No 3 (2017)

Articles
IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCE OF THE PROGRAM «ELECTIVE COURSES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR DISABLED STUDENTS AND STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES» IN OMSK STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY
Bagautdinova N.V., Matyunina N.V.
Abstract
The article covers the problem of implementation of physical education courses as an elective part of the Federal State Educational Standards for higher education of undergraduate programs. The lesson and the course design for disabled students and students with disabilities are the main focuses of the research article as mastering the course content is obligatory for all students according to the standards of higher education. As the results of the mastering the course, the students are supposed to acquire skills and be competent in implementing activities for physical fitness necessary for personal and professional lifestyle. Though there exists the great amount of theoretical research of the subject under analysis, the practical curriculum design and lesson designs are difficult to implement as they cause a great deal of practical obstacles to overcome: lesson plans to implement in certain environment, lack of specific facilities, the necessity of special medical examinations, grouping students in accordance with their health and fitness level. The research suggests the system of methods, tools and forms of physical education based on various methodological approaches due to the analysis of the state regulative standards, scientific - methodological researches, medical regulations and practical physical education experience in higher education environment. The authors describe the conditions and the model of developing fitness skills and increasing fitness functional state level of disabled students and students with disabilities due to the generalisation of the research. The article suggests various methods of physical education facilities and the principles of their use according to the functional state variations and the diagnosed illnesses of the disabled students. The experience of the implementation of the assessment system of the suggested physical education course for disabled students, including self- assessment techniques is presented, the possible difficulties of the implementation of the course “Elective physical education courses for disabled students and students with disabilities” are studied and analysed. The content of the research article underlines the necessity of work to be done to develop motivation of the students for systematic physical education activities, the necessity to create organisational, scientific- methodological, human resources conditions that may help master the physical fitness skills of the disabled students and students with disabilities as well as increase their physical fitness level. The result of the research may be useful for physical education teachers of various undergraduate degrees in higher education.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):4-9
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ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY AND OPTIMIZATION OF REMEMBERING TRAINING CONTENT
Vaganova O.I., Aleshugina E.A.
Abstract
The article describes methodology of analysis and optimization of the contents of professional training, aimed at reduction of the amount of reproductive learning. The description and results of the combination of rational methods of presentation, analysis and design of learning content are given. They include expert assessment method; method of frequency analysis of the elementary (minimal sufficient) content, with mandatory release of professionally recognized fundamental elements (in this case, lexical units) in order to optimize the storage space of content learning a foreign language in not language high school. On the basis of the implementation of expert evaluation method significant professional vocabulary skills aimed at developing professional competencies reflected in the standard of education. Using the method of frequency analysis of the elemental content comparative analysis of lexical units in glossaries was conducted; manuals and lists of lexical units were composed with the help of faculty experts. In order to determine the minimum memorized lexical content and the allocation of the total invariant the content of three frequency dictionaries and lists five lexical units were analyzed and compared; the intersection of the sets of the invariant frequency dictionaries and lists of the invariant lexical units of the departments were revealed. As a result of frequency analysis of linguistic material a total invariant part were revealed. The effectiveness of methods of analysis and optimization of content of training has been proven by the results of experimental work carried out during the period from 2012 to 2016. Methodical complex was introduced into educational process as well as a set of assessment tools. The evaluation results analysis can reasonably include requirements to graduates with the ability to apply professional topics of activities of the selected set of lexical units, without applying to reference books.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):9-16
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ELECTRONIC LEARNING RESOURCES AS A MAIN ELEMENT IN PROVIDING HIGH-QUALITY TRAINING FOR THE FUTURE EXPERTS OF THE SECONDARY PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
Ibragimovа L.A., Skobelevа I.Y.
Abstract
Implementation of electronic learning resources in educational process of secondary professional education provides increase in its quality. This article examines the classification characteristics of electronic learning resources, author distinguished the purposes of application of electronic learning resources in educational process, the problem of rational use of electronic learning resources in educational process within implementation of the federal educational standard of secondary professional education is designated. The article presents an overview of the companies specializing in electronic educational resources development for implementation of advanced learning technology upon condition of traditional learning technologies and upon distance education. Along with the advantages of using electronic learning resources in educational process there are many unresolved problems, such as the development of electronic learning resources by teachers without sufficient professional qualifications in this field, or such as pedagogical mistakes made by teachers who is developing electronic learning resources (for example, such as incorrect definition of didactic purposes of lesson, lack of lessons plan, the randomness of use of electronic learning resources in structure of lesson, etc.), and also lack of specialized software and multimedia equipment. The study of researches in the field of learning content formation is directed to improvement of process of the organization and functioning of the information and communication environment, namely the use of technology platforms. Particular attention is paid to the description of the technological platforms presented by certain learning management systems, as well as their advantages for teachers of secondary professional education system. Electronic educational resources, representing a set of tools that enhance the qualitative component of educational process, discipline students, set a clear sequence of students learning activities, providing maximum demonstrativeness and informational content of the lesson.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):16-20
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EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN THE MODERN UNIVERSITY: SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH
Ivanova G.P., Logvinova O.K.
Abstract
The article focuses on the issue of students’ extracurricular activity organization and management in the modern university within the context of socio-pedagogical approach. Scientific interest in this subject is connected with the role of extracurricular activities in the development of modern students’ professionally important qualities and their professional competence. The significance and potential of this type of activity in professional training is emphasized. The authors consider the intrinsic and informative characteristic of the concept "extracurricular activities", its correlation with social function of the modern higher education institution. Extracurricular activity, realized in the context of socio-pedagogical approach, assumes purposeful use of social environment opportunities as additional pedagogical tool to influence students’ identity, the support of conditions of effective social education, creative self-realization, social activity development, successful social development of the personality. Attention is focused on the theoretical and methodological bases of socio-pedagogical approach defining other semantic nature of the modern educational process necessary for professional training at the level of higher education. Modern socio-pedagogical approach understanding in pedagogical science includes: basic concepts, principles of activities, methods of educational activities. Specifics of socio-pedagogical approach implementation in extracurricular activities in higher education institution are revealed. This approach assumes the organization of extracurricular activities based on the society and its educational potential through establishment of interaction with social institutionы, students’ involvement into socially important activities and in the social relations, the formation of person’s social needs and the development of social abilities. Special attention is paid to the analysis of educational potential of higher education institution which is considered as the internal resource capable to optimize the process of extracurricular activities organization and to increase its efficiency. The authors present the results of a pilot study, which reflect most significant types of extracurricular activities for university teachers and their motivation of the involvement in it. The article discusses the experience of RUDN University based on implementation of the program of additional professional education for the tutors, who accompany extracurricular activities in this higher education institution. The researches proves the value of mentoring - socially important volunteer activities allowing to solve the problems of low academic performance and to give support to foreign students within their socio-cultural and academic adjustment in the new educational environment. The need of research and development of adequate forms of interaction between modern higher education institution and social institutions and society in general is justified; the priority directions of further research are defined.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):21-25
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DECORATIVE ARTS AND DESIGN IN THE SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE TEACHERS
Koreshkov V.V., Novikova L.V.
Abstract
The article discusses the pedagogical potential of decorative arts and design in the process of training, education and development of students, enhancing their professional competence necessary for further work in school with students. Discusses the relevance and importance in modern conditions of optimization of education, the teaching of students, future teachers artists in these disciplines. Relying on knowledge of such teachers was developed by groups of experts and individual scientists, a number of training programs, tutorials, textbooks, manuals for teachers and pupils with 1 on 11 classes shown in the article. It is stressed that the teaching of decorative art based on folk traditions and skills passed down from generation to generation, gives you the opportunity to join the inherited culture and creative perception of the world. Examines a number of issues related to the teaching subjects of the educational area “Art” and drawing in school, so necessary for comprehensive, harmonious development of personality. The solution of these problems largely can contribute to the study of the fundamentals of design and contemporary, that are attached to the world of aesthetic form of design and artistic culture, develop students ' creative potential. Learning the basics of design shapes a versatile developed personality, able to engage in design, art and design and graphic activities. Integration of design activities possible by training the learner on the basis of universal principles and unity of such subjects as drawing, painting, composition, drawing and technical graphics, art design, sculpture, ergonomics, history of art and others. Today, in the age of globalization, constant sociocultural processes becomes folk art culture, the basis of decorative art and design education with its moral and aesthetic potentials. Therefore, training students in this direction should correspond to the trends of the time, i.e. it must strengthen, grow and develop. Such training contributes to personal development and self-perfection of personality, the ability to think creatively and to design its activities.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):26-30
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MODERN CONCEPTS OF TEACHING NON-LINGUISTIC STUDENTS FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
Nefyodov O.V.
Abstract
Rapid transformations taking place in the Russian economy set new requirements to the quality of foreign language teaching of graduates of non-linguistic higher education institutions. New socio-economic paradigm is set on the transition from the technologies based on the use of energy resources to technologies based on the use of information. Lack of foreign language professionals of various specialties hinders their integration into the global professional community. The article discusses current concepts of teaching foreign languages to students of non-linguistic specialties and analyzes points of view of domestic and foreign scholars on the system and modeling in teaching foreign languages. The author adheres to the provision that the possession of students - future professionals of foreign language communicative competence in higher educational institutions of non-linguistic profile is an essential component of training specialists of any profile. In order to achieve effective results in activities it is necessary to have professional competence, which is manifested in the ability to use the acquired knowledge and skills. Formation of professional competence is realized on the basis of system-activity and competence approaches, systemic use of professional context and gradual saturation of educational process with professional activity elements. The activity component acts as a conceptual framework of the rationalization of the learning process as the activity content requires its corresponding technologies, forms of organization of educational process and methods of teaching foreign languages.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):31-38
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FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF CADETS IN THE PROCESS OF RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
Nikitina T.V.
Abstract
This article deals with the problem of formation of professional communicative competence of cadets in the departmental institution in the process of self-education. The aim of this work is to prove that one of the conditions of efficiency of process of self-education of students is their active participation in research activities. For realization of research tasks the following methods of research were used: the analysis and generalization of pedagogical, methodical literature on the work problem; the synthesis of pedagogical experience. On the basis of Perm Institute of the Federal Penal Service of Russia the author the author describes forms of research activity of cadets, which are used in the educational process and in extracurricular time. The author suggests forming professional communicative competence, not only within the discipline «Russian language and Standard of Speech», but also to include the communicative blocks of profile orientation in the cycles of General and professional disciplines, and program practices in the framework of implementation of the basic educational program. This is due to the fact that other linguistic disciplines (except «Russian language and Standard of Speech») aimed at building these competencies in the training plan. The author describes in detail the process of development of communicative competence of cadets by organizing their research work. The article suggests exercises that develop the readiness of cadets to communication in the scientific field.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):39-43
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ON-LINE RESOURSES IN DEVELOPING FOREIGH LANGUAGE TRACHERS’ ICT COMPETENCE
Pavlova E.A.
Abstract
The Federal Education Standards in higher school define a competency-based approach as the leading one in modern education. The teacher’s task is to organize the educational process so that students can receive, evaluate and use in their practice a large amount of useful information, i.e. more hours are given to independent work of students. The article considers the ways to develop the foreign language teachers’ ICT competence thanks to the active introduction of the informational and communication technologies. The author shares his own experience how to teach students independently acquire and develop skills while practicing some free on-line instrumental programs. Students become more autonomous in the creation of educational content and interaction with the other members of the learning process. The teacher acts as the moderator of all training activities, he provides ‘feedback’. The article presents a wide range of ICT technologies using on-line resources to help future teachers learn important computer programs for planning English lessons at various levels: creating ‘clouds of words’, mind maps, interactive exercises and language tests, making up thematic crosswords and multimedia presentations, etc. The use of on-line resources in the process of solving the professionally-oriented teaching tasks ensures the formation of students’ ICT competence, they improve their skills and creative self-development.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):43-48
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PERCEPTION OF EDUCATIONAL INNOVATIONS BY PROSPECTIVE STUDENTS
Prokhorova M.P., Bulganina S.V.
Abstract
Article is devoted to research of innovations in professional education and an assessment of influence of the introduced educational innovations at choice of educational institution by prospective students. Object of the research - perception of educational innovations by prospective students of pedagogical higher education institution. As a research objective definition of extent of influence of knowledge of prospective students of the educational innovations used in the educational organization at their choice of educational institution acted. Research problems were definition of awareness of prospective students on educational innovations; definition of the place of educational innovations among criteria of the choice of higher education institution by entrants; determination of readiness of prospective students for training with use of educational innovations. Research has been conducted with use of questioning in March, 2016. Selection of respondents has made 142 school students of Nizhny Novgorod aged from 13 till 18 years. Questionnaires were processed by statistical methods, summary tables were formed and graphic interpretation of results was carried out. During research criteria of the choice of educational institution, awareness of school students on the purposes, contents and possible types of innovations in professional education, opinion of prospective students on need of updating of educational programs of higher education institution, the relation of school students to-level tasks and individual educational a training trajectory, interest of entrants in use of innovative educational technologies, and also innovative educational technologies which are most interesting to future students came to light. Following the results of research the following results have been received: in general school students adequately understand essence and need of educational innovations for educational process (that it is connected with active introduction of innovations and at modern school); educational innovations aren't considered by prospective students as important criterion of the choice of the educational organization for further education; possibilities of electronic/distance learning, the choice of content of education and creation of individual educational trajectories, applications of active methods of training, participation in design and research activity are interesting to entrants. On the basis of results of the conducted research recommendations about advance of educational innovations in education market are formulated. It is expedient to position educational innovations as ways of the effective organization of educational process which allow to increase quality of vocational training. Concrete recommendations about positioning of educational innovations by higher education institution for his advance in education market are presented in article. Materials of research can be of interest to researchers who are engaged in studying of problems of introduction of innovations in educational
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):48-56
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SOCIAL WELFARE IN MODERN CONDITIONS AS SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL PROBLEM
Surtaeva N.N., Margolinа J.B.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the problem of social well-being, which is topical for pedagogical education and pedagogical science. The appeal to the problem of social well-being as a marker for the satisfaction and success of the life of modern man is explained by the need to study the human adaptive mechanisms in the conditions of global systemic changes. The changes that occur in all spheres of the life activity of human society have a significant effect on changes in the person's ideas about the eternally existing categories-understanding the meaning of his life and the requirements for the quality of life. The urgency of the problem is also due to the attention of politics and the humanities to the development of human capital. It is within this trend that education is now seen as the leading factor in the development of the individual, providing a person with an opportunity to navigate in a changing social and economic situation, in the transformation of the world of professions, the transformation of professional education in a world of systemic changes that deforms the subjective notion of one's own social well-being. At the present stage, the stage of systemic changes in the world and in society, the problems of studying the phenomenon of social well-being become even more difficult for various reasons. The complex stage of the socio-economic development of society, the deformation of basic life values, determined the need to include in the curricula of many higher educational institutions the course «Modern theories of social well-being», which marked a number of didactic problems. In the article attention is drawn to a number of these problems, and first of all, the absence in the humanities today of an unambiguous interpretation of the very term «well-being». The article considers various (domestic and foreign) points of view on the notion of «well-being», and generalizes the experience of teaching this course for six years (from 2010 to 2016) for students of Russian universities studying in the pedagogical direction.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):57-62
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THE CURRENT LEVELS OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL DEVELOPMENT AND PECULIARITIES OF THEIR INTERRELATION IN PRESCHOOLERS OF 5-6 YEARS OLD IN THE CONDITONS OF MID-OB REGION
Batantsev N.I., Barbashov S.V.
Abstract
The role of physical education in the formation of children's personality is often underestimated. In this context, an attempt to examine current levels of performance and features of the relationship of the physical and mental development of preschool children was made. The study involved 50 children of 5-6 years old attending MBDOU №14 «Berezka» in Khanty-Mansiysk. Methods of analysis of scientific and methodical literature, pedagogical and psychological testing, methods of mathematical statistics were used in the research. Analysis of the current levels of development of physical qualities showed that only the power of legs in the test «broad jump from a place» demonstrates a sufficient level of development (the total share of the results of levels «above average» and «high» was - 60.7%). Average level is recorded in throwing balls at a distance with a right hand - 31.4%, in a position of bending forward with a measurement of depth - 56.8%, in running on the 300 m distance - 35.3%. A number of indicators showed superiority in the low and below average. So, in throwing the ball at a distance the total index measure of these low and below average levels amounted to 78.4%, in the rise in the trunk in 30 seconds exercise - 70.6%, in the women's 300 meters was - 53%, in running on the 30 m distance - 64, 7%. According to the results of mental development studies, the rate of an average level falls within the range from 25% to 50%, i.e. in terms of statistics it is the norm. If 30% falls into the mid-level range, it should be equally as in the direction of high-level and upper-middle and towards the low and lower-middle. However, in this case the preponderance of levels «low» and «below average» reveals, where the total index of spatial visualization ability by the conventional method amounted to - 58%, the rate of verbal and logical thinking by the conventional method amounted to - 46%, the rate of visual-figurative thinking on the modified procedure was - 57%, the rate of verbal and logical thinking using a modified procedure was - 47%. To determine the relationship, intellectual development indicators were compared with the results of the implementation of children motor tests. A reliable correlation was found between the index of the left hand muscle strength and spatial visualization ability (rs = 0,394). Also, a large spread of the correlation coefficient, which is located primarily in the redistribution of from 0.03 to 0.394 was discovered. An analysis of the relationship of the physical and mental development with the theoretically informed interaction demonstrates the absence of such links on a practical level. The solution to this problem, as our empirical experience shows, is in the systematic inclusion of exercises and motor tasks of sports and the game character with an emphasis on thinking processes in the practice of physical education of preschool children.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):63-68
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ABOUT ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE JUDGES IN MINI-FOOTBALL
Zuev V.N., Osintsev E.N.
Abstract
In this scientific research was made the brief theoretical and empirical analysis of the problem vector of the arbitrator's activity in mini-football competitions. Attention is paid to the psychological means and methods of work, based on the cognitive approach, which allows to explore ideas about the interaction of different actors of playing process. The object of research were to examine the elements of the structure of the personality of the arbitrator that affect the success of judicial activity in the mini-football, to determine the dominant quality of the arbitrator's personality at every stage of professional development, as well as development and experimental evaluation of the effectiveness of training sessions on the development of professionally important qualities of a judge. The subject of research were the ideas of the participants of the game play about the image of judicial activity and the associated reflective work of arbitrator in the process of formation of professional competence. In the research have been studied the elements of the personality structure influencing the success of the professional (management) activities of a judge of sport competitions in mini-football. To solve applied problems of interaction in the system "Judge Player" is used a new knowledge in the system of science based on semantic theory of interpersonal communication. The work also extended the possibility of using the semantic differential, specially designed and scientifically sound through the use of methods of mathematical statistics. These results contribute to the development of pedagogical and psychological research about the semantic components of interpersonal interaction in the system "judge a player."
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):69-73
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REVISITED THE EVOLUTIONARY AND PERSPECTIVE DEVELOPMENT OF EXTREME SPORTS IN THE TYUMEN REGION
Ivanov V.A.
Abstract
The article presents an analysis of the evolutionary development of extreme sports (the period from the 1990s to the present), that is a type of leisure activities for representatives of youth sports subcultures in the Tyumen region. The research was conducted by the method of content analysis. As a result of the retrospective analysis, three stages of development were defined: the first stage is the formation of youth sports subcultures (1990's); The second stage is the formation of public management extreme sport unit and organization of interaction with government management structures (from 1999 to 2008); The third stage is the in-depth formation of organized management of sports subcultures on the basis of local and regional interaction of public organizations and associations with state management structures (from 2009 to the present). Studying the evolutionary development of the extreme sport movement in the Tyumen region made it possible to determine the trends and problems of the development of this area of sports activity. In turn, the identified trends and problems determine the prospects for the development of extreme sports and youth sports subcultures of extreme orientation in the Tyumen region.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):74-79
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BLOCK SYSTEM OF CREATING EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING CLASSES IN TRACK AND FIELD ATHLETICS FOR LEVEL INCREASE OF PHYSICAL FITNESS TO PASS «READY FOR LABOR AND DEFENSE» COMPLEX
Kovalchuk O.G.
Abstract
In article the preparedness of Omsk State Technical University students for passing qualifying standards of the All-Russian sports complex "It Is Ready for Labor and Defense" (GTO) is analyzed. According a professional direction and priority development of the weak physical qualities of students, the author's block techniques of creation educational and training classes in the track and field athletics is developed. Author's technique involves three types of block system: the accumulative, transforming, realizing mesocyclic blocks and its’ continuity in each term. The annual cycle consists of two semi-annual cycles - training exercises of the winter and spring semester. The accumulative mesocyclic block is devoted to development of the general endurance, general physical and technical fitness. The transforming block is presented by training special microcycles loadings of various preferred orientation: on force, speed and speed endurance. At consecutive alternation of training special microcycles of the concentrated training influence of a different continuity the high level of development physical qualities which are necessary for passing qualifying standards of the GTO complex remains. The realizing mesocyclic block assumes passing control standards in the form of group competition activity. As a result of the researches it is revealed that the author's technique of block creation of the concentrated loadings allows increasing the level of physical fitness of students of OMSTU. Also the final results which were based on the results of passing qualifying standards of the GTO complex for the beginning and the end of a pedagogical experiment are analyzed.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):79-85
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ON AESTHETIC PERFORMANCE OF SPORTS AND TECHNICAL SKILL AND MUSICAL AND PHYSICAL PREPARADENESS IN SPORTS AEROBICS
Korichko Y.V.
Abstract
Sports aerobics is a popular sport that is part of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG), which is characterized by the ability of athletes to perform, in accordance with the musical accompaniment, a dynamic complex of specific motor activities with high intensity. This article deals with issues related to the aesthetic performance of sports and technical skill in sports aerobics and some aspects of the assessment of musical and motor skills. The data on the presence of the composition of the necessary aesthetic characteristics in sports aerobics (the composition of the elements of the connections, the dynamic performance of the composition, the co-ordination of elements and integrity, the artistic design of the composition) are given. The distinctive features in aesthetic components of movements in various competitive nominations are revealed, which allow to optimize the process of training gymnasts specializing in sports aerobics. Research data can be taken into account when developing and staging competitive compositions, when selecting athletes in nominations, and also when choosing aesthetic education. The data of the survey of trainers - teachers in sports aerobics on the ranking of sports and aesthetic indicators depending on the nomination of competitive performances (individual performances - women, men, mixed pair, trio, group) are given. The results of the correlation analysis of the indicators of the rapid assessment of the performance of the training and control complex of exercises and the level of physical readiness of schoolchildren involved in aerobics are presented.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):85-90
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THE DENSITY OF PASSING THE COMPETITION TRACK IN SPORTS CLIMBING
Kotchenko Y.V.
Abstract
The finding of the ways to evaluate the emulative efficiency in sports climbing requires the investigation of regularity of the emulative process. On the basis of the many years of researches was determined the number of factors which influenced on result within the passing of emulative track. One of these factors is the density of performance. Over the many years of researches were investigated the performances of the sportswomen with the high level of training on international competitions in climbing discipline “difficulty” ( п = 1639). It was determined that the highest possible values of density of climbing (up to 100%) are very rare. These values occur in two cases: when the sportswoman with the low level of training passes the difficult track, and when the well-qualified sportswoman passes the easiest track. The concentration of maximum and similar to them figures of density is observed in the area of the low and medium values of sports result, and it reduced in the final stage of performance. The obtained data allow concluding that there is a low degree of connection of the density with the result of performance at the qualifying stage of the competitions: R = - 0.13, for common group ( п = 483), which includes figures of sportswomen with both high and low levels of training. In the semi-final stage, when the sportswomen with the low level of training are eliminated, the degree of connection of factor with the result increases up to R = 0.30, also the level of importance of connection increases too. The average figure of density of climbing in the semifinal and final tracks is 85.8%, and this value just slightly differs from the group of finalists of world competitions: 84.8%. The most common density figures among sportswomen, which demonstrating high sports results, are in the range of 80-90%. The connection of the density of climbing with the result takes the form of the nonlinear dependence of the U-shaped type, and it is described by a polynomial of the third degree, which allows to calculate the motion of an individual schedule for emulative track with given figures of density, depending on the planned result at the certain stage of performance. The regression analysis showed that the component of the result associated with the optimum choice of density, depending on the number of factors taken into account, is in the range β п = (0,030, 0,082). In the final part of the emulative track the factor of density has a direct positive impact on the result, which leads to a change in the characteristics, and other, connected with it temporary signs, for example, the tempo or unmixed time of performance.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):90-94
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PHYSICAL CULTURE AS A MEANS OF FORMING PROFESSIONAL COMPETITIVENESS OF STUDENTS
Melnikova O.A., Kostikova L.G.
Abstract
The problem of competitiveness has recently become especially urgent for young people and is a delayed result of education, since it is determined not so much by the current demand for and employment of a graduate as by his mobility in the labor market, the long success of his professional career. Modern society requires improving the quality of vocational education, a high level of professional training and needs competitive specialists that meet the requirements of professional standards. A special specificity is manifested in this regard in the training of engineering personnel, since the activities of an engineer managing technologically complex processes require greater returns, considerable intellectual, moral and physical costs, a high level of professional culture formation. The article considers the problem of forming the competitiveness of a future specialist as one of the main problems facing higher education institutions. Competitiveness of the student, his professional mobility should be ensured by the high quality of the results of educational activity, the system integration of which ensures the formation of a mobile personality, a person free and responsible, capable of creative activity, ready for a large-scale realization of their potential opportunities. Considering the qualities of the personality, manifested in the physical culture and sports defining competitiveness, we proceeded from an understanding of the essence of competitiveness as one of the personality's ability to social, psychological and physical development. The purpose of our work is to determine the role of physical culture in the formation of professional competitiveness of future specialists of a technical university. The analysis of the scientific literature has shown that conceptual ideas on formation of professional competitiveness of students by means of physical culture in higher educational institutions have insufficient scientific substantiation. Many researchers are making attempts to identify ways and means to ensure the formation of competitiveness of the student's personality. In this regard, new approaches are needed in higher education for the formation of competitiveness of specialists in engineering specialties.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):94-99
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MONITORING OF HEALTH RECORDS, STUDENTS’ PHYSICAL EFFICIENCY ADAPTATION DURING A PHYSICAL EDUCATION LEARNING PROCESS
Melnikova O.A., Sheveleva I.N.
Abstract
The construction problem of the modern educational process based on health formation has exceptional importance for university because establishing harmonious connection between training and health provides high-quality and quantitative changes in creation of future competitive experts. Health saving process has to provide preservation and promotion of mental, physical, social and moral and spiritual health of students during their time at university. The article addresses monitoring of health records, students’ physical efficiency adaptation during a physical education learning process. In the course of the works research on knowledge evaluation of theoretical and methodic-practical material on physical education in the field of preservation and promotion of health has been undertaken; questioning of students on self-assessment of the state of health and physical activity; harmony of constitution assessment; dynamics of physical fitness; assessment of functional capacity of cardiovascular and respiratory systems; assessment of students psychological. This research was undertaken during the period from 2014 to 2016 with 300 students in different sports at physical education department at Omsk state technical university. The aim of the study: determination of selection correctness of means, methods and exercise stresses during training depending on sex, age, the state of health, the level of physical and sports fitness and also from the sports base, traditions of university and other conditions. The analysis of the indicators which were revealed as a result of pedagogical researches has allowed us to introduce necessary amendments in the health saving formation for improvement of the state of health; to increase physical activity, physical fitness and efficiency of students during training.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):99-105
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PROGRAM OF STUDENTS PREPARATION FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF NORMS IN «READY TO WORK AND DEFENSE» (RWD) COMPLEX
Pavlov V.E., Belova T.Y.
Abstract
Paper is devoted to the problem of preparing students to pass the norms of the new complex «Ready to work and defense», in the light of its massive introduction in the country's universities. The low level of physical readiness of the students of Omsk State Technical University (OSTU), revealed as a result of the research, made it possible to draw the conclusion about the need for purposeful preparation of students for the all-around RWD. A program was developed for preparing students to pass the standards of the RWD complex in accordance with the requirements of the VI stage. The cycle of preparation of the program consists of 3 mesocycles, which include classes of various orientations depending on the emphasis on certain types of RWD. As a result of the pedagogical experiment it was established that the use of the developed program provides a statistically higher increase in the indicators of the overall physical preparedness of students, in comparison with the traditional program. The significant progress of the results in the most lagging types of the complex is revealed. This makes it possible to increase the number of students who successfully passed the norms of a new complex of RWD and who want to actively engage in mass sports.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):105-109
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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND MOTIVATION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS OF THE ADULT POPULATION IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD
Pashchenko L.G.
Abstract
The article presents the analysis of materials of foreign and domestic sources, the illuminating features of the implementation of the state policy in the sphere of physical culture and sports in Europe, America, Africa and Asia, characterizing the level of physical activity of adults and the motives of physical culture lessons. Physical activity of the population and the motives of physical culture and sports in the analyzed publications were determined using questionnaires. The results showed the ambiguity of assessing the level of physical activity of the population due to the lack of a common approach for its determination in various countries. The number of physically inactive population ranges from 10% to 80%. The physical activity of women is lower than men's. Not confirmed the thesis of the world health organization on a higher level of physical activity of the population in developed countries, compared with countries with low income. Physical activity depends on the implemented in the countries of state programs. The motives of physical culture and sports of the adult population do not differ in our country and abroad.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):110-116
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THE TECHNOLOGY OF THE INTEGRATED APPLICATION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ACUPRESSURE IN PEOPLE WITH CERVICAL OSTEOCHONDROSIS
Petukhov N.A., Petukhova O.V., Ivanitsky V.N.
Abstract
The article presents the results of the study with the use of the pedagogical experiment to determine the effectiveness of the developed technology of complex use of health-improving physical culture and acupressure in people with cervical osteochondrosis. Into pedagogical experiment two groups of subjects (control and experimental) with 12 persons in each group have been involved. In this paper other methods of research have been used: the analysis of literary sources, pedagogical observation, control tests, and mathematical statistics with the application of the Wilcoxon criterion. In the experimental group health-improving physical culture have been used taking into account the characteristics of the four kinetic conditions, they are sparing, restorative, regenerating, and training. The acupressure was being performed on a person’s head, on five symmetrically located paired points and one unpaired point. In the control group, health-improving physical culture was applied by the conventional method with the features of the three conditions of patients: acute, subacute, and remission. The massage of the neck and shoulder girdle of the subjects was carried out manually, according to the classical scheme. During the pedagogical experiment, all the observed indices in the experimental and control groups improved. In the control group, the strength of the left hand was by 1.9 kg (6.1%) better. The strength of the right hand became by 2.2 kg (7.5%) better. The data of the power endurance of the abdominal muscles became better by 2.3 of lifting (9.1%) as well as the ones of the power endurance of back muscles have increased by 3.5 seconds (12.1%) Whereas, in the experimental group, the changes of these figures were expressed greater. Thus, the strength of the left hand increased by 4.9 kg (14%). The strength of the right hand enlarged by 4.2 kg (4.1%) respectively. Also the indicators of strength endurance of abdominal muscles increased significantly by 4.2 of lifting (34.5%), and the ones of power endurance of back muscles by 6.1 sec. (21.3 %). All the changes of figures in the experimental group were reliable (P < 0.05). The results of the pedagogical observations corroborate the dynamics of changes in the condition of the respondents during the pedagogical experiment. Their subjective assessments of sleep, appetite and mood (SAM) began to improve a bit earlier and in a more pronounced way in the experimental group. The data obtained in the course of the study showed that the developed technology can be recommended for practical use with the purpose of prevention or elimination of cervical osteochondrosis.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):116-120
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DEFICIENCIES IN PLANNING AND DESIGNING OF PEDAGOGICAL THESIS IN PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT
Popkov V.N.
Abstract
This article aims to draw the attention of novice researchers and their supervisors on shortcomings in planning and designing dissertations and theses, performed at the teaching professions. Currently published a large number of substantive and methodological literature, designed to assist degree candidates in the preparation, research, writing and designing of thesis. However, applicants and supervisors do not pay enough attention to the study of the requirements for the thesis, and make out their «image and likeness» of theses of other authors, while copying the mistakes of others and add their own. In this article the author attempted to point out the most common flaws and mistakes that occur in the dissertation. The article presents the General requirements for a master's thesis and examines the typical faults that occur when planning a study and documenting the results. Discusses typical mistakes in the most significant methodological characteristics that arise when planning and design undergraduates and graduate students thesis work; some recommendations for their elimination.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):121-128
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THE PHYSICAL PREPAREDNESS AND MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF 6-7 YEARS OLD CHILDREN ACCORDING TO THE HEALTH GROUPS
Starodubtceva I.V.
Abstract
Preservation and consolidation of young generation health is one of the important tasks of modern preschool education. A child is considered incapable of achieving high developmental results if they have some health issues. However, there is no scientific data to confirm this point of view. The aim is to study the particular qualities of physical preparedness and mental development of 6-7 year old children in I-III health group. 6-7 years old children from Tyumen participated in the research. Total number of the examined is 225 people (99 boys, 126 girls). Record examination, tests, mathematical statistics methods were used for the research. The research demonstrated that indicators of mental development and physical preparedness of 6-7 year old children, who belongs different health groups, do not have a significant differences by t-test of Student, and analysis (group average values) revealed different trends for boy and girl groups. The boys with health deviations show lower indicators of mental development and physical preparedness than their healthy peers. On the contrary, the girls with chronic diseases show better results (III health group). We give next recommendations to tutors: to give different amount of exercises to boys and girls within the same health group; to create favorable conditions for motor activity of the boys; to teach children to make motor acts consciously.
Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2017;(3):128-133
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