russia

G Sh Isaeva

Kazan Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology; Kazan State Medical University

Email: reshira@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia; Kazan, Russia

S N Kulikov

Kazan Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology; Kazan Federal University

Email: reshira@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia; Kazan, Russia

S N Gabidullina

Kazan Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology; Kazan State Medical University

Email: reshira@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia; Kazan, Russia

References

  1. Trudy Kazanskogo NIIEM (1900–2000). Istoricheskiy ocherk. Dokumenty. Vospominaniya. (Proceedings of the Kazan NIIEM (1900–2000). Historical background. Documents. Recollections.) Kazan: Master Line. 2003; 156 p. (In Russ.)
  2. Infektsii i immunitet. Sbornik statey. (Collection of articles “Infections and immunity”.) Kazan: Master Line. 2003; 86 p. (In Russ.)
  3. Kazanskiy nauchno-issledovatel'skiy institut epidemiologii i mikrobiologii (1900–1975 gg.). (Kazan Research Institute of Epidemio­logy and Microbiology (1900–1975).) Kazan: Kazan University Press. 1975; 30 p. (In Russ.)
  4. Nauchno-proizvodstvennyy otchet Kazanskogo instituta epidemiologii i mikrobiologii za gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny 1941–1945 gg. (Scientific and Production Report of the Kazan Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology during the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945.) 1946; 126 p. (In Russ.)

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Рис. 1. Казанский институт эпидемиологии и микробиологии. 40-е годы. В центре фотографии — пристрой для длительного хранения льда (ледник)

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2.
Рис. 2. Автоклавная стерилизация питательных сред и утилизация обработанного материала. 40-е годы

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3.
Рис. 3. Взятие у лошади крови для получения сыворотки. 40-е годы

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4.
Рис. 4. Засев культуры для приготовления вакцин. 40-е годы

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5.
Рис. 5. Моечный цех. 40-е годы

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6.
Рис. 6. Слив вакцин. 40-е годы

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7.
Рис. 7. Разливка лечебных сывороток и запайка. 40-е годы

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© 2020 Reshetnikova I.D., Isaeva G.S., Kulikov S.N., Gabidullina S.N.

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