Study of the effectiveness of the combined use of physical training and normobaric hypoxia in optimizing the functional state of people whose activities are associated with the use of high-speed vehicles

Cover Page

Cite item

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Background. Currently, not only an increase in the number of various high-speed vehicles, but also the unlimited accessibility of the population to them in terms of gender, age and price parameters, are noted, which contributes to an increase in injuries, the root cause of which is often the insufficiency of the human statokinetic stability system.

Aim. To determine the effectiveness of the course use of physical exercises in combination with normobaric hypoxia in increasing the statokinetic stability of people with symptoms of statokinetic instability when traveling on high-speed public transport.

Material and methods. The study was performed with the participation of 47 practically healthy men (32 — experimental group, 15 — control) aged 18–22 years, who were potential participants of the traffic. In order to increase statokinetic stability, the subjects of the experimental group trained the vestibular apparatus for 2 weeks using a modified test of A.I. Yarotsky in combination with normobaric hypoxia. The subjects of the control group received “false” courses of normobaric hypoxia, without physical training. Statistical processing of the obtained data was carried out using Student's parametric t-test.

Results. As a result of the studies, it was found that the subjects of the experimental group had a 101.0% increase in the tolerance time of continuous cumulation of Coriolis accelerations test while reducing the severity of the sensory, vegetative, somatic components of statokinetic reactions (by 50.0% — feelings of heat, 25.0% — heaviness in the head, 33.4% — dizziness, 40.0% — discomfort in the stomach). The obtained results were also confirmed by the positive dynamics of the indicators of the static stabilometric test of the complex functional computer stabilography.

Conclusion. The use of modified A.I. Yarotsky’s training in combination with normobaric hypoxia helps to optimize the functional state and increase the statokinetic stability of people whose activities involve driving high-speed vehicles.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Leonid G. Buynov

Russian State Pedagogical University named after A.I. Herzen

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6203-4324
SPIN-code: 3495-7472
Scopus Author ID: 57190569404

M.D., D. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Head of Depart., Depart. of Medical and Valeological Disciplines

Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, Russia

Lev A. Glaznikov

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7895-0765

M.D., D. Sci. (Med.), Prof., Depart. of Otorhinolaryngology

Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, Russia

Lyudmila A. Sorokina

Russian State Pedagogical University named after A.I. Herzen

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7471-1476
SPIN-code: 2681-6609
Scopus Author ID: 55544552400
ResearcherId: N-3727-2016

Cand. Sci. (Pedagog.), Assoc. Prof., Depart. of Medical and Valeological Disciplines

Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, Russia

Ravil A. Nigmedzyanov

“The WMRC” project

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3381-6455

M.D., D. Sci. (Med.), Head of Project Manager “WMRC”

Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia


  1. Blaginin AA, Lizogub IN. Medical aspects of flight safety. Voenno-meditsinskiy zhurnal. 2017;338(4):51–55. (In Russ.)
  2. Buynov LG, Sorokina LA. Profilaktika lyotnykh proisshestviy i vozdushnykh katastrof. Otsenka vestibulyarnoy ustoychivosti lyotno-podyomnogo sostava iz razlichnykh klimato-geograficheskikh regionov mira. (Prevention of flight accidents and air disasters. Assessment of vestibular stability of flight-lifting equipment from various climatogeographic regions of the world.) Kazan’: KFU; 2015. 70 p. (In Russ.)
  3. Kozlov VV, Me-dintsev II. Chelovek i bezopasnost’ polyotov. Nauchno-prakticheskie aspekty snizheniya aviatsionnoy avariynosti po prichine chelovecheskogo faktora. (Man and flight safety. Scientific and practical aspects of reducing aviation accidents due to the human factor.) M.: Kogito-centr; 2013. 202 p. (In Russ.)
  4. Hallgren E, Van Obergen A, Wuyts FL. Decreased motolith-mediated vestibular response in 25 astronauts induced by long-duration spaceflight. J Neurophysiol. 2016;115(6):3045–3051. doi: 10.1152/jn.00065.2016.
  5. Plakhov NN, Buinov LG, Makarova LP. Functional state of seamen operators in sea voyage. Gigiena i sanitariya. 2017;96(3):261–264. (In Russ.) doi: 10.18821/0016-9900-2017-96-3-261-264.
  6. Wrigley A. Recent changes in hypoxia training at the Royal Air Force Centre of Aviation Medicine. J R Nav Med Serv. 2015;101(2):186–197. doi: 10.1136/jrnms-101-186.
  7. Krusche T, Limmer M, Jendrusch G. Influence of natural hypobaric hypoxic conditions on dynamic visual performance. High Alt Med Biol. 2020;21(1):1–11. doi: 10.1089/ham.2019.0033.
  8. Buynov LG, Blaguinin AA, Glaznikov LA, Sorokina LA. Study of the effectiveness of normal and low-pressure hypoxic training in optimization of the functional state and improvement of professional fitness of people controlling high-speed vehicles. Aerospace and environmental medicine. 2020;54(1):57–63. (In Russ.) doi: 10.21687/0233-528X-2020-54-1-57-63.
  9. Grachev V, Marinkin IO, Sevryukov I. The influence of hypoxia on the central nervous system, organs and fabrics in accordance with age specialities. Norwegian Journal of Development of the International Science. 2018;(19):3–20. (In Russ.)
  10. Gonggalanzi L, Labasangzhu Х, Bjertness E, Wu T, Stigum H, Nafstad P. Acute mountain sickness, arterial oxygen saturation and heart rate among Tibetan students who reascend to Lhasa after 7 years at low altitude: a prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2017;7:е016460. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016460.
  11. Mekjavic IB, Amon M, Kölegård R. The effect of normobaric hypoxic confinement on metabolism, gut hormones, and body composition. Front Physiol. 2016;7:202–214. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2016.00202.
  12. Novikov VS, Soroko SI, Shustov EB. Dezadaptatsionnye sostoyaniya cheloveka pri ekstremal’nykh vozdeystviyakh i ikh korrektsiya. (Maladaptive states of a person under extreme influences and their correction.) SPb.: Polytekhnika-print; 2018. 548 p. (In Russ.)
  13. Hong Xie, Yu-qin Zhang, Xin-liang Pan, Shu-hui Wu, Xiang Chen, Jie Wang, Hua Liu, Xiao-zhong Qian, Zhi-guo Liu, Lie-Ju Liu. Decreased calcium-activated potassium channels by hypoxia causes abnormal firing in the spontaneous firing medial vestibular nuclei neurons. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015;272(10):2703–2711. doi: 10.1007/s00405-014-3158-4.
  14. Markaryan SS. Modern vestibulometric chairs and stands for objective study and training of the function of the vestibular analyzer. Izvestiya Akademii nauk SSSR. 1970;(5):643–659. (In Russ.)
  15. Chokotov EN, Grigorchak YV, Nikulina OS, Bystrushkin SK, Ayzman RI. Morphofunctional and psychological reserves of the cadets of military school аt the initial period of the learning. Vestnik of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University. 2015;(3):102–111. (In Russ.) doi: 10.15293/2226-3365.1503.10.
  16. Semenza GL. Pharmacologic targeting of hypoxia-inducible factors. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 2019;59:379–403. doi: 10.1146/annurev-pharmtox-010818-021637.
  17. Gangwar А, Bhargava K, Ahmad Y. Diagnosis and prophylaxis for high-altitude acclimatization: Adherence to molecular rationale to evade high-altitude illnesses. Life Sci. 2018;203:171–176. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2018.04.040.
  18. Aminov AS, Nenasheva AV. Assessment of anoxia and vestibular tolerance in children and adolescents from social rehabilitation center. Theory and practice of physical culture. 2015;(8):7.
  19. Luks AM, Swenson ER, Bärtsch P. Acute high-altitude sickness. Eur Respir Rev. 2017;26(143):160096. doi: 10.1183/16000617.0096-2016.
  20. Hackett PH, Rennie D. The incidence, importance, and prophylaxis of acute mountain sickness. Lancet. 2016;(7996):1149–1155. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(76)91677-9.

© 2023 Eco-Vector

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies