Vol 80, No 2 (1999)

Kazan State Medical University - 185 years

Amirov N.K.


May 14, 1999 marks 185 years since the opening of the Medical Faculty of the Imperial Kazan University, a significant event in the history of higher medical education in our country. After the medical faculty of Moscow University (opened in 1758) and the St. Petersburg Medical and Surgical Academy (1798), this faculty became the third forge of domestic medical personnel in the 19th century in Russia.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):81-87
pages 81-87 views

New laser technologies in surgery, obstetrics and gynecology

Krasilnikov D.М., Fatkullin I.F., Karpukhin O.Y.


The ultraviolet laser spectrofluorimetry method for the diagnosis of urgent surgical disrases of abdominal cavity organs and the determination of their vitality is determined. The experimental studies showed the possibility of the use of Nd: YAG-Iaser for sutureless connection of uterus wound edges and geometric recovery of serous integument on the basis of tissue “welding”. The use of the laser “welding” suture in the clinic made it possible to decrease by a factor of three the frequency of occurence of pyo-inflammatory complications after caesarean section and uterus supravaginal amputation

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):88-90
pages 88-90 views

Dependence of pyo-septic complications of cesarean section on suture material and peritonization method

Fatkullin I.F., Gabidullina R.I., Guryev E.N., Galimova I.R., Safina F.V., Shabrukova О.V.


The comparative estimation of results of cesarean section in 269 puerperas depending on suture material and peritonization method is given. Catgut and resolved suture material vicril (polyglactin 910) werw used for trachelorrhaphy. Peritonization was performed traditionally and using laser “welding” surure of the peritoneum. The minimum number of complications is revealed in the group where uterus integrity was recovered using vicril suture in combination with laser photocoagulation of the peritoneum. The largest number of complications was observed in using catgut.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):91-93
pages 91-93 views

Medicinal correction of cerebrovascular reactivity — a necessary component of the treatment of cerebral blood circulation disorders

Danilov V.I.


The results of experimental studies made it possible to draw a conclusion on the reality of cerebral vessels reactivity recovery using drugs with primary neurometabolic activity, in particular, dimephosphone, sermion and pyracetam. The advantages of low-toxic nonauticholinesterasic organic phosphorus compounds among the correctors of regulatory mechanisms of circular provision of the brain are shown.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):94-96
pages 94-96 views

Exsperimental and clinical justification of novocainic trigemino-vagosympathetic block in the treatment of the combined craniocerebral injury

Faizov Т.Т.


The increase of systemic and regional arterial pressure, the disorder of microcirculation in bulbar conjunctiva and eye retina take place in the combined craniocerebral injury. The effective method in complex pathogenetic treatment of this type of the injury is novocainic trigeminovagosympathetic block including the effects of the Zhakov trigeminosympathetic block and the Vishnevsky vagosympathetic block. The complex pathogenetic treatment method of the combined craniocerebral injury using trigeminovagosympathetic block abates pain, decreases arterial pressure, normalizes microcirculation and finally strengthens reparative and proliferative processes in damaged organs and tissues.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):97-99
pages 97-99 views

Age peculiarity of anticipated mechanisms of neurosogenesis

Mendelevich V.D., Mukhametzyanova D.А., Lazareva E.А.


The results of clinicopsychopathologic and pathopsychologic examination of 70 patients of various age groups with neurotic disorders are given. Some age peculiarities are noted: a predominance of pathogenic monovariant and polyvariant types of prediction in all age groups with their dominance in children and elderly persons, a predominance of various antici patedly mediated emotional phenomena in patients of various age groups: perplexity affect in children, disappointment affect in elderly persons, offence affect in teenagers and adults.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):100-103
pages 100-103 views

Importance of predisposing factors in autochthonously predominating type of female alcoholism

Shaidukova А.К., Melchikhin О.I.


In examination of 240 women with alcoholism the spontaneous in initiation and autochthonous in course alcoholism variant which does not depend on psychotraumatizing factors and is formed in early young age, was revealed in 70 (29,2%) of the patients. Numerous predisposing factors, hereditary and genetic, microsocial, premorbid and personal, constitutional and psychologic factors were revealed. These patients respond with difficulty to phychotherapeutic treatment, so their treatment is usually limited by the use of medicines.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):104-105
pages 104-105 views

Expert estimation of mental disorders in traumas of the head

Kalinin Y.P., Yakhin К.К., Kharin G.M.


Nature and manifestation of mental disorders in patients with various traumas of the head are studied. The possibility of relation between gravity of traumas of the head and peculiarities of developing mental disorders as well as frequency of revealing syndromes of clinically pronounced mental disorders is noted. Patients not only with concussion or contusion of the brain but with injuries of soft tissue of the head must undergo examination.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):106-108
pages 106-108 views

Local use of augmentin in the treatment of patients with inflammatory diseases of the nose and accessory nasal sinuses

Krasnozhen V.N.


Augmentin in the form of aerosol is used as an independent remedy of antibacterial therapy in a dose of 100 mg dissolved in 2 ml of water for injection 2 times per day into the nasal sinus or maxillary sinuses by drainage using a sprayer. The nasal sinus and sinuses were washed properly by a physiological solution. The drug was used in 22 patients with acute sinusitis. Acute maxillary sinusitis was diagnized in 16 patients, acute ethmoiditis — in 2 patients, acute frontal sinusitis metopantritis — in 4 patients. The positive dynamics was noted in all patients after the begining of the treatment.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):109-109
pages 109-109 views

Osteochondrosis of the supercervical level of vertebral column and larynx dyskinesia

Alimetov K.A.


As many as 260 patients with voice disorders caused by pathology of the supercervical part of vertebral column are examined. This disease in literature is determined as functional dysphony and is characterized by the absence of visible pathology in the larynx. However it is shown that the larynx and surrounding organs can be involved into the myofixation zone and give the adequate response to the pathology of the cervical part of vertebral column.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):110-112
pages 110-112 views

Muscular syndrome in patients with inflammatory and degenerative diseases of joints and vertebral column

Khabirov R.A.


The manifestations of muscular syndrome affecting the gravity and prediction of the disease take place in the most widespread and invalidizing rheumatic diseases: osteoarthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylarthritis. Paraclinical studies showed heterogeneity of pathogenetic mechanisms in lesion of skeletal muscles in rheumatic diseases. The differentiated methods of the treatment of patients with osteoarthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylarthritis taking into account the clinical picture and pathogenesis of muscular syndrome, as well as the diagnosis criteria and classification of muscular system lesion are suggested.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):113-116
pages 113-116 views

New approaches to the treatment of cavitary formations of lungs in children

Grebnev P.N.


The problems of local sanation of lung cavitary formations of nonspecific etiology in children and the methods directed to their fast healing are considered. The results of the treatment of 421 children with single cavitary formations of lungs are analyzed, and it is concluded that the effective treatment of single purulent cavities of lungs in children requires the combined use of bronchoscopic sanation and “small” surgery methods. The developed complex treatment method of cavitary formations of lungs (127 patients) makes it possible to restrict the indications to radical operations and to reduce the terms of cavity obliteration

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):117-119
pages 117-119 views

Leading mechanisms of the therapeutic effect of dimephosphone

Tsibulkina V.N.


A wide range of clinical efficiency of dimephosphone — a home-made low-toxic organic phosphonis drug supposes its effect on the processes universal for most cellular systems. The basis of the leading mechanisms of effect of the drug is antagonism to calcium-dependent processes of the intracellular transfer of excitation. The concept of the therapeutic effect of dimephosphone on the basis of antiinflammatory, antihistaminic and antiagrega-tional properties with the recommendation to comprehensive use according to new indications in patients with chronic urticaria and acute erosive and ulcerous processes of gastroenteric tract is developed.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):120-122
pages 120-122 views

Use of x-ray computer tomography with intraenteric contrasting for differential diagnosis of ulcerative colitis and crohn disease

Khidiyatov I.I., Amirova D.K., Kalyapin А.V., Panferov V.О., Teitelbaum А.А.


For the purpose of increasing informativity of X- ray methods in using them in the diagnosis of large intestine diseases including the differential diagnosis of nonspecific ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease 27 patients with the given diseases were examined using a modified method-computer tomography with intraenteric contrasting. The computer-tomographic sighus characteristic for colitis and Crohn dicease are established.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):123-124
pages 123-124 views

Correction of neutropenia in children with lemontar, glycine, lipoic acid, riboflavin, pyridoxal phosphate and placentol

Stepanova O.L., Makushina L.A., Zaripov M.M., Volkova M.A.


Violation of the processes of intracellular respiration can be considered as one of the variants of apoptosis of blood cells. We conducted a study of the cytochemical status of lymphocytes in 50 children aged from 3 months to 3 years, in whom a general blood test showed a persistent decrease in the number of neutrophils.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):125-125
pages 125-125 views

Surgical technique for the elimination of chronic fracture-dislocations of the wrist bones

Nettov G.G.


Dislocations and fracture-dislocations of the wrist bones are severe and fairly frequent (up to 35% of all cases of skeletal fractures) injuries of the wrist joint. With chronic dislocations and fracture-dislocations of the wrist bones, treatment presents significant difficulties.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):125-126
pages 125-126 views

Modern principles of clinical and laboratory diagnosis of herpes infections

Anokhin V.A.


Herpetic infections are the most common cause of chronic human viral diseases. However, until recently, these infectious diseases were not regarded by doctors as a rather serious pathology, and the attention of domestic clinicians and virologists has attracted only in the last 15-20 years.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):127-129
pages 127-129 views

Programs of primary and secondary prevention of the basic cardiovascular diseases in tatarstan republic for 1999-2009

Oslopov V.N.


The principal directions of the formed project of the Republican program having a special purpose “Healthy heart” in 1999 — 2009 — the program of primary and secondary prevention of the basic cardiovascular diseases in Tatarstan Republic are given. Recommendation of suggestions of this program will make it possible to economize up to 40% of means by decreasing the number of patients as a whole, by reducing expenditures connected with payment of disability pensions and other medicosocial expenses.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):130-134
pages 130-134 views

Problems of organizing in tatarstan republic the specialized service to children with surgical diseases of urogenital system organs

Akhunzyano А.A.


The organizational structure of uronephrologic service based on the 35-year experience is suggested. The basic principles of the service functioning and the necessity of obligatory reglamentation of the volume and type of medical and diagnostic procedures among children’s medical and prophylactic institutions are substantiated. These measures increase the level of active revealing patients, decrease the number of diagnostic and medical errore, increase the efficiency of work of specialized subdivisions of the service, bring the specialized medical service to children with uronephrologic pathology nearer to rural and remote from the centre industrial regions.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):135-139
pages 135-139 views

Disaster medicine service doctors

Trifonov S.V.


According to E.I. Pogorelova et al. [1], only general quantitative indicators, which are clearly insufficient to determine the need for additional training of doctors of this service and its planning.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):140-142
pages 140-142 views

A quick way to determine the total, enzymatic and “non-enzymatic” fibrinolytic activity of blood

Ivanov G.K., Grabowski V.A., Olenin V.V.


The regulation of the fluid state of the blood depends on many factors. One of the most important among them is plasmin activity. Under normal conditions, because of the pronounced anti-plasmin properties of blood, it is weakly manifested. Currently, it is often determined by lysis of a clot of the euglobulin fraction of plasma.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):143-144
pages 143-144 views

Professor Vasily Nikolaevich Boldyrev - Head of the Department of Pharmacology, Kazan University

Studentsova I.A., Romanova E.B.


The sharp politicization of the history of science in the USSR erased from its pages the names of scientists who were forced to leave Russia after the October Revolution. Only much later did their names begin to be restored. One of these scientists was an ordinary professor at Kazan University Vasily Nikolaevich Boldyrev. In the available literature, we did not find publications specifically devoted to his life and scientific activity in Russia.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):145-149
pages 145-149 views

A.Kh. Davletshin, G.A. Izmailov, S.G. Izmailov, I.A. Kim, O.S. Kochnev, M. Yu. Kedrin. Duodenal Injury Surgery. - Kazan, Kazan State Technical University Publishing House, 1998 - 202 pages

Anisimov V.N.


The monograph is devoted to the urgent problem of urgent surgery - damage to the duodenum and is aimed at a wide range of doctors of various specialties. The material used in the book is based on the personal clinical experience of the authors and data from domestic and foreign literature for the period from 1916 to 1997.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):150-151
pages 150-151 views

VIII Congress of Therapists of the Russian Federation (Nizhny Novgorod, October 1-2, 1998)

Latfullin I.A.


The VIII Congress was opened by the chairman of the Russian Scientific Medical Society of Physicians, Acad. RAMS, prof. A.P. Golikov.
Prof. E.P. Kamyshova et al. (N. Novgorod) was devoted to the role of hemodynamic and metabolic factors in arterial hypertension (AH) and ischemic heart disease.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):151-153
pages 151-153 views

Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Professor Nail Khabibullovich Amirov


The 60th anniversary of the birth and 37th anniversary of the medical, scientific and social activities of the Rector of Kazan State Medical University, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Honored Scientist of the Republic of Tatarstan, Head of the Department of Hygiene and Occupational Medicine with a course in ecology of postgraduate education, Professor Nail Khabibullovich Amirova.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):154-154
pages 154-154 views

Professor Ildar Iskhakovich Kamalov


April 25, 1999 marked the 60th anniversary of the birth and 37 years of medical, scientific, pedagogical and social activities of one of the leading neuroradiologists of the country, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Euro-Asian Academy of Medical Sciences, a member of the European Associations for Medical Radiology and Spinal pathology, head of the Department of Radiation Diagnostics and Radiation Therapy of Kazan State Medical University, Professor Ildar Iskhakovich Kamalov.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):156-157
pages 156-157 views

70th anniversary of the Department of Inorganic Chemistry of Kazan State Medical University

Amirov N.K., Abdullin Т.A.


One of the fundamental disciplines in the training of doctors and pharmacists is bioinorganic and physical colloidal chemistry. Knowledge of the basics of biophysical chemistry and the properties of biogenic elements serve as the basis for the subsequent study of bioorganic and biological chemistry, pharmacology, physiology, sanitation and hygiene, anesthesiology and other disciplines.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):158-159
pages 158-159 views



By the decree of the President of the Republic of Tatarstan for the work "Rhesus and ABO-conflict pregnancy" the title "Laureate of the State Prize of the Republic of Tatarstan in the field of science and technology" was awarded to Sadykov Bahram Gazizovich - Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of Kazan State Medical University.

On January 28, 1999 in Moscow, at the Institute of Immunology M3 RF, a symposium was held dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the birth of Academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences A.D. Ado. His students and colleagues took part in the work of the symposium.

Kazan medical journal. 1999;80(2):159-160
pages 159-160 views

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