Foreign and national experience in organizing tertiary medical care for injured in road accidents

Abstract


As a result of road accidents in the Russian Federation, up to 30 thousand people are killed every year, which causes significant demographic and socio-economic damage to the state. The World Health Organization considers road traffic injuries as one of the global problems associated with 1.25 million deaths. In many countries, the leading direction of development of medical care for victims of road traffic accidents is the creation of trauma systems. The main volume of medical care for victims of road traffic accidents and those with severe injuries under other circumstances is provided by trauma centers of the 2nd and 1st levels. The implementation of the federal targeted programs «Improving road safety in 2006-2012» allowed the creation of a network of trauma centers in a number of subjects of the Russian Federation, whose work reduced mortality and disability among victims with severe injuries, but the problem cannot be considered solved because there are no national database of the victims of road accidents (register), system for assessing the severity of injuries and recording long-term results of non-fatal injuries, which excludes the possibility to compare the clinical effectiveness of the Russian trauma centers among themselves and with foreign counterparts.


D A Bugayev

Stavropol State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: dimairabu@rambler.ru
Stavropol, Russia

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