Anxiety-depressive disorders of patients with external genital endometriosis

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Abstract

Aim. To study the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with external genital endometriosis and other gynecologic pathology. Methods. The study involved 152 women. The main group consisted of 100 patients with external genital endometriosis diagnosed by laparoscopy and histologically confirmed. The comparison group included 52 women with other gynecologic pathology (infertility, hysteromyoma, ovarian benign tumours). Exclusion criteria were oncology, acute gynecologic and somatic pathology. To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression in the groups, the hospital anxiety and depression scale was used. Results. In the group pf females with endometriosis 33 (33%) patients had anxiety and 9 (9%) patients - depression. In the comparison group (N2=52), anxiety disorder was revealed in 18 (34.6%) women, and depression - in three patients (5.8%; p >0.05). To study the features of anxiety and depression in patients with different clinical presentation of endometriosis, females with asymptomatic disease (n1=26), infertility (n2=29) and pain syndrome (n3=43) were compared. Analysis of the results demonstrated that significantly more frequently anxiety and depression developed in patients with pain syndrome. The number of women suffering from anxiety in group n3 was 22 (51.2%), in group n2 - 6 (20.7%) and in group n1 - 2 (7.8%). The number of women with depression in group n3 was 8 (18.6%), in group n2 - 1 (3.4%) and in group n1 there were no women with depression. Conclusion. The conducted study showed no significant differences in the prevalence of anxiety and depression among patients with external genital endometriosis and other gynecologic pathology; anxiety and depression develop more frequently in the presence of pain syndrome.

About the authors

E V Igenbaeva

South-Ural State Medical University

Email: bulba2606@mail.ru
Chelyabinsk, Russia

T V Uzlova

South-Ural State Medical University

Email: bulba2606@mail.ru
Chelyabinsk, Russia

E L Kurenkov

South-Ural State Medical University

Email: bulba2606@mail.ru
Chelyabinsk, Russia

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© 2017 Igenbaeva E.V., Uzlova T.V., Kurenkov E.L.

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