Use of autologous conditioned platelet-rich plasma in the surgery of rhegmatogenous retinal ­detachment with large and multiple breaks, abruption from the dentate line

Abstract


Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of surgical treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with large and multiple breaks, abruption from the dentate line with the use of 25, 27 Ga subtotal vitrectomy, pneumoretinopexy or silicone tamponade with blocking of retinal defects with the use of autologous conditioned platelet-rich plasma without endolaser coagulation around retinal defects.

Methods. The surgery included 25, 27 Ga vitrectomy, posterior hyaline membrane removal, pneumoretinopexy, instillation of 2–3 layers of autologous conditioned platelet-rich plasma deprived of leukocytes and containing 1.5–2 times more platelets than in whole blood into the area of retinal detachment, its break or along the edge of retinotomy till the retinal defect is totally covered. A total of 27 patients with visual acuity 0.03 to 0.9 were treated.

Results. In the early postoperative period 93% of patients had total retinal reattachment, in whim retinal detachment was blocked; 2 patients were reoperated. In the late postoperative period (1–12 months) 4 recurrent retinal detachments were registered, which also required reoperation. Visual acuity of the operated patients in the late postoperative period was 0.1–1.0.

Conclusion. 25, 27 Ga vitreoretinal surgery of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with large retinal breaks, abruption from the dentate line, including retinotomy and retinal defects blockage with the use of autologous conditioned platelet-rich plasma without the use of endolaser coagulation is a method which allows achieving total reattachment of retina, better function of the operated eye in most cases.


D G Arsyutov

Republican Clinical Ophthalmologic Hospital; The Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanov

Author for correspondence.
Email: dmitrij1977@rambler.ru
Cheboksary, Russia; Cheboksary, Russia

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