Structure, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of postoperative complications of childbirth perineal tears complicated by anal incontinence

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Abstract

Aim. Improving the results of surgical treatment of complications of second and third degree perineal tears complicated by anal incontinence.

Methods. The study included 248 patients aged 16 to 50 years. The patients were allocated to three groups: the first group - 40 women who underwent traditional surgery and conservative treatment; the second group - 128 women with second degree perineal tear; group III - 80 women who underwent sphincteroplasty (I option) and sphincteroplasty combined with levatorplasty (II option) in our modification (sphincter-saving surgery with precision sutures). The main group included 111 patients who additionally received conservative treatment [1 mL of 1% enoxaparin sodium intravenously and 1 ml of 30% vitamin E (alfa-tocopherol acetate) by intramuscular injection]; control group - 97 patients who underwent standard treatment. Long-term results were assessed by a survey, physical examination in the clinic, telephone and Internet surveys in 35 patients of the main group and 31 women of the control group.

Results. In 91 (82%) patients of the main group, the pain intensity decreased after 7-10 days of treatment was antioxidants, 8 (7.2%) patients had pain in the perineum or anal canal, in 12 (10.8%) cases intense pain in the anal canal were still present. Long-term results were evaluated as good in 16 (51.6%) and 25 (69.4%) patients, as satisfactory - in 9 (29%) and 8 (22.2%) patients, as unsatisfactory - 6 (19.4 %), and 3 (8.3%) patients of the main and the control groups, respectively. The test group showed earlier formation of granulation tissue (3.1±0.3 days earlier compared to the control group). At sphincterometry on the 12th day, 6 patients of the control group had first degree anal incontinence, 3 - second degree anal incontinence compared with only 1 (1.8%) case in the study group (second degree sphincter incontinence).

Conclusion. A proposed diagnostic strategy in women with anal incontinence due to perineal tears of II-III degrees after the labor trauma, allowed choosing the optimal method of surgical treatment and improving treatment outcomes.

About the authors

S G Sultanova

Azerbaijan Medical University, Baku, Azerbaijan

Author for correspondence.
Email: nailasultanova069@gmail.com

References

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© 2015 Sultanova S.G.

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