Comparative analysis of physical development parameters of children with stages 1 to 3 of chronic kidney disease

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Abstract

Aim. To conduct comparative analysis of height, weight and body mass index in children with stages 1 to 3 of chronic kidney disease (CKD) caused by recurrent urinary tract infection due to congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract.

Methods. The study was performed on 210 children: 110 patients examined in 2001-2002 (group 1) and 100 children examined in 2011-2012 (group 2). Stage 1 of CKD was observed in 94 (85.4%) children in group 1 and in 93 (93%) in group 2, stage 2 - in 16 (14.6%) and 7 (7%) patients, respectively. From both groups patients matched by sex, age, diagnosis and social status were selected: 20 patients with stage 1, 19 children with stage 2; in addition, 6 children with stage 3 were examined.

Results. Nowadays children with CKD stage 1 are taller compared to patients of the beginning of the XXI century (Z-score: -0.14±1.43 and 0.20±0.98 respectively, p=0.01). Significant differences in weight were found in children with stage 1 in 2011-2012 compared to the patients in 2001-2002 (0.18±0.46 and 0.78±1.19 for groups 1 and 2, respectively, р=0.026). A tendency towards decrease of average height in children with stage 3 is observed compared to patients with stage 1, i.e. due to the progression of the disease.

Conclusion. The data obtained reflect modern tendencies towards increase of children height and weight. No significant differences were found in physical development parameters of children with stages of chronic kidney disease 1 and 2 examined at the same time period but a tendency towards children’s height decrease from stages 1 to 3 of CKD of non-glomerular etiology was revealed.

About the authors

T L Nastausheva

Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko

Author for correspondence.
Email: olga.vr9@yandex.ru

O A Zhdanova

Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko

Email: olga.vr9@yandex.ru

N S Nastausheva

Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko

Email: olga.vr9@yandex.ru

L I Stahurlova

Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko

Email: olga.vr9@yandex.ru

I V Grebennikova

Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko

Email: olga.vr9@yandex.ru

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© 2017 Nastausheva T.L., Zhdanova O.A., Nastausheva N.S., Stahurlova L.I., Grebennikova I.V.

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