The relationship of cytokine status with left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with arterial hypertension

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Abstract


Aim. To study the relationship of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-10 levels with the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial remodeling in patients with arterial hypertension.

Metods. 156 patients with hypertension aged 40 to 75 years (mean age 55.8±7.5 years), including 57 women and 99 men were examined. All patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 included 83 patients without left ventricular hypertrophy (55.5±7.5 years), group 2 included 73 patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (56.2±7.8 years), established by echocardiographic signs. All patients in addition to the general clinical examination and biochemical studies had echocardiography and Doppler echocardiography performed, as well as measurement of the concentration of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-10 by solid-phase enzyme immunoassay using specialized «Cytokine-Stimulus-Best» kit (Novosibirsk, Russia).

Results. The concentration of tumor necrosis factor α in patients without left ventricular hypertrophy was 8.43±1.36 pg/ml and was comparable with the concentration of this cytokine in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (8.54±1.58 pg/ml, p >0.05). This pattern was typical for both men and women. The concentration of interleukin-10 in both groups was also comparable (15.4±3.6 pg/ml in group 1 and 14.7±3.4 pg/ml in group 2, p >0.05). However, we identified gender-specific features in the relationship of interleukin-10 with the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with hypertension. Thus, while in women the concentration of cytokine in groups with/without left ventricular hypertrophy did not differ significantly, in men without hypertrophy the level of interleukin-10 of 15.7±3.6 pg/ml, was significantly higher than the value of the same indicator in the group of men with left ventricular hypertrophy (14.8±2.9 pg/ml, p <0.025). Multivariate regression analysis showed that tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-10 concentrations correlated to left ventricular wall thickness in patients without left ventricular hypertrophy. No such pattern was revealed for patients with hypertrophy.

Conclusion. The results demonstrate the modulating role of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-10 in myocardial remodeling processes in arterial hypertension.


T B Zalova

Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University n.a. Boris Yeltsin

Author for correspondence.
Email: polupanov_72@mail.ru
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

A G Polupanov

Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University n.a. Boris Yeltsin; National Center for Cardiology and Therapy n.a. M. Mirrakhimov

Email: polupanov_72@mail.ru
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic; Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

L G Tsoy

Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University n.a. Boris Yeltsin

Email: polupanov_72@mail.ru
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

F T Rysmatova

Osh State University

Email: polupanov_72@mail.ru
Osh, Kyrgyz Republic

I S Sabirov

Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University n.a. Boris Yeltsin

Email: polupanov_72@mail.ru
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

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© 2019 Zalova T.B., Polupanov A.G., Tsoy L.G., Rysmatova F.T., Sabirov I.S.

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