Postpartum endometritis prevention in abdominal delivery planning in pregnant with severe anaerobic vaginal dysbiosis

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Abstract

Aim. Prevention of purulent and septic complications in females after planned caesarean section.

Methods. Out of 60 pregnant women, who underwent comprehensive examination during the trial, 35 (58.3%) were included in the study group and were delivered off by planned cesarean section; 25 (41.7%) pregnant women, included in the control group, were delivered off by urgent cesarean section. Considering the goal of the study, bacteriology of vaginal discharge, amniotic fluid and placental tissues, DNA detection of vaginal discharge bacterial flora before and after treatment (using «Femoflor-16» test system) according to classification by M.N. Boldyreva (2010), uterine cavity aspirate cytology according to classification by M.A. Kupert (2003), sonography of the uterus and uterine adnexa on the 4-5 day after the surgery according to classification of A.P. Milovanov were added to the training program for pregnant women. In the study group, pregnant patients with severe anaerobic vaginal dysbiosis at the 36-38 weeks of gestation were administered causal treatment of severe anaerobic vaginal dysbiosis, pregnant patients of the control group were not treated if severe anaerobic vaginal dysbiosis was diagnosed.

Results. Performed correction of vaginal microbiota in the study group has significantly improved the course of postoperative period, reduced the incidence of uterine subinvolution, signs of chorioamnionitis as a manifestation of ascending infection compared to the control group. Postpartum endometritis has developed in 1 (2.8%) patient of the study group and in 5 (20.0%) cases in the control group. Offered method for preparing the patients with vaginal dysbiosis to cesarean section reduced the risk for postpartum endometritis by 6.8 times.

Conclusion. Strategy of preparation for planned Caesarean section should include vaginal discharge bacteriology and treatment of severe anaerobic vaginal dysbiosis, which reduces the risk for postpartum endometritis by 6.8 times.

About the authors

K V Voronin

Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

Author for correspondence.
Email: islyam1@yahoo.com

A M Alale

Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

Email: islyam1@yahoo.com

I I Alale

Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

Email: islyam1@yahoo.com

R M Banakhevich

Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine

Email: islyam1@yahoo.com

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© 2015 Voronin K.V., Alale A.M., Alale I.I., Banakhevich R.M.

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