Possibilities of the use of shear wave elastography of the liver in pregnant women infected with viral hepatitis B and C

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Aim. To determine the diagnostic possibilities of using liver shear wave elastography in pregnant women with hepatitis B and C viral infection.

Methods. The study included 87 women with hepatitis B and C viral infections admitted to the Center of Clinical Medicine №1 and Educational and Therapeutic Clinic of Azerbaijan Medical University (basis of the department of obstetrics and gynecology 2 of Azerbaijan Medical University) in 2016 to 2017 aged 18-45 (average age 31.4±7.1 years), and 50 uninfected women with physiological pregnancy matched by the age (average age 30.6±6.8 years). Infected women were divided into two groups: 70 pregnant women (group 1) and 17 women (group 2), who were non-pregnant at the time of the study (average age 29.8±7.2 and 30.9±6.7 years, respectively). Women with physiological course of pregnancy were included into group 3 (average age 30.6±6.8 years). Groups of pregnant patients were matched by age, gestation age and parity (p ˃0.05). All patients underwent clinical and biochemical analyses and shear wave elastography of the liver. The obtained data were processed using the methods of variation statistics with calculation of mean and standard error (M±m), Mann-Whitney U-test, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.

Results. In 52.9±6% of the examined pregnant women with viral hepatitis, hepatitis B was identified, in 47.1±6% - hepatitis C. According to the results of shear wave elastography, the average density of the liver in these patients was 7.2±1.0 kPa. An increase in liver density in pregnant women with viral hepatitis was not accompanied by changes in the size of the liver (only 1 patient had hepatomegaly). In 71.4±5.4% of the patients, F1 degree was revealed, in 20.0±4.8% - F2, in 5.7±2.8% - F3, in 2.9±2.0% - F4. İn comparison with infected patients without pregnancy, pregnant women with viral hepatitis B and C had more severe degree of fibrosis [F1 was significantly less frequent (p ˂0.05), and F2 was significantly more frequent (p ˂0.05)], and also had F4 degree, which was not observed in non-pregnant. In infected pregnant women, there was a positive correlation between liver echogenicity and density of its tissues (p=0.495; p <0.001).

Conclusion. In pregnant women with hepatitis B and C viral infection, the use of shear wave elastography allows detecting various degrees of liver fibrosis by a non-invasive method in the early stages, even in the absence of marked clinical and laboratory changes.

E G Saryeva

Azerbaijan Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: elladasariyevaatu@mail.ru
Baku, Azerbaijan

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