The cost of demographic losses due to premature death of the population from cerebrovascular diseases

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Abstract

Background. Losses in the labor and demographic potential of society concerning mortality due to cardiovascular pathology are significant, accounting for more than a third of all deaths of the population. The study of the socio-economic damage caused by the main nosological groups — coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases, is an urgent task.

Aim. To determine the cost of demographic losses due to premature mortality from cerebrovascular diseases in the Irkutsk region.

Material and methods. The subject of the study was deaths from cerebrovascular diseases in the population of the Irkutsk region for the period 2015–2019. A continuous method of statistical observation was used. The assessment of the value of the person’s average life was carried out by collecting statistical information from special accounting forms. Demographic losses were determined by calculating the indicator of years of potential life lost (unlived years). Economic losses were determined by calculating the cost of years lost as a result of premature death from cerebrovascular disease.

Results. As a result of the study, it was found that the cost of one year of life for men was higher than for women. The differences were due to the high difference in the average life expectancy of the male and female population. Demographic losses due to premature mortality from cerebrovascular diseases were increasing in dynamics for the male population, while decreasing for the female population. The age range of maximum losses from mortality for the male population was in the age group of 60–64 years, for the female population — 70–74 years. The dynamics of economic losses for the region in 2015 amounted to 45.9 billion rubles, in 2019 — 48.7 billion rubles. The cost of one year of average life was significantly affected by the extremely high gap in the average life expectancy of the male and female population of the region.

Conclusion. The indicator of demographic losses in the Irkutsk region due to the unlived years of the population associated with mortality from cerebrovascular diseases was 12,026.9 person-years in 2015, and 11,129.3 person-years in 2019.

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About the authors

Oksana V. Velm

Shelekhov District Hospital

Author for correspondence.
Email: velm80@bk.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5966-6064

D.M., Chief Physician

Russian Federation, Shelekhov, Russia

Vladimir V. Shprakh

Irkutsk State Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education — branch of the Russian Medical Academy of ­Continuous Professional Education

Email: makalister1987@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1650-1275
SPIN-code: 5438-2670

D.M., D. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Director

Russian Federation, Irkutsk, Russia

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