The modern state of specialized psychiatric service for the population of the Moscow region

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Abstract


Aim. To perform the analysis of psychiatric service of the Moscow region and to determine the basic targerts to improve the availability of psychiatric service for the population of the Moscow region.

Methods. The study included the methods of retrospective statistical observation based on the data from the official statistical forms of annual reports (forms №14, №30, №36) of psychiatric institutions of the Moscow region in 2013-2017.

Results. The Moscow region is a territory of sustainable social economic development. In terms of fertility it takes the 1st place among the subjects of the Central Federal district, and 27th place in the Russian Federation. Specialized psychiatric care for the population of the Moscow region is provided in neuropsychiatric dispensaries, hospitals, day hospitals of psychiatric clinics, based on three principles: a differentiated approach to assist different patient cohorts, stepwise and continuity of care at different stages. Despite the restructuring of the psychiatric service and the widespread reduction of the number of beds in the Russian Federation, bed capacity of psychiatric hospitals in the Moscow Region remains at the same level, although there has been a negative dynamics in the work of the hospital bed from 354.3 days in 2013 to 329 in 2017. At the same time, the efficiency of day hospitals has increased: the length of stay of patients in the day hospital has decreased from 51 in 2013 to 39 days in 2017, the day bed turnover rate has increased from 5.5 to 5.9. In five years, the number of patients discharged from day hospitals has increased: 2 200 in 2013 and 2 521 in 2017. In the outpatient service there is a steady decrease in the number of dispensary patients (decreased from 71 413 to 69 364 in 5 years), and vice versa, the number of patients provided with counseling and treatment increased from 79 023 to 93 697. The number of diseases-related visits to a psychiatrist is decreasing. In 2013, 781 243 disease-caused and home visits occured, in 2017 - 496 540.

Conclusion. The results of the conducted study indicate both positive tendencies and negative sides of psychiatric service for the population of the Moscow region, which should be taken into account when planning reorganization and optimization of functioning of psychiatric service in the modern conditions: increased number of day beds, establishing medical rehabilitation departments, reduction of inefficient hospital beds.


I A Poslavskaya

Psychiatric hospital №19

Author for correspondence.
Email: inness2004@mail.ru
Domodedovo, Russia

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